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In addition statistics indicate that many of those who apply and are hired do not make it though the training for the job.
This provides evidence of importance when it comes to choosing the right candidates to begin with so that those who are hired are more capable of making it through the training.
According to Furey newly hired dispatchers are also affected by the attitudes of the dispatchers already working therefore it is crucial to maintain a high morale among the dispatchers already in position.
Furey suggests two recruiting tools to attract and find potential employees for dispatch jobs. The first thing he recommends is word of mouth. According to Furey workers who are happy and content in their position are inclined to recommend others that they believe would be a good fit for the job as well.
The second recommendation that he makes is to have potential employees…
Bechet, Tom (2000) Developing Staffing Strategies That Work: Implementing Pragmatic, Nontraditional Approaches.(human resources planning) Public Personnel Management
Furey, Barry (2005) 911 center staffing: a burning issue.(COMMUNICATING)
Helton, Kim (2004) Case study: Pennsylvania's changing workforce: planning today with tomorrow's vision. Public Personnel Management
People looked at the attack as a tragedy that could happen to anyone. Not only Americans died that day. There were many other nationalities that are included in the 2,973 fatalities. Therefore, they are also taken as common enemies of the world. They waged a war not only to U.S. ut to all nations who looked at their method as inhuman and unacceptable. They did not think about the lives they took or the repercussions of what they believed to be a noble sacrifice. They are common enemies, therefore, because of the whole world suffered from the aftermath of the 9/11 tragedy.
September 11, 2001: it was the last working day of someone's mother, father, brother, sister, daughter or son. It was a firefighter's last dispatch. It was someone's last day of life. Fatalities were not identified as Americans, Canadians, Germans, European or any other nationalities; they were seen as…
In spite of the theories regarding an American conspiracy, there is still no solid proof to sustain the speculations.
In most cases, including the 9/11 terrorist attack, teenagers are among the first to be affected and influenced by it. Ever since the 9/11 attacks, many American children have been convinced that the Arabs are their enemies and will not stop from harassing the U.S. until they are dealt with. "Growing up in a military family, second-year business economics student Bridgette Tuquero knew since she was young that she wanted to continue the family tradition. The Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks only reaffirmed her beliefs." (Indravudh, 2006)
Dan Nelson, a fourth-year history student, joined ROTC last spring, but said he has always intended to enter the military after graduation - an ambition that stems from the impact he felt after the events of Sept. 11." (Indravudh, 2006)
Apparently, the 9/11 events…
Indravudh, Peach. "Enlisting in a military education." Daily Bruin. Sept. 2006. 31 Oct. 2008. http://www.dailybruin.ucla.edu/archives/id/37468/
Miles, Donna. "Five Years After 9/11, Recruiting, Retention Remain Solid." Army.com. 31 Oct. 2008. http://www.army.com/news/item/2350
The Home Office Minister pointed out in one of his addresses that "the most significant terrorist threat to the UK and to UK interests abroad comes from Al Qaida and associated networks. Senior AQ members, including its leader Osama bin Laden, have stated publicly that the UK and UK interests are a priority target for them. There have been a number of attacks specifically targeting UK interests based overseas. In November 2003, five people died in an Al Qaida car bomb attack on the ritish Consulate and HSC in Istanbul." (Home Office, 2007)
Therefore, the role of the agencies in the UK is essential, taking into account the need to prevent the threats, pursue their authors, protect the population from any attack, and prepare in the eventuality of one.
3. Latin America is as well a rather vulnerable area, prone to the increasing power of the terrorist groups. At the…
Department of Justice. (2006) Examples of Terrorism Convictions Since Sept. 11, 2001. Retrieved 11 June 2007, at http://www.usdoj.gov/opa/pr/2006/June/06_crm_389.html
Home Office. (2007) Hazel Blear's speech to the Royal United Services Institute, the Tools to Combat Terrorism. Press Office. Retrieved 11 June 2007, at http://press.homeoffice.gov.uk/Speeches/02-05-sp-tools-combat-terrorism
Hudson, Rex. (2003) Terrorist and organized crime groups in the Tri Border Area of South America. Retrieved 11 June 2007, at http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/pdf-files/TerrOrgCrime_TBA.pdf
National Infrastructure Protection Plan. Retrieved 11 June 2007, at http://www.dhs.gov/xprevprot/
911 Commission: the Clinton Administration's Response in 1998 versus the Bush Administration's Response to 2001
After the Cold War, the state of American intelligence was in incredible disarray. The Cold War had ended. The purpose of all of American intelligence efforts had been shifted from a Cold War focus on the Soviet Union to a more chaotic, diverse, and internationally and ethnically divided world. The 9/11 commission, when comparing the Clinton Administration's response to the 1998 Al Qaeda bombings of American embassies, admitted that during this period of world history the Clinton Administration was still in a difficult and transitional world period, and domestically, the nation was uncertain as to how to go forward. The Clinton Administration made a cautious response that did not fundamentally reconfigure the systems of intelligence gathering in the nation, or the bureaucracy of the intelligence agencies in the United States. This was difficult to do…
911 and eyond Presage an Era of New Terrorism? What Problems Does this Pose in Terms of Risk Management?
For airports and the airline industry worldwide, the events of September 11, 2001 were absolutely catastrophic, especially in the United States, and resulted in major changes in risk assessment and security procedures. In the United States, all airline security was removed from the hands of the airlines and private contractors and turned over to the federal government. Essentially, the Transportation Security Administration took control of the screening of passengers, cargo and baggage. ecause it was the most influential country in the world and the largest market, the U.S. was also able to insist that other countries follow its revised security procedures as well, or be denied access to American air space. Security procedures that had been in place for decades were radically overhauled and intensified, since this generation of terrorists was…
Breckenridge, J.N. And P.G. Zimbardo 2007. "The Strategy of Terrorism and the Psychology of Mass-Mediated Fear" in M. Bongar et al. (eds) 2007. Psychology of Terrorism. Oxford University Press, pp. 116-36.
Catastrophic Risks and Insurance, No. 8, 2005. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. OECD Publishing.
Drakos, K. 2007. "Terrorism-induced Structural Shifts in Financial Risk: The Case of Airline Stocks in the Aftermath of the 11 September Terrorist Attacks" in T. Broek (ed). The Economic Analysis of Terrorism. Routledge, pp. 107-20.
Fischer, J.W. 2002. "Terrorism: Airline Industry Turmoil" in E.V. Linden (ed). Focus of Terrorism, Volume 2. Nova Science Publishers, pp. 17-20.
They also allow for a police department to be connected to a local, county, state, and federal network of criminal justice databases (Computer-Aided Dispatch Software esources, n.d.).
Typically emergency calls for service are automatically routed to dispatchers. When these calls are received the CAD system will recommend a unit assignment based upon a number of factors. These include: the location of the incident in question, they type of call that it is, and the availability of units for dispatch. Another feature that CAD systems have is to keep an online history of all calls that are taken. This history is usually kept for a six-month time period. This allows the dispatcher to have access to any prior calls regarding specific addresses, which may be helpful for the officer that is responding. It also maintains notes about locations that might contain important information for the officer. An additional helpful feature of…
Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) System Provides Mission Critical Mapping Capabilities for 911 Call Centers. (21 February 2008) Retrieved February 28, 2009, from TechTaxi Web Site: http://techtaxi.blogspot.com/2008/02/computer-aided-dispatch-cad-system.html
Computer-Aided Dispatch Software Resources. (n.d). Retrieved February 28, 2009, from Dispatch Magazine Online. Web Site: http://www.911dispatch.com/info/cad/index.html
E911. (n.d.). Retrieved February 27,2009, from Webopedia Web Site: http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/E/E911.html
Encyclopedia >Computer Assisted Dispatch. (n.d). Retrieved February 28, 2009, from NationMaster.com Web Site: http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Computer-assisted-dispatch
Secure After 911?
Is the United States more secure or less secure following the attacks of September 11, 2001? The position of this paper is that the U.S. is in fact more secure. Even after the bombing at the Boston Marathon in April, 2013 -- an example of a domestic terrorist event -- it can be said that America is more secure than it was prior to the attacks of September 11, 2001.
hy is the U.S. more secure now?
Firstly, there have been changes made in a number of aspects of life in the United States. A peer-reviewed article in the journal Middle East Quarterly points to several changes that are clearly intended to make the country more secure. The main government buildings in the nation's capital are now surrounded by "…ugly concrete blocks," and the street in front of the hite House -- Pennsylvania Avenue -- is now…
Boyd, Dallas, Dunn, Lewis A., and Scouras, James. "Why Has the United States Not Been
Attacked Again?" The Washington Quarterly, 32.3 (2009): 3-19.
