Academic Performance Essays (Examples)

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Academic Profile of Home Schoolers a Case Study

Words: 16937 Length: 62 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56680433

Academic Profile of Home Schooling - a Case Study

Home Schooling vs. Traditional Educational Methods

Home Schooling Methodology

Focus of the Practicum

Culture

Area of Inquiry

Subject/Topic Areas

Home Schooling as an Alternative

Curricula and Materials Used for Home Schooling

The Success of Home Schooling

Evaluation Design

Conditions for Change

Timeline

Chronology

Legislative Information:

Maryland: A Legal Analysis

State Laws and Regulations - Maryland

Goulart and Travers vs. Calvert County

Home-schooled Kids Find Social Growth"

Home Schoolers in the Trenches"

Home School Academic Advantage Increases Over Time"

Home Schooling." ERIC Digest, Number 95.

Abstract

The Academic Profile of Home Schoolers

Case Study

The focus of this applied dissertation proposal is to examine and analyze home school families' academic environment, the institutional materials they use, and to gain an understanding of their academic success.

Prince George's County Public School System is the nineteenth largest school system in the nation with a…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Monticello, IL.

Buchanan, Jim (1984). Home Instruction: A Growing Alternative to Public Schools. Monticello, IL.

Lande, Nancy (2000). Home school Open House: Interviews with 55 Home schooling Families. Bozeman, MT

Waring, Bill and Diane (1999). Emerald Books: A look back on what they learned along the way by veteran home schooling parents of varying approaches.
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Academic Strategies for the Business Professional Two-Digit

Words: 848 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2680257

Academic Strategies for the Business Professional

Two-digit Section #:

Instructions: Download this document to your computer before filling it out. Save using "Save As" and add your name to the front removing the phrase "YourName." All of the gray boxes below should be appropriately filled in and the document saved again before submitting to the Unit 6 Dropbox.

Paragraph Writing

My mother has, and continues to have, an enormous impact in my life. My family has not had the smoothest of runs, but all through, mum has managed to demonstrate calmness, contentment, peace, integrity, empathy, perseverance, and compassion even in the face of enormous life challenges. She has always maintained an open mind, an open heart, humor, and joy even when she's going through the toughest of challenges; and even when it does not seem okay, she still wears a smile, and says 'it will be okay'. To her, this…… [Read More]

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Performance Feedback Methods That Seek to Present

Words: 755 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27590912

performance feedback methods that seek to present employees with an opportunity to receive feedback (with regard to their performance) from not only their supervisors but also from customers, co-workers, and peers. One of the key advantages of this performance appraisal system has got to do with its ability to allow for full participation. It also gives a variety of perspectives with regard to the performance of an individual. It is however important to note that in this case, feedback from the concerned sources could end up being somewhat overwhelming. A 360-degree feedback system could result in confusion and/or frustration. This is particularly the case given that there is always a chance of there being conflicting ratings.

Question 2

For a number of reasons, evaluations may encounter significant opposition from those being evaluated. Training acquaints those conducting performance evaluations with not only the common reasons for the said opposition but also…… [Read More]

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Academic Achievement and Racial Background Is There a Relationship

Words: 2817 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42726921

ace, Ethnicity, and Academic Achievement - Proposal of esearch Design

This research will study the relationship between race and ethnicity and academic achievement.

This study will look at whether students from five racial classifications - White, Asian, Black, Hispanic and Native American - show statistically significant differences in their scores in reading and math. Using disaggregated data, this study will also examine whether significant differences occur within these racial classifications. In addition, this paper will study whether socio-economic status and language proficiency have a significant effect on a child's reading and math skills.

Because of many socio-economic factors linked to the construction of race, this paper predicts that white and Asian students will show higher test scores in reading and math. However, because racial classifications can obscure the differences between ethnicities, this paper also predicts that there will be significant differences in test scores within the racial categories themselves. In…… [Read More]

References

Dozier, Arthur Lee and Michael James Barnes (1997). "Ethnicity, drug user status and academic performance." Adolescence. 32(128): 825-837.

Hale, Janice E. (2001). Learning While Black: Creating educational excellence for African-American children. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.

Jencks, Christopher and Meredith Phillips (1998). The Black-White Test Score Gap. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.

Liu, Eric (1999). The Accidental Asian: Notes of a native speaker. New York: Random House.
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Psychosocial Academic Interventions for Children With ADHD

Words: 3151 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40596143

Academic Outcomes of Children With ADHD

ADHD Literature eview

Improving the Academic Outcomes of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Improving the Academic Outcomes of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2014) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition recognizable by attention deficits, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that manifest across multiple settings. The most recent version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V) describes ADHD as consisting of inattention, and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity, severe enough to interfere with day-to-day functioning and development. Common symptoms of inattention include poor listening skills, frequent mistakes, disorganized, avoidance of mentally challenging tasks, distracted, and forgetful. Hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms include fidgeting, inappropriate physical activity, excessive talking, interrupting others, and an inability to play quietly. Children suffering from ADHD would therefore have a difficult time succeeding academically.

If ADHD were rare this would not be a significant…… [Read More]

References

CDC. (2013). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Data & statistics. Retrieved from  http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html .

CDC. (2014). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Symptoms and diagnosis. Retrieved from  http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/diagnosis.html .

Dang, M.T., Warrington, D., Tung, T., Baker, D., & Pan, R.J. (2007). A school-based approach to early identification and management of students with ADHD. Journal of School Nursing, 23(1), 2-12.

DuPaul, G., & Power, T.J. (2008). Improving school outcomes for students with ADHD: Using the right strategies in the context of the right relationships. Journal of Attention Disorders, 11(5), 519-21.
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Performance Management Appraisal at Apple

Words: 1601 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1178516

This was accomplished by: breaking down into small teams and having everyone work directly with some of the top executives at the firm (i.e. Steve Jobs). This created an atmosphere that encouraged employees to discuss their ideas and the impact they are having on consumers. It is at this point, that Apple was able to integrate these different ideas into their performance evaluation procedures. (Stone 38 -- 40) (Snell 143 -- 179)

Conclusion

Clearly, the performance evaluation system that Apple is using is helping the firm to attract and retain the best employees. This is because there is a focus on ensuring that all candidates for a position meet: the basic educational and experience qualifications. During the next stage, is when they will be subject to: a series of interviews, a practical exam and other criteria. This allows the company to decide which individuals would be the best choice for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Griffin, Ricky. Management. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2008. Print.

Herbold, Robert. What's Holding You Back. San Francisco: Josey Bass, 2011. Print.

Highhouse, Scott. Stubborn Reliance. Industrial and Organizational Psychology 1:3 (2008): 333 -- 342

Snell, Scott. Managing Human Resources. Mason: South -- Western, 2012. Print.
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Performance Management in Prisons

Words: 2476 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61412476

Performance-Based Standards

Accreditation plan for the American Correctional Association

The accreditation of the correctional facilities is aimed at ensuring the well-being of the inmates but also is targeted at benefiting the employees, the victims, the courts as well as the legislators of a state. The standards that are set do allow the protection of the judicial system from embarrassment as well as allowing the correctional institutions to have and retain the autonomy from outside interventions.

Goals and functions of functional areas

Safety; this involves provision of conditions that are humane, protection of the inmates from rape and possible assault, giving of nutritious food as well as medical care, giving the inmates a hygienic living environment and recreation activities. This will ensure the inmates are safe from ill health or physical harm while within the walls of the facility as well as being safe from abusive guards.

Security; this functional are…… [Read More]

References

American Correctional Association, (2014). Public Correctional Policy on Standards and Accreditation. Retrieved March 7, 2014 from https://www.aca.org/government/policyresolution/view.asp?ID=44

David Ronald R., (2006). Evaluating American Correctional Association Accreditation of Adult Correctional Institutions. Retrieved March 7, 2014 from https://www.google.co.ke/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=5&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CEgQFjAE&url=https%3A%2F%2Fdspace.uta.edu%2Fbitstream%2Fhandle%2F10106%2F478%2Fumi-uta-1244.pdf%3Fsequence%3D1&ei=r3YcU97SBubb7Aa2hIHAAQ&usg=AFQjCNGeh6YJwRQeOzwduuSGkhI3J9IXMg&sig2=jVsH_ysiTj7ZUyDagJDjSA&bvm=bv.62578216,d.bGE

Flynn E.E., (1977). The Correctional Facility: The Environment Today and in the Future. Library Trends. Summer edition.

Manitoba Laws, (1999). The Correctional Services Act. Retrieved March 7, 2014 from  https://web2.gov.mb.ca/laws/statutes/ccsm/c230e.php
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Performance Measurement Performance Analysis System

Words: 3010 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7494995

A survey will be developed as a part of implementation of the BSC system in this hospital to track customer satisfaction with the services that they receive here.

