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Petriot is a manufacturing company that seeks to gain a competitive advantage in the manufacturing business. This company competes on a strategy of having products made in America. Nothing could be more made in America than products made via 3D printing at the customer's site. This is an emerging technology that could help Petriot to improve and extend its competitive advantage.
There are many different types of 3D printing, as this is an emerging technology. It is important for Petriot to understand the different types. It is worth considering that the proper way to analyze this issue is to first determine from a strategic point-of-view what the best type of 3D printing option is optimal for Petriot, and then to perform a quantitative analysis via the net present value technique, which weighs the cost of acquiring this new technology vs. The financial benefits that it is expected to…
Baskin, J. (2014). What happens when 3D printing turns consumer products into digital content? Forbes. Retrieved March 8, 2014 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/jonathansalembaskin/2014/03/06/what-happens-when-3d-printing-turns-consumer-products-into-digital-content/
D'Aveni, Richard. (2013). 3D printing will change the world. Harvard Business Review. Web. http://hbr.org/2013/03/3-d-printing-will-change-the-world/
Investopedia. (2014). Definition of net present value. Investopedia. Retrieved March 8, 2014 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/n/npv.asp
Petriot.com. (2014) website, multiple pages.
3D Printing to Boost Competitive Advantage of American Manufacturing
It is crucial today to get small businesses in a position of stronger competitive advantage in order to truly stabilize the lagging economy. In order to compete with enterprise businesses that work with enormous economies of scale, small businesses need direction and innovation to try to compete. Thus, I will be writing to Petriot, an organization that still manufacturers consumer goods here in the United States. The organization manufactures consumer products of all types, from tools to home goods. It prides itself on producing quality goods domestically in order to help try to spur growth in the American economy.
For the subject of the report, I will recommend implementing the use of 3D printing in the manufacturing of the organization's products. There are a number of 3D printing technologies, including additive manufacturing. This allows designers and manufacturers to print real objects…
D'Aveni, Richard. (2013). 3D printing will change the world. Harvard Business Review. Web. http://hbr.org/2013/03/3-d-printing-will-change-the-world/
Petroit. (2014). http://www.petriot.com/
3D Printers Products
The product mix at 3D systems is composed of both personal and production three dimensional (3D) printers and the related accessories and software. The company sells packages in which consumers can assemble their own 3D devices as well as fully assembled products. The most popular printer that is currently trying to penetrate further into the consumer market is the Cube. The device is plug and play capable and comes with everything to get you started printing quickly. The printer is even iFi enabled so that it can communicate with different devices over the network. All models of the Cube lineup come complete with a starter kit of materials as well as free 3D models that customers can print right out of the box. There is also design software included so customers can design their own 3D objects to print in any…
3D Systems. (N.d.). Choose Your Cube. Retrieved from Cubify: http://cubify.com/cube/ compare.aspx?tb_cube_compare' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Disruptive Technologies for the Military
Disruptive technologies are innovations that aid in creating new markets, eventually going on to disturb or even dismantle the current value networks and market, and to displace an older technology. Clayton M. Christensen, a professor at Harvard Business School, coined this term, now used frequently in technology and business literature for describing innovations that bring about improvements to any service or product, in ways not expected by the market (Lucas, 2012). The Professor first made use of the term in his best-seller "The Innovator's Dilemma" (published in the year 1997), wherein he classified new technologies into two groups: disruptive and sustaining. The former category refers to novel, inadequately refined technology, typically associated with performance issues, known only to some group(s), and normally lacking any proven practical use. Meanwhile, the latter category includes familiar technologies undergoing successive improvements. Disruption may be viewed from another perspective, if…
Brimley, S., FitzGerald, B., Sayler, S. & Singer, P.W. (SEPTEMBER 2013). Game Changers: Disruptive Technology and U.S. Defense Strategy, Center for American New Security
Christiansen, C. (1997). The Innovator's Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail, Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.
