small sampling of sources here gathered reinforces the initial hypothesis
that ill-effects will be observed in children where there is an absence of
a father figure. This serves to justify a proposed expansion of this
approach wherein a more thorough gathering of material is undertaken. The
methodology which appears as most suitable for this type of study is a more
comprehensive literature review in which a larger diversity of issues is
addressed and, simultaneously, in which greater detail is achieved in the
areas upon which the discussion has already touched.
This would essentially be a qualitative review in which the
discussion would utilize a selected set of criteria in order to identify
the sources which might most appropriately be used. The outcome of this
process should be a resolution concerning those areas where the most
attention is warranted. Thus, the review itself will touch upon such
issues in terms of the creation of the single-parent family such as
divorce, widowing, incarceration or the birth of a child out of wedlock.
Likewise, the review will touch upon the host of perceived corollaries to a
fatherless household such as poor performance in school, greater economic
disadvantage, behavioral problems, tendencies toward criminality and
vulnerability to psychological disorder. The literature gathered would be
thoroughly reviewed and reported upon, with the finding emphasizing those
issues which appear to receive the most research attention and which
produce the greatest consensus as it related to our hypothesis.
The expectation that this methodology would be a constructive and
useful way to approach the research subject is underscored by the
effectiveness of this modestly sized literature review in at least
confirming the surface level assumption of a relationship between a
fatherless household and the likelihood of adverse consequences...
To the point, the literature available already confirms
the presumption that the trends related to the fatherless household are
categorically negative and do have observable consequences.
Among them, the articles reviewed initiate their various discussions
based on the assumption that prevailing research is accurate. That is to
say that such articles as that by Anderson cite the availability of
significant amounts of available empirical discourse arguing that those who
lack a positive male role model, a father figure or access to a biological
father of any kind will suffer the developmental, sociological and
emotional consequences thereof. Citing the permeation in American society
of single-parent households produced by unwed motherhood as well as the
increasing commonality of divorce, the Anderson article produces for us the
finding that young individuals experiencing the deconstruction of the
family unit or engaging their formative years in a fractured family unit
will have a harder course to tread.
So is this reinforced by findings from our literature contending that
the fatherless child is significantly more likely to struggle in school, to
display tendencies toward inappropriate behavior and to possess fewer of
the economic advantages available to peers with full, functional family
units. This is found to be particularly true where the incarceration of
the father has occurred. In such situations, the research indicates that
even beyond the simple absence of the father, this tendency toward
criminality as a destabilizing factor can have a profoundly negative impact
on the child's orientation toward society. The research also demonstrates
that it is largely the case across different cultures that this imposed
absence of a father figure can be categorically negative and problematic.
The findings confirm the initial hypothesis that the fatherless home
imposes certain likely disadvantages upon the children there within. These
findings also justify the further investigation which has been proposed on
the subject, with the expanded literature review described in the
methodology being used to establish a broader and more detailed perspective
on the subject at hand. The inherently negative implications of the
fatherless home might thereafter give way to a greater focus on one
specific area of developmental or sociological concern.
Anderson, K. (2008). Broken Homes, Broken Hearts. Leadership University.
Online at http://www.leaderu.com/orgs/probe/docs/broken.html
Boaz, D. (1994). Individual Liberty, Free Markets, and Pace. CATO
Institute. Online at http://www.cato.org/pubdisplay.php?pubid=4545
Segura, D.A. & Zavella, P. (2007). Women and Migration in the U.S.-Mexico
Borderlands. Duke University Press.
Wilbur, M.A.B.; Marani, J.E.; Appugliese, D.; Woods, R.; Siegel, J.A.;
Cabral, H.J. & Frank, D.A. (2007). Socioemotional Effects of Fathers'
Incarceration on Low-Income, Urban School-Aged Children. Pediatrics,
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