Problem Solution Essays (Examples)

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Problem Solving Problem Representation and

Words: 305 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42337794

The text denotes that "the process of problem representation may seem automatic or trivial in some respects, but it is a critical component of successful problem solving. And the ways in which problems can be represented are as varied as problems themselves." (Robinson-Riegler & Robinson-Riegler, 449)

Indeed, there are considerable variables in how one may choose to interpret or be able to comprehend a particular problem. Where, for instance, great complexity and a wide range of variables may be present, an individual may acknowledge or dismiss any number of details in representing the problem. This representation will, in turn, critically effect the nature of the problem solution, which will arise out of that which the individual can rationally perceive as appropriate, feasible and desirable where solving the problem is concerned.

Works… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Robinson-Riegler, G. & Robinson-Riegler, B. (2008). Chapter 11. Cognitive Psychology: Applying the Science of the Mind, Pearson Education, Inc.
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Solution Focused Brief Therapy

Words: 2659 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78160557

Solution-Focused Therapy

The author of this paper is about to offer a brief literature review of what has come to be known as solution-focused therapy. Included in that literature review will be several specific topics or examples that are within the solution-focused therapy paradigm. These include the history of the theory, the use of language to help create a solution-focused therapeutic environment, the role of family history when it comes to solution-focused therapy, the shift from a problems focus to a solutions focus in a way that benefits the client, the development of a short vignette that is based on a family situation, global goals of the treatment method using the language of theory, interventions that should be used at each stage of treatment (those being beginning, middle and end) and a succinct summary of all of the above. There are certainly other methodologies that can be used when treating a patient in a therapeutic environment. However, the solutions-focused therapy method definitely has its proponents and it can be effectively used when harnessed by the right facilitator in the right way.

History & Summary of SFBT

Solution-focused therapy is also commonly known as solution-focused brief therapy. The two terms are…… [Read More]


Carr, S.M., Smith, I.C., & Simm, R. (2014). Solution-focused brief therapy from the perspective of clients with long-term physical health conditions. Psychology,

Health & Medicine, 19(4), 384-391. doi:10.1080/13548506.2013.824594

Cotton, J. (2010). Question Utilization in Solution-Focused Brief Therapy: A Recursive

Frame Analysis of Insoo Kim Berg's Solution Talk. Qualitative Report, 15(1), 18-
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Solutions to the Problems in Accounting and Finance

Words: 1852 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68228555

Accounting and Finance Solving Problems Solutions

P4-5: Microsoft Statements of Cash Flow 1999-2001

The Microsoft Corporation uses the indirect method to prepare the statement of the cash flow. The cash flow by operating activities is prepared by reconciling from the net income to the net cash. As being revealed in the Microsoft statement of cash flow, the net income, depreciation, amortization, account receivables and others are used to arrive at the net cash. In the cash flow statements, the depreciation and amortization are added to the net income based on its accrual basis.

The Microsoft added the unearned revenue to the net income because the company has already received money for the product and services not yet fulfilled. As a result, the company has the legal obligation to supply these good and services to the purchaser. In other words, the unearned revenue is an equivalent of the net revenue that the Microsoft will fully earn if the company has fulfilled its legal obligation to the purchaser. On the other hand, a recognition of unearned revenue is deducted from the net income because these goods have not yet been delivered. This revenue was recorded as liability because the Microsoft has not…… [Read More]

l. The gross profits represent the overall revenue derived from the total sales minus the cost of sales. Amazon made more sales in 1999 than 1998 because the net sale was $1,639,839,000 in 1999 compared to 1998 net sales, which was $609,819,000. The gross profits in 1999 was $290,645,000 compared to 1998 gross profit, which was $133,664,000.

m. Examples, of accrued expenses and other current liabilities include wages payable, monies that the company owe suppliers and interests payable for bank loans.

n. Total purchase of Amazon's inventory for 1999 are $220,646,000.
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Solution Identification

Words: 918 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45006940

Solution Identification

To identify a solution, one must understand the nature of the problems. In addition to what has already been identified, it is worth noting that failure to reach the original objectives is not just an execution problem, but a problem with the objectives themselves. A 20% increase in sales would in most mature businesses be considered phenomenal in nature. So the failure to reach an unrealistic goal is hardly a failure at all; it was inevitable. So a starting point is to set realistic objectives before worrying about why they were not reached.

That said, there is more that the company can do. Never turning over bosses is another solution. One of the identified issues is that there was a new boss who took months to figure out how to do their job. That's not exactly professional caliber. In that case, if there are no professional caliber employees available it might have served the company well to ensure that the old boss never left.

Continuous Process Improvement

Rummler (2010) notes that "quality is a never ending quest and continuous process improvement is a never ending effort to discover and eliminate the main causes of problems." There are several…… [Read More]


Clark, D. (2010). Excellence. Big Dog and Little Dog's Performance Juxtaposition. Retrieved February 21, 2014 from 

Rouda, R. & Kusy, M. (1995) Organizational development. Cal Tech. Retrieved February 21, 2014 from

Rouda, R. & Kusy, M. (1996). Managing change with large-scale, real-time interventions. Cal Tech . Retrieved February 21, 2014 from

Rummler, G. (2010). Continuous process improvement. Big Dog and Little Dog's Performance Juxtaposition. Retrieved February 21, 2014 from
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Solution Focused Brief Therapy Today

Words: 2292 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64226686

For example, Jones and Charlton note that it is possible to develop appropriate problem-solving techniques in the following four major areas:

1. Identifying the goal which is appropriate and achievable;

2. Identifying exceptions to the usual pattern of problems;

3. Measuring the student's progress towards achieving the goal; and,

4. Providing useful and positive feedback.

Finally, SFBT can be used either as a "stand-alone" counseling approach or in tandem with other techniques. For example, Linton (2005) emphasizes that SFBT ". . . can operate as a stand alone approach or in conjunction with traditional models of treatment. Solution-focused mental health counselors do not view SFBT and traditional models of treatment as incompatible. Collaborating with clients to create counseling goals, be they directed towards abstinence, self-help group attendance, changes in thinking errors, or some other goal of the client's choosing, selves to enhance motivation to change" (p. 298). Likewise, Jones and Charlton also note that, "Brief therapy has some features in common with cognitive therapy techniques such as problem-solving skills training. Future developments in this area may see combinations of such therapeutic inputs" (p. 74).

One of the fundamental limitations of SFBT, though, is a paucity of timely and relevant studies…… [Read More]


de Shazer, S. (1979, Summer). Brief therapy with families. American Journal of Family

Therapy, 7(2).

de Shazer, S. (1986). An indirect approach to brief therapy (Family Therapy Collections, Vol.

19, pp 48-55, Aspen Systems). Milwaukee, WI: Brief Family Therapy Center.
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Solution Focused Brief Therapy Sfbt

Words: 1994 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14165036

Thus, giving the patient a 'bird's eye view' of his/her life gives him/her a chance to reconsider past actions committed and change these to improve his/her relations with a partner or family member. As in family brief therapies, reconstructing a family's life according to each member's interpretation and reflection helps the therapist identify the family member who adopts a constructive or destructive view of the 'reconstructed family life.' Through SFBT, the therapist is able to create a therapeutic process that would be time-efficient and beneficial to patients.

Bitter and Nicoll (2004) elucidated effectively the effectiveness of brief therapy treatment for couples and families (64):

brief therapists seek to establish in their clients a renewed faith in self as well as optimism and hope for their immediate and long-term futures. It is caring, however, that guarantees the client support and a safe return in a future session, now matter how the real world enactment has gone.

From this passage, one realizes that brief therapy, while primarily patient-centered, is by principle also dependent on the existence of care and faith between patient and therapist. Without these humane qualities in SFBT, any form of therapy, be it long-term or short-term, would cease to…… [Read More]


Bury, D. (2000). "Constructivist paradigms in other therapies." Journal of Constructivist Psychology, Vol. 13, Issue 4.

Bitter, J. And W. Nicoll. (2000). "Adlerian brief therapy with individuals: process and practice." Journal of Individual Psychology, Vol. 56, Issue 1.

____. (2004). "Relational strategies: two approaches to Adlerian brief therapy." Journal of Individual Psychology, Vol. 60, Issue 1.

