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Force Management Challenge -- Army
Force Management Challenge - Army
Change management in the short-term is a substantive challenge of any organization. When change management extends far into the future, the challenges increase exponentially. To establish and field a mission-ready force, the Army must shape the force of the future. For the Army to be prepared for an inchoate future, change management theory and force management practice must coalesce into a sustainable, cost-effective plan. This force management plan must manifest a high degree of flexibility and agile responsiveness in order to be "prepared to combat uncooperative and adaptive enemies" (AFOGEN, 2006). Overall, the Army must be able to "synchronize resources, [and] predict impact of future requirements on funding and optimize the use / reuse of forces" (AFOGEN, 2006).
The use of computer modeling has enabled predictive processes that can synchronize global Army capital, interfacing with the program objective memorandum (POM)…
Coleman, G., C. Napoletano, and D. Hickman. Synchronizing Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN), (ProModel Corporation, 2006). Retrieved http://www.promodel.com/pdf/
Detailed Performance. "Force Management Quadrant." (2004). Retrieved http://comptroller.defense.gov/AFR/fy2004/06-01_Detailed_Performance.pdf
Dombrowski, Peter, and Eugene Gholz. Identifying Disruptive Innovation: Innovation Theory and the Defense Industry. Innovations 4, no. 2 (Spring 2009): 101-117.
Army Force Generation Model
In order for the armed forces to fight effectively, they need to be manned, equipped, and trained properly. The proposed changes would have an impact on all three areas, and this might result in an armed force that is not prepared to fight effectively. The reduction in budget will definitely require there be changes in the structuring of the armed forces. Reduction in manpower will be inevitable, and this would lead to few soldiers being sent to the battleground. Equipment shortages would also occur since there will be a reduction in funding and only utterly necessary equipment would be serviced or purchased. Training is the area that will be highly impacted. This is because there will be few man-hours for the soldiers to train and prepare for any eventuality. The most modern equipment will require highly trained personnel to man and operate it. The shortage of…
Congress, House. "Statement by Gen. Odierno before the House Armed Services Committee, First Session, 113th Congress on 18 September 2013." In Planning for Sequestration in Fiscal Year 2014 and Perspectives of the Military Services on the Strategic Choices and Management Review.
Department of Command, Leadership, and Management, United States Army War College. How the Army Runs: A Senior Leader Handbook, 2013-2014. Carlisle: PA: USAWC, 15 July 2013.
Managing Army Change
Force Management Discussion Paper (ASSIGNMENT)
You may use the lessons (please request additional information if needed), readings and references (have been provided) to help you answer the questions. Reference the documents titled "F100 Lessons Overview" for determining if additional topic discussions (lessons) may be needed. Cite the sources you used to answer the discussion topics. Use footnotes (Turabian style) of documentation; do not use parenthetical citations. This includes direct quotations, paraphrases, and summaries of the assigned readings, doctrinal references, or outside sources.
In academic writing, do not use first-person or passive voice.
Read the question thoroughly, and make sure you are answering the question being asked. As you formulate your responses, do NOT provide a simple summation to the question or your opinion. Use evidence (specific examples or concepts) from F100 as part of your answers. Imagine that you are submitting your answers to the…
2012 Army Equipping Strategy. F106 Army Force Generation.
2013 Army Strategic Planning Guidance Excerpt. Lesson F101: Strategic Change.
Dempsey, Martin. "Chairman's Strategic Direction to the Joint Force."
Gen Odierno AUSA Winter Symposium. F103 Total Army Analysis.
(Building and Maintaining a Diverse Workforce)
Agencies are required to develop a good understanding of their individual strengths and weaknesses so as to plan their programs to their best advantage. An agency acquires this information by evaluating the views of the employees on diversity issues. Analysis of the trends and projections of the workforce in determination of the skills gaps and necessitates and devising successive planning strategies are crucial moves for agency strategic and business planning. Such efforts facilitate the managers with the required facts so as to be aware of the assignment of resources and the making the necessary planning for the future work of the organization and the points of concentration of their energy to produce a high performance organization. (Building and Maintaining a Diverse Workforce)
The successful managers understand the necessary skills for producing a successful diverse workforce. Firstly they should be aware of the discrimination and…
Building and Maintaining a Diverse Workforce" (25 June 2000) Retrieved at http://www.opm.gov/Diversity/diversity-3.htm . Accessed on 15 January, 2005
Creating a Diverse Workforce" Retrieved from Retrieved at http://www.businessweek.com/adsections/diversity/diversework.htm . Accessed on 15 January, 2005
Recruiting and Managing a Diverse Workforce" Retrieved at http://www.vault.com/nr/newsmain.jsp?nr_page=3&ch_id=402&article_id=19018&cat_id=1102Accessed on 15 January, 2005
Green, Kelli A; L. pez, Mayra; Wysocki, Allen; Kepner, Karl. "Diversity in the Workplace: Benefits, Challenges, and the Required Managerial Tools" University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Retrieved at http://www.minoritygraduate.com/feature27.asp. Accessed on 15 January, 2005
Conduct a mind map for the concept of "Power"
Force: I used this because a country that needs to take military action to protect its borders uses force, a way of showing their power to protect their homeland.
The authority figures in any company have the power to make policy, change policy, to hire and fire and train people -- all of which results from their power within the company.
An important part of the power that executives and managers hold is their strategic abilities to influence how their company should run, who should be the leader, and what the image should be that is marketed to the consumer and the public.