CBS News. "Yemen: U.S. drone strikes kill 5 al Qaeda members." Retrieved May 19, 2013,
from http://www.cbsnews.com .
Specifically, the actions of the FBI, CIA, and the American government may have played a role in America's lack of preparedness for surge and terrorist actions (Posner).
At the interstate level, international relationships are viewed through the interactions of states with each other. In this level of analysis, policy can be understood through the often that reciprocal relationships between individual countries (Goldstein).
At this level of analysis, the terrorist attacks can be understood within the context of the interactions of individual states. Specifically, the interaction of the United States with Islamic states and Israel can be seen as linked to terrorist acts. rites Posner, "how could America support the terror state of Israel, he asked, and then cry foul when the underpowered struck back?"
The global level is a worldview approach to the analysis of international relations. The social, economic, and political structure of the world whole is…
Goldstein, Joshua. International Relations, Fourth Edition. Pearson Education, 2000.
Jipson, Joshua and Immelman, Aubrey. Bush plays the charmer who wants to be taken seriously. St. Cloud Times, 2000. http://www.csbsju.edu/uspp/Election/bush012300.htm
MSN Encarta. Bush, George W (alker). 05 November 2004. http://encarta.msn.com/text_761581479____6/George_Bush.html
Posner, Gerald L. Why America Slept: The Failure to Prevent 9/11. Random House, 2003.
According to the 911 Commission eport, in effect, the U.S. was transformed. The people killed in these attacks included more than 2,600 at World Trade Center, 125 at the Pentagon, and 256 on the four planes which were more than the causalities occurred at Pearl Harbor in 1941.
young Arabs of extremists group in Afghanistan were involved in it. In September 2001, the terrorists warned the U.S. media, the congress, the government, and the public that they would kill large number of U.S. citizens. Usama Bin Ladin was behind the planning of these attacks.
War on Terror
eagan was the first who used "war against terrorism" in 1984 soon after bombing in Beirut in 1983. President Bush launched the war on terror on September 20, 2001 during his address to a joint session of congress when he said,
"Our 'war on terror' begins with al Qaeda, but it does…
Barnett, Thomas P.M. 2004. The Pentagon's New Map: War and Peace in the Twenty-First Century. New York: Berkley Books.
Bayoumi, Moustafa. 2008. How Does It Feel To Be A Problem: Being Young and Arab in America. Alwan For The Arts. Retrieved 2011-07-21.
Burgat, Francois. 2009. Europe and the Arab World: The Dilemma of Recognising Counterparts. International Politics, 46(5), 616-635.
Farrar, Straus and Giroux. 2002. Moy Sand And Gravel. Feber and Feber.
Events of 911 were a shock not only for the people of America but for the entire world. These events brought drastic changes in the world economy along with the political and sociological changes. Different people have different views about the impacts of 9/11 and the way it has changed the world. In order to do this paper, I interviewed my uncle and a neighbor friend. My uncle who is also my relative is about 50 years old and works in a software house while my neighbor friend is 26 years old and has just finished his studies.
My first question was about the impact of the events of 9/11 on their sense of security/vulnerability? Both of them gave almost same responses and I also agreed with their point-of-view. They replied that it was a shock for all of the Americans as they had no idea that their…
Dugan, Andrew. (2013). On 10th Anniversary, 53% in U.S. See Iraq War as Mistake. Gallup Politics.. Published 18th March 2013. Retrieved 7th September 2013.
The Guardian. (2011). Afghanistan and Iraq wars not worth fighting, say a third of U.S. veterans. Associated Press. Published Wednesday 5th October 2011. Retrieved on Saturday 7th September 2013.
9/11 Terrorism and EMS
On 11th September, 2001, a total of nineteen al-Qaeda terrorists took control of four sky-borne airplanes, using them to carry out suicide attacks aimed at American targets. Two planes were guided directly towards the New York World Trade Center's twin towers, one struck the U.S. defense department's headquarters (the Pentagon), and one crashed into a Pennsylvanian field. Known worldwide as the 9/11 terror attacks, this day's events led to large-scale destruction and death, sparking numerous important projects on the federal government's part, aimed at battling terrorism; these efforts defined George Bush's presidential term. More than 3,000 individuals lost their lives to the Pentagon and Twin Towers attacks. Of these, over 400 were firefighters and law enforcement officials.
The invaders were identified as Arab (chiefly Saudi Arabian) Islamic terrorists said to be funded by Saudi Arabian runaway bin Laden's terror group, al-Qaeda. The attacks were apparently retribution…
Dwyer, J., & Flynn, K. (2005). "Prologue." 102 Minutes. Times Books.
Eisner, H. (2002, April). "Terrorist Attack At New York World Trade Center." Retrieved from Firehouse Magazine: http://www.firehouse.com/terrorist/911/magazine/harvey.html
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. (2016, October 14). Al-Qaeda Islamic Militant Organization. Retrieved from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.: https://www.britannica.com/topic/al-Qaeda
History.com. (2010). 9/11 Attacks. Retrieved from History.com: http://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks
S. Congress - show that as of 7:20 A.M. On November 19, 2006, the dollar cost for Iraq alone stood at $343,505,966,000. That's over $343 billion dollars spent on the war effort since Bush launched the American invasion on March 19 of 2003.
The National Priorities Project breaks down the cost of the war per state; for example, the war has cost California $43,514,789,000; it has cost the state of Nebraska $2,469,887,000 so far. It has cost Mississippi $1,336,643,290, and it has cost the devastated state of Louisiana (which is still trying to rebuild from Hurricane Katrina) $2,615,210,500 so far; imagine how many homes could be repaired, and how many affordable houses could have been built in and around New Orleans, with over 2 and a half billion dollars.
hat is the cost to marriages involving the soldiers? The Institute for Policy Studies and Foreign Policy in Focus (IPSFP) writes…
Bennis, Phyllis, and Leaver, Erik. "The Iraq Quagmire: The Mounting Costs of War and the Case for Brining Home the Troops." The Institute for Policy Studies and Foreign Policy in Focus. (August 31, 2005): Retrieved 21 Nov. 2006 at http://www.ips-dc.org/iraq/quagmire/
National Priorities Project. "The War in Iraq Costs." Retrieved 19 Nov. 2006 at http://nationalpriorities.org/index.php?option=come_wrapper&Itemid=182 .
The New York Times, Oct. 5, 2001, Nov. 30, 2001; Feb. 7, 2002; Oct. 26, 2002; Jan. 29, 2003; Feb. 11, 2003; March 17, 2003; and Sept. 4, 2003. Retrieved 21 Nov. 2006 from ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times (1851-2003).
Young, Steve. "Iraq's signature wound: Body armor, medical transport help save once-fatal brain
Socio-Political Factors of 911: Motivations and esponses
Whereas terrorism against American targets abroad has been all too common, most Americans have tended to believe themselves safe from such horrors at home. However, September-11 terrorists' attack on World Trade Center at New York ended this illusion (White, 2003).
To end the threat of terrorism against the American people, we must know the true reason why we American are so hated in other parts of the world. Modern technology makes mass murder and terrorism so ridiculously easy that just about anyone can do it. Terrorism cannot be stopped by military might. In fact, we are already witnessing the sign of enough worldwide hatred against America to give rise to a thousand new terrorists for every one terrorist we kill. We must not blame Muslims or Arabs in general for the Sept.11th attack. The criminals are those people who are trained in a…
Ajami, Fouad (2002).. America's Burden, U.S. News & World Report, 133 (39): 39-40.
Ennes, James M. (1979). Assault on the Liberty; The True Story of the Israeli Attack on an American Intelligence Ship. N. Y: Random House.
Kreiser, John (2004). Techs And Small Caps Advance In A Nervous Market; Fears of a possible terrorist attack and worries about the economy kept investors anxious. InformationWeek, May 26, p NA.
