War of 1812
The Effectiveness of American Strategy in the War of 1812
In the War of 1812, the American military took to a land offensive against Britain. England's navy was the most powerful in the world. However, when the American Navy did act, it acted in an indirect manner -- by attempting to "disrupt" the English merchant marine traders (Wright, 2007). So while the Americans on land had superior numbers to the British, the English Navy had superior strength at sea, which Britain used to blockade American ports. The American military strategy, therefore, was to go on the offensive in the Great Lakes region. Yet, the American militia was undertrained and too undisciplined to oppose the outnumbered British. If it were not for Andrew Jackson (and the blessed fog) at the Battle of New Orleans, American military strategy in the War of 1812 might have seen no high points. As it was, the effectiveness of the military's strategy could be gauged by the fact that the British were able to march on Washington and burn...
This paper will analyze the effectiveness of this and other points in the War and show why the American military strategy was not very effective -- and why it did not have to be.
Britain was not fully engaged in the fighting a war with American in the first place. The Napoleonic Wars across the Atlantic were absorbing most of Britain's attention and resources. Therefore, all the Americans had to do was pose a slight threat and put up a modicum of resistance. At times, they were successful in doing so -- in the case of their disrupting of British trade routes between Nova Scotia and the West Indies. A few victories against British frigates, like the HMS Macedonian, led the English to build bigger, better armed ships of war (Gardner, 1996). Nonetheless, the Americans countered by unleashing privateers on the British merchant traders. As the privateers were by and large more successful than the American Navy, the British turned to Baltimore, as many of the privateers were based there. First, however, they would go to Washington (Benn, 2002).
Washington's defense was rather puny, as Secretary of War Armstrong asserted that the British would attack Baltimore…
Benn, C. (2002). The War of 1812. NY: Osprey.
Gardner, R. (1996). The Naval War of 1812. London: Caxton.
Turner, W. (2000). The War of 1812: The War that Both Sides Won. Toronto:
Retrieved from http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/19thcentury/articles/militaryhistoryofwarof1812.aspx#
Questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=114867845. Meier, David a. "An Appeal for a Historiographical Renaissance: Lost Lives and the Thirty Years War." The Historian 67, no. 2 (2005): 254+. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5010923917. Murdoch, Steve, ed. Scotland and the Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648. Boston: Brill, 2001. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=109286924. Silve, Benoit M. "From Leadership to Partnership: a New American Security Strategy for Europe." Naval War College Review 50, no. 1 (1997): 88+. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5037619771. Theibault, John. "The Rhetoric of Death and Destruction in the Thirty
Form this point-of-view (Goodman) the war hawks are considered to this day the catalysts of the 1812 war, despite the circumstances and the eventual need for world consideration. Overall it can be concluded that the war hawks represent a rather controversial presence in the history of the United States. While some argue that they are in fact responsible for a painful war against Britain that could have been averted, other
Lear and Comodore Barron, the commander of the American fleet in the Mediterranean agreed in 1805 that Ahmad was no longer useful to the American cause. As a result, Lear met with Muhammad D'Ghies, Tripoli's Minister for foreign affairs, and eventually reached an agreement. War prisoners would be mutually exchanged, and America had to pay a sum of $60, 000 to Tripoli. However, this sum was considerably smaller than
United States Military Performance Against the British in the War of 1812 In June 1812, the U.S. declared a war against the British and their North American allies. The war, according to Smith, was motivated by America's quest to take control of Britain's North American territories, Britain's punitive trade policy, Britain's support for Native Americans, and the forced enrolment of American sailors into the British navy. As a young nation, the
Social Impact of Cold War & Terrorism The Cold War is often associated with the idea of making great and physical divides between the good and the bad of the world. It was a symbolic representation that extended for about 30 years on the expectation that the greatest powers of the world could, under the right circumstances, impose a sort of benign order on the planet by isolating the evil empires
Mexican-American War (1846-1848) The Great Territorial Loss From the perspective of the United States, the Mexican-American War, together with the Louisiana Purchase, represented important land acquisitions as part of the country's relentless expansion westward. In this regard, Kurth (1999) reports that, "There were grand achievements in this national project of continental expansion, especially the southwestern annexations, which were achieved through U.S. military victory in the Mexican-American War. In this case, the United