Hegemony: this is normally seen as an abuse of power; slaves were subjected to the hegemony of their masters, for example. It also suggests domination by one person over another, and some companies…
successful management is that of the United States Army, which is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces and is responsible for land-based military operations on both a national and international level. The U.S. Army is both the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military and has labored for years under its mission to provide necessary forces and capabilities in support of defending the United States in regard to its security and defense. In viewing this organization, one immediately understands that when the safety of millions is at stake, clear and distinct management standards must be set in place within the U.S. Army to ensure that no stone is left unturned in terms of operations, intelligence, planning and enacting its duties. In understanding this basic relationship between the U.S. Army and management, one can better understand how certain strategies apply to different areas of specialization within…
Adubato, Steve. "Making the Communication Connection," in Nursing Management,
35(9): pp. 33-36. 2004. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Edmonds, John. "Making Change Happen," in Training Journal, April Edition, pp: 33-
37. 2011. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
United States Army Corps of Engineers issued a report in 2012 that was known as the Human Capital Strategic Plan. It was meant to serve as a benchmark and projection for what was to come from 2012 through 2017. Of course, the United States Army Corps of Engineers is a public safety-oriented organization and their plan will be analyzed in terms of resource allocation, budgeting efficacy and overall quality. The United States Army Corps of Engineers is a very competent organization but no organization's plans, especially those organizations whose funding involves taxpayer dollars in whole or in part, is beyond reproach.
Strategic Plan Analysis
The author of this report has been charged with the analyzing the Human Capital Strategic Plan for 2012-2017 as issued by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in April 2012. The report is about fifty pages in length and will be analyzed cover to cover.…
CDC. (2015). Products - Vital Statistics of the U.S. - Homepage. Cdc.gov. Retrieved 5 June 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/vsus.htm
Census.gov. (2015). FFF: Hispanic Heritage Month 2014: Sept. 15 -- "Oct. 15. Census.gov. Retrieved 5 June 2015, from http://www.census.gov/newsroom/facts-for-features/2014/cb14-ff22.html
Kessler, G. (2015). Do 10,000 baby boomers retire every day?. Washington Post. Retrieved 5 June 2015, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/fact-checker/wp/2014/07/24/do-10000-baby-boomers-retire-every-day/
Krumrie, M. (2014). How To Incorporate Diversity Hiring Goals and Strategies. ZipRecruiter. Retrieved 5 June 2015, from https://www.ziprecruiter.com/blog/the-right-way-to-incorporate-diversity-hiring-goals-and-strategies/
(2) Analyzing all accident data without regard to the type of airframe provides for an easy sampling and less potential bias toward fixed wing vs. rotary wing aircraft.
(3) Not including ground accidents into the research will allow the research to focus only on aviation accidents.
(4) Limiting the research to a four-year period; 2003 to 2006 will provide an adequate sampling of the data and not constrain the research results.
The first assumption is that accident data to be used will be an adequate sample of class a through class C accidents within the USAREUR area of operations.
The second assumption is that ARMS inspection dates derived from official USAREUR Publications and historical data files will reflect actual dates of ARMS inspections.
The third assumption is that current ARMS inspections continue to incorporate comprehensive checklist used to evaluate resource management and assist…
Army Structure; from 3-Brigade Division Units to Units of Action
At the Pentagon, briefings routinely begin with the old adage that
"the only thing constant today is change." Since the age of the Cold War, the United States Army has faced change at home and abroad, experiencing not only a massive transformation in technology and infrastructure, but also in the worldwide approach to warfare. As the end of front-line battles gave way to urban streets and insurgency, the Army transitioned its structural paradigm to mirror the rapidly shifting needs, abandoning the Three Brigade Division Units for Units of Action.
This organizational shift had roots in Capitol Hill politics and dissent internal to the Pentagon, but was a desperately needed restructuring to meet the needs presented by the Iraq War, vastly different than those experienced during the Cold War history. In the early 1950s, the Soviet forces overwhelmed many of the…
Diversity-Why is it Important in Army
The term ‘diversity’ has commonly been used to describe the variations in characteristics among two or more individuals; it can cover visible (for instance, age, gender, race) as well as invisible (for instance, knowledge, values, culture) characteristics. Considering the attention paid to diversity by contemporary firms, understanding the reason for this focus on workforce diversity and what it implies within the armed forces personnel management context is valuable (Kamarck, 2017). Within the armed forces, the subject of diversity is complex in nature, conceptually as well as with respect to its administrative and more practical implications. Diversity constitutes one among the biggest and trickiest HR management challenges faced by military HR leaders in the last twenty to thirty years. Increased diversity in the areas of recruitment, employment and development has challenged conventional armed forces organizational principles, standards, outlooks, and beliefs. It has led to the…
equirement 1 -- unning Estimate
equirement 2 - The Problem
equirement 3 -- The Mission
equirement 4 -- Purpose and
equirement 5 -- CCIs
equirement 6 -- Commander's Judgement
equirement 7 -- COA Analysis
equirement 1 -- unning Estimate
Time management is one of the key elements in planning. There must be a balance between taking time to plan and creating synchronization, and maintaining the initiative that can be difficult to determine (AMY, 2012). A running estimate is important because it provides an assessment of the current operation against the planned baseline and establishes whether or not future contingent operations are still supportable.
Once the Japanese are aware of the angers and the guerillas presence, they are undoubtedly going to call for reinforcements as well as consider executing the POW held in the camp. Since the camp is also a transit post, then timing is even that much…
Army. (2004). ADRP 1-02. Department of the Army.
ARMY. (2012). ADRP 5-0. Department of the Army.
DoD. (2009). Joint PUblication 1-02. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms.
King, M. (1985). Leavenworth Papers. Combat Studies Institute, 1-58.
