Race Juvenile Increasing social disorganization, which is seen at much greater levels lower on the socioeconomic ladder for a variety of reasons, is highly correlated with increases in delinquent behavior, and delinquency can move into criminality both realistically and perceptually fairly quickly for both youth and criminal justice workers (Piquero 2008). These issues can create a vicious cycle in which minority youth are perceived as potential offenders, and so engage in delinquency and eventually criminality due to feelings of aggression and adversity towards a system that they feel is adversarial.
Family, Community, and Racial Trends in U.S. Juvenile Criminal Justice
The subject of race and ethnicity as they relate and correlate to criminality and prison populations in the United States has been the subject of a great deal of study and commentary for many decades. It is unquestionably true that a disproportionate number of people of color are convicted of crimes than are Caucasians both on a national level and at the community level in the majority of the country; this fact is easily supported by a cursory review of criminal justice statistics and is not a matter of debate despite the contentiousness of the issue. What is debated are the reasons behind this skewed prison population/criminal element, and in an effort to address this debate the following paper will study the problem as it appears not amongst adults, but amongst the still-developing youth of the country.
Race, Ethnicity, and the Juvenile Court System
Just as there is a disproportionate number of minority adults accused of criminality and ultimately convicted of crimes in the United States, the same disproportion exists for minority youths (Piquero 2008; Jordan & Freiburger 2011). Race and ethnicity still unquestionably play large roles in community dynamics in many areas, and it has been suggested by researchers that such dynamics are possibly both the result of and contributors to higher rates of actual and/or perceived youth criminality amongst minorities (Dixon & Azocar 2006; Rodriguez 2007). There are essentially two possibilities for the higher rates of colored youths in the criminal...
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Juvenile Court Decision
It is not simply within the juvenile court system that racial and ethnic disparities can be seen to exist, but referrals to court and criminal justice systems from outside institutions such as schools, community centers, etc., also show a disproportion towards minority youth (Rodriguez 2007). This can reinforce notions amongst both criminal justice workers and minority youths that the "system" is stacked against them and adversarial. This also creates difficulties for minority youths struggling to succeed in such institutions, which can itself contribute to criminality.
In addition to specific institutions that youths and the criminal justice system interact with on a regular basis, there are other large-scale external influences that almost certainly have an effect on the…
Increasing social disorganization, which is seen at much greater levels lower on the socioeconomic ladder for a variety of reasons, is highly correlated with increases in delinquent behavior, and delinquency can move into criminality both realistically and perceptually fairly quickly for both youth and criminal justice workers (Piquero 2008). These issues can create a vicious cycle in which minority youth are perceived as potential offenders, and so engage in delinquency and eventually criminality due to feelings of aggression and adversity towards a system that they feel is adversarial.
Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative Innumerable advancements and innovations have profoundly contributed to the betterment of the lives of the human race in the twenty first century. This trend of progression is surging ahead at a rapid pace; however, it is very unfortunate to declare that many of the social dilemmas also exist in this industrialized world that is making millions of residents suffer from its drastic outcomes. While taking the country
" ( ) Subsidized guardianship programs exist in 38 states although in different forms, through different funding and with varying requirements for eligibility. Reasons for support of this program are such as: (1) this maintains the family bonds; honors the wishes of older children; (3) respects the cultural norms of the extended family; and (4) Limits state interference in families' lives. ( ) it is reported that the subsidized guardian
052 (Barkan & Cohn, p.205). Death Penalty Attitudes of the Offender The same literature that shows blacks are less likely to favor capital punishment shows that black offenders are more likely to support shorter sentencing and less likely to agree with capital punishment (Baker, Lambert & Jenkins, 2005). At least, this trend is evident with regard to violent crimes. When approaching individuals and asking about minor crimes, black and white attitudes were
According to Prchal, "As the nineteenth century became the twentieth, the United States experienced an unprecedented surge in immigration. Some 3.8 million Italians, 3.4 million Slavs, and 1.8 million Russian and Eastern European Jews -- along with still more from other ethnic groups -- entered the country between 1899 and 1924" (at 189). These enormous numbers of newcomers to the country concerned those who were already here, particularly most
Race, Class and Gender and Correctional Settings Today, the United States incarcerates more than 25% of low-income young black males, so it is reasonable to suggest that there is an inextricable relationship between race, socioeconomic class and gender and the institutional correctional community. It is also reasonable to suggest that this relationship has a corresponding impact on clients, staff and the administration of correctional institutions. To determine the facts, this
Future Role of the Juvenile Justice System in the United States Young people are naturally prone to experimentation and impulsive behaviors that frequently result in their involvement with the law enforcement community, and police officers today generally enjoy wide latitude in resolving these incidents. In fact, in some if not most cases, police officers can release young offenders into the custody of their parents or guardians without the further involvement