Biodiversity Conservation and Tourism Five Themes of Linkages Explained
Tourism Can Help Alleviate Poverty and Conserve Biodiversity
Despite there being a negative outcome from current biodiversity conservation efforts, it is possible for tourism to alleviate poverty. To reduce poverty through tourism, models such transfer of tourism benefits through the donation of part income earned from tourism for development purposes (Nyaupane & Poudel, 2011). The marginalized community can be afforded meaningful and sustainable employment in the biodiversity conservations. To support the economic way of life of the poverty stricken population, it also ideal to provide an avenue for the locals to sell some of their good and services to the tourists. Redistribution of the tax revenues from the tourism activities to development of infrastructures surrounding area of the conservation will also serve to reduce poverty
Area That Exhibits the Highest Level of Linkages
Community empowerment comes out as the one with the highest level of linkages comparatively. Community empowerment does not necessarily give back to the community in term of monetary capacity, but it creates an avenue for all in the community to exploit their limited capacity to earn a sustainable way of life. The ...
The five linkages in the article include Community Empowerment, Economic Benefits, Capacity Building, Amenities Development and, Environmental Biodiversity Conservation Services (Nyaupane & Poudel, 2011). Community empowerment target is to afford the community an opportunity to explore their potentials and lead a sustainable way of life. The Economic benefit includes the collection of funds from tourism revenues either through donation or employment of the locals. Capacity building involves improving on the local population's ability to provide goods and services to the tourist industry. Amenities development and biodiversity conservation incorporate construction of infrastructures -- (health centers, roads, social places, buffer zone) -- using tax revenues from the tourist industry (Nyaupane & Poudel, 2011).
4. Buffer Zone
A buffer zone is an area engulfing the conversation region forming a boundary between the wildlife and human population and their activities. A buffer zone serves as the linkage between the locals and the conservation. In these zones, the local inhabitants have rights to manage and utilize the resource for their traditional and economic ways of life (Nyaupane & Poudel, 2011).
Five Themes of Linkages Explained
Nyaupane, G.P., & Poudel, S. (2011). Linkages among biodiversity, livelihood, and tourism. Annals of Tourism Research (2011), doi:10.1016/j.annals.2011.03.006.
Teresa M., Sara D., & Friedrich L. (2010). The sustainability profitability trade-off in tourism. Can it be overcome? . Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 19(2), 155-169.
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