Sports Management the Subject of Sports Is Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

Sports Management

The subject of sports is today not a method only for individuals to get enjoyment from it, but sports has become an important method for individuals also to maintain fitness and thus contribute to his being able to perform as per requirements of his main financial earnings source. At the same time, this has given rise to a group of individuals who are the leaders in the management of sport. They exist at different levels of sport. There are also relationships between the transformational leadership of sports and the resultant performance of the organization in the level of sports that it is engaged in -- recreation or leisure.

For this purpose, there has to be an examination of transformational leadership, and then an investigation of different approaches concerning the type and concept of the organization that it is and then a judgment of the effectiveness of the organization. At the same time, there are controversies regarding the effect that transformational leadership will have on the effectiveness of the organization. At the same time, there are quite a few mundane matters like self-confidence and sport confidence that are also viewed as important factors influencing performance. Another important question is the ethics maintained by coaches and sportsmen. A sizeable amount of research literature is presently being prepared significantly in the field of sports management. In spite of all the studies have gone through, there is still doubt whether transformational leadership directly helps organizational effectiveness. The question still remains as to how that is related to sports management and its leadership. One of the practical and important roles of sports management and leadership is fund raising, and this is a very time consuming process. This will be reflected in Job descriptions of most sports managers, and even when the fund has been raised, the job continues. On the other side, let us look at transformational leadership. It starts with a vision and that vision must be so good that it will excite others and get them to become followers. The next step is to sell the vision as being one with good advertising value.

This does not mean that sports do not do any good. Participating in sports has several advantages. An important set of benefits from sports is the task oriented characteristics or functions that develop. It enables girls to develop physical competence. Another set of points is regarding the reasons for success and some relate it to the look of the person as being beautiful or handsome. Several examples show that sports management could provide a source of leadership to humankind or large parts thereof, but we have to be clear about the direction where we want to go. Another question that has to be discussed is the implication of alternative delivery programs that are becoming more important for all other education programs. The biggest advantage of these programs is that they are sent over the Internet and this permits even otherwise busy persons to get the advantage of educational opportunities. Another important question for leaders is ethics and this has been defined as a set of criteria by which certain decisions are being made regarding as to what is right and what is wrong. Like all other organizations, sports organizations also develop cultures and these come from the beliefs, values and assumptions that are shared by the members of the organization. They decide the identity and behavioral norms for the group. When one looks at them deeply, one can understand the inner workings and belief systems of the unit and may also be in a position to offer behavior codes to the members. However since the situation now is that budgets and human resources for the purpose are being cut down, and the leaders in athletic management are being expected to do more with less money, the leadership that can change people or inspire people will be most useful for the organizations to use for development. This is the type of leaders that seem to be the most useful and in demand.


One supposes it is clear that we are talking about leadership in sports management, and while there have not been so much of a study on this subject, there has been study on general leadership. One of the famous scholars on the subject was Yukl and he said that "the study of leadership has been an important and central part of the literature of management and organization behavior for several decades" in the year 1989. (Transformational Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness in Recreational Sports/Fitness Programs) There were others like Paton who also mentioned that leadership had become a popular subject in sports management. Yet there are many controversies regarding the concept and definition of leadership. One of the popular areas was the transactional- transformational leadership models and this led to study of relationship of transformational leadership and organizational effectiveness. To study this one would require the definitions of transactional leadership and transformational leadership. This would lead on to the discussions on transactional-transformational leadership. This also requires the laying out of all the four elements of transformational leadership. There has to be a study of the issues in detail along with opinions of the experts on the subject. (Transformational Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness in Recreational Sports/Fitness Programs)

At the same time, there are quite a few mundane matters like self-confidence and sport confidence that are also viewed as important factors influencing performance. This is seen in the case of athletes with high sport confidence having better concentration, game strategies, healthy emotions, control of tempos and better performance. The relationship is so direct and high that it may be worthwhile for psychologists to look into the entire issue. Competition in sport is required for influencing the sportsmen to pursue excellence, and confidence may be inconsistent or variable for performances in competition. A lot of time, the performances are affected by the level of confidence that the athlete has and detailed research would require a study of the level of confidence, cognition, emotion and behavior. The sources of confidence may also be understood of the interaction of the social background, organizational culture and the characteristic of the athlete. (Implementation of a Sport Management Major within an Undergraduate Exercise and Sport Science Department)

The reason for discussing all this is that all leadership issues may not be due to the influences of the leader only. It is also seen that there are direct links between appearance enhancement, health enhancement and psychological well being to performance. There are individuals who take great care in improving their physical appearance through weight management, good nutrition, and regular exercise. This gives them not only better health, but also more opportunities. (The Image-Building Triangle How Rejuvenology Helps Competitors Look, Feel, and Perform Better, Longer) In the end those who have a positive mental attitude to their performance in sports end up living a happier and more productive life.

Another important question is the ethics maintained by coaches and sportsmen. Some examples of unethical conduct can be seen from the firing of Indiana University's infamous Bobby Knight and the suspension of John Rocker of baseball. The reasons were poor decisions taken by the athletes. Ethics means not only being honest and obeying the law; it means being morally good. This is a problem that every athlete and every coach has to face and they have to decide what ethics they should follow. This is also not a question that comes up once in their lives, but continues to recur. Knowing what is right and what is wrong are the limitations of the question of ethics. At the same time, an unethical act will be reflected in the public relations that they get, and they have to decide what action they should take. The problem is that many athletes do not know how to tackle the controversial issues and public relations. (Ethic in Coaching?) Thus we can see that leaders may face problems that are not of their own making, and this is a very difficult issue to solve. Instead we shall concentrate on the methods that a leader shall use to get success in managing his trainees and get results. For this purpose we shall now go on discussion of different methods and problems, before coming to the probable solution. Let us see the different methods of training and what a leader should adopt.

Literature Review

A sizeable amount of research literature is presently being prepared significantly in the field of sports management. Sport as a product has now generated much demand in the era of professionalism and consumer relationship management than ever before. Some studies have concentrated on sport as a portion of enduring education. (Sporting Organizations and their websites) Moreover, sport has also currently been considered as a tool to prevent social exclusion by enhancing participation and broadening access to all. The community volunteer program is seen to be one of the most related social influences of sports. Research analysis has revealed that voluntary…

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