Mono Multiculturalism Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

Mono Multiculturalism

The rise of globalization has caused tremendous changes in international economy. Technology and relaxed trade regulations have facilitated significant changes in trade practices and have changed the way countries deal with one another.

Globalization has wrought significant changes in the socio-cultural areas as well. Hollywood movies, for example, are shown in countries all over the world. So-called "world music" has become popular in the United States. Many malls sell what would previously have been classified as "exotic goods" -- Peruvian rain sticks, mango chutney, Tibetan prayer beads - as a matter of course. Proponents of globalization herald this cultural phenomenon as "multiculturalism," one that allows Americans to appreciate the diversity of cultures around the world.

There is, however, a dark underbelly to this equation. The dominant American and Western economies have also ushered in the dominance of its society's values and lifestyle. The unfortunate result is not multiculturalism, but what Indian physicist and activist Vandana Shiva called a "monoculture of the mind" (cited in Barlow). Western culture is enveloping the world in a global cultural homogenization.

Writer Naomi Klein refines Shiva's formulation further by recognizing the role logos and advertising plays in this diluting cultural differences. The west is able to promote cultural homogeneity through the global branding of commodities, a process that Klein calls "mono-multiculturalism" (Klein 117).

In other words, Klein agrees that the West and the United States in particular, are spreading their cultural dominance through brand names. Whereas the nineteenth century colonizers used military force, the United States uses recognizable logos - Gap clothes, Nike sneakers, Britney Spears CDs.

As an example, Klein points to the way American firms are marketing…

Sources Used in Document:

Works Cited

Barlow, Maude. "The Global Monoculture." Earth Island Journal, 16(3): 32-33. Autumn 2001. Proquest database.

Klein, Naomi. No Logo. Great Britain: Flamingo Publishing: 2000.

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