Obesity in America According to certain projections, America's teens are at risk of becoming the first generation in history to live a shorter lifespan than their parents (Oliver, 2006), whilst nnumerous studies (e.g., Wang, Monteiro, & Popkin, 2002; World Health Organization (WHO), 2000) reveal that child obesity has become a global epidemic, more prevalent in America than in many other countries, both developed and developing, with child obesity having tripled here during the last three decades (Wang & Lobenstein, 2006).
Many think of obesity as a disease that may need medication to retract, may be genetic in origin and, thus, not the fault of the individual, and, therefore, may be biologically rather than culturally deteremined. However, as this essay intends to show, people with genetic predisposition to obesity can still prevent their obesity from occuring, or can control it, by followign the guidelines of a healthy diet and regular physical activity. It is the American culture, far more than biology, that has created the prevelant tendency to obesity by presenting an environment that promotes obesity and discourages a healthy lifestyle. In essence, while obesity is a disease, it is one of the most easily preventable diseases for those who approach it proactively, though this may require certain departures from the American lifestyle.
Obesity increases the risk for many fatal diseases, including cardiovascular disease, and recorded in the United States, as being the second preventable leading cause of death (smoking is the first) (e.g., Must & Strauss, 1999; World Health Organization, 2000). In fact, Surgeon General Richard Carmona has called obesity a greater threat to Americans than terrorism (Oliver, 2006), whilst the immenisty of the problem has caused former Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy Thompson to refer to obesity as a public health "crisis" (Oliver, 2006).
Obesity in America has more than doubled during the 1990s and has since then levelled, but no decline has occurred (Brannon, & Feist, 2007). Numbers reveal that an estimated 1 in 4 Americans are considered obese (Oliver, 2006), whilst an estimated further 400,000 Americans die annually from obesity-related diseases (Obesity in America). Obesity-related diseases cost the national economy nearly $123 billion every year (Obesity in America).
II. The Difference Between Obesity and Overweight
A person is obese if they weigh at 30% more than their recommended weight and have a BMI of 30 or greater (Obesity in America). A person is considered overweight if they have a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or greater and weigh at least 10% more than the recommended weight for their height and body type (Obesity in America).
According to Hill and Peters (1998), an estimated 25% of America's children are overweight or obese, while approximately 54% of American adults are obese, and another 22% are overweight.
Other measures used for assessing obesity are -- in a clinical setting - technologies for imaging the body (such as MRI), and simpler, less costly techniques such as measuring the thickness of a pinch of skin, and, more accurately, transmitting benign levels of electrical current through the body to measure levels of fat in various parts of the body.
One final measure in assessing overweight is fat distribution measure as the ratio of waist to hip size, although, regardless of the definitions that researchers have used to study obesity overweight is often defined by the fads of the current socio-historical fashions and has little to so with health.
Contributing Factors to Obesity in America
Researchers have proposed various reasons for the dramatic increase in obesity in America over the last few decades (since the early 1980s). Some of the reasons given include an over-abundance of food availability in America's supermarkets and restaurants, particularly fast-food restaurants (Hill and Peters, 1998); the uncontrolled or unreasonable portion-sizes in America's restaurants (Hill and Peters, 1998); an increase in consumption of sugar-sweetened sodas and sweetend food (Bray, 2004); and an over-abundance of high-fat food choices paired with a lack of palpable low-fat choices. Studies show that a diet of 35% fat or higher contributes to obesity in sedentary animals (Hill and Peters, 1998).
Although many overweight people claim that they eat less than others, studies consistantly indicate that they usually eat more than normal weight people do (Wing &…
According to certain projections, America's teens are at risk of becoming the first generation in history to live a shorter lifespan than their parents (Oliver, 2006), whilst nnumerous studies (e.g., Wang, Monteiro, & Popkin, 2002; World Health Organization (WHO), 2000) reveal that child obesity has become a global epidemic, more prevalent in America than in many other countries, both developed and developing, with child obesity having tripled here during the last three decades (Wang & Lobenstein, 2006).
Obesity in the United States The extent of the Problem Obesity as one commentator says, is not just a "matter of aesthetics" but has become a major public health problem in the United States. Similarly, Federal health officials have categorically stated that "the growing prevalence of obesity in the United States represents a significant health threat to millions of Americans." Obesity is seen by health officials in a serious light and is
Therefore, England appears to take the cautious route of employing alternative measures until such time as specific long-term results become evident in the other countries' projects. The U.K. government's public health policy has been trying to counteract obesity by means of implementing a set of initiatives designed to inform people about the downside of what being overweight and obese involves, and also monitor the average weight of different populations over
Obesity in Santa Barbara County We usually think of pandemics as serious diseases that have the potential to hurt thousands if not millions of people through disease. Ironically, a 21st century pandemic is that many in the developed world, through a combination of a sedentary lifestyle, a high-fat diet, and sugary drinks, become obese to the point in which it having a serious negative affect on their health. There is no
The chapters outlined the significance of the study, the intended objectives, the hypotheses statements, justification of the study, the research design, and the findings and conclusions. The examination carried out within the sections of this paper will be important for bridging the gap of knowledge on the use of UB-PAP in the diagnosis of obesity among obese pregnant mothers. It will be particularly helpful in informing the patients and
If children are eating for comfort or binge eating regularly, it would be beneficial to add counseling programs to the Activ8Kids! program. I think that a spokesperson who is a healthy role model for kids would be great for this program. America Ferrara, the star of Ugly Betty, might be a good spokesperson, as she is beautiful and curvy. She represents a healthy weight that is achievable for most people
S Gubbels. Talks about how obesity is a major problem of our society and how it is affecting the children and adults. The article talks about the causes and the consequences of obesity and provides certain prevention for this problem. The article relates the problem of obesity with the Health Belief Model and talks about how the Model contributes in motiving the people to bring Health behavior change in their