McGhie, Gerald (2004). Masterminds of Terror: the truth behind the most devastating terrorist attack the world has ever seen. New Zealand international review, 29 (2): 31-33.
and, outlandish as it may seem to most Americans today, it is possible that... Chomsky's interpretation will be the standard among historians a hundred years from now. (November 20, 2001)
Since the time of its initial, mainly negative reviews, Noam Chomsky's sharply critical appraisal of America's hegemonic military endeavors, in the form of what Chomsky calls terrorism, as much so as similar aggressive acts anywhere else, by anyone else, may have (as a result of the now-protracted Iraq War and its lack of any resolution yet in sight, perhaps come into its own. For example, with no weapons of mass destruction (America's supposed reason for invading Iraq) found in Iraq; combined with the fact of the now hugely unpopular George W. Bush Presidency, based on the war's length and failure; and Bush's stubbornness about withdrawing American troops, Chomsky's major point within 911, that American military might and bullying of others…
Barsky, R. (1997) Noam Chomsky: A life of dissent. Cambridge, MA: The MIT
Chomsky, N. (November 2003). Hegemony or survival: America's quest for global dominance. New York: Metropolitan Books.
Chomsky, N. 911. (October 2001) New York: Open Media.
During World War II, the same fate befell Fred Korematsu, a young Japanese man who violated a law against his presence in California. While he was at least provided with the right to contest his internment, the above-mentioned three persons were not. Indeed, they were not even provided with the right to see their families.
No war justifies such blatant disregard for basic human rights. Indeed, the war is not helped by detaining innocent people while the guilty are free to continue their destructive practices, because no investigation is made into determining the guilt or innocence of detainees. uch practices damage not only the international reputation of the country, but also the faith of its citizens on a domestic scale.
Findlaw.com. Brief of Amicus Curiae Fred Korematsu in support of petitioners. http://supreme.lp.findlaw.com/supreme_court/briefs/03-334/03-334.pet.ami.korematsu.pdf
Tuoro Law Center. (1995-2008). Korematsu v. United tates, Decided December 18, 1944. http://tourolaw.edu/patch/Korematsu
Findlaw.com. Brief of Amicus Curiae Fred Korematsu in support of petitioners. http://supreme.lp.findlaw.com/supreme_court/briefs/03-334/03-334.pet.ami.korematsu.pdf
Tuoro Law Center. (1995-2008). Korematsu v. United States, Decided December 18, 1944. http://tourolaw.edu/patch/Korematsu
Therefore the consequences of such restrictions and regulations have further complicated the case, the research activities have been either shunned or go unreported to avoid any confrontation with the investigation agencies, 'the climate of fear created by the Butler case is even threatening the ability of the United States government to detect bioterrorist activity, the labs in one state are no longer reporting routine incidents of animals poisoned with ICIN, a deadly toxin found in castor beans, for fear of federal investigation'. Stanley Falkow, a respected researcher at Stanford University in California, in his letter to the former attorney-general of the United States revealed that, 'Trying to meet the unwarranted burden of what the government considers 'bio-safety' is simply not coincident with the practice of sound, creative scientific research'. The government introduced a policy which highlighted the need for tight control over the biologists 'with access to dangerous pathogens', in…
Robyn L. Pangi, Arnold M. Howitt. Countering Terrorism: Dimensions of Preparedness. 2003. MIT Press. pp. 341
Anthony Kubaik. Stages of Terror: terrorism, Ideology, and Coercion as theatre History. 2000. Pp. 154.
Jamie Lewis Keith. Regulation of Biological Materials under Export Controls and Bioterrorism Laws. University of Florida Press. 2003.
Debora MacKenzie. U.S. crackdown on Bio-Terror is backfiring. New Scientist Publication. November 2003.
U.S. Invasion into Iraq:
After the 911 terror attacks, the ush Administration launched the war on terrorism in attempts to deal with the threats of global terrorism and enhance homeland security. The war on terrorism was characterized by a successful American military campaign to destroy Afghanistan's Taliban regime and interrupt the operations of the Al Qaeda terrorist network. In the aftermath of this successful mission, the United States military invaded Iraq due to its probable source of strategic surprise and the huge danger to U.S. national interests. The onset of the invasion was marked with huge debates regarding the continued use of international sanctions and the inspections by United Nation's arms to contain Iraq. These debates also focused on the denial of imports that would be helpful to Iraq in rebuilding and modernizing Saddam Hussein's military. While U.S. invasion into Iraq was geared towards fighting the threat of terrorism, it…
Baker Boys: Inside the Surge. Directed by Ken Konwiser and Written by Jon Steele. 2010.
Chatsworth, CA: Gigapix Studios, Inc., 2010. DVD.
GRANT REBECCA, 'Saddam's Elite in the Meat Grinder', Air Force Magazine, [web page]
David, I respectfully disagree with your premise that words are the fabric of society. I would offer that experience and action are the true foundation of a well working society. Anyone, such as myself, can endlessly pine about the problems of the world on paper, but if no action is taken, than much is lost. Your dependence on "vision" is also risky in attaining any true understanding of the subject. Too often our five senses will deceive us as they depend on our emotional state to function. If we believe everything we see, we are not being honest with ourselves. In regards to the trap, to me the emperor has no clothes and I would encourage that you revisit that fable to see if it applies to your belief system regarding the actual threat of so called terrorist actions.
John it seems that your dependency on…
Intelligence, Information Sharing, and the 9/11 Commission Report
Intelligence versus information
There two terms are fundamentally different for a number of reasons. The reason the terms are different can be decoded by investigating the ‘why’ from the information gathered. According to Lance (2017) the ‘how’ or ‘what’ is not important in decoding intelligence information. The resource needed to produce valued and true intelligence is by understanding why. The sole purpose any entity receives finished intelligence is to make it possible for the entity to make strategic, operational and tactical decisions with the information received. The media takes information received and takes steps towards transforming this information into stories hence creating actionable intelligence. In essence, according to Lance (2017) intelligence changes the how and what in information into when and why in the process of decision making. Information only becomes finished intelligence through detailed analysis of that information.
Tallmadge (2016) defines…
Communication is among the highest critical success factors in the event of an emergency. Some forms of communication are more effective than others in certain scenarios. Furthermore, technology plays a vital role in the ability to communicate with stakeholders. Some technologies are adequate to serve as the framework for communication between individuals, agencies, and the public while others are not as functional. After the events of September 11th, 2001, there were significant communication challenges that hindered the effectiveness of the first responders.
As volume of different communications increased drastically with people trying to reach out to loved ones and acquire relevant news of the events. However, this acted to overwhelm the system and max out its capacity. There were even come response teams that had to send messengers to other in order to communicate between various groups. This paper will analyze some of the communication failures that were…
AP. (2007, December 5). Communication Breakdown on 9/11. Retrieved from CBS News: http://www.cbsnews.com /2100-224_162-618272.html
Harwood, M. (2011, August 17). Former DHS Chief Calls Interoperable Communications Failure "a National Disgrace." Retrieved from Security Management: http://www.securitymanagement.com/news/former-dhs-chief-calls-interoperable-communications-failure-a-national-disgrace-008904
Margolin, J. (2011, March 7). Radio problems from 9/11 not fixed, could strike again. Retrieved from NY Post: http://nypost.com/2011/03/07/radio-problems-from-911-not-fixed-could-strike-again/
Mittelsadt, M. (2004, May 19). Panel: Communication problems hampered 9/11 response. Retrieved from The Battalion: http://www.thebatt.com/2.8485/panel-communication-problems-hampered-9-11-response-1.1205160#.UkXELYZvPCk
911 as Justification to Invade Iraq
The war in Iraq may or may not have been justified for humanitarian or ideological reasons, depending on one's perspective. American leaders who favored war with Iraq used the frightened public mood, after 9/11, to maneuver opinion toward favoring the war, supposedly for America's safety. According to "Clarke's Take on Terror"
In the aftermath of Sept. 11, President Bush ordered his then top anti-terrorism adviser to look for a link between Iraq and the attacks, despite being told there didn't seem to be one . . . The
charge comes from the adviser, Richard Clarke . . . Clarke says that as early as the day after the attacks, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld was pushing for retaliatory strikes on Iraq,
even though al Qaeda was based in Afghanistan . . . Clarke suggests the idea took him so aback, he initally [sic] thought…
Bamford, James. A Pretext for War: 9/11, Iraq, and the Abuse of America's Intelligence
Agencies. New York: Doubleday, 2004. Back Flap.
"Clarke's Take on Terror." 60 Minutes [online]. March 21, 2004. Retrieved May 2, 2005,
911 tragedy, many politicians and airline industry representatives began to search for improvements to the Airline Traffic Control system, or ATC. These improvements were deigned to increase security and safety for all flight personnel, as well as for all passengers. This paper will outline some of the changes made to the ATC systems, and will discuss the benefits of each new policy or procedure.