Disque, J.G. And J. Bitter. (2004). "Emotion, experience, and early recollections: exploring restorative reorientation processes in Adlerian therapy." Journal of Individual Psychology, Vol. 60, Issue 2.
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Solution Focused Therapy Characteristics the

Words: 705 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40019707

Proactive and reactive - the Solution-Focused parent begins with a plan then continually evaluates how the plan is working, allowing modifications to be made to maximize its effectiveness (CEUS, 2005, p.1). Bruce (1995) believes that implementation of active, diverse strategies and interventions, including role-playing, artwork, homework assignments, interpretations, visualizations, and reframing help children and adolescents achieve their goals.

Active rather than directive - the Solution-Focused perspective includes the belief that helping children make decisions for themselves is generally better than making decisions for them (CEUS, 2005, p.1). Bruce (1995) thinks that by establishing clear, concrete, measurable goals that serve to help the teacher and student evaluate their progress.

Empowering - A solution-Focused approach encourages the child to view him/herself as an agent of change rather than a powerless pawn in a dangerous world (CEUS, 2005, p.2).

Positive - Solution-Focused approaches allows a parent to realistically and consistently see the positive side of their child's behavior (CEUS, 2005, p.2).

Hopeful - the Solution-Focused parent believes that positive behavioral change can occur quickly and at times unpredictably (CEUS, 2005, p.2).

Perkins (1999) believes that there are seven components important to creating well-formed goals in Solution-focused therapy. The goal must be important to…… [Read More]


Bruce, M.A. (1995). Brief Counseling: An effective model for change. School Counselor, 42, 353-364.

CEU Station (2005). Solution Focused Parenting. Retrieved 09/20/05, at

Perkins, J.E. (1999). The Solution Frame: The Genius of Solution-Focused Therapy. The solution frame, pp.1-9. Retrieved 09/20/05, at

Schieffer, J.L., & Schieffer, D.J. (2000). Problem-Solving Skills: Solution-Focused Strategies for student Development. Problem solving, 1, pp.1-8. Retrieved 9/20/05, at
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Solution-Oriented Decisions Models What Are

Words: 335 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46155716

This encourages people to speak their minds, rather than to simply go with the procedural flow. Solution-oriented decision making can be very positive experience for people committed to their jobs, who wish to exhibit excellence and be treated as valued members of a team, and who want to get ahead by distinguishing themselves -- there is no room for people who merely want to punch a clock and work 9-5 at a solution-oriented organization.

A culture of creativity at a solution-oriented workplace creates a safe place for all employees to take risks and to float ideas that may potentially fail -- every successful idea requires brainstorming many failures. A solution-oriented workplace is also 'can do' in its attitude: there is no problem that is too difficult that it cannot be solved, provided enough people work at it for long enough, through mental effort, planning, and implementation.

Works… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ramsey, Robert. (2005). Lead, follow, or get out of the way. Corwin Press.
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Problem of Evil

Words: 2101 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98438845

Problem of Evil

Evil has always been with humanity. From the first man that walked upon the earth up to the present day, evil has been part of life. The purpose of this paper is to show that evil is everywhere, and that, while good is also in abundant supply, evil will never totally be removed from society. The two are part of an alignment of forces; they compliment each other, and therefore they both must exist (Steel, 1994).

In this paper I will argue that evil cannot be removed from the world and I will begin by presenting the strongest argument for this position, after which I will present the strongest argument against it. Weaker arguments both for and against the issue of evil remaining in the world will be discussed after the stronger arguments in their respective sections, and in order of significance. Both of these positions will then be summarized and compared briefly in the conclusion, after possible solutions and why they will not work for the benefit of society have been presented..

The Argument For Evil Remaining in the World

Evil must remain in the world because it is the opposing force to good. Without being…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Morrow, Lance. "Evil. (war in the Gulf, blood feuds in Northern Ireland and Sri Lanka, random street violence: is there less evil now than there was five centuries ago?)." Time. (1991).

Steel, Carlos. "Does evil have a cause? Augustine's perplexity and Thomas's answer." The Review of Metaphysics. (1994).

Sundberg, Walter. "The Conundrum of Evil." First Things: A Monthly Journal of Religion and Public Life. (2003).
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Solution to the Problems Affecting Leonard Cooper

Words: 522 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6154941

solution to the problems affecting Leonard Cooper Charter School LAN

Network collision that slows down the network and interferes with print jobs

The problem of network collision is noted by Rouse (2006) to be most common in half duplex Ethernet network. The collision observed at the Leonard Cooper Charter School LAN is most likely caused by the two or more devices (printers and competing workstations on the LAN most certainly) attempting to effectively transmit data at al most an exact same time (such as sending a print job).The Leonard Cooper Charter School LAN therefore detects the collisions of the two or more transmitted packets as then effectively discards them. It is important to note that collisions are perfectly normal occurrences on the Ethernet networks.


For the collisions to be avoided on the Leonard Cooper Charter School LAN, there is a need for the Ethernet to employ Carrier Sense Multiple Access / Collision Detect (CSMA/CD) as a technique of allowing the various devices on the network "taking turns" on the use of signal carrier line. Whenever any given network device wants to effectively transmit a signal, it would have to first check the signal level of the given line in…… [Read More]


Rouse, M (2006).Collision. Available online at
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Problem of Evil Is Evil

Words: 1082 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81608121

Once again, the theist can simply point out that human knowledge -- either our own, or in the collective sense -- is not only incomplete but not even necessarily close to complete. Furthermore, inference from incomplete evidence is dangerous; before Columbus, European philosophers would have felt themselves on firm "rational ground" to suppose that no edible starchy tuber existed, and yet the potato would have proved them wrong.

Attempts to prove the nonexistence of God through arguments from evil often founder on either the definition of "God" or the definition of "evil." However, while an imperfectly benevolent or even amoral God does not pose a logical problem for those who prefer to consider the divine as unmoved mover, first cause, or as some other morally neutral cosmological principle, such a God is obviously not the benign deity of modern religious orthodoxy. And while a "mystic" or other theodicial investigator may well find a way to transvaluate vast suffering into comprehensible perfection or even rejoice in its very incomprehensibility, the results still need to be communicated clearly and lucidly in order to be convincing. For the rest of us, the persistence of evil is still disturbing by definition.

In fact, mysticism…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hick, John. "The 'Vale of Soul-Making' Theodicy." The Problem of Evil: A Reader. Ed. Mark Joseph Larrimore. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2001. 355-61. Print

Hume, David. Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion and Other Writings. Ed. Dorothy Coleman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print.

Lactantius. "The Wrath of God." The Problem of Evil: A Reader. Ed. Mark Joseph Larrimore. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2001. 46-52. Print.

Larrimore, Mark Joseph. The Problem of Evil: A Reader. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2001. Print.
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Solution Focused Change

Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62283768

Solution focused coaching involves viewing people as unique, competent, and responsive to suggestions (Visser, 2012). This approach is a respectful change approach (Bodien, 2011) in that it acknowledges and works with the perspective of the client defined solutions that are unique to the client. The solution focused change approach is based on several assumptions (from Bodien, 2011):

Problem analysis and problem diagnosis are not needed to achieve positive change and to solve problems.

This assumption indicates that the focus in the solution focused change approach is on understanding what is desired by the client as opposed to defining and trying to ascertain what factors of the client's history contributed to their current situation or complaint. Thus, solution focused change approach is proactive and allows the client to get right to work as opposed to spending time ruminating on history, causes, etc.

Assumption 2. Vividly describing the desired future is the beginning of a positive change.

This assumption indicates how proactive solution focused change approach is. This model indicates that change does not begin by describing problems or history, but begins when people begin to envision what they want. This leads to a more positive attitude, more optimistic outlook, and movement…… [Read More]


Bodien, G.L.S. (2011). The solution focused mindset at work. Retrieved from

Visser, C.F. (2012). The solution-focused mindset: An empirical test of solution-focused assumptions. Retrieved from

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Solutions to the Present Value Problems

Words: 925 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99846328

Solutions to the Present Value Problems

The study uses the formula below to solve the problems.


Original Equation: FV = PV * (1+ i) n

Manipulation: Divide both sides by (1 +i) n

Final Equation: PV = FV / (1+ i) n or PV = FV * (1+i) -n


PV = Present Value

FV =Future Value

i= interest rates n = Number of years.