FitzGerald, B., Sayler, K., Lynn III, W.J. & Stavridis, J. (JUNE 2014). Creative Disruption Technology, Strategy and the Future of the Global Defense Industry, Center for American New Security.
Fonseca, M. (03/02/2014). Guide to 12 Disruptive Technologies. IntelligentHQ.com digital, retrieved from http://www.intelligenthq.com/technology/12-disruptive-technologies / on 20 February 2016
Transportation logistics field has experienced a number of significant changes in recent years due to innovations in technology, and there are a number of emerging concepts that have surfaced over the past 1 to 2 years as a result. To determine the facts, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to identify several of these emerging concepts, including a detailed discussion concerning their respective importance in the transportation logistics management (TLM) field. An analysis concerning the direction these emerging trends will take in the future and their potential future impact within the TLM field is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.
eview and Analysis
The concepts that are emerging in the TLM field today may have appeared as so much science fiction just a few years ago, but concepts such as 3D printing, drone deliveries and driverless vehicles…
Frey, T. (2012, December). Creating cars that talk to the roads. Journal of Environmental Health, 75(5), 38-40.
Grace, J. (2014, Fall). The end of post-sale confusion: How consumer 3D printing will diminish the function of trademarks. Harvard Journal of Law & Technology, 28(1), 263-271.
Robinson, A. (2015, January 14). The future of logistics: Are 3PL companies ready to adopt these four emerging technologies? Cerasis. Retrieved from http://cerasis.com/2015 / 01/14/future-of-logistics/.
Rule, T. A. (2015, January). Airspace in an age of drones. Boston University Law Review, 95(1), 155-160.
To succeed in a highly dynamic and competitive environment, business organizations must effectively execute their planning activities. They must judiciously formulate their long- and short-term goals and objectives. This ensures better anticipation of the ever uncertain future (Hill & Jones, 2013). Effective planning also ensures better utilization of organizational resources (Wittman & Reuter, 2008). With reference to Galaxy Toys, an American toy manufacturing company, this paper explores the planning process. In the first part, a SWOT analysis of the company is provided, along with a choice and justification of the best long-term planning decision for the company. In the second part, the paper differentiates between goals and objectives based on a formulated list of goals and objectives.
Part One: SWOT Analysis and Long-Term Planning
Founded in 1956 by George Jepson and his wife, Galaxy is involved in designing, manufacturing, and selling space-themed children's toys primarily in the U.S. The company…
Michael Cooley (1972) has suggested that the drawing office has been downgraded in importance as a result of the finer division of labor in engineering that began in the 1930s. He described how the creative design element had become increasingly separated from the work of executing drawings. The fragmentation of shop floor jobs was, according to Cooley, paralleled by fragmentation of the job of the designer/drafter. Until the 1930s, drafters in ritain were responsible for designing a component, stress testing it, selecting materials for it, writing the specifications, and liaising with the shop floor and customers. ut starting in the 1930s, these functions were progressively broken down into separate jobs and taken over by various specialists, such as stress testers, metallurgists, tribologists, methods and planning engineers, and customer liaison engineers, leaving drafters with only the job of drawing (3D Systems Corporation, 2001).
In effect, in the ritain of the 1930s,…
3D Systems Corporation. 2001, 3D Systems. Retrieved Nov 3, 2011. from the World Wide Web: www.3dsystems.com/
Brown, Richard D. 2009, Knowledge Is Power: The Diffusion of Information in Early America, 1700 -- 1865. New York: Oxford University Press.
Chandler, Alfred D. Jr., 1977, The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Cooley M. 1972, Computer-Aided Design-Its Nature and Implications. Richmond, Surrey: AUEW/TASS.
Graphic Freelance Designer
Design professionalism standards and ethics (Discuss how the use of copyrighted materials may or may not be a factor with the portfolio you are preparing and in following proper use guidelines.)
Professional designers aren't entitled to take exclusive credit for any design whose creation has involved collaboration between two or more designers (Crawford, 34). Further, professional designers aren't encouraged to accept projects which are likely to involve conflicting interests and, thus, dispute, without the consent of the client (Crawford, 38).