Alliant Techsystems Inc. (ATK) is an aerospace and defense company. The company sells missiles, ammunition and guidance systems, almost exclusively to the United States military and allied nations. The company is headquartered in Arlington, VA, close to its biggest customer. There are 14,000 different employees at the company, which has multiple locations. ATK was founded in 1990 (Yahoo! Finance, 2013). According to the company's latest annual report, its customer base is U.S. Army (29%), U.S. Navy (13%), NASA (10%), U.S. Air Force (6), other U.S. government (9%) and then commercial and foreign customers are 33% of the company's business. The company has a contract backlog of $7.8 billion, compared with annual revenues of $4.3 billion, meaning that the company has about two years' worth of backlog on its books. This paper is going to discuss the human resources strategy of the company. Clearly, Alliant has a need to bring in…
ATK 2013 Annual Report. Retrieved December 3, 2013 from http://ir.atk.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=118594&p=irol-irhome
Yahoo! Finance. (2013). Alliant Techsystems. Retrieved December 3, 2013 from http://finance.yahoo.com/q/ks?s=ATK
Force Management System or FMS Utility exists due to the complex array of people existing within the army. These people have one or more of an assortment of skills and access to several millions of items of equipment. An organized system for the documentation of how much is authorized and what is required is put in place to keep things in order. Taking that into consideration, the force development process and its five phases keeps coordinated efforts in order as shown in the "Gen. Odierno AUSA Winter Symposium" reading. To begin, there was a mention of Odierno having difficulty turning a "1.1 million-man Army and another 250,000 civilians in a direction"[footnoteRef:1]. [1: U.S. Army,. "Feb. 24, 2012 - Gen. Odierno AUSA Winter Symposium." Www.Army.Mil. Last modified 2016. Accessed November 8, 2016. https://www.army.mil/article/74650/Feb__24__2012___Gen__Odierno_AUSA_Winter_Symposium.]
First, it important to understand how an army runs within the five phases. The first phases 1 and…
Design Methodology for producing Modularity
Aspects of modular product design:
Scope, procedures, goals, and objectives
Simple configuration control
Minimum requirement for labor
Precise and absolute descriptions of changes in question
Cooperative and responsive customers'
Effective coordination among project team members
111.2 CONFIGUATION Management TEMS AND DEFINITIONS
Software Configuration Management
Engineering Change equest
121.3 OLES & ESPONSIBILITIES
Configuration Control Board
Parallels between the data and functional design of the plan
Advantages of modularity
ELATIONSHIP TO SYSTEMS ENGINEEING
142.2 ELATIONSHIP TO POGAM Management
142.3 ELATIONSHIP TO SOFTWAE ENGINEEING
163. CONFIGUATION Management (CM)
173.1 CM POCESS
183.2 CM PLANNING AND Management
183.4 CONFIGUATION CHANGE Management
193.5 CONFIGUATION STATUS ACCOUNTING
213.6 CONFIGUATION VEIFICATION AND AUDIT
234. APPENDIX A EFEENCES
255. APPENDIX B. SAMPLE CM PLAN
CM -- Configuration Management
SOA - Service Oriented Architecture
Buckley, Fletcher J., Implementing Configuration Management: Hardware, Software, Firmware,
Second Edition, IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ: 1993
Daniels, M.A., Principles of Configuration Management, Advanced Application Consultants,
Inc., Rockville, MD: 1985
Appraisals are precision indicators that enable managers to rat their organizational and managerial performance. The appraisal of the U.S. army is not only regarded in America, but also globally. The respect shown to them is due to the worth of sacrifice and zeal in achieving their objective of protecting America. These appraisals enhance the assessment of its performance and enhance the career development of the soldiers. The HR Model encompasses such human practices of appraisal in the army through three ways, the Critical Incident Method, Paired Comparisons and from Peer Reviews. These appraisal techniques form the fundamental part of personal management.
Appraisal from the Critical Incident methods involves the identification and description of events where a soldier has exemplifies exceptional work or needs to improve. Supervisors records incidents of interest to improving the work experience. hether on the training ground or operational assignments, commanders recognize and correct soldiers…
Bernard, Rostker. Human Resource Models: An Overview. Center for Naval Analyses, Vol 370, pp 1-20, 1982.
Cook, D. & Mechner, F. Fundamentals of Programmed Instruction. In (S. Margulies & L. Eigen Eds.), Applied Programmed Instruction. London: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1962.
Gary, Kress, Batia, Sharon and David, Bassan. Work Motivation: Theory and Practice. U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, pp 2-92, 1981.
Jafari, Mostafa, Atieh Bourouni and Roozbeh Hesam Amiri. A New Framework for Selection of the Best Performance Appraisal Method. European Journal of Social Sciences Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 92-100, 2009.
army has often resolved to use private contractors in various aspects of the force's operations when the need arises. In light of the need to cut down the cost of the army operations, the US Army has resolved into massive contracting within the services in the recent past to levels that the America has never witnessed before. Critics of this approach have argued that it compromises the integrity of the American Security. While these concerns are genuine, the importance of the current level or reliance on contract support outweighs the demerits (National Defense University 2010). Secondly, the army can address such concerns within the framework of enlisting support. The following study holds that the American Amy should maintain the current levels of reliance on contract support.
Some factors influence and inform the need for the Army to maintain the current contract support. Firstly, some instances in the operations of the…
National Defense University. Strategic Forum Paper #260, "Private Contractors in Conflict Zones: The Good, The Bad and the Strategic Impact," by Col. (Ret) T. X. Hammes, 8 September 2010. CGSC copyright registration #14-0524E.
ATTP 4-10. Chapter 1 & 5: "Introduction and Contractor Management." 2011
S. Congress and president over the past 50 years to justify inordinately high levels of funding for projects that were not needed or where the money would have been better spent, particularly in terms of flood control along the Mississippi River and in the state of Louisiana where the impact of Hurricane Katrina highlighted their misguided efforts in recent years.
The research showed that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has a long and proud history of contributions to the country and members of the Corps have served in peacetime and combat roles since the Revolutionary ar and every war since. The Corps' original mission has expanded, though, but remains focused on managing the nation's waterways and risk management activities. The research also showed that the Corps contributed to America's victory in orld ar II in many ways, but the service has been the target of an increasing amount…
"About Us." 2009. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. [Online]. Available: http://www.usace.
Brown, Jerold E. Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Army. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2001.
Coll, Blanche D., Jean E. Keith and Herbert H. Rosenthal. The Corps of Engineers: Troops and Equipment. Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Military History, 1958.
