Malaria and Nursing Interventions Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

Infectious Disease and Nursing Interventions:

In the past few years, the world has gained more awareness regarding health conditions, especially in light of the numerous changes in the environment that cause changes in the microbial population. While the awareness has increased, there are some infectious diseases that have become common in today's world. Actually, these diseases continue to spread rapidly throughout the world, which necessitates global surveillance for the emerging infections through public health initiatives. The need for increased global surveillance in public health is attributed to the increased health risks caused by changes in microbial population and the probable impact of these infections. Generally, an infectious disease is defined as a communicable disease whose main cause is a biological agent like bacterium, virus, and parasite. Consequently, this kind of disease basically requires a biological agent and a transmission mode.

An example of an infectious or communicable disease that is most commonplace across the globe is malaria, which is primarily a mosquito-borne disease for human and other animals. Malaria is a commonplace infectious disease across the globe that is caused by parasitic microorganisms or protozoans and transmitted through a bite from an infected female anopheles mosquito. Through the bite, the female mosquito introduces the organisms from its saliva into the circulatory system of an individual. Some of the most common symptoms of this infectious or communicable disease include muscle aches, chills, tiredness, fever, diarrhea, jaundice, nausea and vomiting, and anaemia ("Water-related Diseases," 2001). Malaria can develop into a severe cerebral form that proceeds to death if it is not promptly and effectively treated. Currently, malaria is one of the five major causes of death, especially for children below the age of five in Africa and other places in the world. The disease is widespread in tropical and sub-tropical countries such as South-East Asia, South America's forest zones, and south of the Sahara in Africa.

Given the scope of its severity, there…

Sources Used in Document:

References:

"Nursing Care of Malaria Patients." (n.d.). Pocket Guidelines for the Care of Malaria Patients.

Retrieved April 6, 2014, from http://www.tm.mahidol.ac.th/eng/tropical-medicine-knowledge/book-pocket-guilines/i-book-nurse02-pocket-guilines-part2.pdf

"Water-related Diseases" (2001). World Health Organization. Retrieved April 6, 2014, from http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/diseases/malaria/en/

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