Analytic Epidemiology Designs:
In 2011, the United States Food and Drug Administration reported a shortage of vital chemotherapy drugs, which in turn interfered with clinical trials and contributed to probable challenges in evaluating data from those studies. According to the National Institutes of Health, considerable research trials were hindered by shortages of drugs for treatment of infectious diseases and cancer (Allen, 2011). One of the most important aspects of the advancement of disease prevention and treatment is experimental research that incorporates clinical trials. After the establishment of a risk factor, an intervention is usually tested through experimental research methods and designs. In this case, the most important thing is to examine whether the drug essentially prevents or ameliorates symptoms. Experimental research plays a crucial role in analytic epidemiology to an extent it's considered as the "gold standard" of the process.
Epidemiological Context of HIV / AIDS:
Epidemiological study for HIV…… [Read More]
Validity in Quantitative esearch Designs
Validity Quantitative esearch Designs Validity research refers extent researchers confident effect identify research fact causal relationships. If low validity a study, means research design flawed results .
Threats to internal validity in quasi-experimental designs
Quasi-experimental studies have several issues that lead to lack of internal validity of the study. These occur as a result of the experimental conditions not being highly controlled or randomized. This leads to intervention and control groups being nonequivalent leading to issues with study design. This is what is evidenced in the study conducted by Yuan et al. (2009)
where five units assigned a number of 8 to 10 voluntary participants to either the experimental or control groups. There is thought to be a risk of bias in assigning participants to the two groups as a result of this. This comes from the random error that occurs on measurements across the…… [Read More]
Sampling Designs and Evaluability Assessments
Identify and discuss 2 types sampling designs, their benefits and limitations
In essence, non-probability sampling and probability sampling are the only two types of sampling designs.
A researcher selects a small proportion of the units to represent the whole. The selection is deliberate without any defined procedure. For example, if the objective of the researcher is to study the economic conditions of a particular population residing in a defined area. The researcher deliberately chooses a few towns or cities to represent the entire area under study (Levy & Lemeshow, 2008). Based on the objectives and specificity of the study, the following are some of the sampling techniques under the non-probability sampling.
Purposive or Judgmental Sample
In purposive or judgmental sampling, the researcher selects the sample based on the familiarity of the population and the objectives of the study. The researcher prefers using a…… [Read More]
88). To make the non-experimental anthropological study of freshman in a dorm room experimental, a study could be constructed of multiple variable factors (such as high school grades, number of roommates, major, gender) to determine what variables were present in students with higher grades. By submitting questionnaire to students in the dorm room and determining which variables, when present, seemed to correlate with higher grades and were potential 'causal' factors in higher grades, the researchers could then call their endeavor an experimental study. (Note that in this experiment there would be no formal control group, instead seeing what clusters of variables were present in high-achieving students would be the focus).
In general, the great advantage of experiments over other study designs is that, with an experimental design, you can more easily demonstrate cause-and-effect relationships. Doing a simple observational case study of students on a dorm hall would expose the researcher…… [Read More]
True" Experiments vs. Quasi-Experimental Designs
What qualities of the quasi-experimental design are evident in this study?
This study was specifically designed to test the efficacy of a new program designed to improve police responses to cases involving domestic violence. Through the Second esponders Program, trained social workers would follow police after domestic violence-related calls and provide victims with counseling and information about social support services if the victims wished to leave their abusive partners. To evaluate the program, "field researchers contacted eligible subjects and attempted to interview them within 1 week of the domestic violence incident to which police were called; the second interview took place 6 months later" (Lane et al. 2004: 4).
Because the city of ichmond implemented the Second esponders Program in only two of its four police precincts, the researchers chose to use as a control group the precincts where the program was not implemented. The…… [Read More]
categories of research designs: true experiment, factorial, quasi-experiment, and ex post facto. Under each broad category, there are a number of more specific research designs. For instance, a co-relational design in which the researcher aims to determine the relationship between two or more variables falls under the category of ex post facto designs. Your research design represents the structure of your study. In other words, it reflects the number and type of variables you are studying and the number and type of groups you are using. esearch methods are used to carry out research designs. esearch methods fall under two broad categories: quantitative (e.g., survey, experiment) and qualitative (e.g., case study, grounded theory, ethnography, etc.).
Your problem statement and research questions will help determine your research design, and your research design will help determine your research method.
Using the feedback your instructor gave you following your initial premise in Week…… [Read More]
There is also the perpetual problem with qualitative research: namely because it is a single sample size, the study might only be representative of one particular population. However, some qualitative researchers argue that any type of research is subjective: they believe that even the approach of quantitative research disguises idiosyncratic aspects of reality and even the most rigorously empirical construct says more about a researcher's biases than an external reality. The many subjective beliefs about post-tenure review itself within a single department are manifest in the varied responses of faculty members as to the impact of such reviews in Wood & Johnson's study (2005, p. 425). Thus, it may actually be more valuable to study one department, and let readers decide for themselves if the process is appropriate for their educational environment.
Selecting several representative departments (one at a small liberal arts school, one at a large university and selecting…… [Read More]
It would seem like bias would be eliminated that way, but this is not the case. There can be associations found on both group and individual levels, and that can be misleading (Goodman, uehler, & Koplan, 1990). A researcher who notices this kind of association can be led to believe that it is something taking place on a group level, where it should actually be attributed to the people in the group on an individual level. It is called ecological bias when this happens, but these studies still have their place. They are less expensive than many other types of studies, and they are also quicker, as they can often be conducted with information that has already been published by other researchers or with public records information (Yehuda & McFarlane, 1995).
