Many people say that an ulcer is caused by stress whereas scientific journals states that it is caused by bacteria. Actually, ulcer has traditionally been thought as a condition brought by stress as well as the consumption of coffee and spicy foods. Generally, an ulcer was believed to be a by-product of lifestyle factors like diet and stress. In the past few years, it has emerged that an ulcer is caused by a bacterial infection as stated in various scientific journals on ulcers. This change can be attributed to the fact that researchers determined that stomach acids like hydrochloric acid generates the formation of an ulcer. The determination that an ulcer is largely caused by bacterial infections raises concerns on whether bacteria survive the gastric juice and cause harm to an individual's body.
Gastric juice is primarily made of hydrochloric acid and pepsin, an enzyme that breaks down protein. Given its function, pepsin has the ability to digest any living tissue including the stomach and duodenum, which are constantly covered in gastric acid. However, the stomach is prevented from digesting itself through protective means such as the working of prostaglandins that manages mucus secretion from the stomach lining. Gastric juice is one of the stomach acids that are crucial in protecting against bacteria such as H. pylori, which causes ulcers.
Based on the findings of enzymes or other chemicals to neutralize the acidic environment. Following the production of enzymes that neutralize stomach acids, bacteria can cause harm to the body since they lessen the ability of stomach acids to protect the body from diseases. Once the strength of stomach acids are neutralized or lessened, the body becomes increasingly vulnerable to diseases such as ulcers, which begin to form and develop.
An example of a bacterium that survives gastric juice in the stomach and eventually harms the body is H. pylori. This bacterium is corkscrew shaped, which enables it to infiltrate the stomach or duodenum's mucus layer in order to attach itself to the lining. After neutralizing stomach acid through the production of an enzyme, H. pylori create several toxins and factors that not only generate inflammation and damage the stomach and intestinal lining, which leads to ulcers. In cases where it does not contribute to ulcers, H.…
Pressure Ulcers in the Elderly During Hospital Stays Pressure ulcers are potentially fatal skin lesions that develop especially in frail, elderly patients on bony or cartilaginous areas such as the sacrum, elbows, and ankles. Within acute care in the United States, the incidence of pressure ulcers lies between 0.4% and 38%. The incidence within long-term and home care is significantly lower while intensive care units report that 8% to 40% of
Otherwise, the resources are either short or unavailable. These situations tend to make gains in pressure ulcer care quickly vanish (Cuddigan et al.). Lastly, national records on pressure ulcer rates have remained incomplete and unreliable (Cuddigan et al. 2001). Hospital discharge records do not all reflect or include pressure ulcer cases even if the patients reach Stage III or IV. In addition, these records are unable to recognize and tally
Resources needed include manpower and positional aids mentioned previously in this report. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the change would be accomplished through data collection related to the frequency of pressure ulcer occurrence in patients and nurse compliance in the four hours supine positional rotation of patients. Questionnaires will also be administered to nursing staff in order to gain insight as to their attitudes, behaviors and perceived barriers to
2004: 45). Recommendations Many recommend use of minimally invasive techniques including SEPS to treat and address problems related to chronic venous insufficiency (Kalra & Glovisczki, 2002). Multiple studies confirm the safety and efficacy of SEPS when used early, especially resulting from its low complication rates compared with other procedures including the formerly popular Linton procedures (Kalra & Gloiscki, 2002; Lee, et al. 2003; Tenbrook, et al., 2004; Bianchi, et al. 2003). More
New Practice Approaches Through Policy One of the major current concerns in health care is the rapidly aging nature of the populations in Western societies today. This is, in general, attributed to developments in medical science and better information regarding personal health choices and activities. Despite this, however, it is also true that aging seldom brings with it a glowing sense of health. While many people today age better than ever
Nursing Diagnosis Care Plan Assessment Data Analysis a) Patient is a 65-year-old male Mexican-born retired bus driver with a relevant past medical history of atrial fibrillation and deep vein thrombosis treated with Coumadin who presents with hematuria. Patient sought care after witnessing blood in his urine and feeling generally weak. In addition, the patient has history of hypertension, stroke, DVT, BPH, gout, depression, anxiety, chronic bronchitis and a remote history of chicken