Institutional Repositories IR History, Purpose, Term Paper

Length: 10 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Education - Computers Type: Term Paper Paper: #4419211 Related Topics: Physics, History Of The Internet, Computer Science, Astronomy
Excerpt from Term Paper :

When a submitter submits information, it is transformed into a data file or bitstream, which is organized into a similar data set. The item is then grouped with similar items into metadata, and is indexed for searching. Communities are then created that correspond to specific parts of an organization, such as departments. This allows DSpace to function well in multi-disciplinary environments. The end user is then able to browse, search and locate information from a vast amount of sources, and can also then download or view the material (See Appendix 1 for flowchart) (Dynamic Diagrams, 2007).

These two repository platforms have seen a large jump in usage over the last several years, according to a study by Lomangino (2006). In the study, research showed the usage of Eprints has risen from 125 repositories to over 200 between 2004 and 2005. According to the Registry of Open Access Repositories, there are currently 227 known repositories using Eprints, and another 258 using DSpace (2007) (See Appendix 2).

Additionally, there are 617 repositories that currently comply with OAI standards all over the world (See Appendix 3) (Lomangino, 2006).

Also in 2002, the IR community received another boost in a paper published by the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition that supported the use of institutional repositories (SPARC, 2002). In addition to offering several supportive arguments for the use of repositories, SPARC gave two convincing rationales for the use of institutional repositories that may have helped speed their implementation and acceptance. First, SPARC pointed out that IRs:

centralize, preserve, and make accessible...intellectual capital [while] forming part of a global system of distributed, interoperable repositories that provide(s) the foundation for a new disaggregated model of scholarly publishing (SPARC, 2002, pg. 6).

In other words, SPARC noted the need for a system that would function world wide, and would provide a base for all repositories, so end users could see a seamless experience across disciplines. They believed the IR would "un-bundle" the formal academic publishing model and open the market to a vaster audience (SPARC, 2002).

Further, SPARC noted that IRs could serve as indicators of an institution's academic excellence. They pointed out that while faculty publication in journals reflected the host university's excellence, IRs could contrite the intellectual property of such institutions, creating a combined database that reflected the value of their research. While the increase in visibility could show a higher level of academic prowess, SPARC noted, this increase could translate into concrete remuneration, such as increases in funding from private and public sources (SPARC, 2002).

However, SPARC also pointed out that there were barriers to the implementation of IRs. First, any alteration of the scholarly publishing model, that of peer-reviewed journal publication only, could certainly cause those within the system, such as publishers, faculty, and librarians, to fear the new IR format. There was no question that large journal publishers could easily halt the IR process, since their subscriptions made their publication possible. To soothe this concern, however, they also noted that the library market as well as authors were dissatisfied with the system as it was, and were demanding a new format. IRs, according to SPARC, were the solution for all members of the community (SPARC, 2002).

Further, SPARC pointed out the limitations of the scholarly journal method of publication, stating that IRs could expand the readership and availability of research materials. They harshly criticized scholarly publishing, pointing out that their price increases and monopolizing of the industry only served to further reduce the audience of academic research. IRs, then, could...

...

Greenstone, another open source multilingual digital library platform has been one of the fastest growing platforms. Established in 1995, Greenstone arose from a project designed to compress text. It began with a collection of 50,000 technical reports (Witten, et al., 1995).

By 1997, the project coordinators began working with Human Info NGO, and helped them to create a searchable CD-Rom collection of humanitarian research. This extended the original program, in that it was originally designed to work on Linux systems, and was thus adapted to run on Windows-based platforms. Looking to the future, the team also back developed the program to run on early versions of Windows, since developing countries were still using such products (Witten, 2003). Since its inception, Greenstone has been back fitted to be OAI compliant, and to communicate with DSpace and other software platforms (Bainbridge et al., 2006). Currently, Greenstone operates in over 70 countries, is downloaded 4,500 times per month, and runs on many operating systems, including the iPod. Further, the reader interface is run in over 40 languages (Bainbridge et al., 2006).

It is clear that IRs, and the software that supports them, is increasing rapidly. Although there are still barriers to the usage of such repositories, such as a loss of data if subscriptions of libraries are limited, as well as the lack of physical representation in the digital age. However, as Chan (2004) notes, such barriers are small in light of the vast benefits of IRs. Their implementation can be cost effective, can improve teaching and research, and can mean long lasting preservation for research material (Chan, 2004). Additionally, with such platforms as DSpace, EPrints, and Greenstone, researching in an IR can be quick, effective, and stable across language barriers, operating system variables, and disciplines. IRs are thus a cost effective, useful tool for institutional organizations.

References

Bainbridge, D., Ke, K.-Y.J. And Witten, I.H. (2006). Document level interoperability for collection creators. Proc Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, 105-106.

Brody, T. (2007). Registry of open access repositories. Retrieved November 18, 2007 from ROAR. Website: http://roar.eprints.org/index.php.

Dynamic Diagrams. (2007). DSpace Visual Explanation. Retrieved November 18, 2007, from DSpace. Website: http://www.dspace.org/images/stories/dspace-diagram.pdf.

EPrints. (2007). EPrints for digital repositories. Retrieved November 18, 2007 from EPrints. Website: http://www.eprints.org/.