H in Strategic Management
It was after the Korean War that an entirely new breed of college educated managers appeared on the scene and exuded a greater sense of responsibility that translated into a wave of consciousness for social well-being and social upheaval that swarmed through the second half of the 20th century (Losey 1998). Their influence markedly changed the thought of the American employee. But another group in the 60s and the 70s heightened the established interest in laborers welfare and feelings to the point of affecting all facets of business, including the growth of market research, communications and public relations. This second wave shifted focus from scientific management to the employer-employee relationship. The new gear led to the development of programs that increased wages and fringed benefits and the eliciting of worker ideas and initiative in recognizing the link organizational philosophy or policy to greater productivity (Losey).…
1. Losey, Michael. (1998). HR Comes of Age -- History of Human Resource Management. HR Magazine. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_n3_v43/ai_20514399
2. Oswald, Sharon, et al. (1991). Strategic Management of Human Relations: the American Steel and Wire Company -- Company Profile. Business Horizons. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1038/is_n3/v34/ai_10817055
3. Siger, Marc. (2000). Strategic Human Relations Management Committee: Books Examine the Role of HR Professionals. HR Magazine: Society for Human Resource Management. http://www.findarticles.com/p/artices/mi_m3495/is_12_45/ai_68216379
4. Weatherly, Leslie. (2003). The Value of People. HR Magazine. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_9_48/ai_108315188
Force that Gives Meaning
Today I received an e-mail message about a funeral for a soldier in Texas. The sender who forwarded it wrote that his "faith in America had been restored" when he read this account by the deceased's wife:
When we turned off the highway, suddenly there were teenage boys along both sides of the street about every 20 feet or so, all holding large American flags on long flag poles, and again with their hands on their hearts ... Hundreds of young people, standing silently on the side of the road with flags. At one point we passed an elementary school, and all the children were outside, shoulder to shoulder holding flags ... kindergartners, handicapped, teachers, staff, everyone. Some held signs of love and support. Then came teenage girls and younger boys, all holding flags. Then Adults. Then families. All standing silently on the side of the…
Cooper, Gloria. (2004). The censors: New patterns in opinion control. Columbia Journalism Review, 43, 2, 58-9, Jul/Aug.
Hedges, C. (2001). War is a force that gives us meaning. New York: Public Affairs.
Louis, W.R. & D.M. Taylor (2002). Understanding the September 11 terrorist attack on America: The role of intergroup theories of normative influence. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 87-100.
Victoroff, J. (2005). The mind of the terrorist: A review and critique of psychological approaches. Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 49, No. 1, Feb, 3-42.
Ohio Army National Guard consists of a plethora of people who are seeking to make a difference in the world they serve. They will honor and protect the United States in all aspects of their life. This is done by using ships and plane to prepare for war or to help others if an epidemic should arise. These individuals are brave individuals who believe in changing lives for the positive through their hard work with the army. One will discuss in more detail what is proposed to make this part of the army better through much research and analysis.
Imagine studying the practices of those who are in Human esources in the Army National Guard (Association of African Universities, 2011). What will one discover through this process? Is he or she able to find sufficient evidence through this process in which discrimination is taking place among those who are not…
Association of African Universities. (2011). The role of human resource and management development. Retrieved June 23, 2011, from Association of African Universities: http://www2.aau.org/wghe/gender/toolkit/Toolkit-module3.pdf.
Department of Labor. (2011). Equal employment opportunity is the law. Retrieved June 23, 2011, from Department of Labor: http://www.dol.gov/ofccp/regs/compliance/posters/pdf/eeopost.pdf .
Draper, M. (2010). Referral and selection certificate. Springfield: Ohio Army National Guard.
Mattke, E. (2010). Employer hiring practices that discriminate against women in the United States. Ethics and Critical Thinking, 1-40.
(Kanki, 2010, pp. 452-460) ("Air Crew Training Manual," 2007)
In 2006, the guidelines were revised even further with the introduction of Air Crew Coordination Training Enhanced (ACT-E). Under this approach all aviators are given this kind of training from the start of the program. Once they are assigned to a squadron, is when they will have this training further augmented. The way that this takes place, they will have an ACT-E qualified instructor who is focused on their flight checks and procedures. A few of the most notable include: an annual instrument check and the annual flight proficiency check. (Kanki, 2010, pp. 452-460) ("Air Crew Training Manual," 2007)
Moreover, instructors must go through an intensive two and half day training program. This is when there will be a focus on a number of concepts to include: how to access training media, providing this kind of assistance to air / ground…
A Spotlight on Utility Issues. (2001)
Air Crew Coordination. (n.d.).
Air Crew Training Manual. (2007). Department of the Army.
Army Aviation Accident. (1999). ASSE. Retrieved from: http://www.asse.org/practicespecialties/military/docs/AviationSafety.pdf
Management and Planning at KBR
For organizations which operate on an enormous scale to develop infrastructure, engage international markets and contribute the capital to prodigiously expensive projects such as those contracted by national governments, decision-making and action are facilitated by a multi-layered bureaucratic structure. This makes spontaneity neither desired nor appropriate where strategic orientation is concerned. Instead, careful and rational planning is required to accommodate such massive public concerns as commodity speculation, military development and civil engineering. It is thus that strategic planning plays a key role in functional capacity of KBR, formerly known as Halliburton subsidiary Kellogg, Brown & Root. KBR is largely recognized as one of the most resource-capable construction companies in the world.
KBR's identity is deeply tied to its roles in both the military development industries and civil engineering sectors -- fields themselves which are inextricably linked. Both are highly specialized industries in which the…
Papesh, M.E. (1987) Frederick Winslow Taylor: Business Biography. University of St. Francis.
Singer, P. (2002). The Dogs of War Go Corporate." The London News Review.
Speetjens, P. (2004). Privatizing peace and security: A Hobbesian Dilemma. The Daily Star: Regional Edition.
Taub, S. (2002). Halliburton Under the Microscope. CFO
U.S. Army Ethics: The Difficulties with Ethics in Certain Types of Organizations
Current Situation and Issues Addressed
Ethics matter in any kind of business or organization, but they are especially significant when it comes to the U.S. Army (Blackburn, 2001). The reason behind this involves the chain of command and the risk to life and limb that are such large parts of military life. When a soldier in the Army has no ethics, he or she can cause trust and respect problems with other members of his or her unit. The U.S. military is a stressful organization for most people involved with it, and people's lives are on the line frequently. Issues like PTSD and other medical problems are commonplace for those who leave the military and must adjust to civilian life, so it is very important that those who are in the Army work with their colleagues and higher-ups…
Blackburn, S. (2001). Being good: A short introduction to ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Fagothey, A. (2000). Right and Reason, IL: Tan Books & Publishers.