The cross sectional study is designed to gather information from a point in time, and from a specific population.…… [Read More]
Art posters have been particularly important during wartime, as they were responsible for influencing the masses to get actively engaged in joining the war. James Montgomery Flagg's "I Want You for the U.S. Army" (1916) poster is probably one of the most recognized artworks meant to have normal citizens identify with individuals on the front. Similarly, J. Howard Miller's 1942 poster "We Can Do It!" had the purpose of persuading Americans to assist war efforts any way that they could. Whereas Flagg's poster was directly implying that it was mandatory for Americans to join the army, Miller's seems to be addressing a larger public -- one that can contribute to the war through a diverse set of activities.
"I Want You for the U.S. Army" and "We Can Do It" were practically meant to sell the war to simple Americans, considering that they were most likely impressed with…… [Read More]
Companies frequently fall in love with the data-rich results and think that the results are projectable. This supposition is wrong. Projectabilty is not possible, as the analysis is slanted and deals with a small size. Another general misapprehension is the belief that qualitative research will always give perfect deductions. Actually, the results will not give companies with perfect deductions, but only with adequate information to set up a firm basis for decision-making. Hence, if one wants strength in numbers, we can select quantitative research; when size is not the main factor, qualitative research is one's best choice. (Fitzgerald, 2000)
The choice of whether to select a quantitative or a qualitative design is a theoretical one. It must be kept in mind that these are two different viewpoints, which are not essentially polar opposites, though they seem to be opposites. Actually, basics of both methods can be used together in mixed-methods…… [Read More]
However, Adam received many important private commissions, his designs were highly sought after and they had a more lasting influence than Chambers'.
As a youth, obert went to the oyal High School, Edinburgh and entered the University of Edinburgh in 1743. His schooling was cut short by illness and the Jacobite ising of 1745, so he and his older brother, John, assisted their father in the family business of stonemasonry and architecture. The two brothers then formed a business as partners that became known as the "Adam Brothers."
The Adam Brothers' first commission was decorating the state apartments in Edinburgh, on the first floor at Hopetoun House. They then were commissioned to do projects at Fort George, Dumfries House and Inverarary.
Adam, now becoming a leading Neoclassical designer in England, left to continue his schooling by making the "Grand Tour," traveling to France and Italy in the 1750's and acquainting…… [Read More]
There are a large number of study designs that can be used to better understand issues in social sciences, including criminal justice (USC, 2014). Before a study design can be applied to a particular phenomenon or problem, however, they must be understood in terms of the strengths and weaknesses. In addition, most study designs will not be appropriate for a given situation and research goal. To better understand the strengths and weaknesses of particular study designs and appropriate applications this essay will discuss five that would be useful in criminal justice research. Two of these methods will then be used to explore how they could be used to study a professional practice issue in criminal justice.
Exploratory Study Design
Exploratory research is used when little is understood about a particular phenomenon and there is the possibility of future research using more quantitative methods (USC, 2014). The…… [Read More]
Causation cannot be inferred from non-experimental designs, only relationships. This type of design allows researchers to observe how certain factors co-exist in a natural environment, without any experimental intervention. This allows researchers a first step in testing hypotheses and theories as to what causes a certain phenomenon.
When a study is lacking in internal validity, it means that confounding variables within the study were not successfully eliminated. In other words, certain factors are present in the study that puts into question whether or not the outcomes being measured or observed are really due to the manipulated variable or the condition under study. When a study is lacking in external validity, the findings of the study can not be readily generalized to the population at large. This may be due to a lack of randomization in the sample used for the study. Internal and external validity are inextricably intertwined, and affect…… [Read More]
Demographic Questions: Age, gender, ethnicity, income, occupation type, employment status, household size
Product/Brand Usage/Purchase questions: How frequent does he/she use such products? What brands are in the home now? How old are these products / how often are kitchen appliances purchased? What attributes are preferred in kitchen appliances? Is the person satisfied with their kitchen appliances?
Lifestyle Questions: How often does the person cook at home? his/her spouse? How sophisticated is the cooking? What types of foods are cooked? Questions can also be asked that are product specific (i.e. how often do you use your blender for smoothies; hand blender for soups, etc.). Ask about styling in general -- the importance of styling in furniture and home decor. Inquire what the customer thinks about the styling on the products that they are presented with. A control group could be asked blindly, with another group informed that the styles are European,…… [Read More]
This makes the use of telephone-based research inherently less valuable. In order to properly test the effectiveness of the word/image combinations, the audience must see mock-ups of the cards. The greeting card industry tends not to have early-adopters, so the research should focus on a mainstream audience.
