Reality Therapy in Marriage and Article Review

Excerpt from Article Review :

From this discussion, Dubin (2009) then moves to presenting a new and unique model for implementation in both marriage and family counseling contexts. The current article models the "Basic Needs Genogram" as the primary method to be tested in contemporary therapy structures. This is a genogram that is based off the works of Glasser (1998) and breaks down our complexity of needs into five basic categories: "self-preservation, love and belonging, power or self-worth, freedom or independence and fun or enjoyment" (Dubin, 2009). These needs are interconnected and help drive behavior within the context of relationships, whether those relationships are marriage of familial structures. Dubin (2009) suggests that the Basic Needs Genogram will allow individuals, as well as family members to consider how current and past generational patterns influence the formation of their 'picture albums,'" which then dictate how their own relationships are formed and maintained (Dubin, 2009, p 17). It is essentially an intervention tool to expose the roots of behavior and communication patterns as not being able to facilitate the ability for the individual to satisfy their basic needs. Through understanding how they can better direct behavior and communication to work towards meeting their basic needs, individuals can work with a set of tools that they can bring with them into their own unique realities. With the set intervention tools, individuals in family and marriage counseling can learn to build ways of strengthening their interpersonal relationships together.

The article stresses that this specific genogram can be used in a wide variety of therapeutic applications, including both marriage and family counseling services. Families and married couples can work together to generate new "picture albums" that meet the needs of all the parties involved. The author shows that an initial implementation of the therapy genogram resulted in favorable findings, with individuals being able to improve their relationships both inside and outside of therapy sessions. Several intimate case studies are provided as a way to show how the model was implemented in both marriage and family counseling. These case studies are then discussed in length in order to highlight the methods of the model and extrapolate the positive successes the individuals within the therapy have found with the use of such intervention tools. The model combines the realistic approach of Reality Therapy, with the provision of tools for clients to use in the real world, with the concept of empowering individuals to find ways to have their needs met within the context of their interpersonal relationships.


Duba, Jill A. (2009). Introducing the 'basic needs…

Sources Used in Documents:


Duba, Jill A. (2009). Introducing the 'basic needs genogram' in reality therapy-based marriage and family counseling. International Journal of Reality Therapy, 28(2), 15-19.

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