The American Institute of Graphic Arts' (AIGA's) Design Business and Ethics guideline series delineates crucial professional and ethical challenges faced by professional designers and purchasers of graphic designs. The work explores chief designer concerns when it comes to remaining successful, and directly addresses individual rights protection.
The AIGA's Design Business and Ethics covers norms every designer is required to abide by. The norms aim at guiding workplace…
Aszman, Amanda. What to Expect in 2016: Predictions from Top Creatives. How Design, December 23, 2015. Web. [ http://www.howdesign.com/resources-education/graphic-design-trends-2016/ ]
Bartow, Doug. 29 Things Young Designers Need to Know, How Design, September 11, 2014. [ http://www.howdesign.com/design-career/29-things-young-designers-need-to-know/ ]
Crawford, Tad, ed. Design Business and Ethics. Richard Grefe, AIGA, 2009. Web. [ http://www.makinggood.ac.nz/media/1278/aiga_47555891-design-business-and-ethics-1-.pdf ]
Decker Design, After School Special: Advice for Emerging Designers -- AIGA. AIGA, 2011. Web. [ http://www.aiga.org/contentassets/7334d1c7b46648ef92fe8f73527ff952/aiga-afterschoolspecial.pdf ]
Zebra Imaging: The Publically Traded Company
In this paper the writer chooses a (public) company that has been a major player involved with the technology that was analyzed as part of the Evolution of a Technology project completed earlier in the course. The company we are going to focus on is "Zebra Imaging," which has been focusing on 3D holographic technology. The paper identifies the overall technology and innovation strategy of Zebra Imaging; analyzes its innovation performance, the actions and choices it has made in creating and capturing value from its innovations. The paper also identifies problems and issues with those actions and choices. The paper provides recommendations for creating and capturing value, identifies key decisions, and recommends how to deliver value (implementation, market approaches, competitive/collaborative issues, etc.). The paper also includes the rationales for the recommendations given in the paper. Lastly, the paper applies the models and analysis tools…
O'Toole, M. (2015). Zebra Imaging and Zygote Media Partner to Bring 3D Visualization to the Medical Community. PR Newswire. Retrieved from: http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/zebra-imaging-and-zygote-media-partner-to-bring-3d-visualization-to-the-medical-community-281061562.html
Zebra Imaging Website. (2015). Technology. Retrieved from: http://www.zebraimaging.com/zebra-imaging-emerging-technology/
Shah, A. (2013). Austin's Zebra Imaging Closes $5M Loan to Boost Retail 3-D Holograms. XConomy. Retrieved from: http://www.xconomy.com/texas/2013/12/10/austins-zebra-imaging-closes-5m-loan-boost-retail-3-d-holograms/
Crunchbase. (2015). Zebra Imaging. Retrieved from: https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/zebra-imaging
Fear of the Return of Totalitarian Architecture Due to Technological Advancements
This paper examines some of the different aspects of the coming worldwide technological totalitarianism and the expanding of it influence. The argument that this is both a conscious and accidental program of influential individuals and organizations carried out through the procedure of reification of philosophical beliefs which are misshapen into institutions, services, technologies policies and in the end, culture. Some experts that have explored this topic believe that by pay no attention to the costs of new technologies, what there may be some kind of loss in the bargain and that it can lean so something that is immeasurable and potentially disastrous. It is obvious that history was not or is not all the way inevitable, however, it is likewise a question of human values in connection to changes that are looked at as being natural. Although there have…
Carpo, Mario. "Architecture in the Age of Printing." The History of Architectural Theory. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data, 6 March 1998.
-- . "The Alphabet and the Algorithm." Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. The MIT Press, 7 May 1995.
Giroux, Henry. Totalitarian Paranoia in the Post-Orwellian Surveillance State. 14 Feruary 2014. http://billmoyers.com/2014/02/11/totalitarian-paranoia-in-the-post-orwellian-surveillance-state/ . 18 March 2014.