Using the formula presented above, the paper calculates the PV of the $10,000 bond with the 6% of annual coupon at the end of the five-year. Using the Excel Software 2007 for the calculation, the answers to the problems are as follows:

At 6% interest rates, the PV is as follows:

PV = $10,000 / (1 + 0.06)

PV= $7,472.58

Using the excel formula, the solution is as follows:

Excel Formula

=B1 / (1+B2)^





Interest Rates


Number of Years



b. At 8% interest rates

PV = $10,000 / (1 + 0.08)

PV = $6,805.83197

Using the Excel formula, the solution is as follows:

Excel Formula

=B1 / (1+B2)^5





Interest Rates


Number of Years


c. At 4% interest rates

PV = $10,000…… [Read More]

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Problem of Evil God Evil

Words: 2146 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54004106


Defenses against it may be equally inconclusive, but in their fertility they at least promise a solution some day.


Adams, Marilyn McCord. Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999.

Belliotti, Raymond a. Roman Philosophy and the Good Life. Plymouth: Lexington Books, 2009.

DeRose, Keith. "Plantinga, Presumption, Possibility, and the Problem of Evil," Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (1991), 497-512.

Draper, Paul. "Probabilistic Arguments from Evil," Religious Studies 28 (1992), 303-17.

Dueck, a.C. Between Jerusalem and Athens: Ethical Perspectives on Culture, Religion, and Psychotherapy. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1995.

Ferreira, M. Jamie. "Surrender and Paradox: Imagination in the Leap." In Kierkegaard Contra Contemporary Christendom, edited by Daniel W. Conway, 142-67. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Griffin, David Ray. God, Power, and Evil: A Process Theodicy. Louisville: Westminster Press, 2004.

Hick, John. "The 'Vale of Soul-Making' Theodicy." In the Problem of Evil: A Reader, edited by Mark Joseph Larrimore, 355-61. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2001.

Hume, David. Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion and Other Writings, edited by Dorothy Coleman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Lactantius, "The Wrath of God." In the Problem of Evil: A Reader, edited by Mark Joseph Larrimore, 46-52. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing,…… [Read More]

A.C. Dueck, Between Jerusalem and Athens: Ethical Perspectives on Culture, Religion, and Psychotherapy (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1995), 153.

M. Jamie Ferreira, "Surrender and Paradox: Imagination in the Leap," Kierkegaard Contra Contemporary Christendom, ed. Daniel W. Conway (New York: Routledge, 2002), 145.

Larrimore, xx.
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Identification Decision Making and Problem Solving in

Words: 977 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24838578


Decision making and problem solving in companies are probably the most important processes in any business. These processes ensure that companies run smoothly and effectively. There are a variety of decision-making and problem-solving processes that ensure the effectiveness of business processes. Often, these are chosen on the basis of their effectiveness in the particular business setting involved. The automotive industry, for example, would not function on the same decision-making process as a childcare business. Particularly, problem identification relate to various problem-solving styles, including the morphological approach, the Kepner-Tregoe approach, inventive problem solving, constraints thinking, the collective-participative style, and the fairness approach. These will be related to five types of businesses, including an automotive business, a restaurant, an electronics business, a DVD store, and a preschool,

The first important step in problem solving is problem identification (Reference for Business, 2010). All five businesses investigated have a problem identification process in place. There are two approaches that can be taken in this paradigm; before the fact and after the fact. Before-the-fact problem identification entails that deficiencies are discovered before they can create problems for the company and its operations. Changes are then made according to the findings of such an investigation.…… [Read More]


Jones, D, Padgett, M., Rose, C., and Weilacker, R. (2009, Aug. 3) Problem Formulation and Identification. Retrieved from:

Pashiardis, P. (1994). Problem and Dilemma Identification and Formulation as the Most Critical Element of the Decision-Making Process: Behavioral Biases and Characteristics. International Intervisitation Programme in Educational Administration. Retrieved from:

Reference for Business.. (2010). Problem-Solving Styles. Encyclopedia of Business, 2nd ed Retrieved from:
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Management Solutions for Electronic Waste

Words: 5441 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47148951

" (from World environmental news, Internet edition)

Besides developing flexible legislation that will distribute the functions of recycling between manufacturers and municipal services there has to be a definite and developed program that would specialize on the optimal and the most exhaust utilization of electronic waste, reduction of e-waste landfills and incineration. Recycling program should not be limited to the recycling of CRT monitors, as their owners are more likely to bring the whole obsolete computer system to the recycling, not just computer monitors.

The benefit of integral program of recycling is that it allows using a variety of materials used in the electronics manufacturing like precious metals, semi-precious metals, and some electronic items in the reuse.

The most important part of the e-waste management is search of the most appropriate and qualified partners in the technical or practical part of the problem solution. This problem is of the essential value, as the efficiency of e-waste management depends primary on the executives of the practical side more than on simple legislature. Legislature may pave the way to the problem solution but can not solve it all by ecological and environmental laws and bills. In order to involve partners and government…… [Read More]

reference: being reused repaired and modernized; being recycled and the most ecologically disadvantageous solution is simply being land filled. But the realization of these practices faces a lot of obstacles mainly of financial character. All of them are quite expensive and do not bring desired return.

That's why scientists and economists agree in the following: recycling of e-waste has to be the concern of electronics manufacturers. Loop industry is the most optimal solution to the problem as the manufacturer becomes responsible for the recycling of the products he makes. Introduction of such practices has the negative outcomes of course. Because technological process becomes more complicated and intensive, requires involvement of additional equipment and facilities on the hand with new labour the net value of the production increases and so the customers would have to pay more for electronics.

Another direction in the solution of e-waste problem is export of e-waste to the developing countries, where the process of recycling is cheaper and the possibility of e-waste to be reused, repaired and modernized is higher. Moreover some third world countries use unpopulated territories for e-waste. Anyways, this kind of solution is not appropriate again, because most of these practices somehow avoid law regulations of these countries and cannot have a mass character. It only creates additional problem which would have to be solved in close future.

As most of experts agree that recycling of e-waste has to be the problem of e-products manufacturers they have to develop different effective strategies and technologies for the most optimal solution of this problem: starting form transportation of e-waste from customer to the process of recycling. At this point global environmental community has to cooperate and share new practices and approaches in solving this problem. It refers both to technology and legislative regulation of the problem.

And in developing own strategy for e-waste management the officials of different countries have to work together and adopt practices of each other that are being effective. Countries of European Union had already made the first steps to the solution of this problem, making manufactures to be responsible for the waste caused by their products. The United Sates and Canada should start to introduce these practices as well, if they want to achieve ecological balance and safe coexistence of scientific and technological progress with health of humanity.
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Classic Airlines Marketing Solution In Addition to

Words: 2438 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31573138

Classic Airlines Marketing Solution:

In addition to being the fifth largest airline company across the globe, Classic Airlines has a fleet of over three hundred and fifty jets that operate in approximately 240 cities with over two thousand daily scheduled flights. Since its inception about twenty-five years ago, the airline company has grown into an organization that consists of 32,000 workers. In the year 2006, the company not only made sales worth $8.7 billion but also gained a profit $10 million as a result of the bumper sales. Regardless of these sales, Classic Airlines is not an exception to the challenges that existing airlines have encountered since 2007. Actually, despite making these abundant sales in 2006, the airline experienced a 10% decrease in its share prices because of the growing uncertainty about flying. This growing uncertainty did not only affect Classic Airlines but also affected the general stock prices of the airline industry. Moreover, the airline industry has also been operating under increased investigations because of the worried investment community.

Problem Definition and Identification:

Given that Classic Airlines is not immune to the challenges that has faced the current airline industry, the company has experienced several setbacks. These problems include…… [Read More]


Chase, J. (2009, October 13). Developing Problem Solutions for Organizations. Retrieved November 10, 2010, from

Le, T. (2007, January 30). Problem Solution: Classic Airlines. Retrieved November 10, 2010,


"Problem Solution Paper for Classic Airlines (2)." (n.d.). Retrieved November
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Counseling Therapy Theories Solution Focused Brief Therapy

Words: 1687 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97649973

Counseling Therapy Theories

Solution focused brief therapy (SFBT)

The solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) is a type of therapy that is used much in counseling and a lot of time referred to as talking therapy that is based on the social constructionist philosophy. This therapy focuses on the aim or goal of the customer rather than the problem that drove him to seek help. It does not focus on the past events but primarily pays attention to the future.

The SFBT at times referred to as solution-focused or solution-building therapy was initiated and developed by Steve Shazer (1940-2005) in collaboration with Insoo Kim Berg (1934-2007) and their colleagues from the late 1970's in Wisconsin. This therapy is future focused, focuses on the goals and the solutions rather than on the problem (Institute for Solution-Focused Therapy, 2011).

