For example, one Dearborn, Michigan student used his appearance as a way to politically protest the Iraq war when he wore an anti-Bush t-shirt. The school prohibited him from doing so, but he finally won the right to do so, after an appeal to the state's supreme court: "I wore the shirt to spark discussion among the students on an issue I cared deeply about....I haven't decided when I'll wear the shirt again, but now I have the confidence of knowing that I have the right to wear it" he said ("Judge Rules in Favor of Michigan Student's Right to Wear Anti-War T-Shirt to School," ACLU, 2003).
When public institutions require students to wear uniforms as a mandate of participation in a public educational community, what sort of image of a free society are we creating for a nation's young people? Uniforms are a Band-aid solution; rather the real concern should be addressing the problems of school violence and underachievement
When I embarked upon my research, I admit that as a student I was personally adverse to the idea of wearing a uniform, but I expected the research to support the 'pro' argument. However, I wear a uniform for work, and I know that when I enter the workforce I must wear a uniform, so I was not entirely unsympathetic to the 'con' side. What surprised me, however, was how little real statistical evidence existed to back up the idea that uniforms contributed to superior student performance. There was a great deal of emotional rhetoric supporting uniforms, but nothing to indicate if the use of uniforms actually generated a more academically-minded student body and facilitated progress. The arguments about school violence made sense, but there was no correlation between the use of uniforms and reduced rates of school violence, except in very small studies that did not control for economic variables.
Yes, parents may feel comforted knowing that their child or other students are not dressed like Britney Spears or feel that they have to buy the latest pair of Nikes. But it is ridiculous to think that students will be unaware of economic and social distinctions expressed in personal possessions like cars, personal grooming, and what they know of their fellow students outside of school -- or that they will be unaware of the presence of the opposite sex, merely because everyone is wearing uniforms.
Wearing uniforms seems to indicate a fundamental lack of respect for student expression and creativity. Yes, teachers and administrators must adhere to a dress code. But that is different than insisting on McDonald's-style sameness in student attire, and students cannot, when uniforms are mandated, use their clothing as a legitimate vehicle of self-expression -- or political self-expression, which is their right as future citizens of a democracy.
Applebome, Peter. "In Court: When Clothes Speak to More Than Fashion." The New
York Times. 23 Sept 2007. 15 Oct 2007. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/23/nyregion/23towns.html?_r=1&ref=education&oref=slogin
Bennett, Jill. "Clinton Urges Stricter Rules in Schools." The New York Times.
21 July 1998. 15 Oct 2007. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D00E3DE1E30F932A15754C0A96E958260&n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/People/C/Clinton,%20Bill
Brunsma, D.L. & Rockquemore, K.A. "Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance,
Behavior Problems, Substance Abuse, and Academic Achievement." The Journal of Education Research. 92.1. Sept. / Oct. 1998, pp. 53-62. 15 Oct 2007. http://www.geocities.com/school_uniforms/abstract98.html
Judge Rules in Favor of Michigan Student's Right to Wear Anti-War T-Shirt to School."
ACLU. 1 Oct 2003. 15 Oct 2007. http://www.aclu.org/freespeech/youth/11405prs20031001.html
Kelley, Melissa. "School Uniforms." About.com. 2006. 15 Oct 2007. http://712educators.about.com/cs/schoolviolence/a/uniforms.htm
Lewin, Tamar. "Dress for Success." The New York Times. 17 Sept. 2006. 15 Oct 2007. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D01E7DB1E3BF936A1575AC0A961958260
Weiss, Jennifer. "Do clothes make the student?" The New York Times. 17 Sept. 2006.
15 Oct 2007. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F03E2DC1231F934A2575AC0A9609C8B63&n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/Subjects/U/Uniforms
Zerinke, K. "Plaid's out." The New York Times. 13 Sept 2002. 15 Oct 2007. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0DE3DE1131F930A2575AC0A9649C8B63&n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/People/C/Clinton,%20Bill
In order to make better management of urbanization certain, governments can take on macroeconomic policies with the intention of alleviating the extent of urbanization to levels that can be controlled or to maintain people to keep on living in rural areas. A National Physical (Spatial) Development Plan could be set up as a principal means for dealing with the "national direction on distribution of population; utilization of land; development
Social problems affecting students and schools in the U.S. Caring and coaching are two methodologies that can be used by teachers in classrooms comprised of students with problems ranging from teen pregnancy to violence. Four other social problems, including drug use, alcohol use, suicide and delinquency, are among the top causes for student disengagement, and socioeconomic and race issues also contribute to the problems at hand. In order for a teacher to overcome
Sexual Orientation Discrimination Discrimination can be carried out in the work place through many different ways. Federal and state laws go on to prohibit employers from carrying out unfair practices like hiring or terminating on the basis of religion, race, sex, national origin, physical disability or origin. All these are factors about a person that can be used either in his favor or against him. Some states have also declared employment
Prejudice has become a significant social problem in the U.S., particularly since the 2016 election: it seems that America is divided into multiple camps, none of them willing to tolerate the other, each thinking it knows what the other is about and believing that the other is bad for society. Prejudice occurs in the form of racism, sexism, ageism, and other forms, as Forscher, Mitamura, Dix, Cox and Devine (2017)
Political or Social Problem Racism has been a major social problem in American history going back to the colonial period of the 17th and 18th Centuries, and by no means only in the former slave states of the South. In fact, the condition of blacks in the United States has always been a central social, political and economic problem that resulted in the nation's most destructive war in 1861-65 and
In addition to creating jobs, casinos on reservations provided the American Indian community with various social services and strengthened their social bonds (Momper 142; Cornell et al., 1998). While it is true that gambling addiction has increased among American Indian residents as a result of building casinos, in many instances improvements in standards of living took many of them out of poverty, decreasing the rate of behavioral problems and