Philosophers' View Of Knowledge A2 Coursework

Length: 3 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Black Studies - Philosophy Type: A2 Coursework Paper: #70307393 Related Topics: Epistemological, Iliad, Autobiographical, Ancient Greece
Excerpt from A2 Coursework :

Knowledge, colloquially, denotes a familiarity with or an understanding of different ideas, events, objects, or ways to do things. Among the most ancient and venerated traditions regarding the concept of knowledge portrays knowledge in the form of "validated true belief." While all philosophers do not agree that this statement adequately expresses knowledge's nature, it is still the most prevalent notion regarding knowledge (Henriques, 2013). The history of philosophy's thoughts on knowledge is one of theories and theses, as also of concepts, questions, syntheses, taxonomies and distinctions (Stephen, n.d.).

Generally, knowledge is divided by philosophers into three domains: 1) Personal; relating to direct experience, autobiographical truths and idiosyncratic predilections; 2) Procedural; denoting knowledge on how something is to be done (e.g. riding a bike or playing basketball); and 3) Propositional; knowledge referring to universal facts regarding the world, as well as how we see it. A key difference between psychology and philosophy can be viewed in the above different types of knowledge (Henriques, 2013).

What are the mechanisms through which knowledge is acquired? This question has two main answers, given by the empiricists and rationalists. The former contend that our most elementary knowledge concerning the world originates through our senses, our direct observations of the world. On the other hand, rationalists maintain that we make use of reasoning for arriving at deductive inferences on the most reasonable claims. Rationalists think more with respect...

...

Differences between empiricist and rationalist principles are, in some respects, similar to modern differences between science and philosophy. With the emergence of scientific methodology and its increasing distinction from the philosophy discipline, the central difference between them was that initial philosophical traditions (such as Aristotle) were based more on employing reason for developing knowledge systems, while science was built upon empirical observation (Henriques, 2013).

Question List:

Plato

1. Who authored the long and legendary discourse "The Republic"?

1. Who gave the suggestion that democracy meant more than just an appealing government format?

1. Which Greek philosopher declared that knowledge resides inherently in the human brain since birth?

1. Who examined epistemological issues pertaining to illusion, reality and knowledge?

1. Who understood that Athens and its direct democracy were incapable of realizing its grand ideals?

1. Name the philosopher of ancient Greece who discussed, in detail, the material world's reality.

1. Who put forth the idea that appetite, spirit, reason and other elements of soul reside in our body?

1. Who viewed philosophers as kings?

1. At what age did Plato institute a school to educate Athenian children?

1. Who states that citizens represent the government's least desired participants (Florida Atlantic University, n.d.)?

Aristotle

1. Name the Greek philosopher with a modern epistemology.

1. Who was Plato's most distinguished student?

1. Which philosopher from ancient Greece is believed to be a polymath…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Ancient Greek Education. Retrieved August 14, 2013, from http://www.crystalinks.com/greekeducation.html

Ancient Greek Culture. Retrieved August 14, 2013, from http://www.crystalinks.com/greekculture.html

Florida Atlantic University. (n.d.) The history guide: Lectures on ancient and medieval European history. Lecture 8. Greek Thought. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Retrieved August 14, 2013, from http://www.historyguide.org/ancient/ancient.html#table

Henriques, G. (2013). What is Knowledge? A Brief Primer. Theory of Knowledge. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/theory-knowledge/201312/what-is-knowledge-brief-primer
History of American Education: A Hypertext Timeline. Retrieved August 14, 2013, from http://www.cloudnet.com/~edrbsass/educationhistorytimeline.html
Smith, M.K. (2004). A brief history of informal education thinking. The Informal Encyclopedia of Education. Retrieved August 14, 2013, from: http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-hist.htm
Stephen H. (n.d.).Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, A Peer-Reviewed Academic Resource. Retrieved |August 15, 2015, from http://www.iep.utm.edu/knowledg/


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