Thousands of individuals employed within the Russian nuclear complex - many of whom have knowledge and access to nuclear materials - receive salaries that are barely at subsistence level, raising the possibility that they might be susceptible to offers from anyone in the market to buy nuclear components" (Deutch, 1997).
5. Economic Consequences
It is generally a habit of the terrorist groups to target international powers in order to make their statement. But these international powers have extremely strong economies, and most importantly, extremely diverse. What this means, is that even if a terrorist attack would affect one economic sector, the large diversity of operations and revenues would be able to support the economic revival of the affected sector and support the country's economic growth (Sandler and Enders, 2005). However, one cannot rely on this premise as it is most applicable at a macroeconomic level. On a microeconomic level, the internal strength of the economy can be easily affected.
After an attack has occurred, certain businesses are expected to flourish while others could encounter difficulties. A sector which integrates in both categories is the insurance industry (OECD, 2002). To better explain, after the incident has occurred, many insured individuals are expected to cash in their insurance money, placing as such the company in a situation of financial difficulty. On the other hand, a large number of uninsured individuals could be frightened by the devastating effects of the attack and open life insurance policies, which would then pour a lot of money into the insurance company.
Two other major economic implications refer to the creation of a large federal debt due to investments in the military and the raising of trade barriers (OECD, 2002). In terms of international trade, the affected country could also suffer several changes. In this particular instance, the natural reaction would be to better supervise the merchandize and transports entering the country's territory. This could eventually materialize in the...
Then, like in the case of the U.S., the officials in the attacked country would be most likely willing to invest more in the state security and defense, placing as such large sums of money into the military, in the detriment of other sectors, and generating a record high federal debt.
Terrorism is quickly becoming a threat to the international safety and its most devastating feature is that it targets innocent civilians. However no justification for the acts can be found, the terrorist are often driven by their sense of well-doing in the name of their country and often their religion. Even if the international position in regard to terrorism is rather clear, no specific act or laws exist to prevent and punish these crimes. Foremost, however this is not the intention of the global context, it has developed certain features that increase the opportunity costs of becoming the member of a terrorist organization.
Aside from the social and political implications of terrorists acts, communities are also subjected to changes in the economic environment, which most often becomes weaker and more vulnerable. The primary aim of these attacks is to make a clear statement and to achieve the desired goals through political pressures. But since an internationally generalized response to the attacks has yet to be developed, each country reacts as they find most suitable.
Balkin, K.F., 2004, Antiterrorist Policies Jeopardize Immigrant's Civil Rights, the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, Greenhaven Press
Bergesen, a.J., Han, Y., 2005, New Directions for Terrorism Research, International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Vol. 46
Deutch, J.M., 1997, Terrorism, Foreign Policy, No. 108
Halwani, R., 2006, Terrorism: Definition, Justification and Applications, Social Theory and Practice, Vol. 32
Morris, E., 2006, in the Name of Terrorism: Presidents on Political Violence in the Post-World War II Era, Argumentation and Advocacy, Vol. 42
Orr, J., Klaic, D., 1990, Terrorism and Modern Drama, Edinburgh University Press
Palti, L., 2004, Combating Terrorism While Protecting Human Rights, UN Chronicle, Vol. 41
Perdue, W.D., 1989, Terrorism and the State: A Critique of Domination through Fear, Praeger
Sandler, T., Enders, W., 2005, Economic Consequences of Terrorism in Developed and Developing Countries: An Overview, the University of Alabama, Retrieved at http://www.cba.ua.edu/~wenders/Econ_Consequences_Revised.pdfon May 15, 2008
Suter, K., 2005, Terrorism and International Law, Contemporary Review, Vol. 2887
2002, Economic Consequences of Terrorism, the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development, Retrieved at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/11/60/1935314.pdfon May 15, 2008
2005, Defining Terrorism; Conferences Produce Meager Results, the Washington Times, Edition of December 2, 2005
2006, Anti-Terrorism Law: Urgent and Necessary, Manila Bulletin, Edition of May 21,…
Fundamentally, the insurgents are fighting an enemy with superior weaponry, technology, and resources, so therefore, must seek avenues to mitigate these disadvantages. In other words, insurgent forces out vastly outdone in the traditional aspects of warfare, so they are forced to resort to unconventional modes of attack. Early in his book, the Army and Vietnam, Krepinevich provides the broad game plan an insurgent force must follow to achieve final victory: As
Terrorism The term "terrorism" is profoundly political, as can be seen by the numerous definitions of terrorism and the lack of a globally-agreed description. The myriad definitions show nations struggling to define "terrorism" in self-serving ways. Efforts to clarify and unify those definitions vary from legalistic to nearly bombastic. After listing many definitions from different nations and from within the United States, itself, this paper examines a legalistic attempt to lay
Terrorism Influences Terrorism has no specific definition and its definition largely depends upon the viewpoint of an individual for example Samuel Adams (a well-known revolutionary fireband) or Thomas Gefferson would have been terrorist from British perspective but they have been Great heroes from American perspective. Take the case of George Washington who was previously fighting with British army against French and was loyalist of British crown but later on he sought
Global Jihad, a Myth or Reality The Jihad is often associated with a certain Muslim fight against the unfaithful, one that has been going on for decades now and which is unlikely to stop in coming years. However, despite this sustainable development of the notion and everything it entangles, it cannot be stated without a doubt that this is an obvious reality. This assumption is made based on the fact that
Terrorism is at this point one of the main threats that decision makers in the field of national security have to deal with especially in the United States. The issue has been raised mainly after the events from 9/11 2001, but have been a constant concern for the law enforcement agencies since the beginning of the 90s and even before. The United States have a particular way in which it
Terrorism is an act that requires will, determination, conviction, and intelligence to number merely a few attributes. Whereas the first three regard purely motivational attitudes, the latter implies the skillfulness to act according to what drives the act. Today, technology facilitates terrorist activities and thus national security is more so endangered and with it, people's lives and the well being of societies are put at risk. Modern technological means of