Job Satisfaction In Nursing Related To Generational Differences Literature Review Chapter

Length: 5 pages Subject: Health - Nursing Type: Literature Review Chapter Paper: #5248383 Related Topics: Book Of Job, Job Interview, Search Engines, Teamwork
Excerpt from Literature Review Chapter :

Job Satisfaction in Nursing

Levels of Job satisfaction in nursing in relation to generational differences

The contemporary society has suffered an acute shortage of nurses within the public and the government sponsored hospitals. Indeed the shortage is so intense that it was and still is viewed as one of the impediments that stand on the way of fully experiencing the positives of the Obama Healthcare program that was recently introduced. This has led to the interest of many scholars in finding out the reason why there is such a shortage yet the field of medical research is expanding each day with better equipment and medication coming into place each passing day. There could be a myriad of reasons behind the decline in the number of nurses but the primary focus of this paper will be to find out if the overall lack of interest is propagated by the levels of job satisfaction and if this lack of satisfaction is in turn informed by the generational gap.

Problem statement

The problem under study here is the possible contribution of generational gap or difference to the low job satisfaction within the nursing fraternity that could be a major cause of the deficit in nurses within the American hospitals in the current society. This urge to look at this problem as framed spouted from the diminishing interests that the current young scholars have in nursing courses, the lure to opt for technology and information science oriented courses that many students fall into and also high turnover rates of which many young nurses are a victim. This high turn over as the nurses exit to other jobs is very expensive to the individual hospital, indeed Stephen Hunt (2009) indicates that the loss of one nurse is as expensive as twice the annual salary of that particular nurse.

Literature search

Being a wide area of research and compilation of varied reports, there is need for absolute care and being scrupulous on the details that are sourced particularly from the internet. This will guard against using unsubstantiated details and personal opinions on the subject of nursing low job satisfaction and the resulting attrition among the nurses. In order to remain objective in the search for information and within the scope of the research, there are various guiding words that will be used in the search for information, data and details for the compilation of the paper. The following are the words and phrases that will guide the search and compilation of information while writing this paper.

Generational differences

Generation Y and generation X

Attrition among nurses

Turnover in nursing

Nurses' burnout

Nursing Job motivation

Baby boomers

Managing nurses

The central resources that will form the main reference points where information will be sourced are as follows:

The resources that will help find information will be google search engine since it has the variety of sources that are essential in completing the research work. The other significant resource will be google books through which several books will be sourced and utilized in this research writing.

The choice of words did not need revision since with each phrase came a significant number of reliable websites presenting books and medical journals that will be used in completion of this research. The words that yielded the most fruitful searches were Attrition among nurses, Nursing Job motivation and Managing nurses.

Data evaluation

Orton S., (2011). Rethinking Attrition in Student Nurses.

Sherman R.O., (2006). Leading a Multigenerational Nursing Workforce: Issues, Challenges and Strategies

Stokowski L., (2013). The 4-Generation Gap in Nursing.

Larson J., (2008). Exploring the Generation Gap in the Nursing Workforce.

Nakakis K. & Christina O., (2008). Factors influencing Stress and Job Satisfaction of Nurses Working in Psychiatric Units: A Research review. Health Science Journal. Vol.2 Issue 4.

Roelen C.A., (2012). Low job satisfaction does not identify nurses at risk of future sickness absence: Results from a Norwegian cohort study. International Journal of Nursing Studies. Vol. 50 Pp 366-373.

Beatrice J.K. (2010). Nursing Staff Teamwork and Job Satisfaction. Journal of Nursing Management. Vol. 18 Pp 938-947

Howard S. R & Beatrice L.R., (1997).Nursing Administration Handbook. Fourth Ed. Aspen Publishers Inc.,


Second Ed. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Robin C.H. & Lisa R., (2013). Addressing the Challenges of Nursing Student Attrition. Journal Of Nursing Education. Vol.52 No. X

AMN Healthcare Inc., (2013). 2013 Survey of Registered Nurses: Generational Gap Grows as Healthcare Transforms.