Keller, Marcello Sorce. "Why is Music so Ideological, Why Do Totalitarian States Take It So Seriously: A Personal View from History, and the Social Sciences",." Journal of Musicological Research, XXVI 2.3 (2007): 91 -- 122.
We agree that people still purchase books.
The reason is that today the author gets paid upfront and if people do not read the book, the publisher has to bear the loss. Secondly publishers are able to 'sell the books' to the bookstores' based on 'consignment system', whereby the 'book store' is able to return the books which are unsold against a 'full refund'. (Grossman, 2009) Jeanie Comstock (2009) says that some of the changes that became mandatory include the quality, readability and accessibility of documents. The changes in publishing technology have also called for changes in the roles for technical workers, communicators and even writers. Thus the intervention and role of the technical communicator has changed so that the matter or book published to day is readable, articulate, and navigable both in the printed and in the electronic media. The composite problem is also to keep up the author…
Comstock, Jeanie. (2009) "The Effect of Changes in Publishing Technologies on Labor and Documentation" Orange Journal, vol. 4, no. 2. Retrieved 18 April, 2009 from http://orange.eserver.org/issues/4-2/comstock.html
Ellonen, Hanna-Kaisa. (2007) "Exploring the strategic impact of technological change
Studies on the role of Internet in magazine publishing" Retrieved 18 April, 2009 from https://oa.doria.fi/handle/10024/31121?locale=lsv&author
Greco, Albert N. (2005) "The book publishing industry"
The marketing team will be charged with producing four-color informative brochures for distribution as well as a coordinated advertising campaign directed towards the targeted doctors and hospitals. This campaign could include sponsored luncheons for the doctors and the decision-making staff of the targeted hospitals. Establishing relationships with these individuals will be considered the sales executive's job. Since the Distribution of the product will be handled through direct sales, and wholesalers. The wholesalers will be healthcare dealers and stocking distributors. These firms specialize in the identification of a viable market and already have sales teams in place to promote products such as our low-cost implant alternative. Although our profit on each device will not be as high as the direct sales, the selling cycle and a penetration of a marketplace that is difficult to enter are the endearing qualities exhibited by wholesalers. Our profit margin per device will be much lower,…
Comaford-Lynch, C. (2007) Think like a financier, Business Week Online, p. 18, accessed at http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=5&hid=13&sid=67d55975-ab0d-4db8-a874-529826712198%40sessionmgr4&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPXVpZCxjb29raWUsaXAsdXJsJmxvZ2lucGFnZT1Mb2dpbi5hc3Amc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saXZlJnNjb3BlPXNpdGU%3d#db=a9h&AN=26053475 , on March 28, 2010
Farquharson, B. (2008) As you read this, I'm already dead, Graphic Arts Monthly, Vol. 80, Issue 9, p. 53
Interactive art usually contains computers, sensors, and other devices that allow the art and the user to interact with each other. Video and computer games have brought a different set of artists to the field. The tools have changed as well with the advent of voice analyzers, robotics, actuators, LED's, and etc.
Is the line between real reality and virtual reality getting blurred? Virtual describes the animated form and how closely it resembles the original. Users and the environment interact freely with each other in worlds that are replicas of our own environments. When we watch movies, we are watching real actors but in a virtual landscape or scene. Is this really different from watching the animatronics characters? Mixed reality refers to environments or situations that contain elements from both the virtual and the real world. The two are entwined to create the optimal effect on the user.