This leaves the option of either an in-person focus group or an online focus group. The markets for paper cards and online cards differ in terms of their demographics, so the best way to measure the effectiveness of paper cards is to use in-person focus groups. The targets can be drawn from any city with a large Hispanic population. Given significant differences in Hispanic populations in the two largest markets of Los Angeles and Miami it is important that groups in those two markets be tested at the minimum. An additional technique that should be incorporated is that of the group interview in…… [Read More]
DEVEEUX EALY CHILDHOOD ASSESSMENT (DECA) program
Devereux Early Childhood Assessment Tool and Qualitative esearch
The Devereux Early Childhood Assessment Program (DECA) is a set of tools for teachers to assess their students' academic performance and social behaviors in order to catch any potential issues early on in order to address them as soon as possible. The program allows teachers to use assessment strategies in order to keep track of their students' progress in the most fundamental steps of development. Due to its very unique and tailored approach, this is a program which could easily facilitate qualitative research methodologies. The DECA program provides teachers with assessment questions and survey materials in order for each teacher to make cognitive recognition of potential patterns. The research shows how the program asks teachers questions "to assess for attachment (e.g., 'During the past 4 weeks, how often did the child do things for himself?'), self-control…… [Read More]
Non-experimental research designs is a type of study that is essentially uncontrolled. The research has little to no ability to influence the variables at work, and therefore the research cannot be considered a controlled experiment. There are several types of non-experimental research designs, including correlational, descriptive and historical.
Different Types of Non-Experimental Research
The different types of non-experimental research are bound by the fact that in all cases, the researcher has no ability to control the variables. This contrasts with research where the researcher does control the variables in order to test the influence of one or more variables on the outcomes. Non-experimental research also implies that there are a wider range of outcomes than might be tested for in experimental research, where there is typically a narrow null hypothesis and any results not confirming that will result in a rejection of the null hypothesis.
But the different types of…… [Read More]
Special consideration should be taken when considering the population for this particular study. As one recent study determines "background In population-based observational studies, non-participation and delayed response to the invitation to participate are complications that often arise during the recruitment of a sample" (Hof, Ravelli, Zwinderman, 2014, p. 1). If what the Hof et al. study found to be true is true, then in this study the special consideration should focus on who is participating and at what time they are participating. In order to address those two issues, the study will be conducted on a weekend at a local retail establishment that offers sporting equipment and apparel for sale. By doing this, the researcher controls who takes the survey, and though it is still random in nature, it also takes away the opportunity to procrastinate returning the completed survey to the researcher. By asking shoppers to voluntarily answer the…… [Read More]
Designing Instructional Plans
In the first 2 days the students will mainly be focusing on the Language Arts. They will be given directions to improve their reading and writing skills and will later on be marked on how far they have come. The students have been put into a 3rd grade class in an independent manner. There is an immediate need for these students to be able to understand and learn the course in various manners and to also revise it.
On the first day the students will mainly be guided through the reading process. They will be encouraged to read the content of their course and try and identify the main characters and the details supporting them in expository text.
Text books, writing paper, pencils, overhead projector, different colored pens.
On the second day the students will have to organize and focus their thoughts…… [Read More]
Conflicting Issues in Design Build Methods: FA 36.209 and 10 USC 2862
There are clear issues between design builds and how they are treated in regards to federal law and how the architectural industry uses them in recent industry trends. A number of conflicting elements makes the process of creating design builds difficult for architectural firms, forcing many to have to go through the process of getting special authorization to fulfill plans that are based on industry standards and trends. Design build projects are where a single firm has complete control over the design, the bid and the final construction. It is essentially when a single entity takes on the responsibility for the project from start to finish to help minimize risks and speed up project delivery. In recent years, this has been an increasing trend within the architectural industry, but statutes in U.S. Federal law do tend…… [Read More]
In an effort to provide better care for its patients, arises the need to design a network able to support a new multi-location dental care practice. In this report, we will provide a clear set of requirements for the network solution, and then identify the information that is to be protected as well as their related security requirements. Also, we will identify the types of network components, devices and equipment that would be involved in meeting the needs of the stationary offices and all four mobile dentists, and then we will provide a network design diagram that shows an appropriate network configuration to meet the requirements. Finally, we will explain the benefits of the proposed network solution, and identify the risks and risk mitigation strategies associated with the proposed network solution.
With five dental offices currently operating, we need to design a network that will integrate databases of…… [Read More]
Lesson Plan Design: usiness/Corporate Ethics
This lesson plan will be designed to teach students traditional and conventional moral philosophies, standards and ethical convention in a corporate/business environment. As protocol students will be required to examine traditional moral and ethical standards as defined by philosophical and sociological standards.
The purpose of the lesson will be to teach students about the types of ethical considerations they might be faced with in a business or corporate environment. Students will be expected to have adequate knowledge of current events, and engage in discourse related to the morality of recent news events related to corporate ethics. The course will also require students to analyze their own experiences within corporate America where appropriate or the workplace and identify what gaps currently exist in the moral/ethical aspect of employment and asses how improvements made in this area might impact the workforce as a whole.