A positive image of the organization translates into repeat business and a more positive reputation in the neighborhood, Patient satisfaction translates into increased future revenues. It also has some positive impact on risk assessment as well. The more satisfied the customer is, the less likely they will file an adverse lawsuit against the hospital. Patient satisfaction has a direct impact on the profitability of the organization. The number of complains that the facility receives can also be an important measure of the overall customer satisfaction. However, this number alone may not tell the entire story. A customer survey is the best method for addressing overall satisfaction with the facility.

Patient involvement was another important indicator of BSC technologies. Patient involvement means providing…… [Read More]

References

National Health Foundation of California. 2004. Survey of Hospital Performance Measurement Activities in California. National Health Foundation of California. Available at  http://www.nhfca.org/reports/PMSCAExecutiveSummary.pdf  [Accessed 30 April 2008].

Walker, K. & Dunn, L. 2006. Improving hospital performance and productivity with the balanced scorecard. Academy of Health Care Management Journal. Annual. Available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1TOQ/is_2/ai_n25009491 [Accessed 30 April 2008].
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Academic Achievement Through Block Scheduling

Words: 6471 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88937476

That responsibility is of the school -- to ensure that the adult citizens so needed by contemporary society are produced by the school system -- those individuals being responsible for their views and able to analyze and synergize information so they may "vote intelligently." For Dewey, the central tendency of individuals was to act appropriately to perpetuate the "good and just" society (Tozer, 2008).

This of course set the stage for continuous criticism and requestioning just what it was that the school systems can do. For the last few decades, pedagoglical theory has undergone a number of paradigm shifts. As the classroom changes, so does the theorietical structure behind it -- diversity, technology, globalism -- all contribute to the need to find a robust way to communicate learning activities, to help students move beyond rote understanding, and most especially a way to evaluate progress that is meaningful to not only…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Prisoners of Time. (1994, march). Retrieved July 2011, from National Education Commission on Time and Learning:  http://www2.ed.gov/pubs/PrisonersOfTime/Prisoners.html 

Critiques of Multiple Intelligence Theory. (2006, January). Retrieved July 2011, from Courland, edu: http://www.cortland.edu/psych/mi/critique.html

Abernathy, S. (2007). No Child Left Behind and the Public Schools. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Anderson, L. a. (1993). Timepiece: Extending and Enhancing Learning and Time. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals.
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Metacognition and Academic Achievement

Words: 3068 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76506495

Metacognition and Academic Achievement in College Students

THE ELATIONSHIP BETWEEN METACOGNITION AND ACADEMI

Constituent Elements of Metacognition

Metacognitive Awareness Inventory

Gender differences in metacognitive skills

elationship to Other Concepts

Growth of Metacognition Over Time

The elationship between Metacognition and Academic Achievement in College Students

It is obvious today those college professors are being faced with classrooms that are full of students who are coming to them with different levels of knowledge in regards to the way they are learning. Some students are active, self-directed learners who know how they learn and are able to apply what they recognize to numerous learning circumstances. Also, others could possibly be average students that are actually working hard and who are able to know what their learning weaknesses and strengths, but who may not sufficiently control their learning. Still others possibly will be inert learners who have little consciousness of how they learn and…… [Read More]

Reference:

Brown, A. (1987). Metacognition, executive control, self-regulation, and other more mysterious mechanisms. In F. Weinert, & R. Kluwe (Eds.), Metacognition, motivation, and understanding (pp. 65-116). Hillsdale, NJ, Erlbaum.

Ciascai, L., & Lavinia, H. (2011). Gender differences in metacognitive skills. A study of the 8th grade pupils in Romania. International Conference on Education and Educational Psychology - ICEEPSY 2011 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 29, 396 -- 401

Coutinho, S.A. (2007). The relationship between goals, metacognition, and academic success. Educate~, 7(1), 39-47.

Cross, D.R. & Paris, S.G. (1988). Developmental and instructional analyses of children's metacognition and reading comprehension. Journal of Educational Psychology, 80(2), 131-142.
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Athletics and Academics in the Current Economic

Words: 920 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77144685

Athletics and Academics

In the current economic climate of the United States, public institutions are finding themselves having to make harsher and harsher budget cuts. Teaching positions are minimized, class sizes are increased, and fees are rising to nearly unaffordable regions. The English Department at a certain university or high school may drop from twenty-five professors to a dozen or so. It is the harsh reality of living in an era of economic downturn. However, even as the college school would lose more and more financial assistance from the government, athletic programs at schools continue to expand and provide more and more incentives for prospective recruits. This is symptomatic of a flawed philosophy in college institutions: the ability to perform athletic skills has more importance than the ability to think. This perspective not only jades the graduating classes but teaches the wrong principles for when a student needs to learn…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Larimore, David (2007). "Non-Economic Societal Impacts of Intercollegiate Athletics." The

Sport Journal. United States Sports Academy.

Meier, K.J., Eller, W.S., Marchbanks III, M.P., Robinson, S., Polinard, J.L., Wrinkle, R.D.

(2004). "A Lingering Question of Priorities: Athletic Budgets and Academic Performance Revisited. Review of Policy Research," 21(6), 799 -- 807. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.
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Improving Boys' Academics Improving the

Words: 2666 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47589306

(p. 88) Boys and girls also respond differently to stress, threat and confrontation, as girls are more likely to shy away from confrontation while boys seem to at times be motivated by it. (p. 88-89) Lastly, one of the most important issues of gender differences that effect education is in relation to social interactive differences, boys feel less of a need to connect with others in a social way while girls are driven by friendships and social engagement. In school this fact effects relationships with teachers and others to such a degree that it challenges their ability to learn in the current system, yet this is not something that should be altered the system needs to be altered to meet this different need. (p. 84) (Lundy & Firebaugh, 2005, p. 233) one suggestion, easily implemented that will alter the dynamic of the success of boys in a situation where peer…… [Read More]

References

Abboud, S.K. & Kim, J.Y. (2005) Top of the Class: How Asian Parents Raise High Acheivers and How you can too. Berkley, CA: Berkley Trade.

Barnett, R. Rivers, C. (2005) Same Differences. New York: basic Books.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108418001

Connolly, P. (2004). Boys and Schooling in the Early Years. New York: RoutledgeFalmer.
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Assessment Between Learning Styles and Overall Academic Achievement

Words: 691 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50505983

Learning Styles

Different researchers have described learning styles largely as an indication for individual differences. These dissimilarities might become a manifestation of themselves in life styles and also in personality types. In particular, learning styles can be perceived as the preferred or characteristic ways of an individual in dispensing and converting knowledge. They can also be deemed to be the reasoning, emotional, and psychosomatic individualities that serve as comparatively unchanging pointers of how learners distinguish, interrelate with, and react to the learning environment. Learning styles have an influence on the academic achievement and performance of individuals (Abidin et al., 2011). This research paper encompasses a synthesis of different literature reviews that cover learning styles and academic performance.

There are several different conceptions and measures that seek to define learning styles. Learning styles can be distinguished into three methods, which include pragmatic (surface), intrinsic (deep), and competitive (achieving) (Furnham, 2012). Every…… [Read More]

References

Abidin, M. J., Rezaee, A. A., Abdullah, H. N. (2011). Learning Styles and Overall Academic Achievement in a Specific Educational System. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Vol. 1 No. 10.

Boyle, E. A., Duffy, T., & Dunleavy, K. (2003). Learning styles and academic outcome: The validity and utility of Vermunt's Inventory of Learning Styles in a British higher education setting. British Journal of Educational Psychology,73(2), 267-290.

Furnham, A. (2012). Learning style, personality traits and intelligence as predictors of college academic performance. Individual Differences Research,10(3), 117-128.

Pellon, M., Nome, S., & Aran, A. (2013). Relationship between learning styles and academic performance of fifth graders enrolled in the medical course. Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia, 72(3), 181-184.
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Technology to Support Academic Achievement

Words: 2982 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32219532

197). There have also been a number of software applications developed specifically for use in the classroom that can provide at-risk students with the opportunity to catch up with their peers, but here again it is important to recognize that at-risk students may lack the same level of computer expertise as their peers and steps must be taken to ensure that they have been provided with the initial training necessary to use these tools effectively.

One approach that has shown significant promise in teaching at-risk students how to use computer technology effectively and in improving their academic performance is the Constructionist Alternative Learning Laboratory in the Maine Youth Center, a state facility for at-risk students who have been court-ordered to attend the program. Some educators might shake their heads and suggest that there was little that could be done with young people who had reached the point in their academic…… [Read More]

References

Armijo, E.J., Stowitschek, J.J., Smith, A.J., Mckee, C.M., Solheim, K.J. & Phillips, R.D.

