Louis Pasteur French Scientist Louis Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

Pasteur proved the opposite: that the world is populated with microorganisms and that they do not spontaneously generate. Microorganisms essentially invade larger bodies or substances and cause disease or the spoilage of food. Pasteur's work is called the "germ theory of disease" and has been the rubric of scientific understanding of disease ever since. His work with the silkworms and with the wine industry extended to his working with diseases that affected farm animals and human beings.

Pasteur's initial work with farm animals addressed the problem of anthrax. Anthrax was a disease primarily affecting France's cattle and sheep populations, crippling the agriculture industry. Pasteur found that by injecting animals with small amounts of anthrax, they could be rendered immune from the disease's deadly effects. He extended his research with anthrax into other diseases like rabies, tuberculosis, smallpox, and cholera, performing most of his experiments on farm animals. His work with rabies inoculations on human beings, which began in 1885, proved immensely successful and Pasteur set the stage for future research into disease inoculation on human beings. Subsequently, Pasteur's discoveries have completely changed the way that diseases are viewed, treated, and prevented. Pasteur also discovered three significant bacteria that particularly affect human beings: staphylococcus, streptococcus and pneumococcus. His germ theories have led to increased awareness of sterilization of hospital facilities and instruments as well as the introduction of antibacterial agents in the home. Pasteur also showed how viruses that were not visible even under certain microscopes were responsible for a number of human illnesses.

The germ theory of disease is one of the fundamental models of human medicine and of microbiology. Scientists and doctors continue to administer vaccines for all types of diseases in both animals and human beings. Although Pasteur was most well-known for his work on anthrax and rabies, his early discoveries prompted scientists to investigate the potential for applying the germ theory toward developing vaccines. Most vaccines today follow Pasteur's model, by injecting small amounts of the weakened virus or bacteria.

Moreover, Pasteur's dedication to the scientific method and the enormous practical applications of his discoveries inspired his contemporaries. The Institute Pasteur in Paris is dedicated to the scientist, who according to the French Embassy in Canada, "changed the world forever."

Works Cited

Cohn, David V. "The Life and Times of Louis Pasteur." University of Louisville School of Dentistry. 1996. Online at http://www.louisville.edu/library/ekstrom/special/pasteur/cohn.html.

Embassy of France in Canada: Science and Technology Department. Online at http://ambafrance-ca.org/HYPERLAB/PEOPLE/_pasteur.html.

Pasteur, Louis." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 2001. http://www.bartleby.com/65/pa/Pasteur.html.

Pasteur, Louis." MSN Encarta. 2005. Online at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761568595/Louis_Pasteur.html.

Rhee, Seung Yon. "Louis Pasteur." Access Excellence. 1999. Online at http://www.accessexcellence.org/RC/AB/BC/Louis_Pasteur.html.

Sources Used in Document:

Works Cited

Cohn, David V. "The Life and Times of Louis Pasteur." University of Louisville School of Dentistry. 1996. Online at http://www.louisville.edu/library/ekstrom/special/pasteur/cohn.html.

Embassy of France in Canada: Science and Technology Department. Online at http://ambafrance-ca.org/HYPERLAB/PEOPLE/_pasteur.html.

Pasteur, Louis." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 2001. http://www.bartleby.com/65/pa/Pasteur.html.

Pasteur, Louis." MSN Encarta. 2005. Online at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761568595/Louis_Pasteur.html.

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