Students not having…… [Read More]
Food lust advertising design: Applying the concepts of 'luxuria' and 'chastity'
hen comparing cars such as Hummer and the Prius, the contrast between the two brand identities seems obvious. One is a large, gas-guzzling vehicle that denotes the purchaser's wealth. The Prius is a small, snub-nosed vehicle that apparently proclaims the user's interest in environmental sustainability. However, beneath the surface, there are even more complex issues about how the vehicles convey the user's class. The Prius is also an expensive car, after all. Chastity is not about low price -- it is an attitude.
hat constitutes 'luxuria' versus 'chastity' in marketing is even more complex with the marketing of items that have a very wide price range like food. Some products marketed as objects of 'luxuria' may be low-priced; some may be high-price. Some products marketed upon their 'chastity' may be more expensive than their 'luxuria' counterparts. The endy's…… [Read More]
Egyptian Hieroglyphics and Other Ancient Symbols on 18th, 19th and 20th Century Surface Pattern Design and Their Influences on Contemporary Design
Hieroglyphics are a system of picture-writing, from the Greek, literally meaning "sacred carvings"; these symbols were used extensively on the walls of Egyptian tombs and temples, as well as columns and in written texts (Cavendish 1970). This paper will provide an analysis of the influence of Egyptian hieroglyphics and other ancient symbols on 18th, 19th and 20th century surface pattern design and their influences on contemporary design, taking account of the impact on design practice of digital techniques today. A discussion of designers from these periods illustrating their work will be followed by suggestions for critical analysis, and an examination of possible philosophical questions to be considered related to a future professional practice. A summary of the research will be provided in the conclusion.
Review and Discussion.
Background and…… [Read More]
System Integrator That Explains the Overall Design of the Application or the Framework to e uilt
Developing the contents of the design documents includes several steps. Although the theory agrees on most of them, there are essays and article that increase or reduce the number of components for a design document.
As such, according to the Australian Government overseas aid program, the design document should include, among others, a table of contents, listing all figures and tables in the document, a glossary with all relevant terms, an executive summary (with the summarized project description), an analysis, the project itself (with a description of the activities and resources involved) and, finally, the monitoring and management strategies.
The main difference that may appear is actually brought about by the difference between theoretical and practical actions that often occurs in real life. Indeed, one may have properly planned and listed all the actions…… [Read More]
Enterprise-Level Business Information Systems
In terms of workplace productivity and efficiency, one key aspect to when developing an effective information system for an enterprise is how to select a system that is simple enough to understand for the vast majority of its users, but technologically forward enough so that it has adequate backup for the data stored within the system's various components. Ideally as well, the system should be able to consolidate all data so that it may be shared at various levels within the business' structure, yet still have adequate passwords and security controls. "Experts say about 65% of all companies have lost control of the management or planning of a computer project at some stage," thus the creation of a system with adequate backup and maximum efficacy cannot be underestimated, not simply from a technical point-of-view, but also the point-of-view of the business as a whole. ("The Computer…… [Read More]
INTENET-BASED MANUFACTUING SYSTEM.
Design internet-based manufacturing system for the oversea small manufacturing companies
Global competitions and rapid changes in the customers' requirements are forcing the manufacturing companies to adopt the Information Technology (IT) for the production and the configuration of manufacturing process. With the increase in demand for more specialized products, the traditional mode of production is no more capable to meet the customers' requirements. In the present competitive market environment, more customers are increasingly demanding for custom designed products within the short time. ecently, there have been rapid changes in the manufacturing paradigms where many manufacturing companies have started to adopt new enterprises strategy to remain competitive in the present international volatile markets. To be competitive in the present volatile markets, some organizations have started to adopt the concepts such as virtual enterprises, agile manufacturing etc. (Tian, Yin, & Taylor 2001). Virtual enterprises have become the most advanced and…… [Read More]
Product life cycle is an approach that companies use when analyzing the evolution of their products. This is intended to determine the investments that must be made regarding these products, but also the incomes they are likely to determine. The concept of product life cycle also applies in the case of egal Marine products. In this case, most of the company's products usually have a life cycle of three to five years. This can be considered a short life style in comparison with other products that benefit from life cycles of decades.
In this situation, products with short life cycles require increased levels of investments. This is because the company must focus on introducing new products on the market in order to be competitive (Wu et al., 2005). However, these products are also able to determine increased levels of incomes that can be used in investing in the…… [Read More]
Product Life Cycles
How product design is applied in decision-making of that organization?
Design decision making at (organization name) involves generating a series of product alternatives using very clear criteria. The goal is evaluate which solutions maximize value and function, but minimize costs. This approach is based on a need to shorten product development cycles to get new products to market faster. The market can be very intense and competitive. Therefore, the company is always eager to gain a competitive advantage by reaching consumers with the best product possible before others in the industry. This means that front-end strategic planning is a must have when design decisions are being made. Poor decisions during product development can lead to products that no one wants to buy or that are so expensive they cannot be manufactured in sufficient quantity (Cao & Folan, 2012). Thus, (organization name) has come to understand that design…… [Read More]
Peffers et al. (2008) describes an attempt to identify and define a design science research methodology for information systems. One of the main challenges in this regard is that information systems, or what the authors refer to as "IS," is an applied research discipline. In this regard, the authors explain that theory from other disciplines is often used to inform information systems and towards problem solution within information systems. Hence, the applied nature of such theory makes it difficult to truly identify a focused and/or unique theory for IS itself. The danger inherent in this is that there is no strong component in IS that produces applicable research. Hence, there is the potential of losing research influence in various streams where applicability is important.
The purpose of the investigation was therefore to identify a design system research methodology that is grounded in existing literature while also providing guidance for researchers…… [Read More]
There has been a dramatic increase in the use of structural glass in building, as a result of interest from architects and improvements in glass technology. Glass plays an important role as it keeps out rains, transparent yet durable and provides security barriers. Glass is a brittle material and it fails unknowingly without giving out results or permanent deformation. Glass although it is strong is sensitive to surface imperfections. Failure is realized from a tensile component of stress (Wilson, 2008).
