Native American Culture
The Native American people occupied the Americas before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th century and have long been known as Indians because when Columbus reached the shores he believed he had landed in the Indies (Natives Pp).
It is generally agreed by most scholars that the Native Americans came to the Western Hemisphere from Asia via the Bering Strait or along the North Pacific coast in series of migrations spreading east and south (Natives Pp).
It is believed that these waves of migration account for the numerous native linguistic families while the common origin explains the physical characteristics that Native Americans share, such as Mongoloid features, coarse straight black hair, dark eyes, sparse body hair, and skin color ranging from yellow-brown to reddish brown (Natives Pp).
The majority of scholars believe that they arrived approximately 12,000 years ago, while other accept evidence that they have exited in the Americas for more than 25,000 years (Natives Pp). Moreover, there is dispute concerning pre-Columbian population, with some conservatively estimating it to be roughly 1.8 million, while other authorities believe the population to be more than ten million (Natives Pp). Regardless, within the first few decades of European contact, the Native population dropped dramatically due to smallpox, influenza, measles, and other diseases to which they had not previously been exposed (Natives Pp).
It is generally agreed that from prehistoric times until recent historic times there were approximately six major cultural areas, Northwest Coast, Plains, Plateau, Eastern Woodlands, Northern, and Southwest (Natives Pp).
The main language family of the Northwest Coast were the Nadene in the north and the Wakashan, a subdivision of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock, and the Tsimshian, a subdivision of the Penutian linguistic stock in the central area (Natives Pp). They had a highly stratified society with chiefs, nobles, commoners, and slaves, and are famed for their artwork of ceremonial items such as rattles and masks, weaving and basketry (Natives Pp). Moreover, they had woven robes, furs, basket hats, wooden armor and helmets for battle, and their culture included...
When the Spanish introduced the horse at the beginning of the 18th century, it revolutionized their way of life as well as other tribes who left their villages and joined the nomads and because of this a universal sign language developed among the tribes who traveled on horseback and lived in tepees (Natives Pp).
The Plateau was an area of great linguistic and cultural diversity, including brush shelters or lean-tos, tepees, and buried earth lodges for ceremonies and ritual sweat baths (Natives Pp). Their basketry was highly developed, as was their social, political, and religious systems (Natives Pp).
The natives of the Eastern Woodlands spoke languages of the Algonquian-Wakashan stock and were hunters and farmers (Natives Pp). Deerskin clothing, face painting and the scalp lock of the men were typical, as well as tobacco smoking, pottery making and burial mounds (Natives Pp). Society was divided into classes with a chief, his children, nobles and commoners (Natives Pp).
The main languages of the Northern area were Algonquian-Wakashan and the Nadene stocks and they lived as hunters and gatherers (Natives Pp). The snowshoe was one of the most important items of material culture and the shaman was paramount in the religion (Natives Pp).
The Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock was the main language of the Southwest group (Natives Pp). This seminomadic people, the Basket Makers, hunted with a spear thrower and acquired the art of cultivating beans and squash, and unfired pottery (Natives Pp). They lived in large, terraced community houses set on ledges of cliffs and canyons and developed a ceremonial chamber, called the kiva (Natives Pp).
Life for Native American in the 20th century has been…
The earth,' they say, 'is a great island floating in a sea, and suspended at each of the four cardinal points by a cord hanging down from the sky vault, which is of solid rock. When the world grows old and worn out, the people will die and the cords will break and let the earth sink down into the ocean, and all will be water again.' Originally the animals
Education of Little Tree Age and Tradition in the Education of Little Tree Tradition is an essential element in any coming of age story, and the 1997 film The Education of Little Tree (adapted from a novel o the same title) is certainly no exception. In this film, an eight-year-old orphaned boy of Cherokee heritage named Little Tree is sent first to live with his grandparents who instruct him in Cherokee traditional
Native Americans had no central government before the first whites arrived. Each family was bound to have several cultures over a large geographic area. The system and beliefs that each tribe had were followed with honor rather than of fear or punishment. Each tribe had their own means to survive. Some were in agriculture/hunting and gathering while others relied in aquaculture/fishing. Native Americans lived in harmony with the nature. A
Native Americans Before Christopher Columbus discovered the United States of America, and people from all over the globe including Europe, Asia and Africa migrate to inhabit the New World, it was already home to a group of people. This group of people is known as Native Americans or American Indians. These Native Americans lived as hunter-gatherer societies, with tribes living on pieces of lands as a community, using them for agriculture.
Black Elk utilizes his visions to create understanding of nearly all things he is later exposed to. The discussion in closing will further illuminate his utilization of vision, to ask for help for his people in a time of crisis. To discuss the vertical model of artistic communication it is difficult to narrow the filed to just one example, as Native American literature, and to a lesser degree film have
Native American's With Alcoholism And Diabetes The health situation with regard to Native Americans is shown in numerous studies to be seriously below the standard and average of other groups in the country. This fact is underscored and emphasized in research studies such as Richardson's, The Need to Empower Indian Tribes, in which he states that, As the nation reviews its health needs, it can look to American Indians as the ethnic