His objection to Capitalism is that it forces the market division upon the worker - it creates and monopolizes opportunities such that the independent producer is unable to survive and thus men are forced into relationships where others (managers, owners) dictate the course of their day, the purpose of their labor, and grants the credit and benefit of that labor go to the company and not to the worker. The capitalist, "profits...by the division of labor and...by the advance which human labor makes on the natural product. The greater the human share in a commodity, the greater the profit of dead capital," (39). If we all liked the same things, if we all had the same aesthetic sense, this would be the case.
The diversity of humanity is critical to its survival. The truth is that Marxism never took off, would never have been successful, and was never successful in any variation that it took. Marx gives this away when he says, " the human essence of nature first exists only for social man," (104). The reason for this is that human nature is not to be monotonously universal - that every person is not of the same mind and temperament, rather, they are a broadly and wildly diverse species that functions best within a market system that allows people to be both producers and consumers, to be creators and contributors within the economy. Without that kind of diversity, there would be none of what we have today in terms of modern technological, agricultural, scientific, or any other advance in the world.
Marx' ideal world naturally excludes formal education, while requiring indoctrination to the mental frameworks of Marxism in order for it to be made available to everyone and to become self-sustaining. So, what is at the core of Marxism is a commitment from all participants to be communally independent - which are, ironically, the requirements in great part, for the entrepreneurialism that marks successful capitalism. One cannot help but agree that there are varying degrees of quality in art. Individual artists are asserting their own perspective upon physical objects and thus creating a unique paradigm wholly unto themselves. However, in the act of doing this, the ...
Thus, Marx' idea that as a species-being we are attached to a universal code of behavior, that we are all naturally inclined to be independent and to view the world in the same manner is actually a complete disconnect from the reality of human nature - that what is beautiful to one is ugly to another, and that such aesthetic sense is not dictated by economics.
While Capitalism might separate man from his labor - giving credit for the final product to people who never actually labored physically upon the product - our modern world has given us technologies, medicines, materials, and processes that have significantly improved the quality and duration of life and has increased our natural security. Marx' view of the species-being makes too big an assumption about the universality of the human personality. Thus, his doctrine absolutely ignores and thus negates the truth of human diversity and the diversity of human needs. Human nature is predicated on an interest in self-preservation, a willingness to give up particular rights in order to enjoy the protections of the community, and to further the cause of the community in order to secure personal security. Thus, humans seek to strike a balance by their very nature between independence of human spirit and dependence on the community for conformity and controlled or dictated participation in the local economy. The result, then, is that even in the most mutually supportive of economic models, the individual producer is as important as the person acting as the labor for production. Thus, Marx absolutely missed the necessity and nature of human diversity in his species-being doctrine.
Marx, Karl & Engles, Freiderich. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 Karl Marx. Martin Milligan, Translator. New…
If we all liked the same things, if we all had the same aesthetic sense, this would be the case.
Monticello, the mansion that Thomas Jefferson designed in the hills of Virginia near the State University that he founded, has three portraits that are to be found on the wall of President Jefferson's study that have remained there for 200 years. These portraits are of three writers Francis Bacon, Isaac Newton and John Locke. Jefferson, who wrote the Declaration of Independence and acquired the Louisiana Purchase form the French, refers
Nevertheless, the relations between the workers are maintained open. In relation to one another the peasants are still people and not tools as in the capitalist view. Capitalism - characteristics What capitalism changed were the relations between people and the means of production. Until the birth of capitalism, the workers naturally considered themselves to be the rightful owners of the things that they produced. However, by the nineteenth century, the only
Fichte separate right from morality and is it a good thing? Should they be separated? Fichte's Philosophy of Right and Ethics Why does Fichte separate right from morality and is it a good thing? Should they be separated? Moral and political anxieties animate Fichte's entire philosophy and his perceptions to these issues that are innovative and at times tied together. His responses to Kant's vital philosophy in 1790 was a retaliation to
) and towards the more practical needs for Aryan survival. c. Why did a growing number of Germans support Hitler and the Nazi Party in the years leading up to his appointment as chancellor? There are many arguments to this question, but one that surfaces more often than others focuses on economics and self-preservation. The German people were humiliated by the Treaty of Versailles -- their military and economic system had been
America took the notion of liberty and placed it in an economical framework, composed by Adam Smith in Wealth of Nations. Smith anticipated Marx by nearly a century when he focused on the nature of man and society in what amounted to a purely economical outlook. He views the violence that men do to one another and to themselves as stemming from an economical cause. The savage nations (hunters and
Not only was this theme fully explored within the historical context, but thoroughly analyzed within Europe as well. The teachings of such notable thinker as Sigmund Freud points to this direction of development. He concluded that there modernism within Europe had become characterized by the disorder of the mind. More precisely, there was a lack of any fixed system of reference for living and thinking. Europe, which had formerly