These are high cholesterol levels, obesity, physical activity, smoking and racism. According to the 2003 report by the American Heart Association, 53% of Mexican-American men and 48% of women aged 20-74 have high bad cholesterol levels.
The 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reported that 33%
of Mexican-American women and 28% of men were obese, as compared with 20% of non-Hispanic women. Adolescents aged 12-19 were 24% overweight as compared with non-Hispanic white adolescents at only 13%. And Latino children aged 6-11 were also likelier to be overweight than non-Hispanic black children at 20% and non-Hispanic white children at 12%.Obesity increases the risk of developing diabetes. Hispanics are also less likely to engage in physical activity. Physical inactivity further increases the risk of developing diabetes. Smoking was found to be higher among white adults at 25.3% than among Hispanic adults at 20.4%. But the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System found that a third of Hispanic children aged 9-12 were cigarette smokers and 19% were adult smokers. And racism subjects ethnic or minority groups to basic inequalities in social structure. This extends to health care where racism is at the root of the inequalities.
Gan, C. (2000). Latino Health Study. News Medical Center: UC Davis Health System.
Retrieved on August 14, 2009 from http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/news/Latino_preliminary
The author discusses the results of the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging or SALSA. University of California researchers reached out to the Latino community and health care providers. Their goal was to improve efforts at screening, treating and preventing diabetes in that community. They responded specifically to the prevalence of diabetes among older Latinos, which was at least twice as high as in Caucasians. They noted that diabetes was also more likely to be poorly controlled in that community with more adverse effects on daily life. The researchers drew from the results of a previous five-year health study of 1,800 Latinos over 59 years old in Sacramento.
SALSA had 1,789 respondents, of whom 30% had diabetes. While most diabetics have health insurance and undergo treatment, 38% of them do not monitor their blood sugar. This lack of control affects their physical and mental functions and daily activities. It can also produce or lead to serious complications, such as kidney disease, eye disease and peripheral vascular disease. Elderly diabetic Latinos were three times more prone to stroke, two times to kidney disease and 2.5 to hypertension than non-diabetic respondents in the SALSA study. It brought...
That focus was to prevent physical and cognitive decline among elderly Latinos.
Latinos are the fastest growing group of elderly in the U.S. who also more vulnerable to major illnesses than other Americans. Elderly Latinos, especially Mexicans, are a higher risk for diabetes, hypertension and obesity than elderly Caucasians. More studies are, thus, warranted on the health status and needs of this particular population.
The hypothesis of this study is that the Latino community is at a significant risk for cardiovascular disease.
This study uses the descriptive-normative method of research in recording, describing, interpreting, analyzing and comparing information from recent and authoritative sources.
Findings and Conclusion
World Health Organization says that CVD is the number one cause of deaths globally and takes more lives than all other causes combined. It is also the overall leading cause of all deaths among Latinos. Despite these alarming and glaring realities, the Latinos are generally unaware of their condition or are bereft of the means to address it. They are the largest ethnic group in the U.S. And the highest poverty and unemployment rates. Yet their businesses, manpower and purchasing power have grown.
High blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, diabetes, overweight or obesity, physical inactivity, socio-economic factors and poverty are the major factors to CVD and stroke. They are all prevalent among the Latino community, including women, children and the elderly. They also suffer from a lack of health insurance, health literacy, and language barrier. National development proceeds from the collective welfare of the people, including Latinos. Hence, there exists a pressing need to recognize and address their health situation.
The results of the pilot test of a community-based outreach program, "Health for Your Heart," offer an effective approach to reducing the incidence of CVD and deaths from CVD by improving Latinos' health habits and promoting referrals, screenings and information sharing among families. The program can be integrated into a medical model to prevent or reduce CVD incidence in the Latino community in particular.
American Heart Association (2009). Hispanics/Latinos and cardiovascular diseases statistics. Retrieved on August 14, 2009 from http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jetml-identifiers
Balcazar, H.; Hollen, M.L.; Gonzales-Cruz, Y; and Pedregon, V. (2005). Preventing chronic disease. Vol 2 #3. Public Health Research, Practice and Policy; Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved on August 14, 2009 from http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2005/jul/pdf/04_0130.pdf
Gan, C. (2000). Latino health study. News Medical Center: UC Davis Health System.
Retrieved on August 14, 2009 from http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/news/Latino_preliminary
Hispanic Health Council (2006). Profile of Latino health in Connecticut. Latino Policy
Institute. Retrieved on August 14, 2009 from http://www.hispanichealth.com/LPI.pdf
Management Sciences for Health (2004). Hispanic/Latinos and cardiovascular…
Disparities and Diabetes among Latinos The whole world is experiencing diabetes-related health disparities, co-morbidities and its complications. There is a wide range of literature available showing that ethnic and race minorities are at a greater risk of developing diabetes compared to the majority groups. The disparities are a result of a combination of factors; they are both clinical and biological. They are also strongly associated with the system of health and
Community Contributes to Your Identified Problem and Resolving the Issue Childhood obesity is a common problem. It has a relationship with short and long-term adverse outcomes. It affects ethnic/racial minority and children who are deprived economically and disproportionately. There is no doubt that it is a great threat to public health. Multi-sector and multilevel prevention and management strategies are the best touted for resolving the problem (Taveras, et al., 2015). Obesity and
For instance, using the Cultural Competence and Confidence model we are able to explain, describe, influence, and hopefully predict learning and development of cultural competency within a specific care paradigm. Because this model is interrelated and transmissive, it takes into account historical observations and data, and juxtaposes cognitive, practical and affective measures for a specific set of issues (Jeffreys, 2006, p.26). Measurment, then, can be done using a metric such
Frequent symptoms of either hypo or hyperglycemia may occur, but if symptoms are unknown to the woman may be associated with normal pregnancy announces and not followed up on. "The severity of the symptoms and the rate at which they develop may differ, depending on the type of diabetes." (Clark, 2004, p. 3) Increased urine production, glucose in the blood and urine, ketones (undigested protein) in the blood or
Health Promotion Minority health is one of the most critical components of public health promotion in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014), "some minorities experience a disproportionate burden of preventable disease, death, and disability," versus "non-minorities," meaning whites. Health promotion depends on ensuring equitable distribution of resources as a matter of social justice. While there are many diseases endemic to specific populations for genetic
" (AAFP, nd) The Health Maintenance Organization further should "…negotiate with both public and private payers for adequate reimbursement or direct payment to cover the expenses of interpreter services so that they can establish services without burdening physicians…" and the private industry should be "…engaged by medical organizations, including the AAFP, and patient advocacy groups to consider innovative ways to provide interpreter services to both employees and the medically underserved." (AAFP,