Make answer question completely. Your answers cohesive essays. 1. Discuss explain types social norms. What role dominant culture play establishing norms? 2. What role time place defining crime? How social norms related understanding crime? Give a crime U.S. today time considered a crime? What social contributed changing definition ? 3.
Discuss and explain the various types of social norms. What role does the dominant culture play in establishing norms?
A social norm in the first place refers to something that has been accepted by the society as part of their day-to-day thing/activity. It may be a belief, behavior, action or value that is appreciated by the people/community. A social norm usually varies between different age groups and social class (income bracket) within the society. There are four types of social norms. They include the folkway, custom, and fashion, more, law. All these norms have some element of evaluation of behavior and a specific response to behavior in them (Aarts, 2003).
Folkways are those expected behaviors, although deviating from them doesn't ensure punishment. Mores are a non-written informal social norm, which when a person does anything contradicting them, may attracts a harsher treatment by the group that instituted it. Customs and fashion are norms which are related to the community's values, as it includes components such as clothing type, food and drinks. Laws, on the other hand, are those norms written down and enforced by the custodians of the law. People avoid conforming to a certain norm as a way to avoid breaking the law, which has its consequences. The dominant culture leads to the rise and norming of these social norms because most people in the society will normally identify with what is common among them.
What is the role of time and place in defining crime? How are social norms related to our understanding of crime? Give one example of something that is not a crime in the U.S. today that was at one time considered a crime? What were the social changes that contributed to the changing of the definition in your example?
Time and the place of a crime has some connection to the type of crime and severity of the crime. A social norm is usually linked to a certain group of people or society and these people will most likely be situated at a specific area, whereas specific social norms have their time period after which they become obsolete or irrelevant to the people (Hipp, 2010). Therefore, with this information any crime, which has some, relation with a particular place and a given time may, give provide some clues which might be used to explain or identify the cause of a crime.
Social norms help us to understand crimes committed in our societies, because these a given social norm is associated with a given group of people and by so, with a specific social norm exhibited in a crime, makes it easy to narrow down on the culprits. When a specific crime has some links or elements of a social norm it brings out the time and place that event took place and to some extent their motives.
In the past, there were some types of revealing female clothing which were considered a taboo and a crime to wear especially, in public places and the church. But due to the changing social norms, people are currently accepting such clothes. These clothes have evolved also due to cultural diversity, people have borrowed fashion of other culture hence, giving rise to them in recent times.
Define the family. How has our definition of the family changed over time? Based on Daniel Cere's arguments (Human Rights and the Family), is the definition of the family driven by political needs or by the needs of individuals?
Family is defined as marriage comprising of a union between a man and a woman. This definition has over the years changed. It is a societal norm to raise children in a marriage with both the mother and the father, but due to the changing definition of a family, same sex marriage has overtly and directly contravened the rights and the norm in the society. This change has been fueled by increasing political pressures on the legislatures to draft laws accepting same-sex marriages by the human right campaign groups also by the rising number of homosexuals and heterosexuals who seek to have their unions officiated for them to receive any benefits that come with it (Maggie, 2004). The human rights lobby groups consider same sex marriage which has not been recognized as a violation of human rights. Definition of a family has been driven by the needs of individuals to be granted their rights to unite and start a family with a person from any sex.
According to Daniel Cere's argument, he opposes discrimination of partners on the basis of their sexual orientation. Civil partnership should be extended to both same sex and opposite-sex, as in the law protecting family member's right. The partner, whether in same-sex or opposite-sex is protected and entitled to the same benefits by the law of the land (Cere, 2004).
What is meant by "fragile families"? What is the biggest challenge that families face today when attempting to socialize their children to be upstanding citizens?
Fragile families refer to a family with both parents who are unmarried and have given rise to a child in their unmarried state. Due to their unmarried nature, the family has a higher likelihood of breaking up and further living in poverty which is a threat to the children's development (Frank Heiland, 2005). These children are primarily affected by the following as a result of being raised by single or cohabiting parents. They might be influenced by the parenting quality, parental resources, parental relationship quality, parental mental health, and father involvement.
One of the key challenges fragile families go through in their effort to bring up their children is their inability to cater for all the basic needs of the child. This implies their poverty nature. Most of the unmarried parents end up having their first child at a unusually young age and in a state where they are still less educated, and this makes them have a hard time supporting the child's needs. Most of these children require parental care, parental quality, parental relationship, parental mental health and more so father's hand since most of the time. his/her unmarried parents are out working longer hours to meet the minimum need of the child. The child, with time develops behavioral problems among others (Susan L. Brown, 2004).
Discuss the difference between Social Control Theories and Self-Control theories. Pick one of the theoretical approaches (either Social Control OR Self-Control) and discuss how the parents contribute to the socialization of children.
In Social Control Theories, law breaking tendencies in a society is attributed to weakness, lack of social bonds or the act of the socialization process that are essential for a person to be law abiding. This theory in general terms brings out the idea that a person is likely to commit a criminal act because of the weakness of the forces restraining them and not because of the influence driving them to commit the act (Perrone, 2004).
On the other hand, Self-Control theories, explains the difference among people in the likelihood of committing a wide variety of harmful acts to others people (Michael, 1981). In other words, this theory explains the tendency of an individual to avoid acts whose long-term costs/effects surpasses their momentary advantages. All these awful acts can be prevented when a person engages fully in the social research and socialization system in order to establish self-control and reduce his/her chances of engaging in awful antisocial behavior.
In social control theory, parents can contribute to a child's socialization so as…