One of the most significant changes to ATC has been the implementation of key technology, deployed at the headquarters of NOAD, located in Colorado Springs. This technology, known as Explorer, enables the NOAD team to monitor all commercial aircraft flying across the country at any given time. Previously, the technology had been used solely to monitor for incoming missiles, or military planes (Carr and Cone, 2002). The FAA also added a staff of air traffic controllers to the NOAD base, as well as in many busy…
Belger, M. (2004, June). Written testimony to the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. Retrieved online April 29, 2005 from Global Security. Web site: http://www.globalsecurity.org/security/library/congress/9-11_commission/040617-belger.pdf .
Carr, D. And Cone, E. (2002, April). When air traffic control became national defense. Baseline, 3, 163.
FAA. (2002). Part 6: air traffic services. 2002 Security Updates. Retrieved online April 29, 2005 from FAA.website. Web site: http://www.faa.gov /asd/2002Update/PDF/AT_services.pdf' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
It is a traditional belief in America that a man's home is his castle, meaning that he is lord and master of his home and no one may enter, not even the government, without his permission. This was such an important issue among the American colonists that it was included into the Constitution when they broke away from Great Britain. In short, the fourth amendment states that no private property could be searched or seized without a proper warrant; and a warrant could not be issued without due cause. Over time belief in this absolute principle has gradually softened and a number of exceptions to this rule have come into place. Police and other authorities have been given exceptions to this rule in certain circumstances and it is not uncommon for evidence, that was gathered without a warrant, to be accepted in a trial. This is the situation…
"Fourth Amendment: Search and Seizure." U.S. Government Printing Office.
Retrieved from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-CONAN-2002/pdf/GPO -
Georgia v. Randolph, 278 G. 614,604 S.E. 2d 835. (2006). Retrieved from http://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/04-1067/#writing-ZS
There are those who cite the failure of the Department of Homeland Security since the attack of September 11, 2011 however, the successes of Homeland Security are clearly noted in the work of others. This study will review the successes of the Department of Homeland Security.
The Government Accountability Office in its 226-page report states that the Homeland Security Information Network, which is the core of the Department's mission is a "secure portal for security alerts, advisories and information on homeland security technologies, and is used by a large network of federal, state, local, and private sector organizations, from emergency management to law enforcement and critical infrastructure providers." (Hoover, 2011) Included in the portal are "document libraries, instant messaging, incident reporting, discussion boards, and numerous other features." (Hoover, 2011)
Another success for the Department of Homeland Security is the 'Trusted Internet Connections and Einstein' and it…
Avlon, John (2011) Forty-Five Foiled Terror Plots Since 9/11. U.S. News. Daily Beast. 8 Sept 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/09/08/9-11-anniversary-45-terror-plots-foiled-in-last-10-years.html
A Decade After 9/11, DHS Matures Lieberman, Collins Commend Department's Development, Press for Continued Progress. (2011) U.S. Senate on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. 7 Sept 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.hsgac.senate.gov/media/a-decade-after-9/11-dhs-matures-lieberman-collins-commend-departments-development-press-for-continued-progress
Statement of Gene L. Dodaro (2011) Progress Made and Work Remaining in Implementing Homeland Security Missions 10 Years after 9/11. Testimony Before the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate. Department of Homeland Security. 7 Sept. 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d11919t.pdf
Hoover, J. Nicholas (2011) 7 Key Homeland Security IT Developments Since 9/11. Information Week Government. 8 Sept 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.informationweek.com/news/government/security/231601054
modernity, the idea of culture and groups has become complex and morphed into an amalgamation of definitions surrounding the idea of just what it is that defines a community. The idea of "community" as a political or sociological concept, has taken on new meaning in the 21st century era of globalization. First, however, it is important to understand the basic idea of community, as well as the political, social and cultural changes that result in a need for a different definition of what community means and how it influences the individual's life.
In general, the idea of community conveys two rather distinct messages. It is often used to refer to a social unit of varying size that shares common values, or a national or international community in which the individuals have something unique or a set of principles and beliefs that are common to most of the group. In science,…
"9-11: The Basics." 2012. Septterror.tripod.com. March 2014. .
Anderson, B. Imqagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. New York: Verso, 2006. Print.
CNN Network. "Stars and Stripes and Security Lines." September 2013. 9-11 The Ripple Effect. Web. February 2014. .
Effland, R. "The Cultural Evolution of Civilizations." 1998. Mesa Community College. February 2014. .
The most appropriate use of state and local law enforcement counter-terrorism resources (beyond soft target protection and small-scale tactical response) is in a role far less glamorous than preventing the large scale unconventional attacks that present the greatest danger domestically. ather than focusing on prevention, local and state agencies must develop effective implementation plans for orderly evacuation of those unharmed by the initial attack but still located within close enough proximity to suffer from its immediate aftermath. One of their most valuable contributions would be, very simply, emergency management preparation to distribute federally supplied "push packs" each containing approximately seventeen large truckloads of emergency supplies and medications designed to be provided immediately to any area attacked on a large scale by terrorists because antibiotics and the other vital materials in the packs are not any help if they are left sitting on airport tarmacs where federal responsibility for their deployment…
Larsen, R. (2007) Our Own Worst Enemy. Grand Central Publishing: New York.
GPO. (2004) the 9/11 Commission Report. Accessed September 20, 2007, at www.gpoaccess.gov/911/.
Bureaucracies can become self-justifying systems, and replicate ineffective administrative behaviors long after they have ceased to work. The Winter Commission eport (1993) was an attempt to provide advice to states and the federal government on the subject of civil service reform. Both bureaucratic as well as political reforms were deemed necessary to 'clean up' the civil service system and render it more effective in addressing the needs of the public. For some states such as Georgia, this has meant eliminating the traditional examination-based hierarchies and systems in which employees had virtual guaranteed employment for life, and instead employing administrators 'at will' (Nigro & Kellough 2008: 550). Merit-based systems have fallen out of favor and there has been greater deference to the independent opinions of managers to decide which employees can provide superior service to the public.
However, the Winter Commission's view of the civil service system was far from dismissive…
Kenney, John. (2011). Who owns snow? The New Yorker. Retrieved:
Van Ryzin, G.G., Immerwahr, S., & Altman, S. (2008). Measuring street cleanliness:
A comparison of New York City's scorecard and results from a citizen survey. Public Administration Review, 68(2), 295-303. Retrieved March 21, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1435702201).
CIA FBI 911
Both the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation are part of the larger, 17 unit organization that is known as the United States Intelligence Community. The CIA and FBI have had a history of conflict and disagreement as history dictates. The most obvious and direct failure of cooperation of these two organizations was revealed in the aftermath of the attacks of 9/11. The institutional differences between these organizations were fully exposed as the intelligence relating to these events have been partially revealed throughout the last decade plus. This essay will provide some details about this conflict and provide some links to some related information about this idea.
The CIA and FBI are both separate units with different missions regarding the safekeeping of America's resources. In past years the CIA has been much more associated with foreign affairs and…
Here is another condensed version: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-911REPORT/content-detail.html
Here is an argument suggesting that the attacks were a product of a false flag operation designed to stir emotion and begin a war in the Middle East: http://www.presstv.com/detail/2013/09/11/323227/falseflag-meme-goes-viral-on-911-anniversary/
Here is another that describes Operation Northwood's a model of previous false flag attempts: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Northwoods
1-15). One may note that this amount is offset by a reduction in Federal Aid of $-2,596,200, a 29.4% drop (p. 1-15_. Educational expenses and operating the cities' public schools is by far the costliest budgetary item. This is followed by provision of police and fire services.
Costliest Line Item per Department
Office of Elections
Employee Compensation Increases
Parks, ecreation, and Cultural
Public Health and Assistance
Source: All data was obtained from the Expenditure Summary of the appropriate department section of the budget report.
The biggest expense in every department listed in the report was personnel and/or personnel related expenditures. Personnel services are the largest portion…
City of Norfolk. FY 2008 Approved Departmental Budget. The Office of Budget and Management. www.norfolk.gov/budget/2008_Depts.asp. Accessed August 24.
Thus, paramount American interests were to be presented as being really the interests of the Europeans themselves. It would be a situation wherein America was simply helping along people who were, at present, unable to adequately help themselves. The concept had much in common with the goals of many charity or self-help organizations - people grow and are transformed by learning to help themselves. They are given assistance so as to be enabled to learn the skills and life ways necessary to improve their own conditions. Naturally, everything that was in the "real" interests of Europeans would also be in the interests of the United States. The more similar the peoples of the two continents could become, the more readily Europeans could identify their own aspirations with those of the American people, the closer would be the bond between the two sides. In effect, the new post-ar Europe would be…
Adelman, Carol. "Foreign Aid: Effectively Advancing Security Interests." Harvard International Review 29.3 (2007): 62+.
