Organism Profile For A Wombat Essay

Length: 3 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Animals Type: Essay Paper: #39116528 Related Topics: Profile, Animal Research, Animals, Ecology
Excerpt from Essay :

Vombatus Ursinus Organism Profile

Vombatus ursinus is the scientific name given to the organism commonly known as the common Wombat (Matthews & Green, 2012). The common wombat is also referred to as the bare-nosed wombat, or coarse-haired wombat. There are three subspecies of wombats namely Vombatus ursinus hirsutus, Vombatus ursinus tasmaniensis, and Vombatus ursinus. The common Wombat is mainly found in Flinders Island of the Bass Strait Islands. Wombats prefer living in the temperate forest areas of southern Australia. They tend to avoid rainforests, and they are mostly found in the mountainous areas. In Tasmania and South wales, Wombats are found at lower attitudes win open vegetation like woodlands, heathland, and coastal scrub. Wombats prefer to dig their shelters on slopes above gullies and creeks, and they feed in grassy clearings. Wombats are native to Australia, and they belong to the Vombatidae family. Many people have noted that the wombats appear to be smiling because of their huge teeth. Wombats have a lifecycle of 12 years, and they breed any time during the year provided the climate is favorable.


The common wombat will range between 75-85 cm in length and weigh around 20kg. However, wombats are known to reach up to 35 kg and 1.2 meters. The body of a wombat is squat and bearlike with small ears and eyes and a large nose. Wombats have powerful shoulders and a small tail around 25 mm in length that is hidden by fur. Their fur can be grey, brown, or black, but most of the time the...


Wombats have large paws and claws that they use for digging. They differ from other marsupials because in their upper jaw they only have two incisor teeth. The common distinguishing features of a common wombat are large and naked nose, short slightly rounded ears, and coarse, thick coat.

Wombats generally give birth to a single young called a joey, but twin do occur in rare cases. The gestation period of a wombat is between 20-22 days. According to Story, Driscoll, and Banks (2014) when a joey is born, it is extremely small and underdeveloped, and it will weigh approximately 2 grams and be about the size of a jellybean. The joey is hairless with very thin skin and it cannot keep itself warm. They cannot see or hear, but they have a well-developed sense of smell. Immediately it is born the joey will crawl into its mother's pouch where it will attach itself to one of the teats. The teat then swells up in the joey's mouth in order to keep the joey attached and prevents it from falling out of the mother's pouch. The joey remains in the mother's pouch nursing and developing for around four to ten months, normally averaging eight months. Initially, the joey will leave the pouch for short periods. When it is frightened or disturbed, it will return to the mother's pouch for safety. After one to three months of this behavior, the joey will no longer…

Sources Used in Documents:


Brewer, P., Archer, M., Hand, S.J., & Abel, R. (2015). New genus of primitive wombat (Vombatidae, Marsupialia) from Miocene deposits in the Riversleigh World Heritage Area (Queensland, Australia). Palaeontologia Electronica, 18(1), 1-40.

Matthews, A., & Green, K. (2012). Seasonal and altitudinal influences on the home range and movements of common wombats in the Australian Snowy Mountains. Journal of Zoology, 287(1), 24-33.

Roger, E., Bino, G., & Ramp, D. (2012). Linking habitat suitability and road mortalities across geographic ranges. Landscape ecology, 27(8), 1167-1181.

Story, G., Driscoll, D., & Banks, S. (2014). What can camera traps tell us about the diurnal activity of the nocturnal bare-nosed wombat (Vombatus ursinus)? Camera Trapping: Wildlife Management and Research, 35.

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