Relationship Between Individual and Society Annotated Bibliography

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Individual and Society

Relationship between Individual and Society

As the world has penetrated into the age of advancements, numerous facets have been changed over time, and the relationship between the individual and society is one of the elements that have also changed over the course of period, which cannot be overlooked. Conformity and traditional values were considered the most significant aspect for the people in the earlier times, however, currently; individualization has been witnessed as the latest attempt that defines the current nature of this relationship.

Numerous investigations from the post modern, modern and late modern eras have been carried out in order to identify and determine the root cause of the changes in the relationship over time. However, amongst the numerous researches, few of it are highlighted that can measure the reasons behind the changing forms of integration and differentiation amongst the people and society.



From one of the journal articles, the process of modernization has been the prime aspect that has emerged the concept of individualization, particularly in the western societies. This wide range of investigation has claimed that individualized society in the post-modern epoch has decreased the overall quality of life to a great extent


The analyses of the empirical study have presented two sides of the picture, where one is the positive aspect of individualism and the other is the negative one. From the constructive angle, individualism has created an opportunity for the denizens of the nations to live and enjoy their lives the way they want. This means that individualization brings more freedom with itself, where people flourish and prosper in self-rule

While on the other side of the coin, the communist dispute on the fact that individualism results in destruction of the fundamental and essential institutions such as family, and neighborhood, and in doing so, it creates distress and misery. The study also argues that at one side where the individualism results in development of one's identity and self-esteem with diversity in lifestyle, it also leads to devastation of various emotions such as trust and friendship because people are more selfish

The post modern, urban and industrialized era also leaves an indelible imprint on the quality of life of the individuals that typically reflects the miseries. Common and widespread prevalence of deviant and abnormal behaviors of the post-modern society include homicide, suicide, alcoholism, depressions, delinquency, divorce, child abuse and so forth

For instance, while comparing the quality of life from the past and present records of not only the U.S. But also the eastern nations of the world, it is noticed that the current civilization of these countries has become more individualized than it was before. According to the claims, the pre-modern era was more peaceful with lower rates of physical and mental diseases amongst the people


The developed nations in the today's time believe and practice the notion of individualization. The results of the study has presented with controversial facts and arguments on the ideology of individualization. However, the overall impact of individualization has worked out unconstructively and detrimentally on the people of today. This means that the freedom that has been associated with individualization has brought deviant behaviors (physically as well as psychologically) amongst the citizens as the consequence, which typically was not observed in the traditional society of the pre-modern era

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Another masterpiece presented by Tony Jeffs and Mark K. Smith strongly declares that a fundamental shift has been immensely observed from the olden times in the present times. According to this shift, the core traditional and conventional values of association, mutual cooperation, and voluntary participation have taken the place of individualism. The olden periods was characterized by strong relationships amongst the people, which was the key to good lives and happiness


The article has predominantly focused the region of Britain, where it has evidently emphasized that the relationship between individual and society has changed from the time the nation emerged and revolutionized from rural society into a metropolitan and modern society. This revolution has increased the population and transformed the kingdom and its residents into a capitalized society that became the social structure

The key characteristics of the progressed and evolved nation included fierce and intense competition, which introduced the concept of individualization. The world became more materialized and the customary values of family and relationships between individuals with society have changed. In addition, the materialized world that was fascinated by the new concept declined and ruined the older ways of community and its relationship with the individuals

As the world has contracted, the entire populace has come across economic, social and cultural differences that have apparently less visible in the post modern era. The world of commerce is now at the dominating stage, which has emerged the marketplace into a universal platform and diversified the cultural aspects. Therefore, the concept of individualism has escalated in order to survive in this globalized environment, where family traditions, shared society, and friendship have undermined, diluted and weakened

Globalisation has dispersed the inherited and innate traditions of the families and societies. This is even oxidizing and decaying the structures that used to foster the association between the individuals and the society because it is arousing insecurity and feeling of fear and suspect amongst the individuals for neighbors and friends. This means that the new concepts of the modern world are jeopardizing and alarming the society and its relationship with the individuals


The article has brought the fact to the forefront that as the world has entered into the age of advancements, it has made the world a much globalized place. This urbanized, industrialized and globalized world has encouraged individualization, which has made the world materialized and the traditional concepts have been elapsed by the people on whole

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The sociologists have been cognizant of the trends of the societal culture that shifted and changed since the world experienced the industrial revolution. The urbanization that resulted due to the industrial revolution collapsed and disintegrated the older and conventional form of community structures. Political power, economic resources, cultural domination, modern education and the overall society witnessed the change in the relationship between the individual and the society


Individualization means that the generations of the current epoch distinguish them as individuals on the first place, rather than perceiving as children, or members of a community. However, the socialist have brought the positive side to the surface that this notion of individualism even helps in fighting and escaping the negative behavioral patterns, as well as facilitate the individual to overcome the issues that have been within the family or community since a long time

On the other side, the negative aspect of is extreme individualism also important to consider that it carries social inequality. Social inequality has been viewed as the consequence when the individual do not succeed in coping with societal circumstances and surroundings. Additionally, the extreme individualism also resulted in low self-esteem of the people, which hampers the personal growth

Experts have also examined in the article that modern education has also contributed to the individualization extensively. Individualization has pursued education in a way that with greater education, the opportunity for social mobility elevated. This also denotes the fact that the significance of education within the society has escalated over the years with the fact that the society has transformed into sophisticated technological aspect


The contemporary culture of the present era has completely changed, where the individuals have become the key influential bodies in every aspect of life whether it is political sector or job market. Nonetheless, the relationships in the conventional means used to believe in more traditional practices that include families (parents, children, grandparents). However, the concept of extended family has corroded with the passage of time and the core emphasis has not on the personal development, instead of being a part of the group, which resulted in enhanced and increased individualization

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Labour market has also come under consideration as the primary and vital cause that broadened the concept of individualization in the contemporary era of advancements, progressions and industrial revolution. The intense competition and mobility (occupational as well as geographic) has been observed the prime motives that gave rise to the labour market. People have been working more than they spend time with their families or society


Since the globe has advanced and has industrially revolutionized, the job and the labor market have largely contributed to the ideology of individualization, because competition has become intense and fierce amongst the young people and occupational or geographic mobility has also widened. This relatively signifies the fact that the generation of today tend to spend more time in working than they give time to their loved ones and the families

However, according to the analysis, individualization has brought some beneficial effects such that the people in the current era are recognized by their skills, abilities and talent and less concentration is being emphasized on their class status. While,…

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