Mondy, R.W., & Mondy, J.B. (2012). Human resource management (12th ed.). NY: Pearson College Division.
Singer, P. (2000). Writings on an ethical life. London: Harper Collins Publishers.
Canadian Forces, small group military relationships
Within the Canadian Forces, how are small group military relationships on operational deployments in Kabul, Afghanistan?
A group is mostly defined to be two or more people interacting together so they can achieve a common specific goal. The main purpose of the group would be towards a shared and desired outcome. With this in mind, Military groupings are formed to achieve a common interest like defeating a common foe, or lobbying for a specific cause. The group will have some form of leadership structure to ensure it is not mistaken for a crowd. The leadership for military groups is formal. Military groups report to one leader, and follow the orders or instructions given by their leader. For the effectiveness of the military groups, the group members should work together. Working closely together, and for long periods, the group members will form certain bonds, and…
Cox, D.R., & Snell, E.J. (1974). The Choice of Variables in Observational Studies. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series C (Applied Statistics), 23(1), 51-59.
Jiroutek, M.R., Muller, K.E., Kupper, L.L., & Stewart, P.W. (2003). A New Method for Choosing Sample Size for Confidence Interval-Based Inferences. Biometrics, 59(3), 580-590.
Johnson, B.A., & Tsiatis, A.A. (2004). Estimating Mean Response as a Function of Treatment Duration in an Observational Study, Where Duration May Be Informatively Censored. Biometrics, 60(2), 315-323.
Morgan, D.L. (1996). Focus Groups. Annual Review of Sociology, 22(ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 1996 / Copyright © 1996 Annual Reviews), 129-152.
eserve Personnel Management Systems Division: Officer Evaluations
This paper engages in a thorough assessment of the culture, organization and technology of the reserve personnel management that operates as a branch within the Personnel Service Center of the United States Coast Guard: specifically the Officers Evaluation Systems. The method used to assess this particular branch relies heavily on ethnographic skills and related techniques. According to the official website of the U.S. Coast Guard, this is the division which handles "boards, panels, promotions, evaluations, advancements, retirements, resignations, discharges and separations for all reserve officer, chief warrant officers, and enlisted members" (uscg.mil, 2013). This is the division which deals with assignments, copies of records, medical issues and disability, individual ready reserve, promotions, separations, reserve retirement requests, policy waives and a host of other connected factors.
By scrutinizing closely factors like culture, organization, technology and related issues, one is able to obtain an accurately…
Boisjoy, R. (2013). Professional Responsibility and Conduct (Ethical Decisions - Morton Thiokol and the Challenger Disaster) . Retrieved from Onlineethics.org: http://www.onlineethics.org/Topics/ProfPractice/PPEssays/thiokolshuttle/shuttle_pro.aspx
Goldstein, H. (2005, September 1). Who Killed the Virtual Case File? Retrieved from ieee.org: http://spectrum.ieee.org/computing/software/who-killed-the-virtual-case-file/0
Howard, A. (2012, February 22). Data for the public good. Retrieved from Oreilly.com: http://strata.oreilly.com/2012/02/data-public-good.html
Israel, J. (2012). Why the FBI Can't Build a Case Management System. Computer, 73-80.
Driven (Principi & Task Force)
pplication Essay: Results Driven
In the Department of Veterans ffairs where I work, getting results is highly valued. There are various examples that could be used to point out how important results are in this organization and how I go about ensuring that I get results when I am asked to do something. There are two examples that are important to discuss here. The first of these is the Farewell Ceremony that I took part in. In late 2004, I was directly asked by those high-up in my organization to plan and execute a Farewell Ceremony for the Honorable nthony J. Principi, the 4th Secretary of Veterans ffairs. This particular event took place at the Veterans conference center at the V headquarters located in Washington D.C. Many members of the President's Cabinet were leaving the administration at this time. The ceremony had a strong impact…
A second example of this results driven issue was my participation in the Secretary's task force for the employment and advancement of women in 2002. This was designed to develop a comprehensive plan that would help to correct some of the imbalances that were seen between men and women in their employment opportunities and the advancements that they were able to make. In December 2002 the task force met in Washington D.C. In order to begin work and identified that there were several major categories that the comprehensive plan would need in order to address the current situation. These included data collection and analysis, business case, and an implementation plan that was related to the Department's strategic plan. A great deal of data and feedback was collected and analyzed by the task force from many different sources regarding the task force efforts.
The task force met again in January 2003 to help develop a draft report and refine the efforts for data collection in order to ensure not only accuracy and validity but relevance to the VA as well. Focus groups were conducted in March 2003 in Los Angeles, New York, Washington D.C., and Little Rock. These cities were selected to ensure representation of both men and women from as many departmental organizational elements as was possible. These focus groups helped to validate the concerns that were raised during the first meeting that took place in 2002 with the Secretary and helped to assist the task force further in developing strategies that would succeed.
Personally, I led the subcommittee on researching best practices for the report that was ultimately created by the task force. I led focus groups, researched relevant information, and developed the best practices section that went in the final report. At that time, the committee had been in existence for one year. The report was accepted as a blueprint throughout the Department and this indicated that the task force report provided meaningful and effective strategies for success that were not only feasible but were cost-effective and cross-functional to other minority groups as well. The report also helped to link this information to the VA's organizational goals and objectives. By implementing these strategies, measurable improvements and results will be seen which will help individuals assess their behaviors and identify different and better approaches that they might take in the future.
NMCI Project Management
Need a prelimary scope statement-based NMCI project provided, analyze critique NMCI project term organization handled estimation, handled quality communication. 2.Explain challenges.
