Knowledge, colloquially, denotes a familiarity with or an understanding of different ideas, events, objects, or ways to do things. Among the most ancient and venerated traditions regarding the concept of knowledge portrays knowledge in the form of "validated true belief." While all philosophers do not agree that this statement adequately expresses knowledge's nature, it is still the most prevalent notion regarding knowledge (Henriques, 2013). The history of philosophy's thoughts on knowledge is one of theories and theses, as also of concepts, questions, syntheses, taxonomies and distinctions (Stephen, n.d.).
Generally, knowledge is divided by philosophers into three domains: 1) Personal; relating to direct experience, autobiographical truths and idiosyncratic predilections; 2) Procedural; denoting knowledge on how something is to be done (e.g. riding a bike or playing basketball); and 3) Propositional; knowledge referring to universal facts regarding the world, as well as how we see it. A key difference between psychology and philosophy can be viewed in the above different types of knowledge (Henriques, 2013).
What are the mechanisms through which knowledge is acquired? This question has two main answers, given by the empiricists and rationalists. The former contend that our most elementary knowledge concerning the world originates through our senses, our direct observations of the world. On the other hand, rationalists maintain that we make use of reasoning for arriving at deductive inferences on the most reasonable claims. Rationalists think more with respect...
Differences between empiricist and rationalist principles are, in some respects, similar to modern differences between science and philosophy. With the emergence of scientific methodology and its increasing distinction from the philosophy discipline, the central difference between them was that initial philosophical traditions (such as Aristotle) were based more on employing reason for developing knowledge systems, while science was built upon empirical observation (Henriques, 2013).
1. Who authored the long and legendary discourse "The Republic"?
1. Who gave the suggestion that democracy meant more than just an appealing government format?
1. Which Greek philosopher declared that knowledge resides inherently in the human brain since birth?
1. Who examined epistemological issues pertaining to illusion, reality and knowledge?
1. Who understood that Athens and its direct democracy were incapable of realizing its grand ideals?
1. Name the philosopher of ancient Greece who discussed, in detail, the material world's reality.
1. Who put forth the idea that appetite, spirit, reason and other elements of soul reside in our body?
1. Who viewed philosophers as kings?
1. At what age did Plato institute a school to educate Athenian children?
1. Who states that citizens represent the government's least desired participants (Florida Atlantic University, n.d.)?
1. Name the Greek philosopher with a modern epistemology.
1. Who was Plato's most distinguished student?
1. Which philosopher from ancient Greece is believed to be a polymath…
In addition to this, the epistemic area of concern dealing with how knowledge is formed will be another arena to explore. By understanding this area, I will be better able to determine how certain groups were able to portray stereotypes as knowledge. In addition, I will be able to explore whether the process of forming knowledge is different for members of different cultures and groups, which might explain how
Knowledge, Theory, And Practice: Epistemology Epistemology, or the nature of knowledge, is often different for each person, from the standpoint of perspective. In other words, each person sees knowledge differently, and that can make what is "true" for one person not "true" for someone else. James Frederick Ferrier, a Scottish philosopher, was the one who coined the term "epistemology." It is a term that not only relates to the nature and
Industrial Espionage Information is an element that can make an astounding difference in terms of succeeding, or attaining a profit, and failure, or attaining a loss in the realm of business. According to Robinson (2003), when a trade secret is stolen, it can either level the playing field, or worse, tip it in favor of the competitor. This aspect is even more intricate as trade secrets are sought after not just
178). Jung espoused the belief that the 'ego' of man was brought together through the experiences, both consciously and unconsciously that the individual experienced. Ultimately these experiences would lead the individual to an enhanced and complete life, leading to exaltation and a 'complete' man. Phenomenology as a discipline is distinct from but related to other key disciplines in philosophy, such as ontology, epistemology, logic, and ethics. Phenomenology has been practiced
Additionally, Aristotle furthered the field of educational philosophy by creating subjects and a logical inquiry process, insisting that education be moral or ethical, and defining it as intertwined with politics to such a great extent that the best and most necessary education is a state-sponsored education (Chambliss 2008). Influence Toward My Educational Philosophy: Practically, Aristotle's creation of subjects and his primitive research, which set the foundation for further research, influenced my
In their analysis they used the Cynefin framework for sense-making. This started with disputing the universality of three basic assumptions that control practices and to a lesser extent theories of decision-making and policy formulation in organizations. (The new dynamics of strategy: Sense-making in a complex and complicated world) The earlier theories have certain basic assumptions. The first among these are the assumption of order. This assumes that there are underlying