Much like the Knirk and Gustafson design model, Kemp's model is also small scale and can be used for individual lessons. When the water completely disappears explain they can no longer see the water on the plate because it is now in the air. (9)
In comparing Gange's Nine Steps of Instruction and Kemp's Design Model, several topics are included in both. Obviously both identify goals and objectives and making this information known to the student. Designing and delivering instructional experiences with specifically selected resources that will allow learners to master the objectives. The last is assessing student performance.
The differences between the two are visible in Gagne's nine steps following a sequential model of instruction - do this, then this, and this and end with this. The Kemp Model is a big picture view of instructional design. Here are all the things instructors need to take into consideration but not necessarily in a particular order. Kemps model does however give some guidance in knowing that planning, project management, support services and the summative evaluation are integral parts to the whole design process. Not something that is completed at any one point along the process.
The Knirk and Gustafson Model show a three step process including problem determination, design and development. The first stage includes identification of the problems, lesson organization and understanding learning prior knowledge. The design stage includes developing performance objectives and choosing instructional strategies. The final step in the development stage includes the development/gathering of teaching materials and resources, testing and revision of instruction if needed.
This model is somewhat a hybrid of the Gagne's Principals and the Kemp Model. While it follows a process from stage one to stage three, it recognizes the fact that, like Kemp, some processes so not necessarily have to occur - or should occur - in a particular order. Again, like the two before, all three essential parts of instruction design: goal setting, instruction, and assessment and evident in each. The main difference appears to be the structure and order of the instructional design process.
Section 5 - Sample Lesson Plan Using the Dick & Carey's Instructional Model
Subject Matter and Grade Level - Kindergarten Science
The Model - Dick & Carey's Instructional Model (and Gagne's 9)
The Lesson - Melting Away Numbers in parenthesis refer to Gagne's Nine.
Students will explore the property of water in three states: gas, liquid, and solid
Students will explore the best way to melt ice cubes.
Students will explore the properties of melting snow
Students will explore the properties of evaporating water
Identify Entry Behavior (3)
Class will create a mind map (web) of everything they know about water.
Observe, ask questions and make predictions
Observe common objects using multiple senses
Ask questions based on experiences with objects, organisms, and events in the environment
Predict results of an investigation based on physical sciences
Participate in planning and conducting investigations, and recording data
Demonstrate safe behavior and appropriate procedures (e.g., use of instruments and materials) in all science inquiry
Participate in guided investigations in physical science
Perform simple measurements using non-standard units of measure to collect data
Organize and analyze data; Compare predictions
Book: Water Dance
Students perform the experiment, sharing their results with a partner
Student Evaluation (8)
Evaluate students understanding by viewing their observation drawings
Evaluate students understanding through individual and whole class discussion
Was the lesson successful?
Did students stay engaged and on-task?
Did the activity fall into the allotted time frame?
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Kemp Design Model" (2007). Retrieved 12/03/07 at http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Kemp_design_model.
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When the water completely disappears explain they can no longer see the water on the plate because it is now in the air. (9)
Computers and Technology in the Classroom One of the critical advantages of introducing technology into the classroom, even for the youngest of elementary school children, is that technology offers the presentation of clear problems that require immediate, hands-on solutions with appreciable results. (Roblyer, 2003) Computers have a tactile and visual quality in their applications that are enticing as toys to elementary school level children. Unlike many toys, however, there is
Classroom Instructor Observation Protocol http://turlockusd-ca.schoolloop.com/siop California's Turlock Unified School District leverages the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) as the basis of its observation protocol. Specifically, this school system has different SIOP site plan protocols for its K-6 schools, 7-8 middle schools, and 9-12 high schools. Observation protocols mandate an instructional visitation that is comprised of a pair of classroom observations and a debriefing period from an instruction coach trained in SIOP methods.
Cosimo De Medici We know all about the de Medici family - one of the most important dynastic families in Europe and in particular concerning the cultural and artistic life of Italy and so of the continent. And yet, as Dale Kent makes clear in her authoritative (and fascinating) account of the family and in particular of the life of Cosimo De'Medici, we actually know less about the family than we