Important element in the design is that of redundancy in event of sudden failure of leaf of glass as a result of effect loading or fracture by impurities inherent in glass safety and use of lamination should be taken into consideration.
DYNAMICS OF GLASS MATEIAL
Dynamic of glass materials exist for instance soda-lime glass. Soda-lime glass is mostly used in the construction of industry it is a green…… [Read More]
The process needed to manufacture my laptop begins with the facility layout, which supports the diverse work of the departments, centers and equipment, all of which is configured interactively so as to produce the maximum amount of output at the highest of quality; the different types of processes needed to produce the laptop, from robotic processes to programmable and flexible automation along with person-centered operations; a process map for the design and manufacturing of the computer; links to SCO (Supply Chain Operations), and the five basic processes of SCO (Plan, Source, Make, Deliver, and eturn).
The layout for the manufacturing of the Dell laptop is based on the idea to make operations efficient utilizing opportunity-cost ratios, and assessments of latest possibilities in product design (safety issues are also a concern and are assessed in risk mitigation analysis). Likewise, state and federal laws regarding manufacturing, environmental hazards, etc., must…… [Read More]
Architectures for Websites
Designing Information Architectures for Websites
There are a myriad of approaches to defining and implementing information architectures, yet the most effective place a high priority on customer-driven goals and objectives. The more accurate and clear the goals and objectives of an information architecture are to customer needs, the greater the level of long-term performance (Spencer, 1985). The unifying attribute of any successful website is the information architecture deliberately designed to support short- and long-term goal attainment of customers first, and the organization hosting the site itself second. The relevancy of any website is also directly related to how permeable and flexible the information architecture is to change and modification as defined by the changing needs of customers. The goal of this analysis is to share the lessons learned as a result of discussions and interviews with friends and co-workers, aimed at generating a series of recommendations for…… [Read More]
Security at workplaces is not only the responsibility of the management, but all the parties in the premises. Therefore, it is important that everyone is involved one way or another in maintenance of security. In a company the size of Walter Widget, with 240 personnel, it can be challenging to maintain high security standards.
With the increasing nationwide crime against workplaces and businesses, the stakes in workplace security are high. Walter Widget must be concerned about theft of any kind including trade secrets, computer information and other resources. The firm needs to take necessary steps to prevent other security risks such as arson, vandalism and workplace violence.
Workplace crime affects production. According to Bressler (2007) businesses are prone to a wide variety of crimes and need to take action in prevention of criminal activities that influence profitability. Workplace crime affects the employees, because it results insecurity at work. Safety at…… [Read More]
dosage levels of Cholestease on Serum Cholesterol levels and the side effects associated with them in human beings.
Cholesterol has been a major media issue in recent years, especially the negative effects on the heart and its role in the development of heart disease. There have been many studies that indicate a connection between serum cholesterol heart disease and depression (1-3). Developing new methods to lower serum cholesterol has become a major industry in recent years. Currently the leaders in the industry are American Pharmaceutical giants, Pfizer, Merck, and Warner-Lambert (1), who have developed medications that lower cholesterol.
The Endicon corporation recognizes the potential market in developing a drug that will significantly lower serum cholesterol without the side effects associated with long-term use of the drugs currently on the market. In addition, we recognize the potential of developing a ritish Product, primarily marketed in Great ritain. Endicon has been conducting…… [Read More]
sound technologies and sound design in Film
Sound in films
Experiments in Early Age
Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan
Unified sound in film production
Sound designers in Cinematography
Sound Recording Technologies
History of Sound Recording Technology
Film sound technology
Modern Digital Technology
History of sound in films
Sound Recording Technologies
The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The introduction of films and sound in films was a significant development of its times. The introduction of first film along with sound was a unique event and it revolutionized the industry in such a way that it influenced every individual related to the industry to start thinking on creative and innovative grounds for improvements. The stages of films can be identified as silent films…… [Read More]
Experimental design employs comparison as its strategy for the given research. It uses two groups, which the researcher uses for comparison purposes. These include the experimental group and a control group. The two groups used in a study have similarities, but the experimental group uses the independent variable, whereas the researcher the control group is not assignment of subjects to either control or experimental group because it is central to chance. Nevertheless, the researcher assigns cases to the two groups randomly. In order to determine the influence of the independent variable, investigators will measure the dependent variable, designated as scores, two times from both groups (Frankfort-Nachmias and Nachmias, 2008).
In addition, researchers take a single measurement, the pretest, for all cases before introducing the independent variable in the experimental group. Moreover, they also take a second measurement, the posttest, for both cases after exposing the experimental group to the independent…… [Read More]
esearch Method and Design Proposal
A research design is the approach utilized for a study used as a guide in gathering and analyzing data. There are two popular methods of research; qualitative and quantitative research methods. Qualitative research is an inductive, holistic, subjective, and process-oriented method technique employed to understand, interpret, describe, and establish a theory on a given topic, phenomena, or setting. Investigators employ this technique when their studies attempt to describe life experiences and give them meaning. In most cases, the method has associations with words, language and experiences, rather than measurements, statistics and numerical figures. When the investigators use this method, they adapt a person centered, and holistic view to comprehend the given phenomenal without focusing on particular concepts. In addition, this method is dynamic and developmental, and it does not employ the use of formal structured instruments (Hodkinson, 2009).