(1999). CARAS: A school-based, case management system for at-risk students THE

Journal, 21(11), 66-67.

Ballard, S., Carroll, E., & Stapleton, J. (2004). Students' perceptions of course Web sites used in face-to-face instruction. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 15(3), 197.
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Ei and Academic Achievement

Words: 1392 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36278306

Education and Emotions esearch

The idea of emotional intelligence arose in the business community, where it was felt that traditional intelligence measures such as IQ testing were inadequate to explain all forms of intelligence. The idea of emotional intelligence was developed in the works of Daniel Goleman, and other scholars have sought to refine the concept. Frameworks such as those provided by Salovey and Mayer (1990) sought to define the traits of emotional intelligence and differentiate them from the more patterns and systems-based IQ-type intelligence. Indeed, by the mid-1990s, Goleman (1996) wrote that "school success is predicted largely by emotional and social measures," highlighting that scholars of emotion already recognized the value of developing emotional intelligence in order for students to perform better academically. It should not surprise anybody who works in education that emotional intelligence plays a role in success -- how a student handles stress, interacts with peers…… [Read More]

References

Barchard, K. (2003). Does emotional intelligence assist in the prediction of academic success? Educational and psychological measurement. Vol. 63 (2003) 840-858.

Goleman, D. (1996). Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ. Learning. Vol. 24 (6) 49-50.

Marquez, P., Martin, R. & Brackett, M. (2006). Relating emotional intelligence to social competence and academic achievement in high school students. Psiothema. Vol 18 supp, 118-123.

Parker, J., Creque, R., Barnhard, D., Harris, J., Majeski, S., Wood, L., Bond, B. & Hogan, M. (2004). Academic achievement in high school: Does emotional intelligence matter? Personality and Individual Differences. Vol. 37 (2004) 1321-1330.
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Social Modeling and Academic Self-Efficacy The Moderating

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58633469

social modeling and academic self-Efficacy: The moderating role of academic motivation.

Within the learning environment, the student is required to engage in variant levels of personal responsibility to ensure success. Academic self-efficacy consequently is an important consideration for the improvement of student performance at multiple levels. This study considers the relationship between social modeling and academic self-efficacy. This relationship is moderated by academic motivation. Using an experimental design a sample of 100 undergraduate students were exposed to the treatment. The data were collected using questionnaires using the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) and the College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES). t is anticipated that the students who received the treatment will demonstrate significantly higher levels of self-efficacy. Additionally, students who were intrinsically motivated demonstrated significantly higher levels of self-efficacy. The learning experience therefore requires an understanding of what is occurring within the mind of the student. Personal factors are critical to improving…… [Read More]

Implications for Education

Education can be said to be the foundation of our society, as it molds children and adolescents for life after school, and provides them with the necessary skills and tools to survive in that life. Knowing more about the psychology influencing how students learn could improve our education system by giving us the tools to change curricula and policies to facilitate better and faster learning. It might help us to understand both under- and over-achievers so that we may better serve their specific needs, in addition to an overall better understanding of learning. As an important part of our society as a whole, education deserves much more scrutiny than we afford it, particularly in the realm of educational psychology.

Currently our educational model measures academic performance via assigned work and tests designed to demonstrate subject mastery. It is, however, an indirect measure of subject mastery because simply testing a few choice facts or skills does not necessarily give one a comprehensive view of the individual's true understanding of the concept. Studies suggest that performance demonstration oriented learning environments stifle intrinsic academic motivation (the inner desire to learn),and promotes extrinsic academic motivation, which is the opposite -- seeing education as merely a means to an end (Deci, 1985).For example, to a student who is extrinsically motivated, getting a good grade on the
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Autism and Performance

Words: 1019 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47775122

Children with autism can be hard to assess. Many children who fall under the criteria needed to determine autism, may be in fact be socially awkward, shy, among other things. As the CDC websites explains: "Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain" (CDC, 2014). Some have even identified a gene that could play a role in the development of autism. This however does not speak for the majority of children diagnoses with autism so therefore other assessment tools as well identification methods must be used to determine whether a child has autism.

"A diagnosis of ASD now includes several conditions that used to be diagnosed separately: autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Asperger syndrome. These conditions are now all called autism spectrum disorder" (CDC, 2014). Along with the new guidelines for proper diagnosis comes a set of identification methods…… [Read More]

References

CDC. (2014, March 20). Signs and Symptoms. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved April 28, 2014, from  http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/signs.html  (tags: none | edit tags)

Meisels, S. (n.d.). Performance Assessment. Performance Assessment. Retrieved April 30, 2014, from  http://teacher.scholastic.com/professional/assessment/perfassess.htm
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Technology on the Educational Performance and Behavior

Words: 1041 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14241233

technology on the educational performance and behavior of elementary age students. It analyzes how technology motivates children to learn in general, the effects of technology in the classroom on children's interest in the curricula, and how computer activities might improve students' attention spans.

A review of relevant literature on this topic helps establish the context for understanding the main questions. However, since much of the technology used in elementary schools is relatively new, or newly available, current research will be valuable to ascertain how new technological inventions can help or hinder student academic growth. In addition, much of the previous research focuses on older children, rather than on elementary school children.

The research methods employ both quantitative tests and qualitative interviews to gather data from three schools (two public and one private) in the same geographical area, with teachers of similar backgrounds. Through formal and informal interviews of teachers, parents,…… [Read More]

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Technology to Improve Behavior and Performance in

Words: 2515 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69308425

Technology to Improve Behavior and Performance in an Elementary Classroom

The role of teachers in a child's education has fundamentally changed. Instruction isn't primarily lecturing to students who sit in rows at desks dutifully listening and recording what they hear but offer each and every child a rich, rewarding and unique learning experience." (Lanier, 1997). Because of revolutions in knowledge and information technology and the demand for learning to be more meaningful and lifelong, schools are changing their structures and teachers are changing with them. Teachers' roles now embrace relating to their students more personally and individually; to integrate social, emotional and intellectual growth. Teachers are now tuning more into how students learn, prompted recently by Howard Gardner's theory of Multiple Intelligences, and so have had to improve on and add to their instruction methods.

In order to make students more interested in learning, teachers are adding project-based and/or participatory…… [Read More]

References.

Davis, B.C, & Shade, D.D.(1994). Integrate, don't isolate! Computers in the early childhood curriculum. ERIC Digest ED376991. Retrieved from the World Wide Web: http://www.ericfacility.net/ericdigests/ed376991.html

Farnsworth, B.J. (2002). Preparing tomorrow's teachers to use technology in learning and attitudinal impacts on elementary students. Journal of Instructional Psychology. Retrieved from the World Wide Web: http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/3_29/91707788/print.jhtml

Haugland, S.W. (2000). Computers and young children. ERIC Digest. ED438926. Retrieved form World Wide Web: http://www.ericfacility.net/ericdigests/ed438926.html

Hutinger, P.L. & Johanson, J. (2000). Implementing and maintaining an effective early childhood comprehensive technology system. Topics in Early Childhood. Retrieved from the World Wide Web: http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/mohdg/3_20/68206887/print.jhtml
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Affects of Block Scheduling on Student Academic Achievement

Words: 5757 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83160922

Education

The Affects of Block Scheduling on Student Academic Achievement

The overall strategy of utilizing block scheduling is to organize the day into fewer, but longer, class periods to allow flexibility for instructional activities. Block scheduling is used primarily at middle school and high school levels. Currently, block scheduling is defined as a restructuring of the school day into classes longer than the traditional fifty-minute period classes (Adams & Salvaterra, 1997; Georgia Department of Education, 1998). Gordon Cawelti (1994) agrees with this concept and verifies the definition supplied by Adams and Salvaterra along with the Georgia Department of Education as one that works to meet the needs of all models. The expressed goal of block scheduling programs is to improve student academic performance. Some other benefits of this schedule are increased student and teacher morale, encouragement for the use of innovative teaching methods that address multiple learning styles, and an…… [Read More]

References

Adams, D., & Salvaterra, M. (1997). Structural and teacher changes: Necessities for successful block scheduling. High School Journal, 81, 98-106.

Bateson, D. 1990. Science achievement in semester and all-year courses. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27, 230-40.

Canady, R., and M. Rettig. 1995. Block scheduling: A catalyst for change in high schools.

Gardiner, NY: Eye on Education.
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Interaction Between SES and College Performance Zwick

Words: 1353 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54012697

Interaction between SES and College Performance

wick, R. & Himelfarb, I. (2011). The effect of high school socioeconomic status on the predictive validity of SAT scores and high school grade-point average. Journal of Educational Measurement, 48(2), 101-121.

African-American (AA) and Latino students underperform other racial groups during their first year of college if SAT scores are used in the prediction formula. The reasons for this are unknown, although socioeconomic status (SES) is suspected.

