¶ … Freud's Tripartite Theory of Personality in Human Resource Management
What is the Freud's Tripartite Theory of Personality?
Developed by Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, the tripartite theory holds that personality development is driven by two basic factors: love and aggression, both of which have profound effects on an individual's thought processes and actions. Freud believed that love, which he referred to as eros, represents peoples' instinct to survive while aggression, thanatos, is a destructive and violent force that often leads to death. According to Scudder (2013), the tripartite personality theory states that there are three independent yet interrelated parts of the human psyche. These are the conscious, the subconscious, and the preconscious. The Freudian psychoanalysis then suggests that a combination of three determinants shapes an adult's personality: the id, ego, and the superego.
The id, also called the It, is what contains the eros and thanatos, the biological or inherited components that make up an individual's personality. It represents irrational needs and demands, which are often irrational (Scudder, 2013). On the other hand, the ego is vital part of id that develops from the individual's interactions with the external world. It acts as a mediator between the unrealistic...
Composed of the conscience and the ideal self, the superego includes the moral constraints learnt from parents, family or the society; and it controls the impulses of the Id.
How can the Freud's Tripartite Theory of Personality be applied in Human Resource Management?
When it comes to Human Resource (HR), personality development is used to identify the traits that set individuals apart within the organization (Armstrong, 2006). It helps employees identify their uniqueness, develop a positive attitude, and solve problems and conflicts. Personality assessments are often used to measure personal traits, and they borrow largely from the Freud's Tripartite Theory of Personality. By understanding the unconscious, preconscious, and conscious mind, assessors are able to attribute differences in behaviors among different individuals to the imminent differences in their personality traits. Armstrong (2006) states that once assessment specialists define individuals' traits, measure them and relate them to the work environment, HR managers will then be able to inculcate positive attitudes like self-efficacy, curiosity, punctuality, and willingness to learn among the employees in an organization.
A distinctive factor about personality assessment practices is the ability to quantify human characteristics that change according to the…
Armstrong, M. (2006). A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. (10th Ed). Philadelphia, PA: Kogan Page Limited
Parvis, L. (2013). Understanding Cultural Diversity in Today's Complex World. (5th Ed.) Minnesota: Embrace Publications and Consulting, LLC.
Scudder, T. J (2013) Personality Types In Relationship Awareness Theory: The Validation of Freud's Libidinal Types and Explication of Porter's Motivational Typology. ProQuest LLC. Retrieved 15 April 2015 from http://search.proquest.com.proxy-campuslibrary.rockies.edu/docview/1476209039/3FCA7DF3E232498FPQ/1?accountid=39364
Picture retrieved 15 April 2015 from http://www.simplypsychology.org/Sigmund-Freud.html
psychology, theories of personality abound. Two of the most significant theories of personality include psychodynamic and humanistic/existential theories. Although these two theories share some features in common, they are based on widely different assumptions about human nature and human behavior. Each describes the way personality impacts human behavior under certain situations. However, psychodynamic theory presumes that human personality is static and less likely to change. Humanistic and existential theories
When one thinks about Freud's theory one has to presume Freud's conscious thoughts or his theory regarding an Oedipus complex represents not his real thoughts but his defensive condensations, displacements, reversals, omissions, and distortions of his real thoughts. If one wishes to look inside his real thoughts regarding an Oedipus complex, one has to analyze and interpret the manifest content of his thought with these defenses in mind. According to
Theoretical Perspective of the Approach The approach's personality models are grounded on biological models. The models are based on empirical human and animal findings concerning the associations between neurological system functions and personality dimensions. Traits that are measured are reward-dependence, harm avoidance, novelty-seeking etc. The hypothesis is that they are grounded on genetic and neurochemical influences. For instance, sensation-seeking and explorative tendencies like drug usage make use of dopaminergic pathways, and
Cliff likes to challenge people to games, sometimes making bets. Yet when he loses, he does not take the situation too seriously. Cliff does not avoid conflict or argument, and yet he also tries to create win-win situations. Cliff is frequently portrayed as the voice of reason in the show, such as when he tries to talk his wife out of having another baby. He points out where his
Theories It is difficult to summarize psychodynamic theory without a brief discussion of Freud. Sigmund Freud is the father of psychoanalysis, the father of psychodynamic theory, and in effect the father of modern psychotherapy. Freud's notions retain quite a bit of popularity, especially his ideas that things are not what they seem on the surface. Because of his understanding of the mind and behavior, Freud considered that overt behaviors were
Part.Theory Related to Final ProjectKey ConceptsHistorical Context and Historical FiguresValidity and AccuracyApplicability of Theory TodayConnection to Final ProjectNeo-Freudian TheoriesPsychodynamic. Tripartite division of self but less about psychosexual development than Freud. Builds on Freudís theory of the unconscious, using dreams and other symbols but more reliance on and social and cultural influence on personality.Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, Erik Erikson, Karen Horney, Henry Stack Sullivan.More so than Freud, with more empirical research.