Ginsparg, P. (1996). Winners and losers in the global research village. Electronic Publishing in Science I, proceedings of joint ICSU Press/UNESCO conference, Paris.

Jones, R., Andrew, T. & MacColl, J. (2006) the institutional repository. Oxford: Chandos.

Lynch, C.A. (2003). Institutional repositories: essential infrastructure for scholarship in the digital age.

ARL Bimonthly Report, 226, 1-7.

Lynch, C. & Lippincott, J. (2005). Institutional repository deployment in the United States as of early 2005. D-Lib Magazine, 11, 9-15.

O'Connell, H.B. (2002). Physicists thriving with paperless publishing. Retrieved November 18, 2007 from HEP Libraries Webzine, 6. Website: http://library.cern.ch/HEPLW/6/papers/3/#Introduction.

Suber, P. (2007). Timeline of the open access movement. Retrieved November 18, 2007 from Earlham College. Website: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/timeline.htm.

SPARC. (2002). The case for institutional repositories. Washington, DC: SPARC.

Van de Sompel, H., Lagoze, C. The Santa Fe Convention of…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Bainbridge, D., Ke, K.-Y.J. And Witten, I.H. (2006). Document level interoperability for collection creators. Proc Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, 105-106.

Brody, T. (2007). Registry of open access repositories. Retrieved November 18, 2007 from ROAR. Website: http://roar.eprints.org/index.php.

Dynamic Diagrams. (2007). DSpace Visual Explanation. Retrieved November 18, 2007, from DSpace. Website: http://www.dspace.org/images/stories/dspace-diagram.pdf.

EPrints. (2007). EPrints for digital repositories. Retrieved November 18, 2007 from EPrints. Website: http://www.eprints.org/.
O'Connell, H.B. (2002). Physicists thriving with paperless publishing. Retrieved November 18, 2007 from HEP Libraries Webzine, 6. Website: http://library.cern.ch/HEPLW/6/papers/3/#Introduction.
Suber, P. (2007). Timeline of the open access movement. Retrieved November 18, 2007 from Earlham College. Website: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/timeline.htm.


Cite this Document:

"Institutional Repositories IR History Purpose " (2007, November 19) Retrieved November 28, 2021, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/institutional-repositories-ir-history-34181

"Institutional Repositories IR History Purpose " 19 November 2007. Web.28 November. 2021. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/institutional-repositories-ir-history-34181>

"Institutional Repositories IR History Purpose ", 19 November 2007, Accessed.28 November. 2021,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/institutional-repositories-ir-history-34181

Related Documents
Digital Signature
Words: 929 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Education - Computers Paper #: 6061958

Digital signatures are comprised of a series of algorithms and mathematical constructs that ensure the authenticity and verifiability of a person signing a specific document. The reliance on digital signatures continues to increase as virtual work teams, the development of automated contract management, compliance, financial reporting and advanced workflows in the fields of financial services continues to grow (Keenan, 2005). The intent of this analysis is to define the properties

Digital Technologies an Investigation Into the Effects
Words: 8585 Length: 30 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 82774404

Digital Technologies An investigation into the effects of DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES on U.S. PRINTING INDUSTRY US Printing Industry Business Segmentation of Print Market Industry Trends Traditional Printing Digital Technology for Printing Effects of Digital Technology on Printing Industry Graphic Designing Work Flow Redefined Repurposing Strategic Integration Digital Media to Plate Advantages Disadvantages Challenges of Digital printing Industry Comparison of views on Issues Similar conclusions of Research Critical Aspects of Methodology Gaps in Research Previous Studies and Current Research Relatedness with Literature in General Method of Data Collection Ethical Considerations Results and Findings Positive Impacts of Digital

Digital Signature Scheme Based on Factorization
Words: 2484 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Education - Computers Paper #: 55071033

Digital Signature Scheme Based on Factorization The objective of this study is to discuss an issue in cryptography or computer security. Digital signatures are described as "an analog of handwritten signatures" which are based on "the physically idiosyncratic way of signing one's name. But they can be easily forged." (Grabbe, 1998) The digital signature is "a mathematical method of attaching one's identity to a message" and is held to be more

Digital Privacy in an Information Technology Age
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Education - Computers Paper #: 69194011

Digital Privacy in an Information Technology Age Information privacy refers to the desire of individuals to control or have some influence over data about themselves. Advances in information technology have raised concerns about information privacy and its impacts (Belanger & Crossler, 2011). There are many definitions for information privacy, but there is little variance in the elements of the definitions, which typically include some form of control over the potential secondary

Digital Television and the Law
Words: 4106 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Film Paper #: 41022337

The technological capabilities of digital television are enormous, and the future of digital television can be seen as being on par with web pages and compact disc technology, all through the television. The broadcasting standard, however, can be traced back to the time when analogous television was first introduced as a viable medium in the time of World War II. It was in 1940 that the NTSC - National

Digital Schoolbooks for Tomorrows Classrooms
Words: 2185 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 82165551

Drawbacks and Solutions in Transitioning from Print Textbook to Digital Textbook The first challenge that this transition may face is the immediate requirement of an inflated budget intended for gadget purchase. Though print textbooks were dismissed as the cheaper option, digital textbooks do also have a considerably expensive budget to purchase and maintain. Furthermore, in cases where students were to fully sponsor themselves in the purchase of such material, division will