The current study was undertaken to evaluate whether an SES index could improve the predictive performance of a formula incorporating high school grade-point averages (HSGPAs) and SAT scores.

Objectives

Evaluate the value of including a SES correction factor in the formula used for predicting first-year college grade-point average (FGPA) performance, for the purpose of correcting for errors introduced by the suspected racially-insensitive HSGPAs. The predictive value of the SAT score in relation to SES will also be…… [Read More]

Zwick, R., & Green, J.G. (2007). New perspectives on the correlation of SAT scores, high school grades, and socioeconomic factors. Journal of Educational Measurement, 44, 23 -- 45.

Zwick, R., & Himelfarb, I. (2009, April). The effect of high school quality on the predictive validity of SAT scores and high school grade-point average. Presented by I. Himelfarb at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego.

Zwick, R., & Schlemer, L. (2004). SAT validity for linguistic minorities at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 25(2), 6 -- 16.
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Sexual Harassment in the Academic Setting

Words: 655 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35977682

Sexual harassment is one of the most common forms of gender-based discrimination that has spread in the recent past despite its impact on victims with regards to depriving them equality and dignity. Generally, sexual harassment involves sexual discrimination that infringes civil rights through unwanted sexual advances, verbal or physical sexual conduct, and requests for sexual favors in a manner that affects a person's work performance or social relations. The victims of this form of gender-discrimination and crime usually feel powerless and have low self-esteem because its most common injuries are emotional. The prevalence of this crime is evident in its current spread in the education environment as well as other workplaces.

Actions Constituting Sexual Harassment in the Education Environment

Given its current spread, sexual harassment has become common in the modern education environment. Similar to other workplaces, sexual harassment in the education environment occurs between teachers and their employers. However,…… [Read More]

References

"Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education." (1999). Wrightslaw. Retrieved November 24, 2015, from http://www.wrightslaw.com/law/caselaw/case_Davis_Monroe_SupCt_990524.html

Education Dept. Inspector General Off. Investigation Office. (1997). Sexual Harassment: It's Not Academic. Retrieved November 24, 2015, from http://corporate.findlaw.com/law-library/sexual-harassment-it-s-not-academic.html

Stier, W.F. (2005, March/April). An Overview of Sexual Harassment. Strategies, 18(4), 13-15. Retrieved November 24, 2015, from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08924562.2005.10591145#.U-0pcKOwU08
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Auditory Learners the Academic Recognition

Words: 1233 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9582133



Auditoy Leaning Types

Accoding to Leanativity.com (2002), thee is inceasing evidence that auditoy leanes can be distinguished accoding to two types, the listenes, and the vebal pocessos. Both types pefe spoken messages, but the way in which they pocess this infomation best is distinct fom each othe. It has been indicated that auditoy leanes pefe to listen and to speak. Howeve, it is becoming inceasingly clea that not all auditoy leanes pefe to speak, and that some benefit moe fom listening and mentally pocessing infomation than fom also epoducing by speech of thei own. This goup of auditoy leanes ae geneally efeed to as "listenes."

In a classoom situation, the auditoy-vebal pocesso -- the leane who needs to speak aloud about the infomation -- has been somewhat misundestood in the past. They wee geneally peceived to be disuptive and disobedient. The cuent undestanding of auditoy-vebal pocessing has howeve bought a…… [Read More]

references of Bruneian students. Academic Exchange Quarterly. Database: FindArticles.com. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb3325/is_2_7/ai_n29025447/pg_5/?tag=content;col1

Penn State York (2000, Jan 12). Auditory Learners. http://www2.yk.psu.edu/learncenter/acskills/auditory.html
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Academic Libraries the Evolution and

Words: 1628 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20726502

In addition to that, the libraries also had to launch various training programs in order to ensure that their employees possess the appropriate skills that are being required by the operations and activities of the organization. (Foo, Chaudry, Majid & Logan, 2002)

Changing Demands of Users

Due to a significant change in the academic environment, an ever increasing emphasis was laid down on group work and self-study. The students, therefore, started looking for online information in the academic libraries. The libraries faced a challenge of increased consumer demand and had to work on customer services and proper and timely availability of information. The libraries needed to provide the consumers with user friendly services. They also had to analyze the changes in consumer demands and had to provide the services that best fit the requirements of changing academic world. (Maponya, 2004)

Conclusion

The academic libraries are an important component and information…… [Read More]

Borgman, C. Central Technological University Library (CTK), (2000). Challenges for academic libraries in the networked world (UDC 027.7:004.738). Retrieved from Central Technological University Library (CTK) website:  http://www.ctk.uni-lj.si/publikacije/2002/posvet2002-borgman.pdf 

Foo, S., Chaudry, a.S., Majid, S.M., & Logan, E. School of Communication and Information, Division of Information Studies. (2002). Academic libraries in transition -- challenges ahead. Retrieved from School of Communication and Information website:  http://www.ntu.edu.sg/home/sfoo/publications/2002/02wls_fmt.pdf 

Maponya, P.M. School of Human and Social Studies, Information Studies Programme. (2004). Knowledge management practices in academic libraries: a case study of the university of natal, Pietermaritzburg libraries . Retrieved from School of Human and Social Studies website: http://mapule276883.pbworks.com/f/Knowledge management practices in academic libraries.pdf
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Performance Management and Maslows Hierarchy of Needs

Words: 2695 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65898093

The Extent to Which Motivation Theory Underpins Performance Management Systems

Performance Management Systems attempt to answer questions about employee work objectives and their overall role within an organization. The performance manager system is designed to assist the manager in developing, assessing and monitoring a plan by which an employee’s contributions to the organizational strategy and strategic objective are identified, measured and reviewed. The questions that the Performance Management System will are: What is the role of the employee? What is the objective of the employee? How well is the employee meeting the objective? What could be done to help the employee meet the objective more effectively? In encouraging employees to reach their goals, motivation theory can be seen as underpinning performance management systems to a high extent.

Motivation theory is based on the concept developed by Abraham Maslow (1943) in “A Theory of Human Motivation.” Maslow (1943) constructed a Hierarchy…… [Read More]

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Performance Disruptive Behavior Impacts Students' Ability to

Words: 813 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26451978

Performance

Disruptive behavior impacts students' ability to learn. In both the regular and special education classrooms, teachers must manage disruptive behavior and help students stay on task. It is especially critical with reading instruction in the beginning of a student's academic career. Struggling readers, without intervention, often struggle throughout their school years. Peer-assisted learning strategies (PALS) have been shown to be effective in keeping students on task and thus enabling them to achieve more success.

Special Education Standard 5 states: "The special education teacher understands and applies knowledge of procedures for planning instruction and managing teaching and learning environments. Students do not always come to school ready and willing to learn. When students are disruptive, they compound other learning issues they may have. As Lerner and Johns (2009, in Haydon et al., 2010, p. 222) point out, students with mild to moderate learning and behavior challenges do not do as…… [Read More]

References

Calhoon, M.B., Al Otaiba, S., Greenberg, D., King, A., and Avalos, A. (2006). Improved

Reading skills in predominantly Hispanic Title I first-grade classrooms: The promise of peer-assisted learning strategies. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice 21(4), pp. 261-272.

Haydon, T., Maheady, L, and Hunter, W. (2010). Effects of numbered heads together on the daily quiz scores and on-task behavior of students with disabilities. Journal of Behavioral Education 19(3), pp. 222-238.

Rafdal, B.H., McMaster, K.L., McConnell, S.R., Fuchs, D., and Fuchs, L.S. (2011). The
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Performance Workplace Motivation and Ways to Foster

Words: 605 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98483502

Performance

Workplace motivation and ways to foster individual performance are important topics in the field of business leadership. While individual and organizational workplace motivation and performance measures vary from business to business, a review of the academic literature suggests there are some best practices associated with increasing productivity in the work environment. This paper will review important guidelines associated with increasing workplace motivation for both individuals and organizations, and will provide a personal perspective concerning positive workplace experiences.

The success of businesses depends largely on employee motivation to succeed and contribute to business objectives. Wolverton, Gmelch, Montez, and Nies (2001) suggest that leadership is the primary characteristic that allows organizations and employees to progress. The ability of managers to not just manage employee's, but to do so with positive and supportive methods are important organizational goals; effective managers can facilitate enhanced workplace satisfaction recognizing that happy workers tend to accomplish…… [Read More]

References:

Bensimon, E.M., Neumann, A., & Birnbaum, R. (1989). Making sense of administrative leadership: The "L" word in higher education (AAHE-ERIC Higher Education Report 1). Washington, DC: The George Washington University.