Here, it is the duty of the counselor to invite the client to try to imagine their preferred condition and future. This will enable the therapist to pick out the growth that the client may signal towards, be they small or large steps said by the client and build upon them to help move the client towards a positive thinking and perspective. The therapist…… [Read More]


Alan Car, (1998). Michael White's Narrative Theory, Contemporary Family Therapy. Human Sciences Press Inc.

Cynthia Good Mojab, (2006). Solution-Focused Brief Therapy. Retrieved September 6, 2011


Freedman, J. & Combs, G. (1996). Shifting paradigms: From systems to stories. In Freedman, J. & Combs, G., Narrative therapy: The social construction of preferred realities, chapter 1. New York: Norton.
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Sbt Solution-Focused Brief Therapy SFBT Radically Transforms

Words: 645 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59520436


Solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) radically transforms the therapeutic process and relationship. As the name suggests, solution-focused brief therapy is about "being brief and focusing on solutions, rather than on problems," ("About Solution-Focused Brief Therapy," n.d.). Instead of drawn-out and costly sessions with therapists, the client receives highly focused therapeutic intervals that do not delve into the past other than what is absolutely necessary. Only three to five sessions are generally warranted for solution-focused brief therapy (Iveson, 2002). The underlying principle of being solution-focused is that therapy should be proactive. The Solution-Focused Brief Therapy Association (n.d.) claims, "so much time and energy, as well as many resources, are spent on talking about problems, rather than thinking about what might help us to get to solutions that would bring on realistic, reasonable relief as quickly as possible." In fact, during the intake interview, the client might not even be asked about what the "problem" is, in order to keep the therapy focused exclusively on the "solution" or what is envisioned as positive outcomes (Iveson, 2002, p. 149). The purpose is to get the client to think immediately and critically about goals and how to achieve them. "All that clients need is…… [Read More]


"About Solution-Focused Brief Therapy," (n.d.). Solution-Focused Brief Therapy Association. Retrieved online: 

Iveson, C. (2002). Solution-focused brief therapy. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 8. 149-156.
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Drunk Driving Sources Scholarly it a Problem

Words: 1526 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54618269

Drunk driving Sources scholarly it a problem solution research paper ( argue / solution) Solution: Increase fines ( jail time / suspend licenses permanently) - educating teens Only ONE solution pick .

Driving nowadays has become a relatively common aspect of every day life. More and more people are inseparable from their cars, motorcycles or other private means of transportation. As the number of people using private vehicles increases, so does the number of serious accidents on the motorways. One of the reasons for these accidents is drunk driving which has become a serious concern not only for the authorities but also for the civil society. There are a lot of aspects that can be taken into account when discussing possible means through which the number of fatal casualties as well as injuries can be reduced. Given that the civil society and the population at large has an immense role in producing these accidents, one means through which action can be taken is a more sustainable education on the implications of drunk driving, starting from at the level of the high-school.

The issue of road accidents is serious not only through the distinct cases that point out the loss of…… [Read More]


DUI Foundation. Awareness Programs. 2008. Available at Connecticut DUI Laws & Connecticut DUI Attorneys. 2011. Available at 

Freeman, Donald. Drunk Driving Legislation and Traffic Fatalities: What Works and What Doesn't? 2010. Sam Houston State University. Available at

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Initiatives to Address Impaired Driving. 2003.
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Gis Arcview Map and Problem-Based Learning

Words: 5145 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78012711

Figure 2: "Information System for Geography" (GIS)

2. The Map View: A GIS consists of a set of intelligent maps and other views depicting features and feature relationships on the earth's surface. Students can use GIS to support their queries, make analyses, and edit information. With GIS, they can create maps of underlying geographic information and utilize the maps as "windows into the database," as noted by figures (3 & 4).

Figure 3 & 4: Intelligent Maps (GIS)

3. The Model View:

GIS is "a set of information transformation tools that derive new geographic datasets from existing datasets." (GIS) Students can use these geoprocessing functions to retrieve information from existing datasets. The GIS then applies analytic functions, and writes results into new derived datasets.

Figure 5: Example of a Derived Dataset (GIS)

When students combine data and apply some analytic rules, they can create a model that helps answer questions they pose. "In the example below, GPS and GIS were used to accurately model the expected location and distribution of debris for the Space Shuttle Columbia, which broke up upon re-entry over eastern Texas on February 1, 2003." (GIS)

Figure 6: Model of Expected Location and Distribution of Debris for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alibrandi, Marsha, and Herschel M. Sarnoff. "Using GIS to Answer the 'Why's' of 'Where' in Social Studies." Social Education 70.3 (2006): 138+. Questia. 20 Mar. 2008


Andrienko, Natalia, et al. "Testing the Usability of Interactive Maps in CommonGIS." Cartography and Geographic Information Science 29.4 (2002): 325+. Questia. 20 Mar. 2008

Environmental Program Takes Aim at Weeds: Townsend K-12 School District 1 / Montana." School Administrator Apr. 2007: 12. Questia. 20 Mar. 2008
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Problem Solving Systems Thinking Technology and Organizational

Words: 10189 Length: 37 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75128438

Problem Solving

Systems Thinking, Technology, and Organizational Change

Models of Problem Solving

Different Approaches to Problem Solving


Risk Assessment

Flow Charts

Mind Mapping

Identification of Complex Problem

Analyzing the Problem

Identification of a Range of Potential Solutions


Evaluation of Potential Solutions

Phase IV

Evaluating Progress

Implementation Process

Risk Assessment

Accelerating Change

Formative and Summative Evaluation

Values and Ethical Issues


Corporate Responsibility and Ethics

Thinking and Decision Making Strategies

Problem Solving Process

Complex Problem Solving

This section of the paper is focusing on the introduction of complex problem solving, which reflects the affiliation between the meanings of classical problem-solving and complex problem-solving. Complex problem solving tasks are situations involving dynamic environments because untimely actions decide the environment for subsequent decisions that are required to be made with the features of the task environment and it can be changed independently of the action of solvers (Funke, 2010; Chan, et al., 2012). On the other hand, time dependent is also a situation of complex problem solving because decisions are required to be made timely regarding the demands of the environment. The complex is the situation in the sense that most of the variables are irrelevant to each other in a…… [Read More]





what matters
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Solutions for the Alcohol Abuse Problem From

Words: 1091 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34552515

solutions for the alcohol abuse problem from economists' point-of-view. The second section of the paper addresses the situation of prescription drugs and how they can affect the demand and supply of other products and services. The paper continues with a section that explains the relationship between supply modification and elasticity of demand, and between demand modifications and elasticity of supply. There is also a section that discusses increasing-costs industries. Another section of the paper address the conditions required for competitive markets to be economically efficient.

There are several solutions that economists can offer when addressing the alcohol abuse problem. In this case, the problem is regarded as a negative externalities situation of the production and consumption of alcohol. The assumption in this case is that alcohol abuse is a negative externality because of its consequences, like drunk driving and the effects on consumers' health and on relationship with other individuals. The Coase theorem is one of the solutions that can be applied in this case. This means that the parties involved in the process and affected by alcohol abuse can negotiate compensatory benefits in accordance with their power of influence on decision makers and with the importance of consequences determined…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Adam, G. (2009). Economic Theory: Supply and Demand. Retrieved January 31, 2012 from .

2. Perfect Competition (2011). Investopedia. Retrieved February 1, 2012 from

3. Hall, R. & Lierberman, M. (2007). Economics: Principles and Applications. Cengage Learning. Retrieved February 1, 2012 from
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Problem-Solving Model in Suggesting Ways Towards Solving

Words: 2110 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78499688

problem-solving model in suggesting ways towards solving marketing problem of Classic Airline. It takes into account the internal and external pressures that contribute to the current crisis at Classic Airline, the current objective of implementing strategic marketing plan of solving solution. In addition, potential issues in implementation potential issues are as well considered in insuring impact of the plan. The analysis also touches on the fact that implementation of improved Customer Relationship Management (CRM) improves the profitability of the organization.

Classic Airlines is the fifth largest airline in the world with a command of up to above 375 jets that are serving cities with flights of over 2,300 daily. Since its inception, from 25 years ago, it has changed to become an organization having about 32,000 employees and even recently it managed to earn $10 million on sale of $8.7 billion in sales. Classic is among the airlines that faces challenges.

