Human Genome Project
One of the primary concerns of the biological sciences today is human health. The more information is made known about the human body, the more curative and preventive steps can be taken to ensure the longevity and health of the human body. This is one of the ends of the Human Genome Project (HGP), which was concluded in 2003. The project ran for 13 years and was coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health.
US Department of Energy (2012). In addition, the Wellcome Trust in the U.K. became amajor partner in this effort, while contributions were also received from Japan, France, Germany, China, and other countries. The HGP's main goals were to gather information and apply the findings to human health. It should, however, also be noted that the project has several ethical and social implications.
Several main goals were identified for the Human Genome Project (U.S. Department of Energy, 2012). One of these was to identify the 20,000-25,000 genes that might found in human DNA). It also aimed to determine the sequence of 3 billion chemical base pairs that function as the building blocks of human DNA. This information was then to be stored in databases and tools for analysis of such data were to be improved. Related technologies were to be transferred to the private sector, while ethical, legal, and social issues were to be identified and addressed. While the initial goals of the project have been achieved and the project is said to have been completed,...
These analyses have significant implications for health care.
According to Green (n.d., p. 33), the genome project identified significant genetic similarities among human beings and other species, such as chimpanzees. When researching human health then, these species could be significant in improving the understanding of the human body and its optimal functioning. In other words, the sequences of species that run parallel can be used to develop experimental and computational models to identify functionally important sections of DNA, which in turn means that genes such as those that cause cystic fibrosis can be identified and potentially eliminated. Furthermore, determining the functional importance of certain genome sequences will result in an ultimately better understanding of human health in general. Furthermore, the development of disease and the role of gene alterations in this can also create a better understanding of how better to maintain human health. Indeed, the very origin of the Human Genome Project is focused upon the main goal of improving human health. Hence, connections between human beings and other species that would be most helpful in this goal. As such, alterations in human genomes predispose the body to disease. The identification of these may lead not only to a cure for such diseases as cystic fibrosis and cancer, but also to preventative measures that might be implemented to help human beings live longer and healthier lives. According to Green…
The Human Genome Experiment and Its Implications for Health Care History of Medical Technology: Implications of Changes in the Theory and Practice of Medical Care Innovations in medical devices and health care technologies have generated new questions concerning the precise role that race, gender and other human differences had on the theory and practice of medical care in the 20th century and what the implications of these important trends will be going
Genomes and Comparative Genomics Over the last decade we have achieved rapid strides in the field of genetic engineering. The study of molecular biology has been fairly advanced mainly aided by the unprecedented growth in information technology. Today bio-informatics has opened new vitas for us and we are already progressing in investigating and in the comparative study of genomes. This has shed new light up on our knowledge of the evolutionary
Human Cloning The subject of human cloning was once the stuff of science fiction novels and television programs. As technology and science improves, the creation of clones has become, potentially, a real likelihood in the impending future. For the follow, the definition of human cloning is that which has been designated by the American Medical Association: The term "cloning" will refer to the production of genetically identical organisms via somatic cell nuclear
The behavioral sciences can also be used in more subtle and less direct ways to help combat the war on terror. First, populations prone to terror attacks -- or believed to be prone to such attacks -- could be reassured and strengthened by some techniques of behavioral science. Terrorists received their name because their hope is to inspire terror, and though it chaos. This war is not exactly a military
Thus, in order to study a concept with which he or she is familiar with in some way, a physical anthropologist will most probably employ a typical anthropological analysis, which he or she uses every time they study a culture. Using physical anthropology as a form of studying evolutions means that you have to refrain from expressing biased opinions and treat the matter similarly to how you treat any
technology has revolutionized society: communication, transportation, commerce, and especially medicine. . Ironically, for centuries and still in Oriental Medicine, healthcare was and is tailored to the individual. Even the Greek Physician Hippocrates wrote that he prescribed sweet elixirs to some and astringents to others depending on their individual condition (Pray, 2008). 21st century medicine, though, is more about an individual person's genetic code, and is made possible by advances