I find the idea that the world is becoming homogenized to American culture to be parochial, offensive and ill-formed, the product surely of American thinking. Nobody from any other culture would see the world in that light, because they are actually informed about the non-American world. Writers arguing in favor of the idea that the world is becoming homogenized to American culture are laughably ill-informed. They make heroic errors in judgment in their arguments. The reality that there is some evidence of globalization, but only in the most superficial ways has this actually made its influence. Consider a moment the supposition that food and entertainment are changing -- not only is this a great leap but food and entertainment are rather superficial when one considers the depth and breadth of individual cultures.
The first thing to point out is that culture runs rich and deep. America is an outlier in many respects, and there is no evidence that the cultural traits of America are to be found in other countries. Consider the different elements of culture as defined by Geert Hofstede -- power distance, individualism vs. collectivism, masculinity vs. femininity, uncertainty avoidance and time orientation (Hofstede, 2014). The United States has very low power distance, very high individualism, moderate masculinity, low uncertainty avoidance, and a short-term time orientation. On the time orientation, power distance and especially individualism, the United States is an outlier. Its closest neighbors in these respects are other countries derived from the English philosophical tradition -- Canada, the UK and Australia in particular. These similarities are the result of common philosophical roots in liberalism, emphasis on the supremacy of the individual, and date back to the 18th century; not the 20th century influence of America on these countries. Further,...
The philosophers and political economists on whom the theory rests were British -- Smith, Ricardo, Locke, Mill -- such that the United States can scarcely take credit for the idea. Moreover, the forms of capitalism in most of the world reflect local interpretations of these British ideals (Hall, 2000). Nations that trend towards the collectivist dimension (Germany, Scandinavia, Japan) have gravitated towards a different form of capitalism than the U.S., as of nations with dramatically different governance structures like in Nigeria or southern Europe.
Nor has the American system of government gained much traction around the world. Democracy of course is a Greek ideal, not an American one, and for all the purported influence of the U.S. On spreading democracy, the form it usually takes is either northern European in influence or British. Further, today's democratic nations typically evolved as such -- it has not been imposed on them by outside powers. As a general rule, however, most nations do not really have democracy. You can sell the Chinese on Starbucks and the Russians on Big Macs, but selling them democracy and liberty has proven more challenging. When you get past the superficial levels, the influence simply isn't there.
Furthermore, the influence of American culture is overstated, even using the superficial examples. It is true that people around the world did not typically eat hamburgers -- but meat and bread is an old idea. And McDonalds itself adapts to local conditions -- it doesn't sell hamburgers in India. KFC is probably even more popular around the world than McDonalds, and this is telling. People have been frying chickens forever in many parts of the world. It may be some erosion of local culture to give them eleven herbs and spices, but it's not a big stretch -- the basic dish was globally popular long before the Colonel invaded. The influence of American pop culture, on the other hand, has been greatly overstated. Outside of the English world and Europe, nobody cares about American pop stars, and local cinema almost always outperforms Hollywood. Just because most Americans have never heard of the world's gamut of local pop stars doesn't mean they don't exist.
Globalization is exactly that, a coming together of global…
Globalization: Annotated Bibliography Gills, Dong-Sook. (2002, May). "Globalization of Production and Women in Asia." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 581 (Globalization and Democracy Special Issue): 106-120. Gillis Dong-Sook (2002) in her article "Globalization of Production and Women in Asia" asserts that globalization has fundamentally shifted the relationship of women, work and power in the developing nations of Asia. In her analysis of the economic, political, and cultural impact of
Globalization and Culture It is stated in the work of Lieber and Weisberg that culture "in its various forms now serves as a primary carrier of globalization and modern values and constitutes an important arena of contestation for national, religious, and ethnic identity." (2002, p.273) Technology was envisioned by Bill Clinton to be such that would further the cause of liberty however the other side of technology is more ominous in
Hats and Globalization The hat stand in South Korea is visible in the picture "global" in a cultural sense because it is reflective of the cultural changes swirling all around the South Korean market. It sits, first of all, in front of a Western bakery shop -- a Dunkin' Donuts -- which is in and of itself an emblem of a foreign culture within the Asian culture of South Korea. The
East Asia's economies began expanding through the exporting of low-value, labor-intensive goods such as textiles (Qin-Hilliard & Suarez-Orozco 2004). Africa There are several countries in Africa that have been globalized. Somalia is a prime example of an African nation that has many different factors that can and will result in the success or failure of globalization. On the one hand, there is a great deal of terrorist issues that arise out
The San played into this as it was expected of them and as they did so they began to accept the expectations and beliefs of the rest of the world with regard to their identity. As a group it became what was expected of it and the individuals of the group did the same. Two years ago the bushman took their government to court because they alleged they had been effectively
Globalization Does world trade make the world smaller by bringing people closer together? Or does it divide the globe by creating winners and losers through greater inequality? Globalization is a complex phenomenon that is often misunderstood. Part of this trend deals with a movement toward more integrated economic and political systems. Yet, today's societies face both an internal and external political environment and socio-economic factors that are marked by unprecedented levels of