Value of Qualitative Vs. Quantitative Essay
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Responses may be 'coded' so that some numerical data can be amassed but overall, the most important part of the research is the lived 'experience' that is recorded. In contrast, with quantitative research, it is the data that is more significant. However, quantitative studies can provide the springboard for qualitative studies, as they point out phenomena in the general population that needs to be studied in more 'micro-level' detail. Similarly, qualitative studies can act as early fact-finding expeditions that provide the basis for quantitative analysis, to see if the study of the smaller population is reflective of a larger phenomenon. Neither one type of research needs to come before the other.
A good example of a comparison of qualitative and quantitative research from translation studies can be found in the field of "research in second language learning that identifies learners' problems in composition and attempts to explain them by referring to the rel="follow">rhetorical strategies of the first language" (Connor 1996). A quantitative study might begin with the hypothesis that it is particularly difficult for non-native speakers to translate between Russian and English vs. French and English because of linguistic dissimilarities. The proficiency of a wide grouping of randomly-selected first year language students in both languages could be tested with annual proficiency tests for four years specifically designed to test which language group progressed further and developed greater understanding of the rhetorical strategies of the language. A qualitative study, in contrast, might interview two small groups of students learning the languages to discuss their experiences and challenges.
Connor, Ulla. (1996). Contrastive rhetoric: Cross-cultural aspects of second-language writing.
Cambridge University Press. ERIC Database. Retrieved: http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=ED401754&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=ED401754
Lund, Thorleif. The qualitative -- quantitative distinction: Some comments. Scandinavian Journal
of Educational Research, 49 (2): 115 -- 132
Qualitative vs. quantitative research. (2012). Snap Surveys. Retrieved:
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