Kant Camus Kant And Camus Essay

Length: 5 pages Sources: 2 Subject: Black Studies - Philosophy Type: Essay Paper: #95083014 Related Topics: Metaphysics, Categorical Imperative, Suicide, Death With Dignity Act
Excerpt from Essay :

If Kant's points are to be assimilated when adopting a moral stance which is consistent with man's dignity, such absolute terms are inevitably defined by dominant social structures, bringing us to the application of a normative theoretical structure. The inextricable relationship which theology and morality have shared throughout history tends to have a tangible impact on the way these hegemonic standards are defined.

And Kant, rejects any flexibility outright, however. Beyond its deviation from his established disposition toward moral absolutes, such variation violates Kant's maxim about man as an end rather than a means. Man is to be the motive for moral acts, with his dignity defining right and wrong. Indeed, as he pointedly phrases it, "the laws of morality are laws according to which everything ought to happen; they allow for conditions under which what ought to happen doesn't happen." (Kant, 1)

Counter-argument:

Like Kant, Camus asserts a clear ethical rejection of the act of suicide such as demonstrated in his the Myth of Sisyphus. Published in 1942, the original essay concerns the absurdity of life and the necessity to recognize this without succumbing to nihilism. However, as it addresses the subject of suicide as a possible outcome of recognizing the absurd meaninglessness of life, the Myth takes an explicit stance against the Kantian categorical imperative. Camus clearly rejects the emphasis on the broad social impact of individual decisions. To the point, his text remarks that "suicide has never been dealt with except as a social phenomenon. On the contrary, we are concerned here at the outset, with the relationship between individual thought and suicide. An act like this is prepared within the silence of the heart, as is a great work of art.' (Camus, 4)

The poetic impulses demonstrated here aside, Camus takes the view that the individual's unique battle with this absurd meaninglessness of life will take on its own proportions. To the point, Camus insists that there is an inherency in all men to consider the implications of suicide, whether or not this is any serious or actionable proportion. This is, Camus argues, because the sudden awareness or the persistent enduring of the apparent absence of meaning may well be far more devastating to man than "bad reasons in a familiar suffering is inherent and that meaninglessness is irreparable. But he offers hope as the rational alternative to suicide, arguing that "perhaps we shall be able to overtake that elusive feeling of absurdity in the different but closely related worlds of intelligence, of the art of living, or of art itself. The climate of absurdity is in the beginning. The end is the absurd universe and that attitude of mind which lights the world with its true colors to bring out the privileged and implacable visage which that attitude has discerned in it." (Camus, 12) Through the channeling of hope for moments of pleasure, insight, awakening or simplicity, one may embrace the absurdity of life as the only purpose in and of itself.

Replies:

The direct reply that might be channeled from the absolutist ideals of Kant is that a great many men will lack the capacity to channel these characteristics. The abject misery and 'undermining' of self, to use terminology offered by Camus, that lead to suicide are too often symptomatic of an inherent incapacity or unwillingness to cope. Camus' offer for hope seems attractive only to those possessing the wherewithal to be unlikely candidates for suicide.

Conclusion:

Both the views offered by Camus and Kant reject the ethicality of suicide. However, the Categorical Imperative serves as a fundamental basis for the view that suicide is inherently counterintuitive to the balance between good and evil, defined as these are in broad sociological ways. Though the absurdity described by Camus is sobering in its sensibility, it also strikes as a dangerous discourse to be had by the suicidal individual. This contrasts the authoritarian perspective offered by Kant, which appears more simply to forbid this type of destructive individualism.

Works Cited:

Camus, a. (1942). The Myth of Sisyphus. Vintage.…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited:

Camus, a. (1942). The Myth of Sisyphus. Vintage.

Kant, Immanuel. 1785. Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. Jonathan Bennett.


Cite this Document:

"Kant Camus Kant And Camus" (2010, May 04) Retrieved May 16, 2022, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/kant-camus-kant-and-camus-2662

"Kant Camus Kant And Camus" 04 May 2010. Web.16 May. 2022. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/kant-camus-kant-and-camus-2662>

"Kant Camus Kant And Camus", 04 May 2010, Accessed.16 May. 2022,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/kant-camus-kant-and-camus-2662

Related Documents
Saving Plato From Kant the
Words: 380 Length: 1 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 41938942

Gameness is a transcendence of pain and physical limitations, vs. allowing pain and the physical to cloud one's emotions and actions. One who is gameness persists in their character, vs. allowing externalities to change personality. Gameness is typified by a willingness to undertake great difficulty, vs. avoidance of the difficult and unknown. LIST #2 Gameness is not a lack of fear based in ignorance or desperation, but rather a lack of fear based in

Philosophers' Ethos Thomas Hobbes's Opinion
Words: 1533 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Black Studies - Philosophy Paper #: 26843298

Even with the fact that he is well aware of the futility of his struggle; the essay's protagonist does not give in and constantly stresses the importance of his mission. Sisyphus should nonetheless be considered to be happy, as Camus describes, considering that the character accepts his fate and proceeds to perform his pointless task. Camus' essay demonstrates how the much hated absurdness of life can become less malicious when

Philosophical Ideals and Contributions to
Words: 1443 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Black Studies - Philosophy Paper #: 553742

Identify the following ten terms or philosophers: (Be sure your answers contain details and sufficient information for college level work.) 1) Buddha 2) Freud 3) Plato 4) Relativism 5) Camus 6) Kierkegaard 7) What is your definition or morality? 8) Does God exist and intervene directly in our affairs? 9) What is the relationship between religion and reason? 10) What philosophical ideals are you developing as a result of your

Death Penalty There Are Many Situations and
Words: 2701 Length: 7 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 41474261

Death Penalty There are many situations and concerns in the world that require using ethical thought. There are many issues we read about an learn about when we have to ask ourselves what we believe in. Which side do we take on euthanasia or abortion or sexual morays? It is the responsibility of all people to explore these issues so that their opinions are education and well-informed. It is the

Educational Theory and Philosophy in
Words: 5040 Length: 16 Pages Topic: Black Studies - Philosophy Paper #: 21973033

Nearing the end of the 1960s, the analytic or language philosophy became the central focus point which led to the isolation of the classroom setting and the problems that came with it (Greene, 2000). Most of the educational philosophers of the time were inclined towards restricting themselves to the official aspects and problems like the sovereignty of the system without any influence from the society and the surrounding environment and

Four Educational Philosophies
Words: 1294 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Black Studies - Philosophy Paper #: 77827298

Educational Philosophy The four Educational Philosophies Essentialism Essentialism argues that a common core of knowledge needs to be passed to learners in a disciplined and systematic manner. The concentration in this traditional viewpoint is on moral and intellectual standards that academic institutions should educate. The curriculum focuses on knowledge, skills, and academic rigor. Although this academic viewpoint is similar in some ways to Perennialism, Essentialism accepts the idea that this core curriculum may