Ability of Classic to compete for the valued frequent flier has been limited by rising costs majorly on labor and fuel. Nevertheless, the travel downturn that followed September 11, 2001 subsided but Classic with his rivals expanded too fast after overestimating the reversal. Thereafter, the companies now encounter a…… [Read More]


Bull, C. (2003). Strategic issues in customer relationship management (CRM)implementation. Busiess Process Management Journal, 9 (5), 592-602,

Hill.Patrissans, A. (2000). Customer Realtionship Management and the Challenge of Internet. Toronto: Cap Gemini Ernst and Young.

Newell, F. (2000). Customer Relationship Management in the New Eraof Internet Marketing (1st Edition ed.). New York, NY: McGraw.

Philip Kotler, K.L. (2006). Marketing Management (12th Edition ed.). Upper SaddleRiver, New Jersey, United States: Pearson Prentice Hall.
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Problem Solving in Mathematics GCSE or the

Words: 3517 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25602444

Problem Solving in Mathematics

GCSE or the General Certificate of Secondary Education is basically a system that is present in England, Northern Ireland and in Wales. In this system, a student is awarded an academic qualification based on the grades that they attain. The qualification that a person attains is equivalent to either a level 2 or Level 1 key skills qualification. Normally, a student can uptake as many subjects as he or she wants. However, different systems set a requirement for how many subjects or GCSEs a student must take. There is present an international system of IGCSE as well and these subjects can be up taken anywhere in the world. This was just a precise history of what exactly the GCSE system is all about. Interestingly enough, the GCSE system was not the first one of its kind. Prior to this, GCE and the English Baccalaureate System were also present.

The GCSE system as complicated as it is would defiantly require some sort of revision plan in all subjects. There is a revision plan designed which is specifically targeted to developing mathematical problem solving skills. Problem solving is an essential component of any subject and all the students…… [Read More]


Anderson, J. (2009) Mathematics Curriculum Development and the Role of Problem Solving. [E-Book] The University Of Sydney. Available Through: ACSA Conference 2009  Http://Www.Acsa.Edu.Au/Pages/Images/Judy%20Anderson%20-%20Mathematics%20Curriculum%20Development.Pdf  [Accessed: 11th February 2013].

Bloom, B. (1971) Handbook Of Formative And Summative Evaluation Of Student Learning. New York: Mcgraw-Hill.

Boaler, J. (2002). Experiencing School Mathematics: Traditional And Reform Approaches To Teaching And Their Impact On Student Learning. Mahwah, N.J., L. Erlbaum.

Davies, I. (1975) Writing General Objectives And Writing Specific Objectives. In: Golby, M. Et Al. Eds. (1975) In Curriculum Design . 1st Ed. Open University Books .
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Problem of Temporary Intrinsic

Words: 1887 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47413605


The Problem of Temporary Intrinsics:

Perundantists and Endurantists

The objective of this study is to examine and explain the problem of temporary intrinsics and the Perdurantist solution to it. This study will answer whether the conflict between a thing being bent simpliciter and the thing only being able to be bent at a time itself is a reason to reject Endurantism in favor of Perdurantism and how if at all, might Perdurantism itself be at odds with the idea that persisting objects are bent simpliciter.

It is the belief of some philosophers that the individual takes up time since they are held to have "different temporal parts at different times." (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2010, p.1) The spatial parts would be represented by the feet, nose, and head while temporal part of the individual would be the person as they were yesterday, the person as they are today and the person as they are tomorrow. Possessing different temporal parts would result in the individual existing at different times and how they possess different properties at different times. From this view, the persistence of the individual is likened to "extending through space, it's all a matter of parts." (Stanford Encyclopedia…… [Read More]


Brower, JE (nd) Aristotelian Endurantism: A New Solution to the Problem of Temporary Intrinsics. Retrieved from:

Craig, WL (2000) The Tenseless Theory of Time: A Critical Examination. Analysis. Vol. 294. Retrieved from:

Haslanger, S. (1989) Endurance and Temporary Intrinsics. Analysis 49/3. 119-25. Metaphysics: An Anthology. 2ed. Blackwell Publishing. 2012.

Lewis, D. (1986) On the Plurality of World. Chapter 4 John Wiley & Sons. Metaphysics: An Anthology. 2ed (ed) Jaegwon, Kim; Daniel Z. Korman; and Ernest Sosa. Blackwell Publishing. 2012.
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Solution to Teenage Pregnancy The

Words: 836 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81037224

The teen pregnancy classes will consist of learning about contraceptives, learning about abstinence and learning about the cost of having and raising a child. In addition, each participant will be paired with a teen mother or teen father volunteer to shadow for 48 hours. This will serve as real life experience about being a teen parent, before actually becoming one. The teen parent volunteers will be provided free activities in exchange for their participation in the program.

Members of the community will be recruited to volunteer as advocates and mentors to the teens who belong to the center. The teens will be encouraged to shadow the adults on their jobs and in their lives to see alternatives to becoming teenage parents and to encourage them to have goals and ambitions other than sex.

The center will provide a nurse practitioner once a week to handle check ups and birth control needs. In addition the center will provide condoms for free. The center will also set up a 24-hour hotline for teens to call with any problem they have so that they do not feel they have no one to talk to or turn to other than a romantic partner.

The…… [Read More]


What teens want adults to know about teen pregnancy.

Nation's Cities Weekly; 8/4/2003; Albert, Bill

Teen Pregnancy 2001-Still No Easy Answers.

Pediatric Nursing; 9/1/2001; Koshar, Jeanette H.
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Solution to the Gay Marriage

Words: 1398 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16530867

In fact, the language specifically includes all people in an effort to create a place where all people are free. A law that infringes upon the rights of a citizen to be free is a law that must be changed.

The second part of the 14th amendment upon which the ban on gay marriage infringes is the right to property. Married couples share a great number of benefits not available to persons without a certificate of marriage. One of these benefits falls under the heading of Estate Planning. A married person inherits a portion of the spouse's estate after the spouse dies. A married person also receives an exemption from estate and gift taxes if property is given or left to the spouse. Gay couples are not allowed to receive these benefits in most states, because they are not allowed to be married in most states (NOLO).

Another property benefit gay couples cannot receive is the family benefit. Under the family benefit is the right to receiving equitable division of property should a divorce take place. As it stands, gay couples that break up are not afforded this protection since they are not recognized as married couples (NOLO).

The third…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Mathabane, Gail. "Gays face same battle interracial couple fought." USA Today. 25 Jan.

2004. Web. 17 Mar. 2010.

Olson, Theodore B. "The Conservative Case for Gay Marriage." Newsweek. 18 Jan.

2010: 68 -- 70. Print.
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Solution to Problems Associated With Teaching to

Words: 719 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49245020

Solution to Problems Associated With Teaching to Test Learning Approach

Teaching to the test which is an educational practice in which the curriculum is focused heavily on preparing the students for standardized testing has several weaknesses. In this section, we present a curriculum-based solution to these problems. It is therefore important that all teachers be aware of the dangers associated with teaching to the test while embracing constructive test preparation approaches that in the end promote an authentic student learning experience.

Mehrens and Kaminski (1989) noted that both the preservice classrooms as well as inservice workshop should eclearly outline the unethical test preparation approaches and activities for the practicing and aspiring teachers. The teachers should be given training in the context of curriculum -- teaching that requires them to effectively direct their instructions towards a very specific set of cognitive skills and content knowledge that is represented by a certain or given test as noted by Popham (2001). The teachers therefore need to clearly discuss the test-represented content as opposed to the test items themselves at all times when they are preparing their students to face the challenges of the tests. While armed with the appropriate content knowledge as well…… [Read More]


Jones, K. (2004). A balanced school accountability model: An alternative to high-stakes testing. Phi Delta Kappan, 85(8), 584-590.

Mehrens, W.A., & Kaminski, J. (1989). Methods for improving standardized test scores: Fruitful, fruitless, or fraudulent? Educational Measurement: Issues and Practices, 8(1), 14-22.

Popham, W.J. (2001). Teaching to the test. Educational Leadership, 58(6), 16-20.

Sampson, M.B., Rasinski, T.V., & Sampson, M. (2003). Total Literacy (3rd ed.). Canada: Wadsworth.
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Solutions to Marriage Debate the Marriage Debate

Words: 856 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1429759

Solutions to Marriage Debate

The marriage debate is a polarizing debate regarding, most people assume, whether gay individuals should have the right to marriage or not. On the homosexual side, it is important to be afforded the same rights as married couples both because they wish to enjoy the same benefits accorded those who are married and because the status of married carries with it different connotations. The opposite opinion is marked by individuals who do not want homosexual couples to use the term "married" because it is a union endorsed in the Bible and would be sullied if people that these individuals believe are in active sin were able to claim that they were married. It is a difficult questions and one that has been debated in public places, the media and by politicians. This paper looks at two journal articles with contrasting views that may not offer a solution to the problem, but they do seek to add to the research that has already been done.