Agnew, John, and J. Nicholas Entrikin, eds. The Marshall Plan Today: Model and Metaphor. London: Routledge, 2004.
Without the dispatcher, prioritization of incoming calls would be less organized and could result in tragedy. Moreover, the dispatcher has to be on the ball about prank calls or false alarms, which can impede public safety and drain essential resources.
Dispatchers also often play a key role in directly assisting the public by providing advice and assistance. For example, the dispatcher might need to keep a caller on the line to offer important first aid procedures in a situation in which it is needed. In these situations, the role of the dispatcher is as important as the role of the emergency technician, for some simple advice given over the phone can help save lives. Similarly, the dispatcher will sometimes need to help keep the caller calm in a frightening situation like an armed burglary. Helping someone to refrain from panicking can sometimes mean the difference between life and death.
U.S. Immigration Policy After 911
The terrorist attacks on the United States that took place on September 11, 2001 have had a number of far-reaching effects, among which changes in immigration policy must be considered to be of significance. According to Malone (2003), one of the most dramatic changes is that the U.S. immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), which has served as the primary agency overseeing a variety of immigration issues, was virtually abolished as an autonomous federal agency and, as of February 2003, reconstituted under the new Department of Homeland Security as the Office of Citizenship and Immigration Service. Among the major policy changes is that local and state law enforcement agencies, along with their federal counterparts, are being required (and authorized) to use strict criteria in seeking out and detaining illegal immigrants (Pluvoise-Fenton, 2003).
Prior to 9/11, the normative framework overseeing U.S. immigration policy was the Immigration and…
Immigration and Nationality Act. (2003). Available at http://uscis.gov/graphics/exec/prnfriendly.asp .
Malone, J. (2003). INS officially ceases to exist at midnight. The Austin-American Statesman, February
Teaching as a Career
Teaching Special Education requires a gentle temperament and devotion to the children. Maturity, regardless of age, and patience is very important. Special Education teacher must be loving, kind, and nurturing in order to make the children feel safe and secure. He or she must also be focused and creative in teaching methods. nd most importantly, present a positive role model for the children. I feel that I have the qualities and experience to become an effective Special Education teacher.
My background is vast and varied. I worked as a secretary at the University of California - Los ngeles for two years. The department in which I worked dealt with the clubs and fraternities on campus, therefore, I was constantly involved with the students and problems that arose from their activities. I spent a little over two years working as an office manager for a doctor's office.…
A then studied and received my real estate license. I worked as an agent for approximately seven years. This position required much the same skills as my other positions, flexibility, patience, and an aptitude for detail. It also required social skills, self-motivation and the ability to enjoy working with people from varying backgrounds. Between 1999 and 2000, I worked 900 hours as a substitute Educational Assistant for all grade levels in Special Education. In this position I worked with mildly to severely mentally challenged students. In 2000, I was hired full time as an Educational Assistant in the Resource Center, and am currently still employed in this position. I tutor multiple subjects, science, consumer math, algebra, social studies, and English, to special educational students. These students are mainstreamed into regular educational classes, however, still need tutoring. I have approximately 700 hours in this position.
As a wife and mother, I have devoted my life to my family and was always involved with my children and their activities. I have raised two sons, both graduated college. I have an Associate of Arts degree and will be returning to college to work towards a degree in education, with a teaching certificate and an endorsement in Special Education.
The years that I spent working as a substitute, and now full time as an Educational Assistant has given me the opportunity to understand and fully appreciate this field of study. I feel my diverse working background and life experience gives me the foundation for dedication in this area. I enjoy teaching and working with the students is very rewarding for me. I am confident that I have chosen the right career to move into at this time in my life and feel comfortable that I possess the qualities to become an effective teacher.
Safe After 911?
Life is different after 9/11. We are not as safe as we thought we were before 9/11. The terrorists who attacked the United States not only killed Americans. To some extent, they killed the American way of life. This isn't to say the life was perfect in America before the terrorists struck. It wasn't. The fear we felt before the attacks was a personal fear, though. It was the everyday fears that everyone has to some degree. This has been altered considerably. We worry now about terrorists attacking our country in ways that we have learned about, such as the plane attacks or chemical strikes. We also worry about the ways we can be threatened and not have any idea of what type of attack is planned, or where it might occur.
There are so many repercussions from the attacks on 9/11. The economy has suffered and…
As cellular phone usage has increased the emergency response systems in rural areas has found itself being jammed with over use while the traditional wired trunk lines go unused. Unfortunately, balancing the cost of adding new wireless trunks line in order to meet the new demand has to be balanced against the cost of maintaining the old wired trunk lines. Due to the fact that cell phone coverage is not universally available in rural areas, traditional wired phone access is still needed so rural areas must still adequately meet the needs of both technologies, the old and the new. (Kurtis)
The new E-911 system is an enhanced version of the old 911 system. The advance of wireless technology has allowed the transmission of more information in a much more efficient manner. Under the E-911 system, the 911 operator can easily identify the telephone number of the person calling and any…
Chapman, S. a. (1998). Emergency Use of Cellular (mobile) telephones.
Federal Communications Commission. (2010). Wireless 911 Services. Washington D.C.: FCC.
Habib, I.M. (20007). Wireless technologies advances for emergency and rural communications. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing .
Kurtis, M. (2004). Deploying E-911 Phase II in Rural America. Business Source Complete .
g. culture shock, potential solutions and/or considerations to better overcome potential negative consequences are examined during the proposed literature review.
Research Questions to Guide Exploration
The research questions proposed for this study, presented in the previous chapter will help ensure sources remain in tune with proposed aims and objectives.
1. hat challenges/scrutinizes currently confront Middle Eastern Students attending George Mason University, located in the heart of Northern
2. How did 911 impact policies related to Arabian students?
3. Do Arabian students and/or the U.S. gain any intrinsic value(s) from time invested to study in the U.S.
Along with answering these research questions, additional consideration will be invested in culture shock, George Mason University; U.S. government policies following the 911 disaster; positive counters to culture shock and other relevant current concerns.
2.2: In the U.S.A.
U.S. Government Policies Following the 911 Disaster
George Mason University actively promotes positive cultural interactions.…
Arensberg, Conrad M. (1964). Introducing Social Change. Aldine Publishing Company. Chicago, IL
Campus Blues. Campus Center. (2001) Some Facts Psychologists Know About Foreign Student' Adjustments. Retrieved (7/16/02) at http://www.campusblues.com
CNN Law Center. (May 2002). INS Aims to Better Track Foreign Students in the U.S. Retrieved (7/19/02) at http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/ins.students
Cushner, Kenneth. (1996) Intercultural Interactions: A Practical Guide.
Aviation Security Since 911
How has aviation security improved since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001? hat do reliable sources in the literature say with reference to safety and security in 2015? And how effective is the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) at keeping air travelers safe? This paper covers those issues and in particular provides a number of good sources commenting on the quality (or lack of quality) displayed by the TSA employees.
Generalizations about aviation security in the Post-911 era
For most people who travel by air, the screening at the airports in 2015 is certainly more thorough than it was prior to 911, but there are continuing problems with TSA, as will be documented in this paper. But at the beginning of this paper it is worth reviewing the "Mission" of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in terms of what the U.S. Government wants the public to…
Blackburn, M. (2012). The TSA Is Coming To A Highway Near You. Forbes. Retrieved August 20, 2015, from http://www.forbes.com .
Federal Aviation Administration. (2014). Mission. Retrieved August 21, 2015, from http://www.faa.gov .
Jacobson, A. (2009). Why have 67,000 TSA Employees Left Their Jobs? PJ Media.
August 20, 2015, from http://pjmedia.com .
"After September 2001 law enforcement agencies realized the potential devastation and chaos an act of terrorism can cause. The Council was created to improve the ability of the Police Department to respond to a situation and educate the Department and the community." (ichmond Police Department, 2004)
Police departments have had to become terrorist experts. The Homeland Security Terrorism Advisory Council for example is a collaboration of sworn officers and civilian employees with diverse backgrounds. Many of these members are or were leading members of specially trained units or have extensive training in SWAT, bomb technology, military assault, hazmat crime analysis, international terrorism intelligence, strategic planning and many other legal units such as basic attorneys. Through technology and experience, the Homeland Security Terrorism Advisory Council should be able to identify, acquire, plan, and advise on terroristic crisis. With this knowledge base the unit should be able to therefore anticipate, prevent, and…
Boyd, David G. (1995). On the cutting edge: law enforcement technology. The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 7/1/1995.
