Obesity Obesity threatens to undermine national security and national intelligence, and obesity certainly has a high price tag as obesity is a leading cause of preventative illnesses like diabetes and heart disease.
The Introduction and Topic Area
Called "the biggest threat to the health of Americans today," obesity affects two-thirds of American adults and about a fifth of American children (California School Health Care Centers Association, 2009; Kalakanis & Moulton, 2006). Children spend between six to eight hours per day at school, more if they are involved in extra-curricular activities. Schools have "established infrastructure" offering an ample opportunity to provide effective and accessible anti-obesity programs (California School Health Care Centers Association, 2009). This proposal builds on prior research into what works and what does not work in school-based anti-obesity programs, and proposes the development of one such program. Therefore, the topic area is clearly related to preventing and treating childhood obesity, with a focus on involving family, community, faith-based, local businesses, and other community resources.
Based on an analysis of prior research, it is hypothesized that school-based interventions are more effective when they involve partnerships with other social institutions ranging from parental involvement to private sector intervention. This project will be an intervention program using several local resources to ask the question: How can communities foster healthy lifestyles for children by creating a normative culture that discourages junk food and encourages an active lifestyle? The work will be approached systematically with a longitudinal study. Ideally, public policy researchers will learn that the best approaches to reducing childhood obesity involve changes to the normative culture and structure of the community. Simply teaching children about nutrition is not going to result in meaningful change.
This work is important because obesity is a major threat. It is an ...
Overview of Approach
The approach to the research will be from systems theory. No social institution exists in isolation of any other institution. Schools are integral to their community, and parents and local businesses need to recognize their responsibility in promoting child health. The techniques used to address the problem include active engagement with community and business leaders. Strategic partnerships will be rooted in pragmatism, ensuring that all stakeholders receive returns on their investment.
Focusing on one community, the field site will be a small town in the American heartland with a high rate of childhood obesity. The instruments used include those measuring such indexes as body mass and weight, but also surveys taking into account lifestyle, time spent exercising, changes in diet, changes in worldview, and mental health issues. As this is a longitudinal study, data will be…
Obesity threatens to undermine national security and national intelligence, and obesity certainly has a high price tag as obesity is a leading cause of preventative illnesses like diabetes and heart disease.
Obesity and Diabetes: A Community Health Problem Many people do not consider obesity to be a deadly non-communicable disease -- and yet research shows that obesity is one of the main causes of death in American communities, and it is growing (Tabish, 2007). The community chosen for this paper is a typical, demographically diverse suburban Middle America community: the city is Pueblo, Colorado. The vulnerable population chosen here is the community's
Obesity Budget and Rationale One often things of pandemics as serious diseases that have the potential to change the global culture. Ironically, a 21st century pandemic that has developed globally, moving from the developed to the underdeveloped world is the result of a sedentary lifestyle, high sugar and fat diet (fast foods) and lack of dietary balance. Physicians, scholars and researchers are thus all in agreement that childhood obesity and the
Childhood Obesity and Its Affects on Self-Esteem, Learning and Development Childhood obesity has reached alarming proportions in developed nations of the world and its prevalence is continuously rising from 1971. In the Scandinavian countries, childhood obesity is less than compared to the Mediterranean countries; yet, the amount of obese children is increasing in both cases. Even though the highest rates of childhood obesity have been seen in developed countries, and at
S. is between $4.8 and $6.1 billion, as is suggested by the analysis presented in the first paragraph of this report, only 3.3% to 4.2% of these children would need to achieve a healthy weight to achieve the break-even point for the cost of the intervention. There is a significant limitation to this health promotion proposal. A moderate-sized study investigating the efficacy of the LEAP program revealed small, non-significant improvements in
Childhood Obesity Intervention Since the early 1980s childhood obesity has increased three-fold and during the 2005-2006 school year an estimated 16% of American children were obese (reviewed by Gleason and Dodd, 2009). Childhood obesity and weight problems predispose a child to physical and behavioral problems that can extend into their adult years (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2010) and for this reason health researchers and educators are attempting to
quasi-experimental quantitative study on the topic of childhood obesity. The topic of the research was a comprehensive approach to nutritional improvement in a pilot study involving four schools in which interventions were implemented and a fifth school used for experimental control. The interventions consisted of a holistic elementary school-based obesity prevention program intended to keep children at a normal, healthy weight, and to improve their overall health status and