Howes, C. (2010). Motivation: Organization Performance Strategies. Retrieved from: http://www.opstrategies.org/pdf/Motivation-white-paper.pdf

Wolverton, M., Gmelch, W.H., Montez, J., & Nies, C.T. (2001). The changing nature of the academic deanship. ASHE-ERIC higher education report, 28(1). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
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Performance Measurement

Words: 1217 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93654495

Quality Performance Measurement

Public Evaluation Program

In this paper, we are going to be conducting a literature review of public evaluation programs. During the process, there is a focus on misunderstanding the needs of stakeholders and the programs / reforms. Together, these elements will illustrate the overall scope of what is taking place and the long-term effects it is having on everyone.

Misunderstanding the Needs of the Public

One of the biggest challenges with any public performance evaluation is the misuse of data. This is problematic, as officials believe they are effectively delivering a variety of services for a fraction of the costs. Yet, in reality, the lack of competition invites bloated salaries and inefficiency. Administrators will try to correct the situation, through looking at a variety of sources to understand what is happen. They are unable, to gain greater insights, as politics and changing attitudes influence the outcome of…… [Read More]

References

Cheezum, R. (2013). Building Community Capacity. Journal of Community Practice, 21 (3), 228 -- 247.

Rondileni, D. (2003). Reinventing Government for the 21st Century. Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press.

Sirianni, C. (2009). Investing in Democracy. Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Stipack, B. (1979). Citizen Satisfaction with Urban Services. Public Administration Review, 39 (1), 46 -- 52.
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Performance Assessment in Competitive Intelligence An Exploration

Words: 917 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75901732

Performance Assessment in Competitive Intelligence: An exploration, synthesis and research agenda, written by David Blenkhorn from ilfred Laurier University and Craig Fleisher from indsor University. The purpose of the article is to "answer the vital question -- hat are the critical factors to assess competitive intelligence (CI) performance?" The research question refers to the role that competitive intelligence plays in a company's profitability. The question is interesting in that external environmental scanning and competitor research make important contributions to strategic decision-making, but they can be costly and time-consuming. Understanding the role that CI plays in the earning profit is important in determining the point at which CI achieves diminishing returns on investment.

The authors used workshops and discussion sessions at CI conference to obtain survey results from 103 respondents. The selection process was expedient rather than rigorous, and the respondents were given a large number of questions. Qualitative analysis was…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Blenkhorn, D. & Fleisher, C. (2007). Performance assessment in competitive intelligence: An exploration, synthesis and research agenda. Journal of Competitive Intelligence and Management. Vol. 4 (2) 4-22.

Buchda, S. (2007). Rulers for business intelligence and competitive intelligence: An overview and evaluation of measurement approaches. Journal of Competitive Intelligence and Management. Vol. 4 (2) 23-54.

Herzog, J. (2007). Why is there increasing global demand for business intelligence? Journal of Competitive Intelligence and Management. Vol. 4 (2) 55-71.
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Performance Approach Performance and Depth

Words: 672 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74752631

esearchers conducted an experiment in which twelve individuals were asked to remember a series of nouns. One group was asked to detect the letter "a" in a series of nouns. The other group was asked to label the various nouns as living or non-living. The authors concluded that the group which was told to allocate a living or non-living label to the various nouns had a much success in the recall rates than the group told to look for the letter "a," which held much less meaning in the minds of the individuals. Analysis of brain imagery also shows increased brain activity in the minds of those individuals asked to denote the nouns as living or non-living. This activity was located within the left inferior prefrontal cortex.

The article "Levels of processing: A view from functional brain imaging" later backs up this study. The author, Lars Nyberg, restates the earlier…… [Read More]

References

Craik, F.I.M. And Lockhart, R.S. "Levels of Processing: A Framework for Memory

Research." Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. Vol. 11. pp. 671-

Baker, Katrina L. And McIreney. "Performance Approach, Performance and Depth of Information Processing." Educational Psychology. Vol. 22. No. 5. 2002.

Kapur, *****ju; Craik, Fergus I.M.; Tulving, Endel; Wilson, Alan a.; Houle, Sylvan; and Brown, Gregory M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. Vol. 91. pp. 2008-2011. Mach 1994.
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Performance Appraisals for Business Effective

Words: 8831 Length: 31 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91375895

However, as Murphy (2008) notes, these original scores, and the weightings, are given by biased humans who may have another agenda than simply giving the most accurate appraisal possible. In addition, there is also the question about whether a truly accurate (when negative) appraisal is the best course of action due to the possible negative consequences.

Management by Objectives (MBO)

Sudarsan (2009) surmises that, in the past, researchers have concluded that there are primarily three approaches to performance appraisals. The first approach -- the results focused approach -- is centered on determining whether a specific job has been performed or not. If these performance targets are met or exceeded, the employee is rewarded. The second approach -- the behavioral approach -- focuses on employee behavior. The actual output of the employee is ignored, but instead the methods the employee is using is evaluated. This approach has the benefit of being…… [Read More]

References

Addison, J. & Belfield, C. (Sept 2008). The determinants of performance appraisal systems. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 46(3). Retrieved November 15, 2009, from Business Source Complete.

Addison and Belfield compare the findings of Brown and Heywood's analysis of the Australia Workplace Industrial Relations Survey with their findings in Britain, using the Workplace Employment Relations Survey. Of particular interest for this paper was the conclusion from both studies that tenured employees are not strongly motivated by performance appraisals. This shows the ineffectiveness of appraisals, no matter what system is used, for those employees with tenure.

Banu, C. & Umamaheswari, P. (Jul 2009). A study on 360 degree performance appraisal systems in Reliance Life Insurance, Udumalpet. ICFAI Journal of Management Research, 8(7). Retrieved November 15, 2009, from Business Source Complete.

Banu and Umamaheswari research the use of the 360-degree performance appraisal system on a life insurance company. It was found that this appraisal system was helpful in identifying training needs, in addition to evaluating the performance of employees. It was also found to be useful in determining rewards and incentives, as well as promotions. However, the authors failed to acknowledge the challenges inherent in this system, as found be other researchers.
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Performance Management Employee and Labor Relations

Words: 1421 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51655852

Contrary to popular belief, improved performance by employees in a particular organization is not always linked to incentives; in today's dynamic business environment, it is crucial for human resource managers to balance the needs of individuals with those of the organization. One critical component that leads to good individual as well as organizational performance is the application of an effective performance management process. In fact, companies that invest in good performance management practices generally perform better than those that do not measure and manage their performance (Leeuw and Berg, 2010). According to Cardy and Leonard (2011), performance management can be defined as the integrated and strategic approach used by human resource managers to deliver successful results by improving the performance of all the individuals in the organization. It ensures that the goals of an organization are achieved in an efficient and effective manner, while at the same time maintaining good…… [Read More]

References

Cardy, R & Leonard, B. (2011). Performance Management: Concepts, Skills and Exercises. (2nd Ed.) New York, NY: Routledge

Leeuw, S & Berg, J.P. (2010) Improving operational performance by influencing shopfloor behavior via performance management practices. Journal of Operations Management Vol. (29)1 224-335. Retrieved 9 April 2015 from http://www.isihome.ir/freearticle/ISIHome.ir-21006.pdf

Riccio, S. (2014) Hudson College Scenario C: Performance Management. Society for Human Resource Management. Retrieved 10 April 2015 FOM https://www.shrm.org/Education/hreducation/Documents/Riccio_Hudson%20College_Scenario%20C_Student%20Workbook_FINAL.pdf

Stone, R.N. (2009) Achieving Results with a Performance-Centered Design Framework. Performance Improvement Vol. (48)5 37-44. Retrieved 10 April 2015 from http://search.proquest.com.proxy-campuslibrary.rockies.edu/docview/237234715/4155FCBF55844623PQ/1?accountid=39364
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Academic Progress

Words: 4062 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21203156

Therapist Name: Case Name/#:

Reason for Referral:

The client is an eight-year-old female who may not have be making adequate academic progress consistent with her age and grade level. She is currently in the third grade. The client was assessed over two sessions.

Presenting Problems:

Clinical concerns: Difficulty in school/with academic progress.

Clinical concerns: Possible learning disability.

Clinical concerns: Reading difficulties.

Clinical concerns: Client potentially not motivated to perform in class.

Clinical concerns: Rule out depression and/or anxiety.

Family

Jailah was born on September 11, 2007. Jailah is the third child and a sibship of five. According to her mother Jailah is of Hispanic and African-American descent. Her native language is English.