The NMCI (Navy-Marine Corps Intranet) project was meant to link all the Navy's disparate networks, into a single network operated by one contractor. The project was not well estimated in terms of time and money required to fund the whole project. According to Verton (2002)
the contractor EDS (Electronic Data Systems) discovered there were many legacy applications that could not be incorporated into the new system. This increased the number of multiuser kiosks that were required to operate these applications. The amount of time taken for a decision to be reached and approved was longer than had been initially estimated by the contractor. This delay has caused the project to lag behind schedule and if drastic measures are not taken it is likely the project will…
http://www.utsandiego.com/uniontrib/20040729/news_1b29eds.htmlCalbreath , D. (2004). EDS cites losses on military contract, from Feeney, M., & Sult, L. (2011). Project Management in Practice: Implementing a Process to Ensure Accountability and Success. [Article]. Journal of Library Administration, 51(7/8), 744-763. doi: 10.1080/01930826.2011.601273
Joyce, E. (2003). SEC Checking EDS Navy Contract, from http://www.internetnews.com/bus-news/article.php/2208171
. NMCI officials press for big changes. (2004), from http://gcn.com/Articles/2004/06/25/NMCI-officials-press-for-big-changes.aspx?Page=2
Onley, D.S. (2002). EDS: Despite report, NMCI project's on track, from http://washingtontechnology.com/articles/2002/05/16/eds-despite-report-nmci-projects-on-track.aspx
A comparative study of logistic operation in the military vs. commercial organization
The past two decades have witnessed drastic transformations in civilian as well as military logistical settings. The commercial sector has been transformed by mass retailing, technological advancements, deregulation impacts, supply chains, etc. which have posed challenges to the commercial logistical setting. Simultaneously, military logisticians saw the Cold War era and associated strategies, a whole new kind of enemy, evolving military employees and sustained combat maneuvers within Third-World settings (Rutner, Aviles & Cox, 2012). Both groups have encountered tough choices, in addition to being pressured to review and perfect their corresponding logistical processes. But the question of whether both have been growing at the same rate remains to be answered.
Contemporary corporations are required to simultaneously achieve reduced costs, superior quality and superior logistics performance. They are facing increasing pressures to modify their offering to address changing requirements, promote…
The Structure of the British Army Compared to a Civilian Business Organization
Military life, especially during combat situations, is difficult for the individual who has always been a civilian to imagine. The structure of the organization is rigid, strict control is maintained of all personnel, the management style is historically largely authoritarian, and conditions can be harsh. However, there are always people who volunteer for this service for many reasons. The individual lacks responsibility and wishes to gain it, there is a scarcity of sustainable employment, the promise of adventure awaits the soldier. Other reasons exist, every soldier or sailor has one, but whatever the reason when a person joins the military they soon understand the organization. There is no mystery regarding large goals or minor objectives. The British Army has a unique history and purpose that can be useful to companies that want to survive and remain successful…
Andrzejewski, S., 1954. Military organization and society. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
British Army., 2010. British army: An introduction. Retrieved December 15, 2010 from http://www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/2010_ARMY_Brochure_9.0_ (2).pdf
Caniglia, R.R., 2001. Leadership: U.S. And British approaches to force protection. Military Review, 81(4), pp. 72-81
Cassidy, R.M., 2005. The British army and counterinsurgency: The salience of military culture. Military Review, 85(3), pp. 53-64.
Group Structure & Unit Cohesiveness in the United States Army
This paper offers critical evaluation of the United States Army, giving clear, descriptive outlines of what is like to be a member of an elite unit with a perspective of the group structure and the meaning and values of the group. Bibliography cites no references.
The ability to function as a group member: there is no I in team.
There are many institutions and groups that have a strong hold and effect upon many individuals when the join, for instance, a young man just turned eighteen joins the Army, one of the biggest and most well-known groups within the world, whatever his reasons for joining there is a strong need to belong, to fit in and to achieve what his superiors are teaching him to its highest point.
The young man was myself, I joined the United States of America's…
Air Force Military Training 4
Aviation Tactical Force- to- Force Exercise
Military operations entails an interaction of multiple forces, hence sequencing their interaction during training is essential in promoting inter-service cooperation (Col Gopaul, 2017). Efficiency in training is determined by how well the training mirrors the battlefield. The sequencing of the battlefield is configured engaging in multi-service training exercises referred to as force- to- force exercise.
Force- to- force exercise training is a form of training that entails training with simulation equipment to realism to training as the training. Tactical force-to-force exercises essentially entail simulation and configuration of battlefield complexities to support basic training of pilots, mission commanders, and operators. The operation entails the interaction of technologies and forces with different operation experience (Kishore, 2017). The simulated exercises ensure warfighting competencies and swift execution and successful spectrum of operations as well as interforce relationship building (Col Gopaul, 2017). Force- to-…
In addition, outsourcing is seen as one way of freeing HR professionals within the client organization from more mundane and time-consuming tasks so as to better concentrate on core competencies and provide a more consultative and strategic role (Cooke 186). Although the growth of HR outsourcing business has been dramatically facilitated by the introduction of innovations in information and communication technologies (ICT) throughout China in recent years, many companies also report an increasing use of e-HR in-house. For example, in some large Chinese organizations, employees are encouraged and even expected to use e-HR to update their personnel records as a cost-saving initiative (Cooke 186).
Based on the available evidence from secondary sources of data, the outsourcing of HR in general remains relatively limited in China; however, there are trends of the increasing use of external providers for their services such as recruitment and training (Cooke 186). According to the atson…
Bielski, Lauren. (2006). "Outsourcing Success: It's All in the Governance Making Deals Work Daily Takes a Long-Term View." ABA Banking Journal 98(7):38.
Chow, Garland. (2007). "Outsourcing and Third-Party Logistics." Centre for Transportation Studies & Operations and Logistics Division: The University of British Columbia.
2000). "Outsourcing Logistics." Class notes: Supply Chain Management: The University of British Columbia.
Cooke, Fang Lee. HRM, Work and Employment in China. London:
Strategic Management -- Harley Davidson
This work examines the strategic management of Harley Davidson Company and seeks to answer specific questions relating to this company's management through conduction of a Porter's Five Forces analysis and a review of the literature on this company.
