Kuhn's Paradigm Shift - An Term Paper

Length: 9 pages Sources: 12 Subject: Black Studies - Philosophy Type: Term Paper Paper: #70228481 Related Topics: Annotated Bibliography, Physics, Study Guide, Acceptance
Excerpt from Term Paper :

This means that the older paradigm is replaced by the new and the new concepts and views and the new are not compatible with the old. "...the new paradigm cannot build on the preceding one. Rather, it can only supplant it..." (Thomas Kuhn).

Kuhn's theory was in effect challenging a view of scientific progress that had begun with Comte and the Enlightenment. This refers to the original view and belief that scientific discovery and analysis was part of the process of positive historical human progress. There was an inner logic to scientific advancement that was in line with concept of progress towards the ideal. This view was also related to the ideology of the progress of society towards an ideal state. (the History Guide: Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History).

However this scientific idealism was sharply challenged by Thomas Kuhn's the Structure of a Scientific Revolution in 1962. The view that this theory ultimately suggested was that science was not an ideal march of object scientific discovery into the future - but rather that science was limited and circumscribed by different phases or paradigms which were essentially separate and discrete.

This aspect has created a great amount of controversy. Weinberg for example states that; "What does bother me on rereading Structure and some of Kuhn's later writings is his radically skeptical conclusions about what is accomplished in the work of science" (Weinberg). This writer claims that Kuhn has become a hero to those who would describe scientific theories in terms of social constructions, and that this view is in essence a misrepresentation of the true nature of scientific discovery. (Weinberg). This is a general view among those scientists who criticize Kuhn's theory.

Kuhn's theory has not only impacted on the way that scientists are viewed but also on the very foundations of the discipline - namely the ideology that science is concerned with the search, and discovery, of ultimate truths. In this regard Kuhn argues that in reality the view of science as a steady and progressive uncovering of the truth of reality is a myth and that science is not a progressive evolution of knowledge. "Kuhn argued that this is not a process of evolution toward anything, and he questioned whether it really helps to imagine that there is one, full, objective, true account of nature." (Thomas Kuhn)

In other words, and in conclusion, Kuhn's theory goes against the very assumptions that underlie conventional science; namely that there no unequivocal and distinct truth that can be discovered about nature and reality if we take into account the relativity of scientific paradigms. This is a radical invasion of the foundations of science and is not unexpected that there should be dissent and debate from the...


In this regard it should be taken into account that the philosophy of science is linked in terms of the trajectory of its theoretical development with more interrogative and deconstructive approach to all disciplines, that began with modernism in the early Twentieth Century.

The emergence of poststructuralist theory and schools of thought, leading to deconstruction and post-modernism, were all modes of thought that questioned and placed into doubt the accepted views and hegemonies of knowledge of the past in all fields. Science could escape this interrogation and the examinations of its foundational structures.

The relativistic approach to science that Kuhn has suggested in his theory of paradigm shift tends to conform with the change in thought that characterizes these new 'paradigms ' that have in fact occurred in Western thought and consciousness in all fields and disciplines over the past century. Therefore the questioning of the conventional view of science as a monolithic, logical and rational enterprise aimed at the discovery of a definite truth or truths has been challenged on many fronts. Kuhn's theory is only one of the many counter views that have been put forward and which oppose the traditional views about the nature and place of science - although his theory is one of the most important of these modern challenges.

Possibly one of the most radical and postmodern views that Kuhn suggests in his theory is that there is no single and definite truth that can be discovered by science and that all truth is relative and determined by the particular paradigm or the shared views and concepts in science in each particular phase of its development; to which scientists consciously or unconsciously subscribe to.

Reference List

Analysis as Model: Thomas Kuhn's Paradigm Shift in the Structure of Scientific

Revolutions. Shepherds college. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://webpages.shepherd.edu/maustin/kuhn/kuhnpaper.htm

Franklin James. Thomas Kuhn's irrationalism. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://newcriterion.com:81/archive/18/jun00/kuhn.htm

Pajares F. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions:Outline and Study Guide.

Emory University. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://ar.geocities.com/fisica_tutoriales/fisica_tutoriales/filosofia/kuhn0.pdf

Paradigm shift. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Paradigm_shift

ROTHSTEIN E. Coming to Blows Over How Valid Science Really Is. 2001.

Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://eis.bris.ac.uk/~plajb/research/reviews/NYTimes_review.html

Shifts Happen: The Work of Thomas S. Kuhn. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www.nchalada.org/archive/NCHALADA_LX_PM.html

The History Guide: Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/lecture25a.html#course

Thomas Kuhn - Discussion. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www.spaceandmotion.com/Philosophy-Thomas-Kuhn.htm#Intro.Kuhn

Thomas Kuhn. Emory University. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www.des.emory.edu/mfp/Kuhnsnap.html

THOMAS KUHN (2) Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www.ee.scu.edu/eefac/healy/kuhn.html

Thomas S. Kuhn: The Tech. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www-tech.mit.edu/V116/N28/kuhn.28n.html

Weinberg S. The Revolution That Didn't Happen. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www.nybooks.com/articles/735

Sources Used in Documents:

THOMAS KUHN (2) Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www.ee.scu.edu/eefac/healy/kuhn.html

Thomas S. Kuhn: The Tech. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www-tech.mit.edu/V116/N28/kuhn.28n.html

Weinberg S. The Revolution That Didn't Happen. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www.nybooks.com/articles/735

Cite this Document:

"Kuhn's Paradigm Shift - An" (2007, September 24) Retrieved September 16, 2021, from

"Kuhn's Paradigm Shift - An" 24 September 2007. Web.16 September. 2021. <

"Kuhn's Paradigm Shift - An", 24 September 2007, Accessed.16 September. 2021,

Purpose of Paperdue.com

The documents we provide are to be used as a sample, template, outline, guideline in helping you write your own paper, not to be used for academic credit. All users must abide by our "Student Honor Code" or you will be restricted access to our website.

Related Documents
Paradigm Shift
Words: 310 Length: 1 Pages Topic: Race Paper #: 65188603

Shift The term "paradigm shift" implies not only a deep change in an external state of affairs but a change of consciousness. Integrating diversity in the workplace, while it may seem straightforward, involves a paradigm shift because of the nature of racism, sexism, and all other prejudices. These prejudices are ingrained, a part of the human psyche. As such, they affect all areas of life, especially social arenas like places

Paradigm Shift in Education Reform Using Thomas Kuhn Richard Dawkins...
Words: 2794 Length: 9 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 5273305

Education Reform A Paradigm Shift in Education Reform Basic ideas are not confined to one branch of science or one area of academic study; if it is a truly worthwhile idea it can be expanded to include many different area of science. The scientific method was at first thought to only be useful to those scientists who knew that they could find definitive answers such as mathematicians and physicists. The hard sciences

Educational Leadership Paradigm Shifts in
Words: 2551 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Leadership Paper #: 80940247

3). This approach appears to be similar to "management by walking around" in the business world, but it appears to provide some profound results in educational settings. The principal in question was able to begin helping teachers identify activities and assessments that were more challenging and provided more substantive feedback for faculty concerning student performance, and there was the added bonus of additional opportunities for this educational leader to work

Self-Directed Learning: A Paradigm Shift
Words: 2570 Length: 7 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 28196318

15). The policy implications of adopting such a model are profound, given that they suggest that merely removing barriers such as childcare demands or providing transportation may not be enough to deter individuals from their psychological motivational obstacles to enhancing their learning, and that the decision to embark upon and continue an educational program is highly subjective. In the cost-benefit theory, variables that affect decisions and motivational levels are tuition,

A Social Paradigm Shift Is Needed
Words: 2944 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 38471276

Social Psychology The author of this report will be addressing four high-level topics during the course of this report. In order, those topics will be narcissism, self-esteem/self-worth, a definition and discussion of the self-efficacy theory of Albert Bendura and the inferring of traits as defined by the wider paradigm of the Fundamental Attribution Theory. The body of work on these topics is fairly large but there will be an analysis and

Thomas Kuhn's Paradigm Theory
Words: 2840 Length: 7 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 67219198

Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996) was an American scientist, historian and philosopher who wrote a controversial book in 1962 called The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Kuhn was born in Cincinnati, Ohio and from an early age expressed interest in science, particularly physics; obtaining his BS degree in physics from Harvard in 1943. He stayed at Harvard for his MS and PhD, and credits the period of the late 1940s in helping him