Memory And Intelligence Theory

Length: 2 pages Sources: 1+ Subject: Psychology - Theories Paper: #68917984 Related Topics: Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, University Of Phoenix, Positive And Negative Reinforcement
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¶ … Memory

In the spaces provided beneath the flowchart, list the term that corresponds with the definition in each box.

ABC/123 Version X

Copyright © XXXX by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.

Sensory memory

Meaningful organization

Short-term memory

Encoding

Storage

Grouping

Rehearsal

Association

Hopper, C. How memory works. PowerPoint. Retrieved from:

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:BZ81rE0CqEcJ:college.cengage.com/collegesurvival/hopper/practicing_college/4e/prepare/ppt/hopper_ch04_how_memory_works.ppt+&cd=10&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us

Computing IQ Essay

Consider the following scenario:

Kara is 10 years old. She has been given an intelligence test. Her mental age is 13.

According to Sternberg, what is Kara's IQ? Conduct research and interpret her score.

Kara's IQ is 130. One formulation of an intelligence quotient is that of mental age and a child with a superior mental age to her actual years thus has a higher IQ. "Sternberg's discussions on intelligence are very different from a lot of others because he appears to think that other than a static score, intelligence is somewhat malleable and should take into consideration things like culture, gender, age, parenting style, personality, and schooling" (Wilson 2016). Although Kara's intelligence is high and indicates superior mental functioning in terms of "analytical, practical, and creative" ability it is also not absolute and a reflection of Kara's ability to use her potential as well as her innate ability (Wilson 2016).

Choose...

...

Rather than viewing intelligence in a homogeneous fashion, Gardner suggests that intelligence contains many frequently-ignored components, including musical and kinesthetic intelligence, which are frequently ignored within the context of the educational system of the United States. It is a "challenge" to "an educational system that assumes that everyone can learn the same materials in the same way and that a uniform, universal measure suffices to test student learning. Indeed, as currently constituted, our educational system is heavily biased toward linguistic modes of instruction and assessment and, to a somewhat lesser degree, toward logical-quantitative modes as well" (Lane 2008). Robert Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Human Intelligence views intelligence as more interrelated than Gardner's theory but also suggests that merely citing a raw general intelligence score is not enough to measure intelligence: "Sternberg contends that successful people learn to combine and use aspects from all three components of intelligence -- analytical, creative, and practical forms. It is not enough to be proficient in just one area -- there has to be interplay between all three" (Wilson 2016).

Learning and Intelligence

Write a 100- to 150-word response to each of the following questions.

Q1. Describe the main components of classical conditioning.

Classical conditioning requires the use of a stimulus which provokes a particular reaction which is then paired consistently with a neutral stimulus to provoke the same response. Through the pairing of the provoking, original stimulus with the neutral stimulus, eventually the neutral stimulus provokes the same response as the original stimulus. In Pavlov's classical experiment, a dog was trained to salivate…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Lane, C. (20008). Gardner's multiple intelligences. The Distance Learning Technology Resource Guide. Retrieved from: http://www.tecweb.org/styles/gardner.html

McLeod, S. A. (2010). Long-term memory. Simply Psychology. Retrieved from www.simplypsychology.org/long-term-memory.html McLeod, S. A. (2014). Classical Conditioning. Simply Psychology. Retrieved from www.simplypsychology.org/classical-conditioning.html

McLeod, S. A. (2015). Skinner - operant conditioning. Simply Psychology. Retrieved from www.simplypsychology.org/operant-conditioning.html

Paik, H. (2001). One intelligence or many? Alternative approaches to cognitive abilities. Personality Research.
http://www.personalityresearch.org/papers/paik.html
Wilson, L. (2016). Sternberg's view of intelligence. Second Principle. Retrieved from http://thesecondprinciple.com/optimal-learning/sternbergs-views-intelligence/


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