Most importantly, qualitative data methods…… [Read More]
Romantic and Modern Design Styles
Comparing the Ornate and the Natural: A Study of Two Theories of Design
History often dictates societal mentality more so than current climate, yet in times of peace, it seems that the beautiful and the artful flourish. This very concept is debatable, especially in interior design, where the fashions of the time very often have a much-felt impact upon design theories and the way in which they are carried out. Yet it is in history that one finds inspiration, or the contradiction thereof. For instance, during the mid to late 19th century, it was against history that romanticism was born. Yet in the early 20th century, immediately following this period of romanticism, it was out of a societal need for simplicity prior to the two Great ars that a more natural aesthetic was born, expressed so perfectly by the architect Frank Lloyd right. The following…… [Read More]
During the PDIOO procedure one has to define main deliverables and related actions with a direct connection to the additional value and advantage for the customer network. For instance, understanding business objectives, usage features, and network necessitieshelps a person avoid pointlesselevations and network redesigns, thus reducing the time taken to introduce fresh services in the network.
During the planning period one can test the significance of the design for future complications. Planning assists in avoiding repeating a logical faultwhen dealing with a network design that a might person uses as a template in various locations.The planning phase concentrates on technical and financial criteria and considers all the necessities and constraints discussed (Asakura & Kashiwadani 2003).During this stage, it is significant to recognize all the stakeholders to make theprocedure a success. The stakeholders are individuals or organizations who have entrusted interest in the environment, enactment, and result of the…… [Read More]
Building Design Construction Methods and Collapse
General building design and construction methods
Contemporary building regulations are effective in ensuring the safety of occupants throughout the life cycle of the structure. Government agencies have the responsibility of inspection to ensure safety and enforcing compliance to regulations and codes during constructions. Building design and construction methods evolve in response to emerging trends and demands in the industry. Advancements within the design and construction industries transform the demands and orientation of structures as per the consumer demand.
Building designs and construction methods have associated types of collapse. Designs and construction methods determine the gravity resistance system of buildings. Different building designs and construction methods have related hazards from the collapse of structures.
Fire resistive buildings
Fire resistive building designs integrate the application non-combustible materials in construction. This prevents the construction materials from adding to the fire load and smoke within and spread from…… [Read More]
TESOL: Materials and Course Design
A situation analysis, giving all details availale efore the course egins:
New comers of the TESOL school scheme will e assessed for their English language proficiency y the teachers assigned y TESOL (Teaching of English to speakers of other languages). Programming system will e run under this teacher - memer of TESOL (Dorr, 2006).
This TOSEL teacher is assigned to assist and teach student in estalishing sound understanding of English language, coping with the required skills and academic strategies to assist the process of gaining firm proficiency in English language as necessitated y the course design and classroom environment (Dorr, 2006).
Teacher assigned y TESOL is also a memer of programming system as a support memer, the team of which is designed to develop a close relation with students and collaoration with other related groups including programming team, parents, other teachers, administrative staff and counselors…… [Read More]
New Expatriate Orientation Program Design
Mission and Vision of the New Expatriate Program
Key Objectives of the Program
Number of Participants
ecommended Participants for the Program
Expatriate Orientation Program Content
Learning Methodology of the Program
Program Fee Structure
It is the part of human nature to progress and grow in every facet of life from the time they complete their education and enter into the world of commerce. The key driving aspect for an individual is to provide their families with all the comfort and lavish lifestyle so that they can enjoy the life to the fullest. In this search of growth and prosperity, one of the widespread actions that have been observed is relocation. People relocate and move to other places from their country of origin so that they can give a financially better and secure future to their families (Marquardt, 2013).
However, the fact…… [Read More]
Network Design Proposal
ABC School Stats/User Counts
Having a current strength of approximately 845 students, ABC School provides education from Pre-Kindergarten to the 12th Grade. According to the requirements of The New York School District, 250 Curriculum computers along with 75 Administration computers are to be installed. The requirements for the wiring per room of layer 1 are that it should adjust a total of 25 computers, 24 of which will be used for the curriculum, whereas one will be used for administrative purposes.
The model for the WAN is 2 layers of hierarchy having a total of 3 hubs, one connecting the District Office or the Data Center, one the Service Center, and the remaining one connecting the Black Hawk School. A Frame elay WAN will be responsible for providing the required internet services.
For all the hosts, interconnection devices, and servers an…… [Read More]
Joint Application Design
Describe how joint application design (JAD) might be considered a better information-gathering technique than the traditional method of requirements gathering? What are its shortcomings?
The Joint Application Design (JAD) methodology could potentially be considered a better information gathering methodology compared to more traditional information gathering approaches given its highly structured approach to capturing and validating data. The highly methodical nature of the application design technique that concentrates on identifying critical success factors, project deliverables, scheduling workshop activities, and organizing workshops are all based on information and knowledge transfer (Davidson, 1999). The potential of the JAD technique to increase the level of participation on the part of project participants while also reducing the time and costs associated with the actual research process (Jackson, Embley, 1996). The JAD technique has also shown significant value in bringing experts in specific areas together and gaining useful insights as a result (Davidson,…… [Read More]
Database Data Warehouse Design
Our company, Data Analytic Limited, specializes in collecting and analyzing data for various organizations. Over the years, we have assisted various companies to turn raw data into valuable information that assists the companies in making effective decision profitable in the short and long run. Our research and data analytics are geared towards giving extra edge to various companies. Our services include processing and analyzing terabytes of data to provide customer meaningful information for business decision and enhance competitive market advantages. ecent growth of our company necessitates the needs to design and develop data warehouse that will accommodate large volume of customer data.