With respect to her family Jailah has three sisters ages 16 years old, 14 years old, and five years old. She also has a younger brother age seven years old. The children the family have three different fathers.…… [Read More]

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Performance Measurement of Bond Strategies and Management

Words: 3170 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35698625

structure' theories by making use of a new method. To achieve this, the case study shapes strategies of bond investment centered on diverse term-structure models to decide the best performing strategy. When making use of a "Manipulation-Proof Performance Measure," the case study attains the finding that in agreement with preceding literature, a pro-active method that is grounded on time-changing term premiums may create the foundation of an effective bond strategy, which outdoes an impartial anticipation inspired passive bond "buy and hold" tactic. Nonetheless, this turns out to be accurate for a previous spell when the literature primarily made this assertion. Later on, the study discovers that the passive "buy and hold" method is considerably superior in comparison to all active bond strategies. Generally, it seems that the impartial expectation model has been the most probable justification of the behavior of the term structure for the duration of more current periods.…… [Read More]

References

Ang, A., Piazzesi, M., Wei, M. (2006). What does the yield curve tell us about GDP growth? J. Econ, 131:359 -- 403.

Cochrane, J., Piazzesi, M. (2005). Bond risk premia. Am Econ Rev, 95:138 -160.

De Bondt, W., Bange, M. (1992). Inflation forecast errors and time variation in term premia. J Financial Quant Anal 27:479 -- 496

Diaz, A., Navarro, E., Gonzales, M., Skinner, F. (2009). An evaluation of contingent immunization. J Bank Finance, 33:1874 -- 1883.
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Performance and Innovation in Supply Chain Management

Words: 932 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68575175

Supply Chain Management Study eview

Singhry (2015) identifies a number of issues that affect supply chain management effectiveness. This identification serves as the problem or gap in literature that the study attempts to address. The problems are several, from "weak corporate technological culture" to "technological paradox" (a phrase that is not defined), and the apparent issues are technology-related (Singhry, 2015, p. 259). However, Singhry (2015) also cites the conflicting data produced by studies related to the relationship of supply chain tech and performance. The main goal of the study is to provide a guide for how to improve performance in the supply chain management area.

Singhry's research (2015) is effective in its ability to address specific issues, such as establishing a theoretical background for the study. He defines technology adequately by stating that it is a "dynamic capability" against the concept of collaboration which he posits is a "dynamic process."…… [Read More]

References

Baron, R., Kenny, D. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6): 1173-1182.

Panayides, P., Lun, Y. (2009). The impact of trust on innovativeness and supply chain performance. International Journal of Production Economics, 122(1): 35-46.

Singhry, H. (2015). Effect of supply chain technology, supply chain collaboration and innovation capability on supply chain performance of manufacturing companies. Journal of Business Studies Quarterly, 7(2): 258-273.

Taylor, D. (2006). Towards a framework for improvement in the management of demand in agri-food supply chains. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 11(5): 379-384.
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Aligning Employee Compensation to the Performance Ceos

Words: 1739 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48240027

Performance Management Process and the CEO

Critique and evaluate considerations that are traditionally used to determine CEO compensation

Many reward compensations adopted by the CEOs of this era contain five primary components: limited stock grants, limited option grants, payouts for incentive plans, annual bonuses, and salary. While the amounts of bonuses, compensation and perquisites found in not-for-profit sectors may pale in comparison to those in the for-profit world, they generate combined reactions. Their existence can ignite debate, especially in periods of shrinking budgets and increasing costs. However, the ability to hire, maintain, and compensate CEOs is essential in all sectors, and is mostly achieved using a variety of executive compensation plans. The issues around the design of these systems in both the business and not-for-profit areas are similar (Bhattacharyya, 2011).

The last two decades have witnessed a drastic transformation of the executive compensation in many organizations. Compensation of top executives…… [Read More]

References

Bhattacharyya, D.K. (2011). Performance management systems and strategies. Dehli: Pearson.

Bebchuk, L.A., & Fried, J.M. (2004). Pay without performance: The unfulfilled promise of executive compensation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Blazey, M.L. (2013). Insights to performance excellence, 2013-2014: Understanding the integrated management system and the Baldridge criteria. Milwaukee: Asq Quality Press.

Chingos, P.T. (2004). Responsible Executive Compensation for a New Era of Accountability. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
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Link Between Performance Management and Organizational Goals

Words: 888 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78236379

Performance Management and Organizational Goals:

The conventional goal management processes of organization was characterized with goal setting initiatives in which individuals sought managerial approval for personal goals as part of performance review and management. These self-defined goals were usually activity-oriented since they focused on what an employee or individual would try to do within a specific period of time. The problem with this conventional approach is that individuals would establish goals without consideration of their impact on others or based on departmental or organizational goals. As a result, a new methodology has emerged that links performance management to organizational goals. The emergence of this methodology has been influenced by the fact that organizations in the modern world are more complex and consist of diverse workforce that necessitates new and evolving leadership.

Linking Performance Management and Organizational Goals:

The traditional approach of establishing organizational goals involved the development of self-defined goals…… [Read More]

References:

Albuijan, N. & Liu, P. (n.d.). Round 3. Retrieved from Cornell University -- ILR School website:

https://www.ilr.cornell.edu/cahrs/research/upload/Round-3-Albuijan-and-Liu.pdf

Hardy, M. (2012, April 4). How to Link Employee Performance to Organizational Goals.

Retrieved April 26, 2014, from http://fcw.com/articles/2012/04/04/cascading-performance-management-gpra.aspx
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Organization Behavior Performance Management and People Performance

Words: 3584 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1510997

Organization Behavior

"Performance Management" and "People Performance"

Performance Management and People

"Performance Management" and "People Performance"

Management SUMMAY

The purpose of this paper is to discuss and critically evaluate the Performance Management model by Michael Armstrong and People Performance model by John Purcell. The paper starts with an ample introduction and significance of the employee performance management practices and proceeds by discussing the various concepts and strategies which are incorporated by business organizations all over the world. The major focus of the paper is to discuss the implications of these models for the success and prosperity of an organization. The main body of the paper discusses these models from a critical perspective and explains their major components in detail.

The most important strategies which are recommended by Performance Management model include performance appraisal and reviews, training and skills development, Management by Objectives (MBO), the techniques to manage the low performers,…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Armstrong. M, 2012, Armstrong's Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice, 12th edition. U.S.: Kogan Page

Becker, B. & Gerhart, B. 1996, "The impact of human resource management on organisational performance: Progress and prospects," Academy of Management Journal, 39 (4): 779-801.

Becker, B. & Huselid, M. 2006, "Strategic Human Resources Management: Where do we go from here?," Journal of Management, 32 (6): 898-925.

Boselie, P., Dietz, G., & Boon, C. 2005, "Commonalities and contradictions in HRM and performance research," Human Resource Management Journal, 15 (3): 67-94.
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Contracts and Performance-Based Acquisition a Contract Is

Words: 1554 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35279465

Contracts and Performance-Based Acquisition

A contract is a planned and legal agreement made between two or more parties with intent. It could be oral or written and may involve business individuals, employers and employees, or tenants and land lords. elations built through contracts emerge from offers given, reception, intentions, considerations and genuine consent, and legal agreement from which the contract began. Every person involved in a contract gains responsibilities and rights similar to those of other individuals in the contract. Legally, all parties benefit equally from the contract, meaning all members are entitled to equal rights whatsoever. While contracts remain enforceable whether they are spoken or written, a written contract ensures legal security to all parties involved. This is because a spoken contract will only depend on the loyalty of people involved but with not future reference whatsoever. A written contract on the other hand will have recorded details on…… [Read More]

References

CCH Incorporated. (2007). Government contracts reference book; New York: CCH Incorporated,

C. Ralph. (2012). Intellectual property in government contracts: 2012 statutory and regulatory supplement. New York: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business Publications

C. Terrence. (2007). Understanding government contract law. New York: Management Concepts Publishing

F. Steven. (2011). Feldman and Keyes' government contracts in a nutshell, 5th (West Nutshell Series). Minnesota: West Publications
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Improving Business Performance Through Training and Development

Words: 2542 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97016792

Training and Development in Small Businesses

Effective training and development strategy

Training and development in business are paramount and particularly very essential in small businesses. Employees who have experience and competence contribute to both productivity and profitability of the business. For a medium-sized business to remain competitive, it requires ensuring the workforces gets maximum training and updating on ever changing skills and knowledge in the current global economy. According to Atwood (2008), training and development may prove expensive, but still it is worthwhile in reference to the achievement of long-term benefits of the business.

Dynamic Printers is a printing business that deals with printing services and sale of printing papers. It has 15 employees many of whom have been working in the business for the last five years. Such a business requires its staff to undergo continuous training to update on technology that is advancing every day. Apart from technological…… [Read More]

References

Atwood, C.G. (2008). Manager skills training. Alexandria, Va.: ASTD Press.

Bartram, S., & Gibson, B. (2000). Training needs analysis toolkit a resource for identifying training needs, selecting training strategies, and developing training plans (2nd ed.). Amherst, Mass: HRD Press.

