PTSD Study Treatment Article Critique

Length: 3 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Psychology Type: Article Critique Paper: #99570478 Related Topics: Ptsd, Inferential Statistics, Borderline Personality Disorder, Dependent Personality Disorder
Excerpt from Article Critique :

Dorrepaal, Thomaes, Smit, van Balkom, et al. (2010) address the topic of Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (Complex PTSD) which often occurs following a history of child abuse. Complex PTSD has associated features in addition to the normal symptoms of PTSD that make it much more difficult to treat. As social workers will most likely encounter clients/patients suffering from PTSD symptoms and patients suffering from child abuse this topic is relevant to social work practice.

The researchers are primarily interested in knowing if stabilizing treatment normally used for PTSD and other psychiatric disorders is effective for patients with Complex PTSD, particularly women with PTSD and childhood sexual abuse. The research question is evaluative.

Literature Review

As this study is in the brief communications section does not contain an in depth literature review. The literature review in this study simply describes the features associated with Complex PTSD and presents the questions of the researchers and the reason for the study. It is not...

...

This study uses a convenience sample of female outpatients with Complex PTSD and a history of child abuse. The participants were referred to mental health clinicians. Therefore the generalizability of the findings is very limited.

All participants were diagnosed with PTSD according to the Structured Diagnostic Interview for the DSM-IV and were also diagnosed with Complex PTSD according to the Structured Interview of Disorders of Extreme Stress. The history of child abuse before the age of 16 was also assessed through the Structured Trauma Interview.

Participants were excluded if they had antisocial personality disorder, a substance abuse disorder that would interfere with treatment, or if they had a current psychotic episode or dissociative identity disorder. Of the 55 patients 19 were excluded.

Design. The design is a repeated measures design with a pre-treatment evaluation and a post -- treatment evaluation on several measures including the Davison Trauma Scale, Borderline Personality Disorder Severity Index, Dissociative Experiences Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and the Symptom Checklist. A brief diagram follows:

Pretest Score on MeasuresStabilization Therapy Intervention Posttest Scores on MeasuresSix Month Follow-up.

The repeated measures design has good statistical power and is useful in evaluating pre and post intervention effects, but there should be a formal control group of some type for this type of research (Runyon, Coleman, & Pittenger, 2000). The patients were not randomly selected to different treatments and the stabilization therapy was not the only treatment that patients received (e.g., many were on medications), so inferences regarding the effect of the therapy to cause changes in the severity of the symptoms in the sample is highly limited. High dropout rates also indicate that the treatment may not be appropriate for all patients of this type.

Measurement. The independent variable in this study is the stabilization treatment which is outlined in detail in the study and consists of 20 sessions. The treatment providers used manualized treatments in order for the treatment to be uniform across different therapists. The dependent variables in the study…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Dorrepaal, E., Thomaes, K., Smit, J.H., van Balkom, A.J., van Dyck, R., Veltman, D.J., & Draijer, N. (2010). Stabilizing group treatment for complex posttraumatic stress disorder related to childhood abuse based on psycho-education and cognitive behavioral therapy: A pilot study. Child abuse & neglect, 34(4), 284-288.

Runyon, R.P., Coleman, K.A., & Pittenger, D.J. (2000). Fundamentals of behavioral statistics

(9th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Tabachnick, B.G., & Fidell, L.S. (2012). Using multivariate statistics (6th ed.). New York:


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