Dempsey, Tom, Department of Government and Public Affairs, & Newport News. (1997, November 1). Computer Communications Technology Facilitates Law Enforcement. Retrieved September 16, 2004, at http://www.iacptechnology.org/Library/ComputerTraining.htm
Division of Emergency Communications. (n.d.). Captain Linda Samuel. Retrieved September 16, 2004, at http://www.ci.richmond.va.us/department/police/Chief/pdxxs_DEC.asp
Richmond Police Department. (n.d.). Richmond Police Department. Retrieved September 16, 2004, at http://www.richmondgov.com/department/police/pdxxi_index.asp
A number of excuses are given over the course of the film. The brother and sister of one of the perpetrators said they initially assumed the killer was drunk and disoriented. Later, they say that they didn't want to be involved in something 'negative.' The girlfriend of one of the killers also said he initially sounded drunk and confused. When she discovered the body of the victim, she called 911, but refused to give much information. The mother of one of the killer's friends says she was initially told the victim was fine, and then assumed he had been taken to an area hospital after the body was discovered. When 911 was called -- twice -- the vague attitude of both of the callers caused emergency personnel to treat the call as a non-emergency.
Source: Prevos, Peter. (2006, January 3). Explanation models for the bystander effect…
Avoid dangerous spots near a window, hanging objects, mirrors, or merchandise fixtures
If you take cover under a piece of furniture, be sure to hold onto it. If the furniture moves be prepared to move and navigate along with it
Hold the position until the aftershock abates and it's safe to proceed further.
A pandemic or other people disaster has struck, and people resources (employees) have been impacted.
Being located in South Florida, heavy rains will undoubtedly occur. These rains coupled with the high prevalence of winds increases the likelihood of a flood. This problem is further compounded as the hurricane season is south Florida is predicated with high winds and rain. Floods can be troublesome for XYZ personnel as merchandise is damaged, the threat of electrical damage is increased, and the water damage to the facility can be substantial (United States Department of Commerce, 2006). In…
1) Amanda Ripley. "Floods, Tornadoes, Hurricanes, Wildfires, Earthquakes... Why We Don't Prepare. "Time. August 28, 2006.
2) Burgos, Jr., Nestor P. (11/07/2010). "Iloilo power firms asked to explain brownouts." Philippine Daily Inquireir. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/regions/view/20101107-301974/Iloilo-power-firms-asked-to-explain-brownouts. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
3) Dobson et al. Blackout Mitigation Assessment in Power Transmission Systems. System Sciences 2003. July 20, 2011
4) Petroski, Henry (2006). Levees and Other Raised Ground. 94. American Scientist. pp. 7 -- 18..
Davis v Washington
The so-called "Confrontation Clause" of the Sixth Amendment states that "in all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right…to be confronted with the witnesses against him." The plaintiff in Davis v. Washington claimed that the admission during trial of a recording of his ex-girlfriend's 911 call after he had beat her up qualified as a "testimonial" statement, and thus the girlfriend's refusal to take the witness stand and be cross-examined qualified as a violation of his Sixth Amendment right. The U.S. Supreme Court found, more or less unanimously, that the 911 call did not count as testimony and therefore Davis' inability to confront the ex-girlfriend during trial was not a violation of his Sixth Amendment rights.
What if the 911 call was instead a text message and photograph taken with a similar phone, as in the hypothetical outlined above? This becomes slightly more difficult to adjudicate.…
Daniel, Chapter 13.
Deuteronomy, Chapter 19.
MacCarthy, T.F. (2007). MacCarthy on cross-examination. Chicago: American Bar Association Publishing.
Worrall, J.L. (2012). Criminal procedure: From first contact to appeal. (4th Ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
his work has reviewed the opinion of the judiciary and other experts in the field of law and has found that in 2006, this was addressed in 18 U.S.C. 921(a)(20) which effectively states that the individual who has had one or all three of their civil right taken away from them will necessarily upon restoration of one of these will effectively have all of these restored upon seeking restoration of one of these civil rights.
he opinion of professional advocates, Congress and the U.S. Supreme Court along with others in the judiciary capacity hold that the restoration provision regarding civil rights reinstatement "...reflects that an ex-offender currently has the rights to vote, run for office, and serve on a jury, thus is considered to be a law-abiding citizen, and should not be subject to a lifetime prohibition on firearms ownership." (Halbrook, 2006) herefore, it can be understood that the…
The Insiders Guide for Gun Owners (2002) the Gottlieb Tartaro Report Issue 090, June 2002. Second Amendment Foundation.
Felony Disenfranchisement Laws in the U.S. (2003) Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd. Online available at http://www.tribalwar.com/forums/archive/t-535122.html
Letter of Advocacy: Reinstatement... Requirements
The middle of the decade of the 1980's was witness to the creation of the Technology Assessment Program Information Center and the Technology Program Advisory Agency. Their functions were as follows:
Technology Assessment Program Information Center: Picked up laboratories for testing equipment, supervised the testing process, published reports concerning the results that the lab released after testing.
Technology Program Advisory Agency: This was a large advisory body of senior local and federal law enforcement officials which are the predecessors to that which exists today
Important in the advancement of police protection was the creation and application in use of pepper spray.
VI. The Role of the National Institute for Justice in the Development of Law Enforcement technology:
The National Institute of Justice issued a "mandate in its capacity as the criminal research and development arms of the U.S. Department of Justice was to improve and strengthen the nations' system of…
Are U.S. Police Agencies Being Outpaced in Technology-policeone.com 09-28-04 [Online] available at http://www.policeone.come/policeone/frtonend/parser.cfm?object+Product Categories&te
Visteon Provides the Latest in Law Enforcement Technology to Alkland County Sheriff Bouchard PR Newswire 10-29-05 [Online] available at http://www.highbeam.com/library/doc3.asp?ctrlInfo+Round9a%AProd%ADOC%AP11-10-04
Satellite Technology Boosts Officer Safety 26 Jan 2004 [Online] available at http: www.staffordshire.police.uk/news306.htm
NIJ: Autoloading Pistols for Police Officers: NIJ STandard Series: Law Enforcement and Corrections Standard and Testing [Online] available at http://wwwlncjrs.org/txtfiles1/173943.txt
Professional Medical Transportation:
In order to prepare a Business Plan, it is worthwhile to note that professional medical transportation can be offered both as an emergency as well as non-emergency service. Services offered could be Priority Medical Dispatch, 911 Pre-arrival instructions, Emergency Ambulance Service, Wheelchair service and Scheduled Ambulance Service. Since Priority Medical dispatch will be taking the 911 calls, it has to be ensured that ambulance possessing the most sophisticated equipment and qualified medical experts reach during emergency situations. As regards 911 pre-arrival instructions, the dispatchers will be answering 911 callers, the information they require to tackle an emergency medical situation till arrival of the ambulance. (Services we offer)
Under Emergency Ambulance Service, paramedics and emergency medical specialist have to attend to emergency calls and deal with transfers among health care facilities, round the clock, all seven days in a week. Under Wheelchair service, non-emergency patients using…
Medicaid/Reach up Program. Vermont Public transport Association. Retrieved from http://www.vpta.net/publicservice_medical.html Accessed on 6 February, 2005
Medical Transportation. Prince William Health System. Retrieved from http://www.pwhs.org/patients/transportation / Accessed on 6 February, 2005
Services we offer. Allina Hospitals and clinics. 2004. Retrieved from http://www.allina.com/ahs/transport.nsf/page/AMT_services Accessed on 6 February, 2005
According to ohe and his colleagues, though, "Over time, however, there has been a tendency for departments to expand their programs to involve a larger number of officers and to cover wider geographic areas. Besides these special units, a number of police departments also expect all of their officers to embrace the principles of community policing and to undertake at least some community problem-solving activities" (ohe et al., 1996, p. 78).
Constraints to Implementation study by Sadd and Grinc in 1994 concluded that, of all the implementation problems these programs faced, "the most perplexing... was the inability of the police departments to organize and maintain active community involvement in their projects" (p. 442). Hartnett and Skogan suggest that because every community is unique, the implementation problems will likewise be local in nature but there have been some consistent problems reported with implementation across the country that can serve as a…
Bass, S. (2001). Policing space, policing race: Social control imperatives and police discretionary decisions. Social Justice, 28(1), 156.