The above sources have a high standard of credibility since they are from credible websites that belong to organizations. Such websites have a rigorous process of approving articles and researches before they are posted on the websites. Their accuracy can be noted in the factual details that they contain and most of them having statistical data that backs to information presented hence making them useful for this research work. The language and expressions used in the articles selected are reasonable and academic in tone without overtones that would cast doubt on the level of academic research that is gone into them. The sources are also mostly research work that has a lot of academic input in them and the information contained in them are verifiable through looking at the other sources and even more that are not within this research. The sources are therefore very reliable and will give important data in the quest to fully exploit the topic that will be researched on.

Annotated Bibliography

Orton S., (2011). Rethinking Attrition in Student Nurses.

This is a research finding documented and is based on the colleges in the United Kingdom. The research looks at the attrition levels that are experienced within UK colleges among the nursing students which is noted to surpass the recommended 13%. The paper hence gives the topic by topic reasons why there could be high levels of attrition in the UK nursing classes. This source will be very useful to this research since it will provide a comparative perspective to the subject with another equally developed country since this will be very objective. The paper lacks in-depth numerical data and this could be occasioned by the fact that it is a short paper that was meant to appear on a journal. The article is intended for nursing students and also researchers carrying out their research in the field of attrition in nursing. The writer recognizes the seriousness of the issue and also points out that there is commitment by the government to help solve the attrition issue.

Sherman R.O., (2006). Leading a Multigenerational Nursing Workforce: Issues, Challenges and Strategies

This source is ideal for the graphs and tables that it uses to present the numerical data that represents the variations in generations and their interest in nursing. The website reflects the different characteristics that are associated with different generations and the writer agrees that certainly these characteristics do influence the choices in career. The details presented are very instrumental and are targeted at researchers looking into the variations in the interest in nursing and also administrators who may want to understand the behavior of the nurses and why these may vary from generation to another.

Stokowski L., (2013). The 4-Generation Gap in Nursing.

The writer looks at the complexity of having four generations working together in a nursing profession all of them with differing interests. He also presents the hardships that both the intergenerational nurses face and the administrators as well. The source is important as it brings real life experiences into the academic perspective, hence significant for administrators trying to understand the best way to deal with the variations on employee characteristics and behaviors within their work-place.

Larson J., (2008). Exploring the Generation Gap in the Nursing Workforce.

The writer presents four generations in nursing and their outstanding characteristics and primarily focuses on how the differing qualities can be harnessed for the good of the nursing fraternity and avoids situations that can lead to low job satisfaction on the grounds of the generation one belongs to. This sources is of great significance to Human resource managers within the nursing fraternity to understand the mode of operation of different generations hence harness their qualities for the good of the organization.

Nakakis K. & Christina O., (2008). Factors Influencing Stress and Job Satisfaction of Nurses Working in Psychiatric Units: A Research review. Health Science Journal. Vol.2 Issue 4.

The writer looks the issues affecting the nurses and in his case looks at the psychological stress that nurses go through which is different from other occupations. It gives experiences that nurses undergo in the psychiatric units and highlights such as some of the causes of low job satisfaction and people leaving for other professions. This article is quite informative since it picks on a niche that is discusses extensively and can help other psychiatrists and counselors who work closely with nurses as their clients to deal with their…

Sources Used in Documents:

The writers look at the aspect of student nurses and what challenges they face. They also go further to show how these factors may end up affecting other people who are not aware of the challenges that the nursing students undergo. The writers go one to give suggestions of what should be done to check the attrition levels among students.

AMN Healthcare Inc., (2013). 2013 Survey of Registered Nurses: Generational Gap Grows as Healthcare Transforms.

This source looks at the already existing nursing turnover rates that are high and try to explain the reason behind them. More significantly it gives the costs that come with this high turnover and this is in terms of money as well as the human skills and humanitarian aspect of it. The source is significant since it gives the figures and numbers of the costs that are experienced due to high turnover.

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