Harris, Brown and Moore (2000) explain that in the instance depicted in Joshua 8:9, where Joshua again sent out his army, Joshua's attitude has changed. He has realized that he needed to take the threat of the enemy seriously; that to win he had to plan in accordance to and had to adhere to God's directives "on the west side of Ai" (Joshua 8:9 (NKJV) (Blue Letter Bible 2010).
Joshua's neglect of prayer, according to Rick Grieve (2009) in the book, On the Way, proved to be the beginning of his downfall, noted in Joshua 7. "In this second battle plan, Joshua did not hear from God…. At Jericho[,] Israel won because their leader listened to the directives of the Lord and followed through. Absolute obedience brought absolute victory. Yet before the skirmish against Ai no such meeting occurred" (Grieve, p. 86). With Joshua's prayerlessness, he basically told God, that he thought he could handle Ai; that he did not need God's help in this battle. The failure to prayer, Joshua later learned, led to failure.
Mack (2010) explains:
As a consequence of the sin of Achan…, the Israelites were routed in the attack upon the town; but after confession and expiation, a second assault was successful, the city was taken and burned, and left a heap of ruins, the inhabitants, in number twelve thousand, were put to death, the king captured, hanged and buried under a heap of stones at the gate of the ruined city, only the cattle being kept as spoil by the people (Joshua 7; Joshua 8). The town had not been rebuilt when Joshua was written (Joshua 8:28). The fall of Ai gave the Israelites entrance to the heart of Canaan…. (Mack 2010, ¶ 1).
After the Israelites defeated Ai and became established there, Ai, Mack (2010) reports, the Israelites then easily overcame Bethel and a number of other towns in this region. At some point later in time, Isaiah 10:28 reports that Ai was rebuilt.
In addition to failing to pray, Joshua failed to place his power. "By the power of God a ruin (Ai) becomes a heap and defeat becomes victory. The heap at Ai celebrates the victory of the Lord and the folly of opposing God" (Harris, Brown and Moore 2000, p. 58). Even though the location of Ai remains "a matter of mystery and controversy" (Wood 2010, ¶ 1), this historical city noted in Joshua 7-8, the researcher asserts, relates a timeless lesson. In fact, the "message," from Ai, confirming the need to pray and seek God's directives, proves particularly potent in contemporary times. No matter if one is in their familiar place, in Ai or any other mysterious location, God can empower those who follow His lead to overcome any challenge; to conquer any enemy.
"Ai." 2010. Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/10356/Ai
Blue Letter Bible. "Book of Joshua 7 - (KJV - King James Version)."
Blue Letter Bible. "Book of Joshua 8 - (KJV - King James Version)."
Grieve, R. 2009. On the Way. Florida: Xulon Press.
Harris, J.G., C.A. Brown and M.S. Moore. 2000. Joshua, Judges, Ruth. Volume 5 of New
International biblical commentary. Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers.
Keathley, III J.H. 2009. "Defeat at Ai and the Sin of Achan (Joshua 7:1-26)." Bible.org.
Keathley, III J.H. 2009. "The Commissioning of Joshua (Joshua 1:1-18)." Bible.org.
Livingston, D. 2009. "Location of Biblical Bethel and…
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