Hamzah Fansuri's Poems Poem I In This Essay

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Hamzah Fansuri's Poems

Poem I

In this poem, Hamzah reiterates the fundamentals of the Islamic belief, reminding Muslims of the importance of following the main precepts of the Qur'an and the Sunnah (the Prophetic tradition). The poem is also inspired by Sufi teachings of medieval Islamic scholars. For Hamzah, Sufi teachings do not contradict the orthodox fundamentals of Islam. On the contrary, Sufism helps a person to clean his or her heart and come closer to God. Hamzah starts the poem by warning the Adamites (children of Adam) against abandoning the first and foremost principle of Islam, that is faith in God. "Do not forsake the Ruler of the universe [Shahi Alam]," Hamzah writes. Then Hamzah makes another warning, which is related to the first: "Do not get drowned in the ocean of sin." The two warnings are mutually complementary since, according to Islamic tradition, the gravest sin is disbelief or a blasphemous belief, and the one abandoning faith is more likely to commit sins. Also, Islam teaches that immersing oneself in countless sins is likely to steer the person
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away from God.

Following these warnings and reminders, Hamzah tells the reader of the importance of love of God. Here he is certainly inspired by Sufi teachings. "Let your love be undivided," he says, by referring to the importance of having a sincere love of God. Sincere love in this passage is characterized by renunciation of the earthly life. One cannot love both God and the earthly life. The latter steers a believer from loving truly loving God. If one is given to one's egoistic goals in life, then one's love of God is not complete. Therefore, Hamzah then says, "And your renunciation of the world not half-hearted." In other words, one needs to abandon this world completely to be able to love God sincerely. Hamzah also does not forget to remind the reader that the path to God is through God's most loved creature: the Prophet Muhammad. "Light the torch of Muhammad," he therefore says, "In order to come to the Lord of the world." In summary, in this poem, Hamzah reiterates the importance of following fundamentals of Islam,…

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