Gulliver's Travels: The Role of Term Paper
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"My Master, after some Expressions of great Indignation, wondered how we dared to venture upon a Houyhnhnm's Back, for he was sure, that the weakest Servant in his House would be able to shake off the strongest Yahoo, or by lying down, and rolling on his Back, squeeze the Brute to Death" (IV.4). This reaction suggests that it is possible to survive without enacting tyranny over the freedom of another animal's will, and also that such a lifestyle where creatures and thinking beings are owned is not strictly necessary for survival.
Because they have no material wants, the Houyhnhnms seem to live without the need of law courts, and do not really understand vices such as "the Desire of Power and Riches, of the terrible Effects of Lust, Intemperance, Malice and Envy" (IV.4). Also, the Houyhnhnms do not understand war, because in their society without ownership of worldview and they assumes that everything is shared in kind and everyone is equal in all societies: "For he went upon a Supposition that all Animals had a Title to their share in the Productions of the Earth, and especially those who presided over the rest" (IV.6). A life is possible, the author suggests, without personal possessions, and actually to have nothing makes for a happier and more harmonious community, but unfortunately because of human assumptions of what constitutes happiness and comfort, the paradise of the Houyhnhnms is unlike to be enjoyed by human beings very soon. People may not need many personal possessions, such as fine foods and clothes, but once the desire is stimulated, private ownership -- and law courts and governments become a necessity.
Swift, Jonathan. Gulliver's Travels. Lee Jaffe. Created 13 September 1999. Updated
2005. 16 Mar 2007. http://www.jaffebros.com/lee/gulliver/index.html
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