Women's Experience of Globalization
One of the factors that have shaped women's experiences of globalization has been the international demand for labor in various international locations. Much of the globalization trend has been driven by technological innovations that allow for greater communication, information sharing, travel, and other items that have allowed people to share different items across the globe. This trend has also shaped the manner in which labor demand can influence women. Before globalization labor was virtually static and immigration was sparsely used and there were a significant amount of resources required to migrate. However, there are many more opportunities for both migrant men and women.
The availability of options for men to work in migrant positions also places indirect pressures on women to do the same given the breakdown of the traditional family structure and relatively few domestic options. Many migrant women will leave a developing country to pursue labor options in developing nations as domestic workers (Parrenas, 2008). One of the most demanded positions for a Pilipino woman migrant worker is as a care worker in many developed countries in which they provide service to middle to upper income families in Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, and Greece among others.
The implications of this are that the women of the Philippines go to other nations...
In the domestic culture they are told that they should work outside the home while simultaneously told that their place is inside the home. This is most likely a result of the changing in the demographics of the migrant workers. In the beginning of the migrant trend in the Philippines it was dominated by men. However, in recent years the trend has reversed on the basis of gender and more women are leaving the country to fill roles that are associated with domesticity.
The Constitution of the Philippines defines the women's proper place as being in the domestic sphere and this gender construct penetrates the culture. Thus the increase in migrant workers who are technically abandoning their children and families goes against the moral law in the culture. However, instead of using globalization to subvert the role of women in their domestic facilities, the trend is that the labor that is associated with reproductive labor is given to migrants with less privilege instead of promoting solidarity among women in the international arena. Thus the migration of women does not necessarily do…
Women face a higher risk than men of a drastic drop in standards of living at retirement age, women account for the majority of the over 60 population in almost all countries. This could very well be because women generally are not involved in decisions made in terms of economic, financial and related agendas. The following information supports the preceding statements: Women still comprise only 13% of national legislators and 14% of
In the 1990s, once globalization had momentum and it was obvious to many observers that "decent work" wasn't the end all in terms of solutions, Munck continues. Is "decent work" just a "backward-looking utopianism" as Waterman (2008) insisted it is? Yes, Munck agrees it is a bit utopian, because its promise is based on "the myth of a golden era of social harmony" and yet, a "decent work" movement could
78) adds that the international migration of people is not a new dynamic at all; in fact migrations were "a significant phenomenon in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries." In the U.S. during the era 1901-1920 the number of immigrants admitted "exceeded that of the twenty-year period" that began in 1981, Ruccio continues, and those numbers from 1901-1920 are far greater than any numbers of immigrants in the
McLaren and Farahmandpur conceive of the new imperialism as a "combination of old-style military and financial practices as well as recent attempts by developed nations to impose the law of the market on the whole of humanity itself" (2001, 136). McLaren and Farahmandpur note, too, that the concept of class division is a taboo subject within the "guarded precincts of academic discourse, leaving discussions of class out of discussions of global
Women and the Union: Struggle for Change Women's rights have enjoyed an increasingly prominent position in society and the workplace since the suffragettes managed to gain the vote for women. Acknowledging the intelligence and power of women as sufficient to allow them voting rights has led to other allowances as well. Throughout the 20th century, this struggle has not been an easy one, but it has been one that has gained
Women in Maritime Sector THE IMPACT OF PROMOTING WOMEN IN THE MARITIME SECTOR The participation of women in the maritime sector has traditionally been low due to historical, cultural and social factors. Although the percentage of women making up the maritime workforce has increased in recent years as a result of women's liberation movements and globalization, women are still found to be concentrated in housekeeping and hospitality functions in cruise vessels as