Brumbaugh, Sanchez, Nock and Wright evaluated the attitudes individuals in states that were either going to have the marital law change or had a question regarding the practice on the ballot. The…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brumbaugh, Stacey M, Laura A. Sanchez, Steven L. Nock, and James D. Wright. "Attitudes Toward Gay Marriage in States Undergoing Marriage Law Transformation." Journal of Marriage & Family 70 (2008): 345-359. Print.

Polikoff, Nancy D. "Law that Values all Families: Beyond (Straight and Gay) Marriage." Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers 22 (2009): 85-104. Print.
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Solutions Issues Raised Case Perspective Global Chain

Words: 822 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73571790

solutions issues raised case perspective global chain strategies located e-Text, Global Operations Logistics: Text Cases: • Case

ISOL case study

The ISLO + Group is an international organization focused on the creation of insulation products, serving customers in numerous industries and markets. The company operates facilities in Spain, France and Italy, with the highest sales volumes being registered in France, and the lowest in Italy.

Currently, the company is looking to increase the volumes of its production in an effort to further enhance its financial results. In this order of ideas, the developments to be engaged in by the firm throughout the duration of the following year (1994 as according to the case) are focused on an increase in the sales volumes, coupled with an increase in the quality of the services delivered by the firm, with the purpose of increasing customer satisfaction and also boosting sales.

Identification of issues raised

As it has been mentioned before, the ISOL + Group seeks to increase its revenues by stimulating sales and boosting the quality of the customer service. In both endeavors nevertheless, the company encounters specific issues, which are hereby named. In the case if sales increases, this objective would be…… [Read More]


Case 8 -- 3: ISOL, in the Global Operations Chapter 8.
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Problem Solving Schemas

Words: 922 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35273546

schemas in Problem Solving

Schemas refer to the certain interpretation-pattern in our minds, which help us decipher and decode information. When new information is received, our mind automatically interprets it according to certain schemas and that makes it easier to understand the new bits of information. Without these schemas, it would become difficult to synthesize new information and thus we would need completely new schemas first to decipher information. Previously embedded schemas are helpful in synthesis of information or knowledge and this process helps in almost every field from learning mathematical concepts to solving problems at work. Problem solving requires certain specific skills like critical thinking, ability to develop creative solutions etc. But above everything else, it is extremely important to first understand and define the problem.

In every organization and almost in every field, we come across problems almost regularly and are required to develop creative and effective solutions. However this is impossible if we have been unable to understand and define the problem first. Problem definition means that we should be able to put the problem in correct perspective in order to be able to apply set right of tools to it for development of effective solution. For…… [Read More]


Driscoll, M. (1994) Psychology of Learning for Instruction Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Price, E. & Driscoll, M. (1997) "An Inquiry into the Spontaneous Transfer of Problem-Solving Skill." Contemporary Educational Psychology 22, 472-494

Kahney, Hank, (1993) Problem solving: current issues- 2. ed. Buckingham; Philadelphia; Open University Press
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Problems Case

Words: 1170 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73948088

Managing Operations Across the Supply Chain

Question (a) moving average demand predictions

The predictions in each quarter based on moving average calculations are as follows:

Y2Q1 = 1/N (y1q1 + y1q2 + y1q3 + y1q4)

where Y2Q1 represents forecasts for year 2 quarter 1 and y1q1 .. ynqn are actual demands for year n quarter n and N. represents the number of quarters used to calculate the average.

This nomenclature is used throughout the calculation where YnQn represents Year n Quarter n.

Y2Q1 = 1/4(18+19+18+17) = 18 kayak paddles

Y2Q2 = 1/4(19+18+17+18) = 18.25

Y2Q3 = 1/4(18+17+19+21) = 18.75

Y2Q4 = 1/4(17+19+21+18) = 18.75

Y3Q1 = 1/4(19+21+18+19) = 19.25

Y3Q2 = 1/4 (21+18+ 19+20) = 19.5

Y3Q3 = 1/4 (18+19+20+24) = 20.25

Y3Q4 = 1/4(19+20+24+28) = 22.75


Y4Q1 = 1/4 (20+24+28+32) = 26

Y4Q2 = 1/4 (24+28+32+30) = 28.5

Y4Q3 = 1/4 (28+32+30+31) = 30.25

Y4Q4 = 1/4 (32+30+31+34) = 24.25


Y5Q1 = 1/4 (30+31+34+40) = 33.75

Y5Q2 = 1/4 (31+34+40+42) = 36.75

Y5Q3 = 1/4 (34+40+42+38) = 38.5

Y5Q4 = 1/4 (40+42+38+59) = 44.75

Year 6

Y6Q1 = 1/4 (42+38+59+58) = 49.25

Y6Q2 = 1/4 (38+59+58+60) = 53.75

Y6Q3 = 1/4 (59+58+60+61) = 59.5

Y6Q4 = 1/4…… [Read More]


Kerin, R., Hartley, S., Rudelius, W., Clements, C., & Skolnick, H. (2009). The Core. New York: McGraw-Hill.
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Problem Solving and Decision-Making Negotiation

Words: 3378 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75383089


Assessing a Decision Based on Edward de Bono's Six Thinking Hats Technique

In the book Six Thinking Hats Edward de Bono describes the process of parallel thinking. This process means looking at problems from all angles at once. Edward de Bono uses the example of four people all looking at the same house. One person is looking at the front. Another is looking at the back. The other is looking at the left side. The final person is looking at the right side. These people are all arguing about what the house looks like, while each has a different view of the house. The fact is that what everyone is seeing is part of what the house looks like. But as long as they are all only seeing one side, they will never agree. They will also never really understand what the entire house looks like. The four people then walk around the house and view all sides. Finally, they all agree on what the house looks like. Now that they have seen the house from all angles, they also have a view of the house that is closer to what it is really like. The same process applies…… [Read More]


Daft, R.L. (1997). Management. Fort Worth, TX: Dryden Press.

de Bono, E. (1999). Six Thinking Hats. New York: Back Bay Books.

Furnham, A. (1993). "Reaping the Benefits of Teamwork." Financial Times 19 May 1993: 12-14.

Herriot, P., & Pemberton, C. (1995). Competitive Advantage through Diversity. London: Sage.
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Solutions to the Problems of Rising Costs of Books

Words: 4301 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41378081

Alternative Solutions to the Rising Costs of Books

The concept books comes into an existence because of the needs to store information and pass the same information to the next generation. Books have been used for several centuries dated back to the time of bronze age. However, books have passed through revolutionary changes starting from when people write on clay to the time when books have been converted into an electronic format. Earlier books were meant to keep observations and records. Several years afterwards, books have found their places in academics, literatures, politics, and poetry. Over the years, books have witnessed changes of being imprinted from clay to paper. However, rapid development of information technology has transformed books from paper to paperless format and delivered to users in an electronic form generally referred as e-books. E-books refers to the transfer of books into an electronic format where readers are able to access the books' contents through electronic devices such as computer system, iPad, Cellular or Tablets. Typically, e-books have become immensely popular among casual readers and students and many journals and articles are currently being published using the electronic format.

Effective reading of quality books has been the primary factors…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Besen, S.M. & Kirby, S.N. E-Books and Libraries: Economic Perspectives. American Library Association .2012.

Glenn, A.B. .Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method, Qualitative Research Journal, 9 ( 2):27 -- 40.2009.

Gray, D.J. & Copeland, A.J. E-Book vs. Print A Per-Title Cost and Use Comparison of a Public Library's Popular Titles. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 51( 4):334 -- 39.2012.

Hermida, J. The Importance of Teaching Academic Reading Skills in First-Year University Courses. The International Journal of Research and Review.3:20-30. 2009.
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Problems Fostering Unemployment in America

Words: 1707 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49153562

Unemployment in America

Policy makers in the United States continuously seek the silver bullet(s) -- plural solutions because there is clear recognition that the issue is multifaceted -- that will achieve healthy levels of employment in the nation. Certainly there some paths to increasing employment in the country are less expensive than others, and proposed solutions range across a wide array of complexity and practicality. Invariably, today, education becomes a focal point for discussions and debates about how to increase employment in any nation. This is due largely to the potential promise that solutions based in education can act as levers that are sufficiently effective to induce change.