The specific research questions examined in this study are those as follows: (1) What are the primary competitive forces impacting U.S. motorcycle producers in general and producers like Harley Davidson? (Porter's 5 forces analysis) (2) What are the driving forces in this industry and are they likely to impact the industry's competitive structure favourable or unfavourable? (3) What type of Strategy has Harley Davidson followed? Which of the 5 generic strategies is Harley Davidson employing? Is there any reason to believe that Harley Davidson has achieved a sustainable competitive advantage over its competitors or over many of motorcycle industry rivals? If so, what type of…
Recklies Management Project (2001) The Manager. Retrieved from: http://www.themanager.org/pdf/p5f.pdf
Nariman, H. (nd) Strategic Management on Harley Davidson. Retrieved from: http://www.scribd.com/doc/22741729/Strategic-Management-on-Harley-Davidson
Melief, M., Bungaard, T., Hathaway, J. (2006) Strategic Report for Harley Davidson. Pandora Group Publishing. 4 Apr 2006. Retrieved from: http://economics-files.pomona.edu/jlikens/SeniorSeminars/pandora/reports/harley.pdf
Sustainability Strategy Report (2009) Harley Davidson Motor Company. Retrieved from: http://www.fluentdigital.com/resources/HD_Sust_Report09.pdf
culminate learning achieved demonstrating knowledge organizational management synthesizing information class work life experience. Focus Final Paper Think organization worked familiar.
The business climate of the modern day society is rapidly changing due to emergent pressures in all technological, political, economic, ecologic or social stances. As technology evolves, the business entities are forced to cope with intensifying competition, to allocate new funds and to integrate new technologies that improve organizational operations. Then, in the context of an increasingly global market place, the economic agents have to simultaneously comply with the regulations issued by multiple regulators. In terms of the economic pressures, these refer to changing prices of commodities, but also the internationalization of the economic crisis, which generates changes in customer behavior. Finally, at the level of the social and ecologic environments, the economic agents are faced with more pressure to operate in a means in which they create…
Greenwald, R. (2005). Wal-Mart: the high cost of low price. Documentary Knorr, A. Andreas, A. (2003).Why did Wal-Mart fail in Germany? Institute for World Economics and International Management. http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/publikationen/pdf/w024.pdf accessed on August 21, 2012
Weiss, J.W. (2012). Organizational change. Bridgepoint Education
Kotter's 8-step change model. Mind Tools. http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newPPM_82.htm accessed on August 21, 2012
(2011).The 8-step process for leading change. Kotter International. http://www.kotterinternational.com/kotterprinciples/ChangeSteps / accessed on August 21, 2012
Particularly, many democrats and republicans expressed their dismay about the fact that the ush administration did not notify or seek congressional input while the policy was being developed. However, as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs, Roberta Jacobson, who actually drafted the 'Merida initiative' says, "Although it [Merida] was proposed by a Republican administration, it was passed by a Democratic [party-controlled] Congress." [Jim Fischer, 2009]
Some policy analysts from Mexico have expressed their concern that controlling drug trafficking in Mexico would be better achieved if the U.S. takes active measures to control the arms trafficking from across its borders into Mexico. Gen. Javier del Real Magallanes, who is in command of the northeastern states such as Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, and San Luis Potosi says, "If there are no weapons, there's no violence. These arms aren't from Mexico; they're from the other side." [Laura Starr, 2007]. Sharing…
1) Colleen W. Cook, Oct 2007, 'CRS Report for Congress: Mexico's Drug Cartels', retrieved Apr 22nd, 2010, from, http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34215.pdf
2) Bernd Debussman, 'Latin America: Mexico Drug War Update', retrieved Apr 22nd 2010, from, http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle/604/mexico_drug_war_update
3) Manuel Roig-Franzia, 'U.S. Guns Behind Cartel Killings In Mexico', retrieved Apr 22nd 2010, from, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/10/28/AR2007102801654.html
4) Inside USA, 'Mexico's Drug', retrieved Apr 22nd 2010, from, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hyDHNeJxazU
Each onion router removes a layer of encryption to uncover routing instructions, and sends the message to the next router where this is repeated. This prevents these intermediary nodes from knowing the origin, destination, and contents of the message.
The predicted solution of the problems related to e-government administration depends on answering the following questions as brainstorming ideas to solve the problem and the features provided by the system or application.
1. An important step for processing of e-Government.
2. To ensure the confidentiality of information such as contracts for military weapons and other by Providing a high level of security as it is based on singing the data by combining multiple key values like user id, date stamp and transaction id which produce an encrypted key utilized and used only internally by the system for authentication and validation of user privileges. This procedure would make it…
Averyt, William. (2005). E-Government Reconsidered: Renewal of Governance for the Knowledge Age. American Review of Canadian Studies 35(4): 769-770.
Chaffee, a. (2000-08-17). "What is a web application (or "webapp")?"
Cohen, JE. (2000). Examined Lives: Informational Privacy and the Subject as Object. Stanford Law Review 52(5): 1373.
Bourquard, J.A. (2003, March). What's Up with E-Government? Digital Government Isn't a Silver Bullet, but as Part of a Long-Term Plan it May Provide a Means to Reduce State
If a leader is accountable, honest and transparent, these values often get reflected throughout the teams they manage. Conversely if leaders of virtual teams are not as clear, fail to inform team members of critical dates and opportunities for communication or recognition, mistrust festers and can actually grow quickly over time. In a sense the best leaders of virtual teams strive for accountability, honesty and the opportunity to get key team members recognition to keep morale high. Managing morale of a virtual team is heavily dependent on a managers' ability to create the necessary social dynamics, instilling trust as a core value of their teams by being accountable and honest. The single greatest factor that dictates the effectiveness of social dynamics for virtual teams is the leader's attitude and beliefs concerning accountability, honesty, transparency and trust (Morris, 33) . In virtual teams the leader's attitudes are the compass that points…
Jay Bal, and PK Teo. "Implementing virtual teamworking: Part 3 -- a methodology for introducing virtual teamworking. " Logistics Information Management 14.4 (2001): 276-292.