Butler, A., Reed, M., & Grice, P.L. (2007). Vocational training: trust, talk and knowledge transfer in small businesses. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 14(2), 280-293.

Korda, P. (2012). Strategy and training: making skills a competitive advantage. New York: Business Expert
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Honor Codes in Academic Institutions Throughout the

Words: 1085 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11147401

Honor Codes

In academic institutions throughout the world, there are systems of codes which dictate how administration expects the student bodies to behave. These codes can be different based upon the specific rules of the institution in question. Some have clothing rules, others alcohol or narcotic rules, but there are certain dictums which are more universal. Many schools have rules which dictate that students must behave in ways which the institution considers to be honorable. These honor codes can include different components, but it is primarily a pledge against cheating in any sense of the word. Students in many institutions must sign honor pledges wherein they promise that they will not cheat on their assignments or their examinations. Also, if they are witness to any dishonesty on the part of their classmates, then they are responsible for revealing that duplicity to members of the staff or administration. The students pledge…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

McCabe, Donald L. "It Takes a Village: Academic Dishonesty and Educational Opportunity."

Ed. Rottenberg, Annette T., and Donna Haisty Winchell. Elements of Argument: A Text

and Reader. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martins, 2012. Print.

Rawe, Julie. "Battling Term-Paper Cheats." Ed. Rottenberg, Annette T., and Donna Haisty
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Standard for Performance Appraisals Performance

Words: 2067 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29304001



Personnel record

Personnel records are data pertaining to employees which consist of factual and comprehensive information of employee. All employee information is kept in systematic order which assists human resources manager to make an effective decision about employee. Typically, personnel records consist of employee past records, medical report and employee progress. Personnel record also consist of payroll records, leave records, and benefit record and turnover record. Training and development record contains training schedule, transfer cases, and appraisal reports. Health and safety record contains medical history, safety provisions, sickness reports, and insurance reports. The service record contains essential records that consist of bio-data, family information, residential information, and marital status, academic qualifications, past address and employment records. While some critics argue that personnel records is a waste of time and money, however, Yoder (1942) provides several benefits that organization could derive from personnel record:

Personnel record assists managers to identify crucial…… [Read More]

References

Ahmed, S. (2005).Analysis of Workplace Surveillance in a Quest for Ethical Stance. Journal of Business Systems Governance and Ethics .2(4).

American Bar Association.(2001).Employment: Proof of Discrimination. Mental and Physical Disability Law Reporter. 25( 5): 826-831.

Aswathapp, K. (2005).Human Resource and Personnel Management. (4th Edition) Tata McGraw-Hill Education.

Aswathapp, K (2010). Employment Law for Human Resource Practice. Tata McGraw-Hill Education.
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Balanced Scorecard Method Performance Measurement

Words: 13021 Length: 45 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36300732

However, none was found that centered on small hotels in China. This research add to the existing body of research by providing an assessment of the balanced scorecard method in this special business setting. The information obtained by this study will help to make small hotels in China more competitive and able to compete well into the future.

This research will play an important role in the development of the small hotel business in China in several important ways. It will help them to see what areas of their business need improvement, it will help them to pinpoint specific problems within their organization. It will help to bring weakness from obscurity into the forefront where solutions can be found. It will also show them their strengths and the area that could be developed for even greater prosperity in the future. This research will help small hotels to develop long-term vision…… [Read More]

References

Alleyne, P., Doherty, I. And Greenidge, D. (2006). Approaches to HRM in the Barbados Hotel Industry. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 18, 2, 94 -- 109.

Balanced Scorecard Institute. 2009. Balanced Scorecard Basics. [Online]. Available at: http://www.balancedscorecard.org/BSCResources/AbouttheBalancedScorecard/tabid/55/Default.aspx

Business and Strategy Insight for You. 2009. [Online]. Available at:  http://strategy-insight.blogspot.com/2008/12/balanced-scorecards-case-study-in.html 

Chen, C.N. And Ting, S.C. 2002. A Study Using the Grey System Theory to Evaluate the Importance of Various Service Quality Factors', the International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 19, 6, 838 -- 861.
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Social Psychology of Education

Words: 966 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22279874

Academic Studying and Development of Personal Skill: A Self-Regulatory Perspective by Barry I. Zimmerman, discusses the essential role that self-regulation plays in improving the academic performance of students, with the potential of also improving the individual's life throughout his/her development. Self-regulation, defined as "self-generated thoughts, feelings, and actions for attaining academic goals," is a primary tool, according to research, in determining efficacy in student development because it involves "personal initiative, resourcefulness, persistence, and sense of responsibility" -- that is, tools that make for "self-motivation," the catalyst for self-regulation to occur (73).

Thus, Zimmerman conducts this research based on two grounds: (1) there has been little literature on the topic of self-regulation among students, especially when applied in the educational setting; and (2) the potential of self-regulation as the primary determinant that explains a student's academic performance and "learning ability." Using the method of structured and in-depth/focused interviews of students, data…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Zimmerman, B. (1998). "Academic studying and the development of personal skill: A self-regulatory perspective." Educational Psychologist, 33. 73-86.
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Employees Performance Appraisals at the

Words: 4257 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10158549

The initial recommendation comes from the employee's direct supervisor and is then discussed with the general director and the payroll manager.

At the fourth stage, the performance review, the employee and his direct supervisor come once again face-to-face to discuss the outcome of the performance appraisal process. The employee is informed of the managerial decision regarding future remunerations, and a date for a new meeting is set. The new meeting will establish goals for the following year, ergo the cyclic characteristic of the appraisal system (Grote and Grote).

Aside for meeting the three scopes previously identified, performance appraisals also present the company with several benefits. For instance, they create a context in which the employee is introduced to his own core competencies and limitations, based on which he can better direct his future formation. Then, the employees take an active role in their own evaluation and get to know themselves…… [Read More]

References:

Armstrong, S., Appelbaum, M., Stress-free performance appraisals: turn your most painful management duty into a powerful motivational tool, Career Press, 2003, ISBN 1564146863

Coens, T., Kenkins, M., Block, P., Abolishing performance appraisals: why they backfire and what to do instead, Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2002, ISBN 1576752003

Falcone, P., Sachs, R.T., Productive performance appraisals, 2nd edition, AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn, 2007, ISBN 0814474225,

Grote, D., Grote, R.C., the performance appraisal question and answer book: a survival guide for managers, AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn, 2002
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Relevance of Academic Knowledge to

Words: 5016 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63570089

It needs to be well understood because just like knowledge, ingorance cannot be talked about without basing on some individual or group. It should therfore be negotiated soically because it is socially constructed. Ignorance is treated indiscriminately and unitary whereby terms like uncertainity, ambiguity and vagueness are considered synonymous by most writing on disaster.Turner together with several other writers in the fields of disasters and hazards refer to about three ignorance senses consisting of distortion which he also calls misinformation, incompleteness and irrelevance whereby relevant information is discounted and overlooked. In order to prevent disasters, there are various ways in information which would be need is classified. The things which are not known; what is known but not entirely appreciated; something which someone knows but does not present it collectively with other information in a timely manner when there will be realization of its significance and action of its message…… [Read More]

References

Auf der Heide, E. (1989). Disaster Response: Principles of Preparation and Coordination. St.

Louis: C.R. Mosely.

Britton, N. (1999). Whither the emergency manager?" International Journal of Mass

Emergencies and Disaster, 17(3), 223-36.
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Is Nature More Predominant in Learning Than Nurture

Words: 563 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 951983

Academic Success for Children

hat are some best practices that can improve the academic performance of children? This journal entry reviews scholarly literature that presents ideas for best practices regarding how children can achieve academic success. Also, the reasons for the statistical diversity within the diverse student population -- what causes the gap between achievers and those who struggle?

Is it Nature or Nurture?

There is no shortage of opinions when it comes to this issue, but an article in the New Scientist suggests it is more nature than nurture. Journalist Andy Coghlan reports on a study of twins conducted by the Institute of Psychiatry at King's College in the UK that claims academic success is based more on a child's genetic makeup than the environment the child is growing up in. The researchers tested 5,474 sets of twins -- 2,008 of those sets were identical -- and determined that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coghlan, A. (2013). Nature more than nurture determines exam success. New Scientist,

Retrieved April 27, 2014, from http://www.newscientist.com.

Jensen, E. (2009). Chapter 2: How Poverty Affects Behavior and Academic Performance.

ASCD. Retrieved April 27, 2014, from http://www.ascd.org.
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Wrong Performance Measurement Systems in Order Answer

Words: 596 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87302338

wrong performance measurement systems?" In order answer question, conduct independent research, drawing sources academic practitioner literature. Through research,: • Identify key criticisms performance measurement systems management accounting research theory; • Explain problems identified occur, consequences problems organisations individuals; • Use relevant academic research develop support explanations.

