Discussion -- Textbook approach gives a great deal of theory; value of the article is in taking the material and applying it to situations that are relevant to one's current profession and/or understanding different approaches to conflict.
Review -- the Million Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) - the MCMI is a psychological assessment tool that was written to provide information on psychopathology including specifics outlined in the DSM-IV. It is intended for adults over 18 who have at least an 8th grade reading level and who are seeking mental health services. The test was actually developed and standardizes on clinical populations in psychiatric hospitals or individuals with current existing mental health issues. The authors are quite specific about it not being used with the general population or with adolescents, as values will likely not be appropriate for extrapolation (Pearson, 2012).
History -- Published in 1977 by Theodore Millon based on his 1969 book Modern Psychopathology. When SDM-R was published a new version of the MCMI was also created in 1987. Finally, the current version, the MCMI-III, was published in 1994 and is reflected in revisions in the DSM-IV. This new version eliminated the aggressive and self-defeating personality scales and added scales for depression and PRSD. Additional content was added to include child abuse, anorexia and bulimia (Million, 2006).
Composition -- the test is composed of 175 True-False questions, takes about 30 minutes to complete and is modeled on four scales: 1) 14 Personality Disorder Scales; 2) 10 Clinical Syndrome Scales; 3) 5 Correlation Scales, and 4) 42 Grossman Personality Facet sheets (Pearson).
Correlation Scaling- Correlation is done through modifying indices that are used to determine a patient's response style and if they over exaggerated any perceptions; random response indictors to root out inconsistencies and Grossman Facet Scales, designed to enhance interpretation of the clinical personality patters and severe pathology scales (Pearson).
Psychometric Properties - Updated in 2008 with a new norming sample of 752 individuals and a wider range of clinical disorders. Test construction underwent three stages of validation, and an iterative development process.
Comments - Test results can be considered invalid depending on disclosure scale scores; Base scores are analyzed for preponderance to certain personality traits or pathology. Some critique the test only to allow for greater caution in interpreting the MCMI as a measure of DSM disorders.
Confidentiality and Informed Consent
Confidentiality has for a long period of time been embedded as the foundation of professional social work values. This is primarily because social workers show honesty and respect through safeguarding the confidentiality of their clients. The significance of confidentiality in social work is demonstrated in the fact that it is basis of ethical standards that govern the social work practices. The need for social workers to protect