Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases that continue to affect a huge population and generating devastating effects on the patients' quality of life. Actually, this condition is a major life-threatening and progressive disease characterized by numerous complications that result in lower levels of quality of life for patients as it develops. Given its prevalence and devastating health effects, self-management of this condition is emerging as an important intervention for improving patients' quality of life in light of disease progression. Actually, the disease generates significant demands in relation to devoting more time to its management as a measure of enhancing patient outcomes.
As a result of the importance of self-management in enhancing patients' quality of life, several studies have been carried out regarding self-management practices for effective management of the condition. Researchers have carried out different studies on this issue given that self-management practices tend to be complex since they entail controlling several risk factors that may result in disease progression and further complications. These studies have been conducted on the premise that patient self-management training and practices is crucial towards enhancing quality of life since patients with this condition provide most of their own care. This research will conduct...
The researcher has identified four recent peer-reviewed articles i.e. within the last three years that precisely explain the pathophysiology of diabetes self-management.
Kisokanth et al. (2013) conducted a study on factors affecting self-management practices or interventions of diabetes mellitus in which they stated that complications of this disease are physiologically harmful. These researchers argue that diabetes mellitus can generate lifelong complications that harm different body organs if left uncontrolled (Kisokanth et al., 2013). They argue that self-management of this condition is geared towards normalizing blood glucose content and lessen the probability of long-term complications. Kueh et al. (2015) seemingly concurs with Kisokanth et al. (2013) by stating that diabetes is a life-threatening and progressive condition that is characterized by several complications, which results in lower levels of quality of life for patients. Kueh et al. (2015) argue that self-management is vital in dealing with complications associated with diabetes because the disease demands more time to its management in order to normalize blood sugar levels (p.2). These researchers state that self-management is an essential part of daily life for patients with this condition because some personal lifestyle factors have proven to be beneficial in better health with regards to quality of life for patients with this disease. Penn et al. (2014) concur with Kueh et al. (2015) by stating that self-management practices by patients with long-term conditions like diabetes in addition to primary care interventions are regarded as crucial elements for managing and optimizing desired health outcomes (p.1).
Penn et al. (2014) provide a model of self-management of diabetes in which the need for refocusing on individual tailoring of support that is in line with expressed needs about managing actions is highlighted (p.8). These researchers provide the model because of existing evidence that such support should optimally be provided during different stages of a patient's condition instead of focusing attention largely around the diagnosis stage. In this model, social support networks may also be crucial factors because of the significance of sharing experiences in a…
Individuals are asked to work toward those goals and values they hold while experience their thoughts and positive feelings." (Gregg et al., 2007) ACT is stated to have "shown positive outcomes for a wide variety of conditions including for chronic medical conditions, even when presented in very brief form." (Gregg, et al., 2007) Gregg et al. additionally states: "Diabetes researchers have called for the development of interventions designed to
managing of heart failure is complex as it encompasses a treatment regimen that has to follow a lot of norms. One of the key elements in heart failure care is self-care behaviors that are essentially required to be learnt for patients through self-participation. According to Britz and Dunn, (2010), there are certain self-efficacy norms that need to be followed by heart failure patient rat include regimens like weighing themselves
Discharge Education to Promote Patient Self-Efficacy Care and concern for the patient's health and well-being after being discharged from the hospital or clinic does not end for healthcare providers. Particularly for chronically ill patients, post-discharge care is more critical to ensure that in the course of the patient's daily routine and activities, all medical requirements are adhered to and all medications needed are complied with. This is why more often than
Self-Help Group Observation The purpose of the group (diabetic group) is basically to educate patients on how to sustain a healthy lifestyle in case they are diabetic. The main aim for patient education is for individuals suffering from diabetes to enhance their knowledge, confidence and skills, allowing them to have increased control of their condition and incorporate effectual self-management into their day-to-day lives. High quality structured education could have an intense
Some patients feel helpless, hopeless, depressed, isolated from others, belittled, and do not know how to seek appropriate help from others (Rutter 2004). Socially supportive arrangements were addressed as the attributes of socially legitimate roles which provide for the meeting dependency needs without loss of esteem. Socially supportive environments were presented as pattern interpersonal relationships mediated through shared values and sentiments as well as facilitate the performance of social
Diabetes II Description of the Client Situation: This case examines Type II Diabetes in a 45-year-old black woman, an immigrant from Africa and a high school graduate, whose husband died a year ago. She is a restaurant manager and has a health insurance plan as one of the benefits offered by her employer. Her vision is slightly impaired but that does not concern her much, because with glasses her sight is almost