Objective of this project is to design and develop the data warehouse for our company.
Importance of Data Warehousing for our Organization
Comprehensive portfolios of our business include Business, Market, and Financial research, Data processing services and Domain based analytics. While the relational database…… [Read More]
innovation, design, creativity strategy organizations: Kudler
There are several key components to effective business and marketing strategy. Some of the most eminent of these are the prudent usage of creativity, innovation, as well as an appropriate design that customers and potential partners can relate to. An analysis of the strategy of two companies in particular, Kudler Fine Foods and iordan Industries, readily confirms these facts, and serves as a model for other organizations to pattern themselves after.
There is an innate simplicity in the strategy employed by Kudler Fine Foods, which was the creation of Kathy Kudler in the final years of the 20th century. The food retailer still relies on the marketing image of its founder simply trying to merge two exceedingly pragmatic ideas into one innovative one -- that in which it could "create one store that would stock a wide selection of the freshest ingredients as well…… [Read More]
Higher Ed Course
Course Design: 20th Century History and Popular Music
For many students, popular music is scene as being disposable and readily replaceable. The nature of the modern media cycle means that much of what dominates the sphere of popular music is inherently designed to achieve vast commercial appeal with a short shelf-life. However, there are also ways in which popular music has figured critically into moments in history. This is the premise that underscores the proposed higher education course, which would be couched within the broader discipline of History.
The proposed course is intended to draw parallels between important moments in history and the way that the culture of popular music connected to these moments or in some powerful instances such as the British Invasion, oodstock and the Hip Hop movement, even came to define some of these important historical moments. Using different eras in history…… [Read More]
The process of gathering technical requirements for a network design project may differ from one organization to another, but the requirements themselves can be described using many of the concepts discussed in the lecture this week (i.e. Scalability, Availability, Network performance, Security, Manageability, and Affordability).
Analyzing technical requirements for the customer is important in helping one best fulfill the customer's expectations. The various objectives that need to be fulfilled involve the factors of Scalability, Availability, Network performance, Security, Manageability, and Affordability.
Scalability refers to the amount of growth that a network design can support. This is particularly important for large companies that are adding users, applications, additional sites, and external network connections all the time. The proposed network deign should be able to adapt to any envisioned additions. You will want to know the prospective amount of networks, users, servers, and/or sites that may be added to…… [Read More]
"Failure of any district to budget funds to meet statutory requirements is a very serious matter and will result in the executive county superintendent rejection of the budget. The district will be advised of any lack of budget approval with specific recommendations on necessary corrective revisions." (New Jersey Department of Education 2013, P 14).
3. Key Budget Terminology
There are numerous terminologies with regard to the school district budget. The most important budget terminologies are
The revenue is the money received by the school district within an accounting year. A fund is part of the revenue and there are four sources of revenue for the school district and this include:
Intermediate source, state, and Federal sources.
Expenditures are the expenses that the school district must fulfill within an accounting year. Part of the school district expenditures are the payment of teachers' salary, and travel expenses for…… [Read More]
Wal-Mart's facilities are designed for logistics efficiency
In a business world where lack of sustainable infrastructure leads to unorganized logistics and primeval warehouses, Wal-Mart has embraced a revolution. Wal-Mart is the leading global retailer that has set benchmarks for its competitors. The store is expanding at a rapid rate. Its stores are well-known for their tough negotiation with suppliers; this forces the competitors to lower their prices. All this is in the hope that their customers will get quality products at the cheapest price. Wal-Mart has been successful in establishing its presence in the global markets through their cash and carry stores. The retailer is still expanding in other countries such as India (Bonacich & Wilson, 2008).
According to the company's senior manager, logistics efficiency remains at the heart of the company's operations for the purpose of achieving the top position ahead of its competitors. Wal-Mart owns the most sophisticated…… [Read More]
SUMMARY and CONCLUSION
The traditional classroom environment is no longer supportive of student learning and it is critically necessary that educators address the current classroom environment as well as their instructional practice in the classroom if students are to be effectively prepared through education to take their rightful place in a global society characterized by information technology and networked business systems. The classroom environment that is characterized by different learning activities, cooperative and inclusive learning will provide a solid base in learning to prepare students for entrance into the world as effective and functionally adept individuals.
urgstahler, Sheryl (2002) Universal Design in the Classroom and Computer Lab. Washington Education Staff webpage. Online available at http://staff.washington.edu/sherylb/univ_pacer.html.
Riddle, Elizabeth (1999) Lev Vygotsky's Social Development Theory. Helen a. Kellar Institute for Human Disabilities. Online available at http://chd.gmu.edu/immersion/knowledgebase/theorists/constructivism/vygotsky.htm.