Core77. http://www.core77.com/reactor/rozin_interview.html (accessed April 15, 2010)
Dinkla, S. "The History of the Interface in Interactive Art" 1994. http://www.kenfeingold.com/dinkla_history.html (accessed April 15, 2010)
Interactiveartists.blogspot.com. http://interactiveartists.blogspot.com / (accessed April 15, 2010)
Kwastek, K.; Daniels, D.; and Boltzman, L. "Interaction, Interactivity, Interactive Art" http://media.lbg.ac.at/en/veranstaltungen.php?iMenuID=3&iEventID=112 (accessed April 15, 2010)
" (2008) Williams finally state that dynamic computing can enable innovation through enabling it departments to shift "from a 'light on' operation to a proactive, forward-looking approach." (2008)
The work of Edward M. Rizzo and Leslie a. Worsley entitled; "Emerging Technologies and the Internet Enable Today's E-Workforce" states that with the changes occurring in today's workforce "management requires a new way of thinking. The tools driving organizational effectiveness shave changed drastically in recent years in order to meet the needs of an ever-evolving workforce." (2001) a larger percent of the workforce is comprised of professional employees whom are "more mobile, and there is a growing dependence on temporary or contract employees to ensure adequate staffing levels." (Rizzo and Worsley, 2001) Rizzo and Worsley state that to this end more and more employers are depending on emergent technologies in facing staffing challenges including the Internet. While "traditional businesses have…
Alter, Allan E. (2005) Innovation Makes Emerging Technologies Pay Off. CIO Insight. 5 June 2005. Online available at http://www.cioinsight.com/article2/0,1397,1826516,00.asp
Alter, Allan E. (2005) Innovation Makes Emerging Technologies Pay Off. 5 June 2005. CIO Insight. Research online available at
" Further, it is held that "a material misrepresentation in the certifications (bid) generally provides a basis for rejection of the proposal or reevaluation of the award decision." Thus, it can be said that if a challenge shows a material misrepresentation in the awardee's bid, than their challenge should be upheld.
n mpresa Construzioni Geom. Domenico Garufi v. United States, 238 F.3d 1324 (U.S. App. 2001), the issue was the standard of review for decisions of contracting officers made under the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996. According to the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996, "The Court of Federal Claims and district courts shall have concurrent jurisdiction over bid protest actions, and that the courts 'shall review the agency's decision pursuant to the standards set forth in section 706 of title 5' of the APA. Accordingly, under the APA, a bid award may be set aside if the contracting…
In the 2004 decision of in the matter of ACS Government Services, Inc., another decision involving the challenge to the awarding of a contract to another business, Plaintiff argues that the awardee misrepresented information in their bid and that this misrepresentation materially affected the evaluation of the awardee's bid. In this case, the court upheld the challenge, stating that on review it was the review board's position to ensure that the evaluation of the parties bids was "reasonable and consistent with the terms of the solicitation." Further, it is held that "a material misrepresentation in the certifications (bid) generally provides a basis for rejection of the proposal or reevaluation of the award decision." Thus, it can be said that if a challenge shows a material misrepresentation in the awardee's bid, than their challenge should be upheld.
In Impresa Construzioni Geom. Domenico Garufi v. United States, 238 F.3d 1324 (U.S. App. 2001), the issue was the standard of review for decisions of contracting officers made under the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996. According to the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996, "The Court of Federal Claims and district courts shall have concurrent jurisdiction over bid protest actions, and that the courts 'shall review the agency's decision pursuant to the standards set forth in section 706 of title 5' of the APA. Accordingly, under the APA, a bid award may be set aside if the contracting official's decision laced a rational basis or involved a violation of regulation or a procedure. Further, under the APA, although an explanation is not required by the officer, a reviewing court may require an explanation. It is on this ground that the Court remands the decision to the lower court.
Finally, in the administrative decision of in the Matter of Savantage Financial Services, Inc. (2003), held that a business may challenge an agency decision to not provide the business with a solicitation for purchase where the decision was made pursuant to FAR 8.404(b)(3) and where the business did not appear to offer best value, as determined by the agency, based on information obtained from schedule vendors and product demonstrations. However, despite the ability to challenge such indirect pre-solicitation decisions, the review board further ruled that such practice was reasonable under the standard of review laid out in the above-mentioned court and administrative decisions.
