Freud's Tripartite Theory Of Personality In Human Essay

Length: 3 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Psychology Type: Essay Paper: #91689126 Related Topics: Personality Traits, Personality Theory, Personality, Ego

Excerpt from Essay :

¶ … Freud's Tripartite Theory of Personality in Human Resource Management What is the Freud's Tripartite Theory of Personality?

Developed by Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, the tripartite theory holds that personality development is driven by two basic factors: love and aggression, both of which have profound effects on an individual's thought processes and actions. Freud believed that love, which he referred to as eros, represents peoples' instinct to survive while aggression, thanatos, is a destructive and violent force that often leads to death. According to Scudder (2013), the tripartite personality theory states that there are three independent yet interrelated parts of the human psyche. These are the conscious, the subconscious, and the preconscious. The Freudian psychoanalysis then suggests that a combination of three determinants shapes an adult's personality: the id, ego, and the superego.


The id, also called the It, is what contains the eros and thanatos, the biological or inherited components that make up an individual's personality. It represents irrational needs and demands, which are often irrational (Scudder, 2013). On the other hand, the ego is vital part of id that develops from the individual's interactions with the external world. It acts as a mediator between the unrealistic...


Composed of the conscience and the ideal self, the superego includes the moral constraints learnt from parents, family or the society; and it controls the impulses of the Id. How can the Freud's Tripartite Theory of Personality be applied in Human Resource Management?

When it comes to Human Resource (HR), personality development is used to identify the traits that set individuals apart within the organization (Armstrong, 2006). It helps employees identify their uniqueness, develop a positive attitude, and solve problems and conflicts. Personality assessments are often used to measure personal traits, and they borrow largely from the Freud's Tripartite Theory of Personality. By understanding the unconscious, preconscious, and conscious mind, assessors are able to attribute differences in behaviors among different individuals to the imminent differences in their personality traits. Armstrong (2006) states that once assessment specialists define individuals' traits, measure them and relate them to the work environment, HR managers will then be able to inculcate positive attitudes like self-efficacy, curiosity, punctuality, and willingness to learn among the employees in an organization.

A distinctive factor about personality assessment practices is the ability to quantify human characteristics that change according to the…

Sources Used in Documents:


Armstrong, M. (2006). A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. (10th Ed). Philadelphia, PA: Kogan Page Limited

Parvis, L. (2013). Understanding Cultural Diversity in Today's Complex World. (5th Ed.) Minnesota: Embrace Publications and Consulting, LLC.

Scudder, T. J (2013) Personality Types In Relationship Awareness Theory: The Validation of Freud's Libidinal Types and Explication of Porter's Motivational Typology. ProQuest LLC. Retrieved 15 April 2015 from

Picture retrieved 15 April 2015 from

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