10 Design Ideas for Schools of the 21st Century (1998) American School & University. 1…… [Read More]
C. Product Improvement and New Products
As the Web Content Monetization System has yet to be launched there are no significant product improvements committed to prospects or customers yet. It is common during this phase of a new systems' development to have a series of 2nd and 3rd generation product enhancements which will be added over the systems' life. It is highly advisable that a Customer Advisory Council be created that seeks to gain insights and intelligence from the top twenty content providers globally to ensure the subsequent system configurations and plans are consistent with their specific needs.
The initial design and development budget are shown in Table 1. This includes the costs of the development of the Web content management application, distributed order management system, AJAX security testing and audits to ensure the payment gateways are secure, multi-taxonomy support for content providers' unique approaches to organizing their…… [Read More]
Skills must be honed that create a functional page that users will view and use as the client hopes them to.
Many new eb designers produce eb pages that seem to ignore fundamental principles of "good design": full of colored backgrounds, animated pictures, multiple colors and styles of text, and little to no navigation or eb-based structure. Even in courses devoted to eb design, students still produce pages that lack unity, coherence and emphasis: "though they [students] seem to understand (and can critique) others' efforts, they're stymied when it's time for production. Few have the skills or experience writing in this medium" (Yancey & ickliff, 2001, p. 180). Similarly, individuals working on their own or working from documentation struggle with being able to create eb pages due to the same lack of experience writing on the eb.
For this reason, relative examples, as explained in the previous subheading…… [Read More]
Make a link for Home Page, Previous Page, Next Page.
Offering a Content Page to users can provide them an idea of the contents of the web site. With a Content Page, users do not anymore need to pass through pages just to go to the page that they intend to go to.
Make sure that links and buttons have a keyboard shortcut. Keep in mind that some users find it easier and quicker to use keyboard shortcuts than pointing and clicking the mouse device.
Provide a page ID, such as window title page. Even though users reached several levels of navigating from one page to another, the information, in the form of a simple title page, can help them remember the reason why they are browsing the page.
Provide a link or button to pages that are related or relevant to the current page. Although search functions are useful,…… [Read More]
The principles of good web design revolve around a number of central core factors. One important central criterion in the development of the principles of effective web design is to fully understand crucial characteristics of the medium. Another central aspect is to base your design message on aim and communication. The first factor -- understanding the medium of the Internet - is an essential and often neglected factor in web design as will become evident in the discussion of the various principles. Secondly, it should always be remembered that, within the context of the specific medium, being able to communicate quickly and effectively with the viewer or client is what makes a good Web site effective. The intended purpose of the web site is also another cardinal feature that influences the principles of design as it is in the creative presentation that is determines its ultimate level of…… [Read More]
These are the researchers who completed the HTML, DHTML vs. AJAX application performance on XML (Yang, Liao, Fang, 2007) and the XML network optimization research completed across a replicated server and transaction-based methodology (Smullen, Smullen, 2009). Efforts will be made to collaborate with these researchers to learn from their expertise that has not been published in their analyses and also to collaborate on how to capture XML network optimization concepts and AJAX programming best practices that can further accentuate and strengthen the results of this analysis.
During the project the following data will be gathered:
XML network performance measures and analysis across a randomized set of load factors using four-square network configuration of open source Web Application Servers running on the Linux operating system.
AJAX Widget performance using SQL queries randomized to replicate the activity of a distributed order management system.
Use of network analyzers to evaluate packet traffic efficiency…… [Read More]
Although the Intelligent Design theory presents interesting objections, the idea that someone or some thing is absolutely necessary for every progressive development within a species fails to be prevalent through consistent testing of such debates. Intelligent Design provides much more theory than it does evidence; while evolutionism provides physical evidence to back its conceits. Yet, despite the stronger merit towards the evolutionist theory, schools should present both theories in order t allow each student the capability to reason for themselves about the nature of the earth and its inhabitants.
Lessons regarding the Intelligent Design theory should be presented to students with the idea that it is a relatively improvable theory rather than pure scientific fact.
Mayr, Ernst. hat Evolution is. Basic Books. 2002. And so, both evolution and Intelligent Design should be presented to students with their benefits and all facts which don't match up. Since the idea of Intelligent…… [Read More]
The store uses empty space wisely by filling it with store specials, and when designs are in progress the area has a sign that tells the consumer what is coming soon. Music is non-discernable (I don't remember if there is any at all) but there is so much for the eye it is not needed. The whole store smells like baking cinnamon buns, a store specialty (offered in the Cafe and in the Bistro as you leave). This makes the place really smell like home! Every inch of the store (excluding the warehouse for utility sake) it taken up by a display of some sort and everything is pleasing to look at and dissect. Special displays, such as the "living in 480 sq ft" full home layout are fantastic and feel very complete, as if you could simply kick off your shoes and watch television or lay down and take…… [Read More]
Companies that do not choose to consider these options in their building design are losing out on some significant payouts from the government. They can also gain considerable tax incentives as well. However, there are still many companies in existence that refuse to jump on the wagon and realize the benefits of green design. This type of thinking demonstrates an antiquated philosophy regarding design work.
In recognition that the world must change its attitude and act in a way that will help to conserve our vital resources, the General Service Administration (GSA) has mandated that sustainable building techniques be used. According to these standards, the sustainable building will seek to Sustainable design principles include the ability to: optimize site potential, minimize non-renewable energy consumption, use environmentally preferable products, protect and conserve water, enhance indoor environmental quality, and optimize operational and maintenance practices. These government standards are a response to…… [Read More]