Performance Measurement Systems

Companies that develop their businesses in competitive environments are required to differentiate themselves through increased performance. The importance of performance has increased because of its implications on productivity, profits, and development of companies. In order to benefit from improved performance levels, companies must identify the levels at which their performance is situated. This is the reason for which performance measurement systems have been developed.

Performance measurement systems allow companies to make evaluations regarding their process efficiency, but also to identify which process improvements are required mostly. These systems also help identify the most efficiency practices within companies. Based on this information,…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Neely, A. & Bourne, M. (2003). Implementing Performance Measurement Systems: A Literature Review. Business Performance Management. Retrieved September 14, 2013 from

2"

 http://www.tlog.lth.se/fileadmin/tlog/Utbildning/Kurser/Logistik_i_foersoerjningskedjor/Artiklar/Perf_Meas._Neely.pdf .

2
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Economic and Professional Performance Mexican American and Chinese American

Words: 1055 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11111980

Economic and Professional Performance

This is a paper that explores the economic and professional performance of Mexican-American and Chinese-Americans.

There are six references used for this paper.

The United States is a country rich in diversity. It is interesting to look at Chinese-Americans and Mexican-Americans and determined their professional performance, as well as their economic performance.

Mexican-Americans

Mexican-Americans are one of several groups which make up the Hispanic population in the United States, and are found mostly "in California, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Texas. Although there may be cultural differences, most Hispanics share North American values, including a desire for upward mobility (Coates)."

Performance

Many Mexican-Americans find their efforts to improve their economic condition challenged by their language skills and education levels. The majority of Mexican-Americans speak Spanish and understand little or no English. Education "is a serious problem, partly because many Mexican-American families are migrant workers who move…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coates, Joseph F., Jennifer Jarratt and John B. Mahaffie. Future work. (effects of changing

Demographics, new technology, global economy, and new demands on workers).

The Futurist. (1991): 01 May.

Edgerton, Russell. A new case for accelerating minority educational advancement. (L. Scott
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Counseling Interventions on the Academic

Words: 2827 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98781309

(McGannon, Carey and Dimmitt, 2005)

To address this need in the field of school counseling, the CSCOR has developed the National Panel for School Counseling Evidence-ased Practice, which is composed of school counseling educators and practitioners who have been identified as experts in the field. Panel members are currently evaluating existing methods of evidence-based practice by reviewing the research literature so that they may establish rules of evidence to determine whether a practice can be identified as evidence-based. The panel is identifying rules for judging strong evidence, identifying needed research, and communicating their findings to other practitioners and researchers. (McGannon, Carey, and Dimmitt, 2005)

The work of Jeremy M. Linton entitled: "Perceived Therapeutic Qualities of Counselor Trainees with Disabilities" states that a learning disability (LD) is present when the person's achievement in a specific academic area is significantly below the level expected for age, schooling, and level of intelligence. In…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Carey, John; Dimmitt, Carey McGannon, and Carey, Wendy (2005) the Current Status of School Counseling Outcome Research. School of Education - University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Research Monograph, Number 2, May 2005.

Problem Solving and RTI: New Roles for School Psychologists by Andrea Canter, 2006, February, Communique, 34(5). Available from www.nasponline.org

Linton, Jeremy M. (1999) Perceived Therapeutic Qualities of Counselor Trainees with Disabilities. Journal of Instructional Psychology March 1999.

Elbaum, Batya; and Vaughn, Sharon (2008) Can School-Based Interventions Enhance the Self-Concept of Students with Learning Disabilities? National Center for Learning Disabilities. 2008. online available at http://www.ncld.org/content/view/518/
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How Incentives Effect the Performance of Managers

Words: 1749 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27787564

Incentives and Performance

Kopelman, ., et al. (2012); Further Development of a Measure of Theory X and Y Managerial Assumptions. Journal of Managerial Issues. 24 (4): 450-62.

Certainly, there is no one best way to ensure that either employees or managers are properly motivated. Most scholarship, in fact, indicates that motivation is a balance between the task-relevant behavior and the maturity and acumen of the group in which the individual manages or participates in. In fact, motivation is the basic driving force that helps individuals work, change and actualize to achieve their goals. This motivational behavior may be intrinsic or extrinsic, depending upon the individual and the manner in which that individual's personality uses different sets of motivation to incur actualization. Much of the basic theory of motivation tends to be based on the work of Benjamin Maslow, not only on human needs, but on the manner in which those…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Heil, G., et al., (2000). Douglas McGregor Revisited: Managing the Human Side of the Enterprise. New York: John Wiley.

Hersey and Blanchard (1977). Management of Organization Behavior, Utilizing Human Resource. New Jersey: Prentice Hall

Kopelman, R., et al. (2012); Further Development of a Measure of Theory X and Y Managerial Assumptions. Journal of Managerial Issues. 24 (4): 450-62.

Martin, A. (2009). Motivation and Engagement in the Workplace. Measurement & Evaluation in Counseling and Development. 41 (1): 223-43.
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Management of Performance and Reward

Words: 2383 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99052785

At this point we can conclusively deduce that the workforce at Telstra lacks intrinsic rewards as well as extrinsic rewards. The link between reward and performance is not clearly defined. However a certain amount of literature has indicated that a certain level of motivation is necessary in order to achieve certain desired results from the workforce.

Link between organizational strategy and the management of reward & performance

The Telstra management is strongly motivated towards the attainment of the various levels of superb performance by their employees towards their customers. There are however certain areas that are not consistent with the norm at the company. The organization strategy at Telstra is geared towards the attainment of unparalleled customer satisfaction .The reality on the ground however is that this is achieved via a series of moves such as the implementation of the Performance Improvement and Conduct Management (PICM), a system that has…… [Read More]

References

Hau-Siu Chow, I and Liu S (2007),Business strategy, organizational culture, and performance outcomes in China's technology industry http://www.entrepreneur.com/tradejournals/article/166051342_2.html

Holmstrom, Bengt (1979 )"Moral hazard and observ^ility." Bell Joumal of Economics, 10(1): 74-91.

India Telecom Series: Vol. 2: Cellular & Wireless Market, Information Gatekeepers, Inc.

Read more:  http://ivythesis.typepad.com/term_paper_topics/2010/05/strategic-analysis-of-the-telstra-corporation-australia.html#ixzz15rgRkhoj
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A concise Analysis of financial performance of companies

Words: 6238 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65988591

environmental, social and governance (ESG) performance and financial performance of companies

Investors are increasingly recognizing the fact that ESG (environmental, social, corporate governance) elements can substantially affect companies' security rates and financial performance. The aforementioned components' contribution to financial markets has been growing with the rise in number of ESG opportunities and risks within the contemporary international economy. Timely and improved organizational policy-related data access and the effect of organizational policy on communities have made it considerably convenient for customers to express their dissatisfaction by simply quitting a brand. When international brands' images are sullied by ESG-related problems, the resultant instantaneous backlash has the capacity of abruptly and negatively impacting income and demand (Eccles, Ioannou & Serafeim, 2014).

Organizations having a poor reputation when it comes to ESG related matters are vulnerable to monetary risks, including a very genuine threat of facing lawsuits in the future, greater remediation and regulatory…… [Read More]

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How to Use Libqual to Assess the Performance of Library

Words: 2588 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65313155

LibQUAL+ to assess the performance of library services

M ORANDUM

SUBJ: How to Use LibQUAL+ to Assess the Performance of Library Services

This report is to provide you with the background and an overview of LibQUAL+, how it can be used to assess the performance of library services, and what the experts have said concerning its advantages and disadvantages. A summary of the research concerning LibQUAL+ will be provided in the concluding section, together with appropriate recommendations for its potential at this library.

Public libraries are now widely recognized as being an indispensable part of community life as promoters of literacy, providers of a wide range of reading for all ages, and centers for community information services. However, there is an increasing need today for libraries to achieve outcome-based assessment, rather then relying merely on input, output, or resource metrics; pressure for this shift in focus has come from funding…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cook, Colleen and Bruce Thompson. (2001). Psychometric Properties of Scores from the Web- Based LibQUAL+ Study of Perceptions of Library Service Quality. Library Trends, Spring.

Crosby, Leon B., Raffaele Devito and J. Michael Pearson. Manage Your Customers' Perception of Quality. Review of Business, 24(1):18.

Jun, Minjoon and Zhilin Yang. (2002). Consumer Perception of E-Service Quality: From Internet Purchaser and Non-Purchaser Perspectives. Journal of Business Strategies, 19(1):19.

Parasuraman, A., Zeithaml, V.A. And L.L. Berry, L.L. (1988). SERVQUAL: A multiple-item scale for measuring consumer perceptions of service quality. Journal of Retailing, 64(1):12.