¶ … Western Civilization proposal, I would like to research Golda Meir. Meir's life is interesting not only in and of itself, but is also remarkable altogether for its astonishing symbolic associations. Meir shows us (as we perhaps already knew) that the historical bias within Western Civilization that stereotypes women as "the weaker sex" has never really been accurate. There is a long history both mythographically and historically which does permit women a role in both warcraft and statecraft: the Classical tradition offers warrior goddesses such as the Greek Athene and the Roman Bellona, while the Old Testament includes enough vignettes of tough and bloodthirsty women, such as Jael, who assassinates the enemy general Sisera by hammering a tent-peg through his skull. Historically there have been a number of female war leaders as well: Boadicea in Roman-era Britain and Zenobia in the Roman-era Middle East both led successful military uprisings against a centralized imperial power; Saint Joan of Arc would lead a similar military uprising almost a thousand years later; and to use an example whom Golda Meir resembles in certain crucial and fascinating respects, we have the example of Elizabeth the First of England as both political and war leader. Elizabeth the First and Golda Meir were both political (and ultimately...
If we were to date the existence of the modern British state not to the Magna Carta but to Henry VIII's break with Roman Catholicism, then Elizabeth's reign falls about the same length of time after Henry's that Golda Meir's leadership of Israel did in history of the Israeli state (founded in 1948). Both Elizabeth I and Golda Meir would end up taking on a tremendous symbolic importance within their own nascent states, partly as actual leaders, but partly with a symbolic afterlife that outlasted their own tenures as female heads of state.
Yet Meir was also important in terms of the political traditions of Western Civiliation -- those Greek and Roman ideals of representative government, which would be picked up again in the West in the Englightenment, and were an influence on the nascent state of Israel emerging from the long period of Zionist agitation and struggle. Meir would re-enact the same dramas that led to the signing of the Declaration of Independence in the American colonies or the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen in revolutionary France when she was one of the original twenty-four signatories (and only two women) who would sign Israel's 1948 Declaration of Independence. The symbolism was greater because Meir had come to Israel originally from America. To some extent Meir's…
Language, One People? Arguments for and Against Proclaiming English the Sole Official Language Few issues are as emotionally charged as the current debate over immigration in America. It is a question that has been fired with a new sense of urgency in light of the tragic events of September 11th. Acts of terror, and the fear of further acts of terror, has created a climate in which foreigners are suspect. Native-born Americans
Which historians Yahia Zoubir and Daniel Volman describe this way: At the same time, they [the Judges] are in accord in providing indications of a legal tie of allegiance between the Sultan and some, though only some, of the tribes of the territory, and in providing indications of some display of the Sultan's authority or influence with respect to those tribes." For the court to have found in the favor of
Civilizations The topic is religious and social life in the Achaemenid Empire. The purpose of the project is to learn more about this subject and dispel some of the myths in today's media. I will use books on the subject to learn about what this empire was like, and what their religion was like. I expect that I will be able to come to some conclusions about the Achaemenid Empire.
This will reveal the bias of the West and how it has come to embrace the stereotypical imagery and ideas of the Oriental. In conclusion, the essay will briefly recount the points made throughout the essay overall, but will also offer analytical ideas as to how, understanding Orientalism as a product of the colonial and post colonial West, how the East and the West might move forward and achieve the
Nils Christie in his book Crime Control as Industry: Towards Gulags, Western Style, a person has difficulty knowing who are the worst criminals -- the men and women prisoners or the individuals who run the penal industry. The book details how the United States relies on the criminal justice system to enrich business interests by following the model of corporate America. The disciplinary system is supposedly designed to control
The new universe made room for God because the collective mind was opened to the notion of a divine entity controlling all aspects of the universe not just one corner of it. The Industrial Revolution can call Britain "home" (Craig 627) because at the time, Britain was the "single largest free-trade area in Europe" (627). Mechanical inventions spark the beginning of this revolution. In 1769, the spinning jenny was patented,