There are four kinds of incontinence, urge, stress, functional and transient, and each has a different impact on the individual. This paper explains each one, differentiates between the four, and offers a short suggested treatment approach for each.
Stress incontinence has to do with leaking urine during athletic activities or during general exercise. It also relates to leaking urine when a person is lifting something heavy, running, sneezing, laughing or coughing. This leaking usually stops in stress incontinence once the activity (sneezing, running, et al.) is finished. It is most common in women (National Guideline Clearinghouse), especially women who are carrying too much weight. However in women, stress incontinence may be slightly different than in men (New York Times Health). For females, there are several reasons why they experience stress incontinence: a) the urethra "fails to close and becomes overly movable" (referred to as urethral hypermobility); and b) the muscles around the "bladder neck weaken" (New York Times Health).
As a potential treatment for stress incontinence in women, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) suggest "Pelvic floor muscle training" through biofeedback; Kegal exercises (keeping muscles around the urethra strong); and using "vaginal cones" to strengthen muscles which may help women (www.nim.nih.gov). The NIH also suggests that women avoid...
Given that transient incontinence may be caused by "delirium or a state of confusion from an underlying illness or medication," there really doesn't seem to be a treatment (Medscape). In other words, and older person may have "stool impaction" from wearing diapers, and leakage will result from that; or, simply it may be a matter of "excess urinary output" because of medications or surgery (Medscape).
According to the National Guideline Clearinghouse urge incontinence is what it sounds like: a "sudden and strong need to urinate"; it is linked to people who urinate often during nighttime hours. It is also associated with a person that has an "over-active or unstable bladder, neurological conditions, constipation, enlarged prostate or history of poor bladder habits"…
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Pressure Ulcers in the Elderly During Hospital Stays Pressure ulcers are potentially fatal skin lesions that develop especially in frail, elderly patients on bony or cartilaginous areas such as the sacrum, elbows, and ankles. Within acute care in the United States, the incidence of pressure ulcers lies between 0.4% and 38%. The incidence within long-term and home care is significantly lower while intensive care units report that 8% to 40% of
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