Self-Incriminating And Individuals Should Have Essay

Length: 4 pages Sources: 5 Subject: Teaching Type: Essay Paper: #9212316 Related Topics: Standardized Testing, Gender Gap, Test, Racial Bias
Excerpt from Essay :

The problem lies in the fact that NCLB is often used in a punitive fashion, even against schools that are making an effort and showing improvement. Without some humanization and an appeals process, the use of standardized testing can be a blunt instrument in the hands of legislators.

Questions about the unfairness of other standardized measurements and assessments such as the SAT are also rife because of the negative impact they can and have had on students' lives. Theoretically, the SAT is supposed to give colleges information about how students will perform in college, and flag students from easier schools with high GPAs who still struggle with basic skills. But there are questions about the fairness and accuracy of the SAT, despite many recent revisions, including the introduction of an essay portion. Women and African-Americans and members of other minority groups continue to show stronger undergraduate performances than would be predicted by their SAT scores, compared with their white male counterparts (SAT race, gender gaps increase, 2003, Fair Test). New revisions to the test have not substantially improved this (Schaeffer & Mermell 2008).

The way that the SAT makers grade the test for reliability "predictably, consistently, and reliably yields questions that favor whites dramatically over other subgroups...the explanation comes from the way that designers of the SAT -- and of many other standardized tests -- define reliability. A reliable question that is intended to be difficult, for instance, is one on which those who score highest overall consistently do well, and on which those with low scores consistently do poorly...Therefore, the highest achievers among test takers set the standard, and questions on which they do well look more statistically reliable than those on which they do poorly, even though some minority students may score higher on those questions" (Young 2003).

Given such questions about the validity of the SAT, more and more colleges are allowing prospective students to opt out of the SAT, and provide a graded paper instead as proof of the rigor of their coursework in


Some students feel that using more qualitative means rather than quantitative means of assessing students decreases the chance of bias influencing the acceptance process, and that it allows more student control over the process of how he or she will be fairly assessed.

Even if the SAT becomes less important in the future and NCLB is reformed, it is unlikely that standardized assessment will ever completely end. However, benchmarks must be placed in a human context, and for students with alternative learning needs, standardized assessment may have less usefulness and value, given that these student's education often has a more idiosyncratic path. Regardless, at all levels where measurement plays a critical aspect of student placement, there must be a delicate balance between parental and student decision-making regarding the efficacy of such tests in painting a picture of their learning and the need to establish a benchmark or baseline of achievement

Works Cited

Moravcik, Meghan E. (2006, July 8). Horne sues education department. Arizona Republic.

Retrieved from Interversity on January 10, 2009 at

Multiple choice tests. (2009). Engineers for education. Retrieved on January 10, 2009 at

Problems with standardized tests Engineers for education. Retrieved on January 10, 2009 at

SAT race, gender gaps increase. (2003, October). Fair Test. Retrieved on January 10, 2009 at

Schaeffer, Bob. (2006, July 7). Feds threaten most states with NCLB funding loss. AP Wire.

Retrieved from Interversity on January 10, 2009 at

Schaeffer, Robert & Jesse Mermell. (2008, June 17) FairTest reacts to the "New" SAT validity studies. Fair Test. Retrieved on January 10, 2009 at

Young, Jeffrey R. (2003, October 10). "Researchers Charge Racial Bias on the SAT."

The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved on January 10, 2009 at

Testing ethics

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

Moravcik, Meghan E. (2006, July 8). Horne sues education department. Arizona Republic.

Retrieved from Interversity on January 10, 2009 at

Multiple choice tests. (2009). Engineers for education. Retrieved on January 10, 2009 at

Problems with standardized tests Engineers for education. Retrieved on January 10, 2009 at

Cite this Document:

"Self-Incriminating And Individuals Should Have" (2009, January 12) Retrieved September 16, 2021, from

"Self-Incriminating And Individuals Should Have" 12 January 2009. Web.16 September. 2021. <>

"Self-Incriminating And Individuals Should Have", 12 January 2009, Accessed.16 September. 2021,

Purpose of

The documents we provide are to be used as a sample, template, outline, guideline in helping you write your own paper, not to be used for academic credit. All users must abide by our "Student Honor Code" or you will be restricted access to our website.

Related Documents
Self Incrimination and Right to Counsel Approach
Words: 2485 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 41337910

The idea of remaining silent when faced with accusation has historical religious and legal roots. Moses teachings', transformed to written form by the ancient Talmudic law had a complete ban on self-incrimination. The self-incrimination law could not be changed because it was viewed to contravene the natural instinct for survival. The ancient common law rule also had it that confusions must be voluntary. When the right to remain silent was

Miranda Rights Should Be Available to Individuals
Words: 329 Length: 1 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 77627841

Miranda Rights Should Be Available to Individuals Detained by Private Security Most people are familiar with so-called "Miranda Rights" that are named after the 1968 Supreme Court decision in Miranda v. Arizona. Fewer people actually understand what those rights actually are or why they are important. Specifically, Miranda does not actually require police to "read rights" to suspects or prohibit them from questioning suspects and arrested persons. Instead, Miranda imposes a

Supreme Courts 1966 Miranda Ruling Legalities and Issues
Words: 1211 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 95108937

Miranda Ruling: Its Past, Present and Future In almost all cases, the Miranda ruling of 1966 applies to police interviews with criminal suspects, although other Supreme Court decisions extend some of the rights to legal counsel and prevention of self-incrimination to public and private employers. According to the Supreme Court, the Miranda Warnings must be given prior to questioning to all persons who have been arrested and are in police

Criminal Procedure Since John Was
Words: 945 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Business - Law Paper #: 36530894

4. Identify what issues the judge would take into consideration when setting bond for John Judges consider a number of factors as well as issue prior to setting bail. These factors include but they are not limited to the severity of the offense committed, John's ties to the community, his criminal record as well the probability of his absconding. The fact that John does not have any prior arrests could work

People Don't Heal the Exclusionary
Words: 1605 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Business - Law Paper #: 84332393

The Burger Court held that the prosecution simply needed to establish by a preponderance of the evidence that the evidence illegally obtained would have been lawfully and inevitably discovered. The Burger Court did not think that a police officer would act illegally on the 'off' chance that the evidence might be admissible under the inevitable discovery doctrine, and could not reasonably calculate if the evidence would inevitably be discovered

Defense Witness Immunity the Supreme
Words: 6352 Length: 22 Pages Topic: Business - Law Paper #: 41754631

Judge Broderick concluded that the Compulsory Process Clause of the Sixth Amendment does not give a defendant the right to require immunization of a witness, but that such a right is "probably" contained in the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment. Id. However, he declined to accord the defendants the benefit of this "probable" Fifth Amendment right to defense witness immunity for two reasons. First, he ruled that