Comey, J.T., Hartnett, S.M., Kaiser, M., Lovig, J.H., & Skogan, W.G. (1999). On the beat: Police and community problem solving. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Davis, G.J., III, & Gianakis, G.A. (1998). Reinventing or repackaging public services? The case of community-oriented policing. Public Administration Review, 58(6), 485.
Fielding, N. (1995). Community policing. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Comprehending September 11 attacks through the eyes of Emile Durkheim
This research paper discusses a current event through the eyes of a social theorist. The orks Cited five sources in MLA format.
Societies form individuals and social orders of different kinds produce different individuals. Hence our research paper will revolve around the following thesis statement:
An individual is the product of his/her own society therefore those who take extreme measures to become what they grow to expect themselves to be and those who strive hard to cooperate with certain groups even at the cost of their own lives, do so as a result of the social external forces that are at work. Both social as well as political elements, primarily cultural components play a pivotal role in forming various groups including the main example of terrorist groups and suicide commandos including those that made the orlds' skyscrapers disintegrate into…
Social Problems. Retrieved April 7, 2003 at http://www.soc.duke.edu/courses/soc11/11syls02.htm
Arthur & Kroker. Terrorism of Viral Power. CTHEORY THEORY, TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE VOL 24, NO 3.
Achenbach J. THE CLASH; Two professors, two academic theories, one big difference. depending on which is right, September 11 may mark a brief battle against terrorism, or an endless struggle between Islam and the., The Washington Post, 12-16-2001, pp W17.
Goska D. Islam & Terror. Retrieved April 7, 2003 from: http://answering-islam.org/Terrorism/islam_terror.html
athletic coach I have garnered a wide variety of skills, as well as an extensive understanding of the standard practices and procedures an individual in the field of exercise science should possess. My past experiences have provided me with substantial knowledge of the principles involved in the prevention and care of athletic injuries. With the following, I hope to illustrate that my experiences and subsequent research have provided me with a broad awareness of typical athletic injuries and treatments as they apply to exercise science.
When a member of my dance squad sprained her ankle it became necessary for me to tape it as to provide additional support. I employed the traditional Gibney basket weave procedure. This consists of an interwoven network of stirrup strips "which cover the plantar surface of the hindfoot and extend proximally on both the medial and lateral aspects of the leg, and horseshoe strips, which…
Boyle, Daniel J.M.D. Sports Medicine for Parents and Coaches. Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1999.
Brown, Lee E. And Vance A. Ferrigno. Training for Speed, Agility, and Quickness. New York: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data, 2000.
Garrick, James G.M.D. And Peter Radetsky, Ph.D. Anybody's Sports Medicine Book. Toronto: Ten Speed Press, 2000.
Levy, Allan M.M.D. And Mark L. Fuerst. Sports Injury Handbook. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1993.
9/11 Memorial in New York City
"Memorials serve so many essential functions: they give us a context for remembering the past, engaging the present, and reflecting on the future. We are seeking to honor the lives lost in the attacks of 9/11 on New York City -- and on Washington, DC and the flight that ended in Shanksville, PA -- as well as during the attack on the World Trade Center on February 26, 1993. We also need to commemorate the resilience as well as the grieving of survivors, co-workers, neighbors, and citizens profoundly affected. The values of liberty and democracy transcend geography and nationality, and they must be given physical expression as we reimagine Lower Manhattan (Lower Manhattan Developent Corporation, 2003)."
The World Trade Center site was developed and constructed by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey which formed an interstate compact for…
Gonzalez, S. (2012, November 28). Architect for 9/11 memorial tells the story of its creation. Retrieved from Yale News: http://news.yale.edu/2012/11/28/architect-911-memorial-tells-story-its-creation
Loos, T. (2011, September 1). Architect and 9/11 Memorial Both Evolved Over the Years. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/04/arts/design/how-the-911-memorial-changed-its-architect-michael-arad.html
Lower Manhattan Developent Corporation. (2003, May 29). World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition. Retrieved from 911 memorial.org: https://www.911memorial.org/sites/all/files/LMDC%20Memorial%20Guidelines.pdf
Sisto, C. (2014, May 27). The National September 11 Memorial Museum should have kept the memorial and skipped the museum. Retrieved from The National Review: http://www.nationalreview.com/article/378774/why-911-museum-failed-christine-sisto
1. The Michigan Community Child Watch Program is a program dedicated to helping deter crimes against children. Being a Michigan based program, it helps spread education and awareness of child victims. However, the program has it weaknesses.
2. Established in 1979, the Michigan Community Child Watch Program offers the community a chance to minimize the risk of children becoming victims of crime. Administered as a joint effort by school districts and local law enforcement agencies, the Community Child Watch Program owes its long-running success to volunteers that are trained to recognize, observe, report, and record any suspicious persons and activities. Every trained volunteer gains a handbook for reference and a poster to display on their door or window to show he or she has completed the program and is informed on what steps are needed to prevent crime regarding minors. Window posters have acted to deter would-be criminals like child…
ut for some reason he began to collect junk, sometimes as many as four non-working cars and heaps of junk piles scattered around the front yard. Neighbors began to complain, not only about the mess on the lawn but also about the women in the house. Heidnik became furious and there were shouting matches with the neighbors. He also screamed to friends about a coming racial war that whites would win, although he himself dated only black women. His religious and sexual rants continued to fire up the neighbors. Finally, Heidnik withdrew to the basement and locked himself in there, with his arsenal, and daring one of them to come down to the basement and "tell him to his face." One neighbor decided to do this, and Gary shot him in the face. Somehow, charges were dropped, but Heidnik fled the house.
In 1977, he decided to invest the rest…
Bibliography www.angelfire.com/ny/hermajestyszine/heidnik, html. April 14, 2010.
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/torture-chamber-uncovered-in-philadelphia . April 14, 2010,
Dear Mr. President.
Your historic win to become the President of the United States is an event that has altered our view of national policy for each of us here within the borders of our nation and it immediately alters the course of our existing foreign policies which may directly or indirectly affect every man woman and child on the planet. We are here to suggest that your foreign policy analysis must be considered to be interdisciplinary because it will draw from a variety of theoretical approaches. Usually, public pundits have added emphasis on presidential leadership as key components of United States foreign policy so it is critical that you understand what else is needed to have, create and implement a successful foreign policy process.
The success of your policies, your cabinet and all associated policy makers will require an implementation of various underlying theories towards…
Elliot, John. (2000). "How Clinton Created A New Love Affair." New Statesman. 04/03/2000, Vol. 129, Issue 4480, p30, 1p
Badertscher, Eric. (2005). "George Washington." George Washington; edited by Sara Ann McGill. P 1-4, 4p.
Solomon, Jay. (2009). "U.S., India Expand Counterterrorism Cooperation." Wall Street Journal Online. (2009). Retrieved on December 15, 2009, from online.wsj at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB125907299030362349.html
Stein, Janice Gross. (2008). "Foreign Policy Decision-Making: Rational, Psychological, And Neurological Models." Retrieved on December 15, 2009, from http://www.oup.com/uk/orc/bin/9780199215294/smith_ch06.pdf
Each 911 call reporting an assault by a family member or member of the household will be considered a domestic violence incident. Income will be determined by looking at the tax records for the individuals listed as the tenant or owner of the location identified in the 911-telephone call. The phone calls will be tracked, and the researcher will determine how many of those phone calls end up in a conviction. Because domestic violence offenders can frequently plead-down, any conviction stemming from the alleged family violence incident will be considered a domestic violence conviction for the purposes of the study.
After collecting six months worth of initial phone calls, and tracking the resolution of those calls through the legal system, the researcher will correlate the number of calls attributable to each member of a socioeconomic group with income to determine whether domestic violence varies with income. After making that determination,…
Terrorism has a long and violent history and incidents of terrorism have been recorded from at least 2,000 years ago. Acts of terrorism have included political assassinations, violent political revolutions, hijackings, skyjackings, and bombings intended to attract attention, shock, intimidate and instill fear. Before the 911 terror attacks the threat of terrorism, though always a potential danger, was of an episodic nature, and seemed to be under control. The devastating attacks on the orld Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, however, have brought terrorism to the center stage of world politics and exposed the vulnerability of soft civilian targets to a small but determined group of terrorists. The issue of terrorism and home security now dominates the foreign policy of most countries including the United States. The focus on terrorism has also forced people to think deeply about its root causes, which may have historical, cultural, political,…
Ali, Abdullah Yusuf. "The Holy Qur'an." Translation in English. Wordsworth Classic of World Literature. UK: Wordsworth Edition Limited: 2000
Chomsky, Noam. "Who are the Global Terrorists?" Z-Net. May 19, 2002. April 22, 2005. http://www.zmag.org/content/ForeignPolicy/chomskyglobeterr.cfm
Cohn, Marjorie. "Understanding, Responding to and Preventing Terrorism." Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ) (2002): 25+.
