Health Risk Behaviors Substance Abuse 'Literature Review' chapter

Excerpt from 'Literature Review' chapter :

The presence of violence is one of the most dangerous behaviors associated with substance abuse particularly with alcoholism for the reason that it is a behavior that can cause significant injuries or fatality associated with substance abuse consequences. Substance abuse is a psychological and mental morbidity as a form of another issue for the fact that it signifies maladaptive behaviors that are not usual for a normal person. These are the main issues that are addressed for the reason that these symptoms should be given the consideration to be treated in the most convenient way to improve the client's wellness upon providing interventions as indicated by Brenston (2009).

Some basic life skills that will be helpful for substance abusers are the ability to create therapeutic environment such as providing the patient with a calm environment that will decrease their level of aggressive and agitative behaviors. Establishing rapport is one of the most important communication skills that can be made as an approach to substance abusers for them to establish their trust and positive behavior that is in contrast with the signs and symptoms that they are experiencing on a specific period of time as claimed by Holland (2010). Professional skill of acquiring a medical degree can enhance the capability of handling patients suffering from substance abuse disorders that will help to decrease anxiety symptoms. Basic life support skills are also relevant because the ability to rescue and provide medical aid can be helpful for patients suffering from substance abuse. This includes responding to an incident to rescue individuals who are injured. These are some of the basic life support skills that can be applied and implemented to other individuals and health care professionals to be able to help alleviate signs of symptoms of maladaptive behaviors (Boston, 2011).

The concepts that can be applicable to contribute physical change for patients suffering from substance abuse disorders can include psychological interventions that are helpful to promote their health and prevent further prevalence of symptoms associated with substance abuse as based on WHO (2011). In this case, cognitive behavioral therapy is a concept that will provide psychological intervention for the client's cognitive and behavioral thinking skills. In this concept, the patient will be able to utilize their mental pattern and emotional behavior to express their ideas and knowledge to improve their health awareness to their own self. Exposure therapy is another positive intervention that is useful for clients that are suffering from substance abuse because the client will be able to develop resistance towards a distressful event that is causing their anxiety that result into substance abuse as an outlet of their emotional burden. Community livelihood is a wellness program that will develop client's sense of awareness to the environment and increasing their self-esteem to be able to have their confidence back to improve their emotional behavior as an outlet for their anxiety in replacement for their compulsive behavior as based from WHO (2011). Pharmacological intervention is the fourth positive reinforcement that can improve the patient's cognitive and emotional condition. Therapeutic drugs that are being used contain therapeutic chemical components that are formulated to carryout hormones that will decrease the patient's craving for substance such as alcohol.

Part IV: Implication and Recommendation of the Study

There are significant impacts that can be induced by substance abuse for the reason that these are health risk behaviors that can harm the patient or victim's own health such as acquiring diseases as indicated by Delton (2007). The realization that substance abuse can be treated by the help of health care professionals that includes psychiatrists and psychologists that are more efficient than non-professionals because they specialize in treating patients experiencing maladaptive disorders that are caused by substance abuse. Kirtz (2009) explained that alcohol drinking have more negative effect to the younger generation because it can affect the individual's physical wellness that can alter the physiological response of the body. Neurological impacts are as well affected by alcohol drinking because it is a neurologic stimulant that is aiming to reduce the level of cognitive and emotional response of an individual according to Stencer (2008). Drinking age limitation has been one of the most efficient measures implemented by the law enforcement officials, which will prevent incidents of crime rates that are related with minor individuals. There will be lesser cases of minor exploitation being influenced by alcoholic intoxication that includes sexual assault and physical abuse as indicated by Growan (2009).

As a recommendation to the study, learning about substance abuse should be emphasized to all kinds of individuals so that they will be able to have basic knowledge on how to deal with people that are showing signs and symptoms of substance abuse such as chronic alcoholism and prolonged drug use as explained by Rosner (2010). Education though information and dissemination campaign should be applied to all kinds of communities so that they will be able to increase their awareness regarding the effects and facts that are related to drinking so that they will have the ability to control themselves from temptation. Law enforcement officials should maintain their advocacy on the prohibition of drinking to younger ages for the reason that there will be a strict implementation of low unlawful incidents. Health care officials should be stressing the public regarding the effects of alcohol to our body so that it will create of fear for the people to control themselves on craving form alcoholic beverages. While addressing about alcoholic addiction, mass media campaign are one of the most reliable activities that will help sustain health education activities that will make the public realize about the importance of taking care to our health as well as to practice healthy lifestyle. Health care professionals should be emphasizing more on the mental and behavioral impacts such as acquiring personality disorders as well as having impaired thought processes that will be implicated by drinking alcohol as a warning for these individuals for them to become more aware when drinking alcoholic beverages.


ACDE (American Council for Drug Education) (2011). Basic facts about drugs: Alcohol. Available:

Brenston, Alfred (2009). Importance of counseling. Phoenix: Fox press.

Boston, Randy (2011). Effects of alcohol in the body. Available:

Delton, Hilda (2009). Implications of Substance Abuse Patterns. Dallas: Lance and Rogers.

Growan, Scott (2009). Effects of Alcohol to Minors. Phoenix: Huber Printing, 46-52.

Holland, Christopher (2009). Fundamentals of Psychology. Alexandria: Proton Printing.

Jester, Emerson (2007). Effects of Alcohol to Children. Birmingham: Socio Press, 24-29.

Kurtz, Ernest (2009). Alcoholics anonymous and the disease concept of alcoholism. Available:

Pritcher, Osmond (2008). Skills for improving patient's emotional behaviors. New York: McGraw Hill, 34-39.

Roberts, Aldrin (2007). Attitudes toward alcohol. Retrieved from:

Rosner, Helgart (2010). Identifying signs and symptoms of alcoholic withdrawal. San Jose: Matilda Publications.

Salazar, Guillermo (2011). Alcohol and Flying. Accessed:

Stuart, Micheal (2011). Understanding Alcoholism. Opened from:

Stencer, Imelda (2008). Implications of Alcohol abuse. New York: McGraw Hill.

Thruster, Andrew (2008). Chemical imbalances attributed by Alcoholism. Posh printing. 31-35.

US Public health service (2008). To prevent and reduce alcohol drinking. Retrieved:

US Dep't of Health (2011). Alcohol and your health. Accessed:

WHO (2011). What are the most effective and cost-effective interventions of alcohol. Accessed:

Youth Facts (2008). Alcohol and Youth. Retrieved:

Cite This 'Literature Review' chapter:

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