Government Health Initiatives:
Obesity and public health
Given the rise in obesity rates in the United States, prioritizing reducing the prevalence of this illness has become a critical cornerstone of many federal, state, and local health agencies. Because the federal government encompasses the USDA and the FDA which set health and safety standards for the foods consumed in the U.S. As well as offer nutritional guidelines, the federal government can exert a profound influence upon consumption habits. The government has also overseen a number of anti-obesity campaigns. First Lady Michelle Obama's "Let's Move" initiative is perhaps the most notable of these: it focuses on increasing physical activity and improving the diet of America's children. "Research indicated that kids needed less sugar, salt and fat in their diets, so we revamped school lunch menus accordingly. When data showed that the lack of nearby grocery stores negatively affected people's eating habits, we worked to get more fresh-food retailers into underserved areas. Studies on habit formation in young children drove our efforts to get healthier food and more physical activity into child care centers" (Obama 2014). There have also been calls for Congress to "provide explicit direction to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to restrict the advertisement of unhealthy foods during children's programming" (Mikailova 2014).
On the state level, state health agencies have also acted as advocates for change. The "Stop Sugarcoating It, Georgia" television...
"The ads are modeled after anti-smoking and anti-methamphetamine campaigns intended to shock the audience" (Lohr 2012). An Ohio initiative provides fund to local counties to "work with their early childhood education centers, healthcare systems and providers (both public and private), public health providers (such as Head Start), and other community partners (like YMCAs) to coordinate parent -centered education around physical activity and nutrition" ("Ohio," 2013). The principles behind virtually all the state initiatives are very similar to those of the federal one -- that children need to eat less and move more, although the state ones have the advantage of using local resources and initiatives to realize their goals, tailoring their approach to suit the community's needs. Federal initiatives set broad policy goals while state and local health entities effective 'fill in the blanks' so those objectives can be reached.
However, obesity is a complex, multi-factorial problem and fighting it has proven to be challenging because of different levels of commitment at the state and even the federal agency level. For example, urging people to eat less actually hurts the goals of the USDA, which is charged with protecting the responsibilities of farmers and their interests. Advocating that people eat less, particularly of the grain-based and meat products sold by farmers, is thus not a particularly popular position by the agency. "The U.S. Department of Agriculture develops nutrition guidelines that creates a conflict of interest…because the agency also promotes commodities like corn and sugar - common ingredients in unhealthy foods……
Obesity and Health Problems The Solution, First Reason To ensure that the approach adopted in the management of obesity is workable and to avoid the adoption of a potentially discriminatory position against those who prefer a bigger body size; obesity should be classified as a contributing factor to ill health rather than a disease. Those branding obesity a disease can be seen as trying to solve a prevailing problem using the wrong
We can train our people, communicate with them, and ensure that they are performing correctly. There has to be an understanding that there are severe consequences for failing to ensure proper sterilization. This issue is one where I would want to guarantee 100% elimination of the problem at my facility. HIV and teenage pregnancy are relatively straightforward issues. We need to make sure our young people are equipped with knowledge
Health Belief Model and Health Education Public/population health standards place the conventional medical individual care model within several determinants of health. Currently, various public health models exist and are available for a huge range of purposes such as the Health Belief Model. These various health models exist to provide an improved understanding of the dynamics relating to the health and wellbeing of populations. In addition, there are social determinants of health
Fact Sheet. Number of Deaths for Leading Cause of Death. December 31, 2009). For Tennessee the data indicate heart disease 14,636, cancer 13, 161, and stroke 3,450 (CDC. Tennessee Fact Sheet. November 9, 2010), yet it is heart disease which strikes the Tennessee population most egregiously. Coronary heart disease is caused by "the narrowing of the coronary arteries due to fatty build- ups of plaque" (American Heart Association. January
Public Health The rate of Caesarian sections has skyrocketed in recent decades in the United States, placing it far ahead of other industrialized nations. Historical overview of C-section rates in the U.S. Breakdown of C-section rates by race and access to insurance Why is this a public health issue? Higher morbidity and mortality rate for C-sections. Poor and minority women (and their families) affected at greater rates. One of the costs driving up healthcare in the United
This results in healthy, hygienic practices such as washing hands, cooking meat properly, and ensuring a sufficient daily intake of the correct nutrients without encouraging obesity. Government legislation is another important component in public health infrastructure. This component is essential in protecting the public from unsafe foods such as unpasteurized milk, dangerous insecticides used on fruit and vegetables, and disease-carrying components in imported foods (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report., 1999). In