The head office of Dell is at Austin, Texas at the same place where the company was based. Dell Americas is also located in Texas, which is the regional business unit for the United States, Canada and Latin America. The regional headquarters offices of the company are in England, for Europe Middle East and Africa; in Singapore catering to Asia-Pacific; and in Kawasaki, Japan, to serve the market for Japan. The production unit for the manufacture of computers is located in Texas, Tennessee, Brazil, Ireland, Malaysia, and China. Dell Computer Corporation sells products and services meant for Information Technology and the Internet backbone. The proceeds of the company for the previous four quarters were $31.2 billion. (Stories of Entrepreneurs: Michael Dell)
Dell's product, pricing, distribution, and promotion strategies
The Dell product line-up of high performance computer systems comprises of PowerEdge servers, PowerApp server applications, PowerVault storage products,…
Bean, Michael. The Price Strategy Simulator: Anatomy of a Price War Hewlett-Packard / Compaq vs. Dell. Retrieved at http://www.forio.com/pricing20010912.htm . Accessed on 16 October, 2004
Best practice resources enabling lean manufacturing excellence. Retrieved at http://www.superfactory.com/Resources/concepts/demandflow.htm . Accessed on 16 October, 2004
Brief Description of the Product/Service. Retrieved at http://homepages.wmich.edu/~j0karnat/Dell%20Project.htm. Accessed on 16 October, 2004
Build-To-Order Model for Success (Part-II) Retrieved at http://www.themanagementor.com/kuniverse/kmailers_universe/manu_kmailers/scm_build2order2.htm. Accessed on 16 October, 2004
Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC
Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC is a British multinational corporation that designs, develops, manufactures, promotes, and sells automobiles under the brand names of Jaguar and Land over, including ange over brand. Jaguar Land over is the United Kingdom's largest automobile corporation that took its roots from a couple of strongest automobile brands: Jaguar and Land over. Currently, Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC is a renowned subsidiary of India's most successful automobile group -- Tata Motors. It is headquartered in Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom. Tata Motors acquired Jaguar Land over in 2008 from Ford Motor Company. The major subsidiaries of Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC include: Jaguar Land over Holdings Limited, Jaguar Land over Limited, Jaguar Land over India, and Chery Jaguar Land over. Jaguar Land over was the result of a union between Jaguar Cars and Land over which Ford Motor Company did…
Cranfield University, (2014). Jaguar Land Rover: High Performance Leaders Programme. Retrieved on April 2nd, 2014, from
Harrison, J.S., & John, C.H. (2014). Foundations in Strategic Management, 6th Edition. USA: Cengage Learning.
Henry, A. (2011). Understanding Strategic Management, 2nd Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2009). Strategic Management: Competitiveness and Globalization: Concepts & Cases, 8th Edition. Mason, OH: South-Western.
Thompson & Martin (2010) brings about the significance of external as well as internal analysis of a business empire as they point out the manner in which they can improve a number of intensive as well as effective strategies. Based on their argument, it is without doubt that both external as well as internal analysis reflects on the most fundamentals for the organization with the aim of taking care of situations for instance, intensive market competition among others. Based on the above statement, it is therefore important to bring about the strategic analysis of Signarama Company which on the other hand can be called PESTLE. The concentration will be on the external aspect analysis and vision of the company and further project on whether the company's current strategic position is the preferred one for it. It is also important that this analysis brings out the effectiveness…
Resources and Services for International Marketing and Advertising: A Global Guide. Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved on April, 16 2014 http://customwritingtips.com/component/k2/item/15466-international-advertisement.html
Crawford, R. 2008. But Wait, There's More...: A History of Australian Advertising, 1900-2000. Melbourne Univ. Publishing. Retrieved on April 16, 2014 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/236288813_Truth_in_Advertising_The_Beginning_of_Advertising_Ethics_in_Australia
Thompson, J.L. And Martin, F. 2010. Strategic Management: Awareness & Change. Cengage Learning EMEA. Retrieved on April 16, 2014 http://*****/blog/?id=334
Turner, G. 2002. Nation, Culture, Text: Australian Cultural and Media Studies. Routledge. Retrieved on April 16, 2014 http:/ / eprints.qut.edu.au