Thesis Statement

Solutions to unemployment must be developed through the perfection of the alignment between the education young American receive -- in both secondary (high school) and post-secondary (college / university) educational systems -- and the actual labor market.

In his article in The New York Times, Thomas Friedman argues that educational standards should be higher and that students, parents, and educators need to put more effort into meeting those standards. Friedman argues that there are three fundamental pillars of unemployment in the United States today: (1) Global competition for higher-paying skilled…… [Read More]


Friedman, T.L. (2010, November 23). U.S.G. And P.T.A. The Opinion Pages. The New York Times. Retrieved

Hacker, A. (2012, February 28). Is Algebra Necessary? The Sunday Review. The New York Times. Retrieved
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Problem Solving

Words: 746 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53761451

Obesity and Fast Food

Obesity in America is one of the fastest-growing health concerns facing the nation. Many people blame the fast food industry, along with American's frenzied lifestyles, as major contributors to obesity in the country. When fast food was first introduced in the 1950s, the concept was appealing for a number of reasons. The food was quickly prepared, it was tasty, and it was cheap. These attributes still apply to fast food in the country, but there is a major difference between the 1950s and today. Then, fast food was seen as a "treat," or even a night outing with the family. Today, fast food is an everyday occurrence for most families, and some people even eat most of their meals in fast food restaurants. In fact, fast food often permeates every facet of American's lives, from school cafeterias to office snacks and lunches grabbed on the run. One researcher notes, "Fast food consumption has risen 500% since 1970 and today pervades nearly every segment of society, including some public school cafeterias" (Manning). Occasional fast food is not a great detriment to the body, but fast food every day can pack on the pounds, as the nation is…… [Read More]


Manning, Cyril. "Clear Link Between Fast Food, Obesity." Harvard University. 2004. 18 May 2004.
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Problem in Society

Words: 941 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43570695

contrary, indications of a definite gender pay gap seem to persist. Wanzenreids (2008), for instance, conducted a large-scale study of 108,628 observations on 26,047 executives and 2,598 firms, between the years 1992 to 2003, and showed that women are working for smaller, less profitable firms than men and that female executives earn 14% less than their male colleagues. More so, the gender pay gap is higher towards the upper end of the pay distribution. As recently as 2002, women who worked more than thirty-five hours per week for fifty-two weeks per year earned only 78% as much as men (Giddens, Duneir, & Applebaum, 2003).

Most sociologists (e.g. Alksnis, Desmarais, & Curtis, 2008) seem to think that sexism is the determining factor for the differnce in gender wage, but it may just be that other, less innocuous, reasons may explain the disparity.

These include (1) self-selection by women into female-dominated industries, which pay less (2) self-selection by women out of the workforce periodically (e.g., to raise children), which fragments their work history and thereby reduces their income potential and (3) men's internalized status beliefs that makes them more likely to feel worthy of higher pay. Men, more assertive than women, are…… [Read More]


Alksnis, C., Desmarais, S., & Curtis, J. (2008), Workforce segregation and the gender wage gap, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 38, 1416-1441.

Giddens, A., Duneir, M. & Applebaum, R. (2003) Introduction to Sociology, London: Norton & Co.

Wanzenreid, G. (2004). How feminine is corporate America? J. Econ. Inequal, 6, 185-209.
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Problem-Solving Behavior From Three Different

Words: 1031 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33024238

This concept says that the low zone represents what the child already knows and can handle alone, and the high zone represents what the child needs mentoring for. With help, Sara could very well pick a gift appropriate to her mother's interest and taste. Because Jane at 10 has a broader experience of the world and more experience with her mother's likes and dislikes, her zone of proximal or potential development will be much larger, however she might very well take advantage of the more complete knowledge of people around her and try to buy or possibly make something really special.

Siegler: Information Processing Theories

Information processing theories have much the same foundations as constructivist or socialcultural theory but seem to focus more on exactly how attention and memory work and grow and change in the child. Attention improves a lot in early childhood although with the younger child, focus can get stuck on the most noticeable feature of an issue, the term is salient, rather than the most important aspects. An example used was that the young child may be more likely to notice a brightly colored clown in a message, than the message itself. A fairly simple measure…… [Read More]

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Solution to Unemployment in USA Lynn MA as a Case Study

Words: 1061 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46665355

Unemployment Lynn MA Case Proposal

In the U.S. unemployment has hit record highs. Unemployment of large segments of the working population, with rates as high as 9.5% in the general working population and 18% among young people affect everyone as these individuals are stagnating and struggling to provide for themselves and their families. (Fried, Revell, Rosato, Yahalom, Poppick, & Swiatek 76) The current recession has created consumer restraint as more and more people face and fear unemployment as well as concerns about financial security in general. This has resulted in U.S. unemployment rates based on both lower demand for products and services and corporate hiring conservation. ("Economic Policy" 15-16) In the state of Massachusetts the unemployment rate remains slightly lower than the national average at 7.3% as of October 2011, yet the problem is still one in need of address, and the unemployment rate in the Boston area including Lynn Massachusetts area is 7.7%. (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics) If the issue of job growth is not addressed rapidly, and especially among the young the economy will continue to falter on large scale as individuals fearful of their employment status will continue to spend less and business will therefore invest…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anderson, Eric. "Avoiding a fall in 2012." Times Union (Albany, NY) 27 Nov. 2011:B2.

"Economic Policy." Country Report. United States 5 (2011): 15-16.

Foroohar, Rana. "The Truth About The Poverty Crisis." Time 178.12 (2011): 24.

Fried, Carla, Revell, Janice, Rosato, Donna, Yahalom, Tali, Poppick, Susie, & Swiatek, Greg. "Jobs." Money, 40.11, (2011):76.
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Problems With the PhD

Words: 518 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93407140

Dr. Dole Queue

It might seem that having too much education, like being too rich or too thin, is impossible to achieve. However, according to Adrian Wooldridge's article "Doctor Dole Queue," that is precisely what is happening to a generation of PhD students. After a certain point, there is a diminishing level of returns for the student in regards to getting degree after degree. And certain degrees, such as a PhD in English literature, can actually make the job-seeker less employable, given the lack of utility of the degree in fields outside of academia and the opportunity cost of time and money to get a PhD. Wooldridge primarily uses facts and statistics to illustrate his point, underlining the discrepancy that exists between the claim that 'more education is good' versus the reality that exists for most students in the real world.

In the first paragraph of his essay, Wooldridge states that he believes that a generation of people with PhDs is being created with massive student loans and poor employment prospects. Wooldridge counters the argument that 'more education is better' by taking it to its logical, absurd conclusion through the use of examples and illustrations: he states eventually PhDs will…… [Read More]


Wooldridge, A. (2011). Doctor Dole Queue. More Intelligent Life. Retrieved from:
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Solution Focused Therapy Model and Mft

Words: 1357 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39792824

Marriage Family Therapy

My main clients are single-parent African-American women from low socio-economic backgrounds. They present themselves for therapy as a result of overwhelming feelings of stress, depression, and/or medical conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, etc. Some clients use non-prescription drugs such as marijuana. My primary therapy model is solution focused therapy and my secondary MFT models are general systems theory and post-modernism. My goal in using solution focused therapy is to collaborate with clients in identifying goals that they could set for themselves to achieve a higher quality of life for themselves. My secondary goals, using my secondary models, is to draw out the subjective experience of my clients so that it can analyzed from an objective standpoint by identifying patterns in the behavior and thinking that they demonstrate in response to questions that I ask.

For example, in order to understand what goals might be appropriate for a client A, I like to guide the client towards a goal by taking the "miracle question" approach: I ask, "Suppose that while you slept, your problem that brought you here was solved, and you woke up not knowing how it was solved but that it was -- what…… [Read More]


Berg, I.K. & Dolan, Y. (2001). Tales of solution: A collection of hope inspiring stories. New York: W.W. Norton.

Bertalanffy, L. (1968). General System Theory: Foundations, Developments,

Applications. New York: Braziller.

De Jong, P., & Berg, I.K.(2007). Interviewing for solutions (3rd Edition). Brooks/Cole:
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Solutions to Dealing With Alcohol Abuse

Words: 1718 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69871526

Alcohol Abuse

This topic will be alcohol abuse. The dimensions that will be covered are, in order, a brief history, current trends or issues, societal concerns or issues related to the topic, the significance or relevance of the topic to the counseling profession and any future implications that exist when it comes to the subject. While alcohol is usually legal and illicit/prescription drugs are very much dominating the discussion about drug abuse today, alcohol has been and remains a major concern and deserves its own focus, interventions and sociological discussion.

