Osteoporosis The systems affected by the primary type, in addition to the skeletal itself, are the renal or kidney, reproductive, endocrine, and digestive systems. Those involved or affected by the secondary type are the immune, nervous and respiratory (Office of the Surgeon General).
EMPHASIS ON BONE HEALTH
Osteoporosis is a condition wherein bones turn weak and become prone to fracture (Ma, 2013). It is the most common bone affliction. Statistics say that about half of all women older than 50 will suffer from some fracture of the hip, wrist or spine from this age onward. One's existing bone is always being replaced evey 10 years. When this does not occur, osteoporosis develops or when the body reabsorbs too much of existing bones, or both (Ma).
These are genetics, insufficient calcium intake, smoking, childhood or adult diseases, and reduced estrogen in women or testosterone in men (Ma, 2013). Osteoporosis can be passed on from parents to children. The lack of calcium can lead to osteoporosis as calcium is one of the most important minerals used by the body to form bones. Vitamin D is another important element. Without these two, one becomes prone to fracture. Other risks factors are long bed confinement, some medical conditions and medicines, long absence of menstruation, ...
Progression of Untreated Osteoporosis
If osteoporosis is left untreated, it can lead to or develop a host of other conditions or compications (Office of the Surgeon General, 2004). These include rickets, osteomalacia, renal osteodystrophy, Paget's disease of the bones, osteogenesis imperfect, malignancy or cancer of the bones, fractures, progressive spinal deformity, sex steroids deficiency, idiopathic hyper-calcuria, cystic fibrosis, delayed puberty, amenorrhea, autoimmune and allergic disorders and psychiatric and other nervous disorders or conditions (Office of the Surgeon General).
Treatments and Therapies
These are taking calcium, Vitamin D and other medicines and undertaking lifetime changes (Office of the Surgeon General, 2004; Ma, 2013). The medicines, calcium and Vitamin D are aimed at strengthening the bones. Affected women should take no less than 1,200 mg of calcium and affected men, no less than 1,000 mg. tThe medicines prescribed include bisphosphonates for postmenopausal women, estrogen and estrogen receptor modulators, teriparatide, calcitonin for the pain of fracture and denusomab (Office of the Surgeon General, Ma).
The systems affected by the primary type, in addition to the skeletal itself, are the renal or kidney, reproductive, endocrine, and digestive systems. Those involved or affected by the secondary type are the immune, nervous and respiratory (Office of the Surgeon General).
More than half of all men who undergo a hip fracture go from the hospital to a nursing home, and 79% of those who endure for one year still live in nursing homes or transitional care facilities. Osteoporosis is a major threat to more than 2 million men in the United States. In spite of these facts, as per a 1996 Gallup Poll, many men still view osteoporosis as a
Osteoporosis In a healthy adult the skeleton is maintained through a process of complementary bone resorption and deposition (Das & Crockett, 2013). The two cell types responsible for this process are the multinucleated osteoclasts derived from the blood and resident osteoblasts. In the course of normal living the skeleton will develop localized, stress-induced microfractures, which trigger resident osteocytes to signal for help from the osteoclasts. The osteoclasts arrive and begin to
Osteoporosis Approximately 8 million people in the United States are affected by osteoporosis (Ray, Chan, Thamer, et al., 1997). Of these, 80% are older women (Ray, Chan, Thamer, et al., 1997). In addition to this problem, another 17 million people in this country have low bone mass, which puts them at an increased risk for developing osteoporosis as they get older (Ray, Chan, Thamer, et al., 1997). Every year, 1.5 million
Bone Density Studies This reports presents research findings on the subject of bone density studies. A physician office wants to install bone density equipment but is not certain about types of machines to purchase and their price. This report therefore focuses on the available products and expert opinions in connection with that equipment. Cost of the bone density procedures and machines have also been briefly mentioned so that a physician
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