Hoffman, Bruce. "Terrorism." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta. 2005. April 22, 2005. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761564344/Terrorism.html
Business Plan Assisted Living Facilities
Residential and Day Treatment Facility
Residay Home and Residential Care provides assisted living solutions for senior adults. Residay Home and Residential Care is dedicated to making the provision of the highest quality care to senior citizens requiring or desiring an assisted living facility. Residay Home and Residential Care is located in the Tennessee Valley Area of North Alabama and is an alternative to the generally larger and less personal senior assisted living facilities specializing in the ability to make provision of a very high level of care in a smaller and more personal environment. Residay Home and Residential Care makes provisions of assistance to seniors in their activities of daily living including assisting with medication, meals, reminders, personal grooming, physical therapy and other such assistance. Further provided by Residay Home and Residential Care are opportunities for companionship, entertainment, and activities, which seniors enjoy…
Administration on Aging, Department of Health and Human Services (2005). Fact Sheets: Eldercare Locator.
Administration on Aging. (2004). Report to Congress. Long-term Care Ombudsmen Report, Fiscal Year 2004. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Aging.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (1996). Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: Nursing Home Component. Retrieved from: http://www.ahrq.gov/data/mepsweb.htm#Nursing .
Alabama State Board of Health, Alabama Department of Public Health, Division of Licensure and Certification Administrative Code. Chapter 420-5-4 Assisted Living Facilities. Retrieved from: http://www.alabamaadministrativecode.state.al.us/docs/hlth/420-5-4.pdf
Countermeasures After 911
Without a doubt, September 11th changed a tremendous amount about how we live and about how safe (and unsafe) we feel. These attacks caused enormous changes and countermeasures regarding the way we travel and the way we interact with one another and the way in which we use technology. However, ever since the ten-year anniversary of 9/11 has come and gone, it begs to determine just how much we've changed in the way that we live, examining specific areas of technology, commerce and communication. Consider the following: "In spite of a doubling of the intelligence budget since 2001 to $80 billion, the creation or reorganizing of some 263 government organizations, and the formation of the $50 billion Department of Homeland Security, the government has largely fallen short, the new report notes. The report states that while some progress has been made, 'some major September 11 Commission…
Aclu.org. (2003, August 25). The Five Problems With CAPPS II. Retrieved from Aclu.org: https://www.aclu.org/national-security/five-problems-capps-ii
Alpha.org. (2011, Fall). Aviation Security. Retrieved from alpa.org: http://www.alpa.org/portals/alpa/pressroom/inthecockpit/ALPAIssueAnalysis_10YearsAfter9-11Attacks.pdf
Browne, D. (2009). Flying without Fear: Effective Strategies to Get You Where You Need to Go. New York: New Harbinger Publications.
Elias, B. (2009). Airport and Aviation Security: U.S. Policy and Strategy in the Age of Global. New York: CRC Press.
Local Police Response to Terrorism
The Council of State Governments
The council of State Governments is a body of representatives of all states, Territories within the ambit of the U.S. And Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. It is an organization that provides vital data and statistics towards excellence in running the matters of the state. It seeks to enable the three apex institutions, viz., legislature, judiciary and the executive with intellectual inputs with a national perspective, innovative technological tools grooming effective and quality leadership and maintaining the autonomy of the states at the same time. It provides as a base for resolution of intra and inter-sate conflicts and mutually beneficial action plans.
Terrorism is an illegal act of force or violence to exact on any public domain to put the government under duress and thereby extract social or political mileage and seek objectives for a particular community or group. Terrorism,…
Chapman, R., Baker, S., Bezdikian, V., Cammarata, P., Cohen, D., Ph.D., Leach, N., Schaprio, A., Scheider, M., Varano, R., Boba, R. (2002). Local Law Enforcement Responds to Terrorism Lessons in Prevention and Preparednes. The Police Foundation, Washington D.C.
Ed. Harris, (2001). (Director of emergency communications, Austin Police Department).Telephone Interview.
Flynn, Edward, (2001). (Chief of Police, Arlington County Police Dept.)Letter.Washington Post.
Gene Voegtlin and Jennifer Boyter. Legislative Alert -- State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Programs Face Cuts. International Association of Chiefs of Police. Retrieved on 23rd September, 2014 from http://policechiefmagazine.org/magazine/index.cfm?fuseaction=display_arch&article_id=233&issue_id=32004
King County, WAshignton
Emergency Medical Service (EMS)
"Measure and improve" is the motto that drives King County EMS
Demographics of the System
King County, Washington - Overview
Economic Indicators from Census Data
Structural Attributes of the EMS System
Standard Setting and Enforcement
Division of Functions
Failure to Perform -- Consequences
King County EMS System Outputs
Prevention and Early Dectection
Bystander Action and System Access
911 Call Taking
First esponse Dispatch and Services
eceiving Facility Interface
HallMarks of HPEMS
Accounting of Service Costs
System Features that Ensure Economic Efficiency
System Features that Ensure Long-Term High Performance
King County EMS Performance Measures
Clinical Level 22
Esponse Time STandard 22
Cost Per Transport 25
Cost Per Unit Hour 25
Unit Hour Utilization 26
System Cost Per-Capita 26
Subsidy Per-Captia 26
Anderstone, B. (2014, January 21). Seattle as liberal bastion? Think again. . Retrieved from Crosscut: http://crosscut.com/2014/01/political-heat-map-shows-seattle-not-liberal/
Bissel, R., Eslinger, D., & Zimmerman, L. (1998). The Efficacy of Advanced Life Support: A Review of the Literature. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 69-79.
Blackwell, T., & Kaufman, J. (2002). Response Time Effectiveness: Comparison of Response Time and Survival in an Urban Emergency Medical Services System. Clinical Practice, 288-295.
Chapter 5. (n.d.). Becoming Responsive by Building Long-Term Customer Relationships. In Relevance Regained.
Partial vaccination was not effective on children 6-23 months. This meant that full vaccination is necessary to optimally protect children of this age group from Influenza (Shueler et al.).
The results are consistent with those of other evaluative studies on children through randomized, controlled trials for efficacy and observational studies for effectiveness (Shueler et al., 2007). Vaccine effectiveness depends on the characteristics of the study population, specificity of the outcome, and the Influenza season. It was dissimilar to the findings of Ritzwoller and his team in that Shueler and team's subjects had more exposure to Influenza. The more specific outcome of laboratory-confirmed Influenza made the detection possible. And Shueler and his team's findings were similar to Ritzwoller and his team's in that the findings of both teams offered assurance that vaccination of young children would be beneficial, even in a year with sub-optimal match (Shueler et al.).
Vaccination Efficacy not…
Ambrose, C.S., et al. (2008). Current status of live attenuated influenza vaccine in the United States for seasonal and pandemic influenza. Influenza Respiratory Viruses:
Blackwell Publishing. Retrieved on April 26, 2010 from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/588302
Eisenberg K.W., et al. (2004). Vaccine effectiveness against laboratory-confirmed
Influenza on children 6 to 59 months of age during the 2003-2004 and 2004-2005
What they did not anticipate was the levees breaking nor were they aware of the level of immediate need of the people. He also says that with Hurricane Andrew, about two million residents were evacuated and only about 10% we left homeless whereas with Hurricane Katrina approximately the same number of residents were evacuated yet over 90% were left homeless (Halton, 2006). This was much more of a burden than FEMA had anticipated and it was a result of poor emergency response at lower levels of government.
Even still, FEMA should have been better prepared to handle the situation. They should have been called in earlier than they were and if this were the case they situation would have been easier to manage. Paulison says that FEMA was not fully aware of what was needed and where. This is a result of poor communication. y the time they were called…
Halton, B. (2006). FEMA's response to Hurricane Katrina. Fire Engineering, 159(5), 213-218.
Kelley-Romano, S. And Westgate, V. (2007). Blaming Bush: An analysis of political cartoons following Hurricane Katrina. Journalism Studies, 8(5), 755-719.
Perry, R.W. And Lindell, M.K. (2003). Preparedness for emergency response: Guidelines for emergency planning process. Disasters, 27(4), 336-350.