Alcohol has been around for a very long time and it has created its share of questions and issues in American society during pretty much all of its existence. In terms of history, the major even surrounding alcohol was the temporary prohibition of alcohol across the land. However, this ban was indeed temporary and was eventually lifted. Even with that, some areas are very averse to alcohol and its presence and have chosen to be "dry" counties due to the presence of alcoholism, drunk driving and so forth. Indian reservations and conclaves are areas where drunk driving and alcoholism, not to mention suicide, are sky high. However, there are other…… [Read More]


Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome in Critically III Patients: Identification, Assessment, and Management. (2016). Critical Care Nurse, 36(1), 28-39 12p. doi:10.4037/ccn2016420

Columbia University. (2010). Behind Bars II: Substance Abuse and America's Prison Population. National Center On Addiction & Substance Abuse at Columbia University,

Gebara, C. P., Ferri, C. P., LourenAo, L. M., Vieira, M. T., Bhona, F. C., & Noto, A. R. (2015). Patterns of domestic violence and alcohol consumption among women and the effectiveness of a brief intervention in a household setting: a protocol study. BMC Women's Health, 15(1), 1-8 8p. doi:10.1186/s12905-015-0236-8

Kiernan, C., Ni Fhearail, A., & Coyne, I. (2012). Nurses' role in managing alcohol misuse among adolescents. British Journal of Nursing, 21(8), 474-478 5p.
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Solution-Focused and Narrative Therapy Techniques

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18735580

Postmodern Therapy

What Corey describes as "postmodern" therapy is, in reality, largely a series of evolutionary changes. Recalling how evolution works -- in which organisms change form ultimately as an adaptive mechanism -- might be useful here, insofar as many of these "postmodern" approaches seem adaptive in terms of the actual climate of opinion concerning psychotherapy and its medical utility. The chief example that I am thinking of here is "solution-focused brief therapy."

The notion of "solution-focused brief therapy" would have caused Sigmund Freud to spin in his grave, considering Freud devoted an entire book, entitled Analysis Terminable and Interminable, to the question of whether psychotherapy should ideally last forever. However the widespread cultural rejection of the Freudian paradigm is, perhaps, one reason why the notion of long-term Freudian analysis has come to be replaced with the fast food approach. But the chief reason appears to be adaptive: increasingly health care plans and HMOs will only cover 10 or 12 therapy sessions, no more. For the patient who finds therapy necessary, it is encouraged to pay out of pocket for additional sessions, which many patients are simply unable or unwilling to do. This is why I describe the new direction…… [Read More]

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Problem Solving and Solution Finding in Nursing Protocol

Words: 597 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25657740

Workplace Change Using Lewin's Framework

The change plan communicated to the hospital staff will clearly articulate the stages of change in Lewin's framework. The first stage is unfreezing, which requires thoughtful articulation of the need for the proposed change to the stakeholders in the workplace. The motivation for implementing the change plan will necessarily come from the recognition, in this scenario, that the bureaucratic response to a lack of paperwork was ill timed and poorly focused with respect to the priorities of triage. A first step in the communication is to help stakeholders recall that the paperwork procedures are there to serve the staff and patients and not the other way around. Standard operating procedures should reflect the best possible solutions for addressing a problem or situation. A more expedient and agile means of communicating rapid changes in patient status and care needs must be developed, however, this will only take place if there is clear recognition of the problem and the need for different procedures.

The development of new attitudes and behaviors in the change phase requires progression through several problem identification and solution-finding steps. Problem identification and definition will be most expedient if it is based on data.…… [Read More]


Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (n.d.). TeamSTEPPS® Instructor Guide: Specialty ScenariosMed-Surg [Webpage]. Retrieved from

NHS Northwest Academy. (2011). Lewin's change management model: Understanding the three stages of change. Retrieved from
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Problem of Teenage Pregnancy

Words: 1648 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85539327

Teenage pregnancy can be defined as pregnancy that occurs in young females aged under 20 years (Dickins, Johns, & Chipman, 2012). In Western civilization, teenage pregnancy is treated negatively, because young females are expected to study and only give birth once they have reached maturity or over 20 years. Teenage pregnancy disrupts and affects a teenager's education, as they now have responsibilities that might affect their education. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unwanted Pregnancy has indicated that there were 26.6 births per 1000 teen girls aged between 15 and 19 in 2013. There have been a steady decline in this rate since 1991 where it stood at 117 per 1000 teens of the same ages. The Centers for Disease Control reported that United States teen birth rates have declined since 1991. There were 34.3 births per 1000 teens in 2010, compared to 1991, which had 61.8 births per 1000 teens. In 2013, there were fewer babies born to teenagers than any other year since 1946. The sad part is that 17% of teen births occurred in females who had one or more babies. This demonstrates the need for education and prevention strategies especially amongst this population.

The most…… [Read More]


Chung-Park, M.S. (2008). Evaluation of a pregnancy prevention programme using the Contraceptive Behavior Change model. Journal of advanced nursing, 61(1), 81-91.

Dickins, T.E., Johns, S.E., & Chipman, A. (2012). Teenage pregnancy in the United Kingdom: A behavioral ecological perspective. Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, 6(3), 344.

Herrman, J.W., Waterhouse, J.K., & Chiquoine, J. (2011). Evaluation of an infant simulator intervention for teen pregnancy prevention. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 40(3), 322-328.

Strunk, J.A. (2008). The effect of school-based health clinics on teenage pregnancy and parenting outcomes: An integrated literature review. The Journal of School Nursing, 24(1), 13-20.
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Problem With Trying to Monetize Ecosystems

Words: 1905 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89012041

Monetizing Environmental Goods and Services

Monetizing ecosystem services is not essential for ecological sustainability. Thus, all goods and services provided by nature should not be commoditized and given an economic value or price so that they can be traded properly and accounted for in economic decisions to bolster their conservation. Monetization is only effective in the realm of presenting penalties for ecosystem violations, though even then it presents as a flawed system. The monetization of natural resources and ecosystems marks a violation of our integrity and collective human spirit.

Nature and all organic processes already have an inherent value that makes them valuable. It's up to society to realize that value, and to treat these attributes as precious through their time and attention. All attempts to monetize or to ascribe a financial value either artificially or through government support generally manifest as unsustainable. For example, the government often tries to accomplish this through subsidies of climate-friendly technologies (such as ones which rely on natural ecosystems) generally results in revenues raised by taxing. "Given the tight fiscal environment throughout the developed world, it is difficult to justify increasing (or even continuing) the subsidies that would be necessary to change significantly the…… [Read More]


Ackerman, F., & Gallagher, K. (2000, October). Getting the Prices Wrong. Retrieved from Global Development: [HIDDEN]

Kinzig, A. (2011, November). Paying for Ecosystem Services -- Promise and Peril. Retrieved from [HIDDEN]

Spash, C. (2008). How Much is that Ecosystem in the Window? Retrieved from Environmental Values: [HIDDEN]

Stavins, R. (2009, April). What Explains the Recent Popularity of Market-Based Envrionmental Solutions? Retrieved from [HIDDEN]
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Problems at Graybar

Words: 1845 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63576402

Graybar: Case Study

What was the problem at Graybar described in this case? How did this problem affect Graybar's business performance?

Graybar is a wholesale distributing company that deals solely with organizations, not personal retail customers. Still, customer service is an important component of the success of any entity, and Graybar is currently lacking in this particular area. Graybar is failing to adequately segment its customers, a critical component of organizational success. Core customers are defined as customers that place high-volume orders on a regular basis, versus opportunistic customers who only do so when their current distributor has failed to deliver and is experiencing a problem (marginal customers only place orders sporadically) ("Graybar goes for customer analytics," 317). However, opportunistic customers are not necessarily 'bad' customers, rather they are customers that need to be cultivated in a different fashion. Opportunistic customers tend to pay well even though they are not high-volume customers. "Oftentimes, these are your competitors' best customers, the core customers for your competitors, and they're people that you would like to establish relationships with" (Lawrence 2012).

The challenge of any company is to cultivate these core customers and turn the other types of customers into core customers. This…… [Read More]


Cawood, S., Bailey, R.V. (2006). Destination profit: creating people-profit opportunities in your organization. Davies-Black Publishing

Graybar goes for customer analytics. (n.d). Case study.

Hannon, D. (2012). Fast, detailed, actionable analytics at Graybar. insiderPROFILES.

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