DeRosa, D. "Virtual Success The Keys to Effectiveness in Leading from a Distance. " Leadership in Action 28.6 (2009): 9.
"Distant unity: Technologies that help improve collaboration. " Strategic Direction 26.1 (2010): 27.
Eom, M.. "Cross-Cultural Virtual Team and Its Key Antecedents to Success. " The Journal of Applied Business and Economics 10.1 (2009): 1-14.
Culturally, the Bush administration failed miserably at understanding what needed to be done within the Iraqi cultures. For example, Diamond notes that the U.S. tried to build security through an Iraqi police for4ce but that effort "withered from haste, inefficiency, poor planning, and sheer incompetence." Cops were rushed on the job with "too little training, insufficient vetting, and shamefully inadequate equipment" (Diamond, 2004). The U.S. lacked "an effective political strategy for postwar Iraq"; the U.S. never grasped the fact (based on Iraqi culture) that while "most Iraqis were grateful for having been liberated" from Saddam, that gratitude was mixed with "deep suspicion" of the real motives of the Americans. In reality, the Iraqis saw a "estern, Christian, essentially Anglo-American" power occupying their country.
Also, the Americans mistakenly thought that briefcases full of cash would bring political security. American officials in 2004, eager to hold elections in Iraq, "...offered some Sunni…
Collier, Paul. "The Market for Civil War." Foreign Policy issue 136 (2003): 38-46.
Diamond, Larry. "What Went Wrong in Iraq?" Foreign Affairs 83.5 (2004): 34-56.
El-Khawas, Mohamed a. "Nation Building in a War Zone: The U.S. Record in Iraq, 2003-
2007." Mediterranean Quarterly 19.1 (2008): 42-62.
Transitioning of the Defense Transportation System Toward Complementing Best Practices in Supply Chain Management Efficiently and Securely
Distribution managers need to appreciate that management of defense supply chains is a rapidly-growing global phenomenon, with an overlap existing in management levels; right from the strategic national-level stakeholders to lower sustainment units at the activity levels. Strategic distribution changes have the potential of immensely impacting tactical implications. This paper aims to help absorb a few important precepts required for globally receptive logistics decisions. Distribution and material managers ought to review and internalize defense supply chains early on in the course of their career. The process of distribution is complex. Thus, material distribution management must include electronically sustainable supply-chain information systems for realizing true synchronization. After all, defense transport systems are CASs (complex adaptive systems) integrating comprehensive, dynamic components, and aim at discussing complex supply-network systems together with their co-evolutionary, dynamic processes. The…
Arthur, W. B. (1999). Complexity and the economy. Science, 284(5411), 107-109. doi: 10.1126/science.284.5411.107
Choi, T. Y., Dooley, K. J. and Rungtusanatham, M. (2001). Supply Networks and Complex Adaptive Systems: Control vs. Emergence. Journal of Operations Management 19 (3): 351-366
Christopher, M., & Holweg, M. (2011). "Supply chain 2.0": managing supply chains in the era of turbulence. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 41(1), 63-82. doi: 10.1108/09600031111101439
Dagnino, G. B., Levanti, G. & Destri, A. M. L. (2008). Evolutionary dynamics of inter-firm networks: a complex systems perspective. Advances in Strategic Management, 25(8), 67-129. doi: 10.1016/S0742-3322(08)25003-5
To evaluate weak areas of the current strategy and propose solutions for improvement.
2.0 LITEATUE EVIEW
According to Zou and Cavusgil (1995), the subject of global strategy has attracted a lot of attention in the recent past. Zou and Cavisgil (1995) calim that a major reason behind this has been the increasing progress in the telecommunications and other technological areas that has brought the world closer and transnational existence of organizations
Eastcompeace culture has been building momentum as a congruent culture. Its aspiration to achieve continuous growth in the field of research has ensured the sustainability and viability of its products in the market. Moreover, Eastcompeace ensures highest standards of corporate compliance from the highest C-level management to the employees at lowest level (Teece, Piassano & Shuen, 1997).
The low employee turnover of Eastcompeace is the evidence of Eastcompeace's congruent culture, low employee turnover is very good sign…
Eastcompeace. (2011). Doing Business Responsibly. Retrieved from http://www.Eastcompeace.com/responsibility/protecting_environment/waste_and_recycling.jsp
Grant, R. (2005). Contemporary Strategy Analysis. USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Marshall, S. (1995). The vision, meaning and language of educational transformation. School Administrator. 52(1), 8.
Harrison, A., Wheeler, P. And Whitehead, C. (2003). The distributed workplace: sustainable work environments. New York, Routledge.
Changing the Defense Transportation System in Order to Complement Best Practice in Supply Chain Management
Distribution managers need to come to the realization that defense supply chain management is a worldwide phenomenon that is fast and that there is an overlap in the management levels; from strategic national stakeholders to the sustainment units below. Changes in strategic distribution decisions can have profound effect tactical implications. This paper seeks to back globally responsive logistical decisions. Material and distribution managers should study and internalize the defense supply chain model early enough in their careers. Distribution is a complex process. Therefore, material distribution managers should incorporate electronically sustainable information systems in order to realize true synchronization (Velasquez et al., 2015).
To safeguard efficiency and ensure operations' effectiveness simultaneously, members of the armed forces should focus on their central competencies and make use of modern types of financing and cooperation. Such initiatives…
Choi, T. Y., Dooley, K. J. and Rungtusanatham, M. (2001). Supply Networks and Complex Adaptive Systems: Control vs. Emergence. Journal of Operations Management 19 (3): 351-366
Demmy, W. S., and Presutti, V. J. (1981). "Multi-echelon Inventory Theory in the Air Force Logistics Command." In Multi-Level Production/Inventory Control Systems: Theory and Practice, edited by L. B. Schwartz, 279-298. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company
Fisher, W. W., and Brennan, J. J. (1986). The Performance of Cannibalization Policies in a Maintenance System with Spares, Repair, and Resource Constraints. Naval Research Logistics Quarterly 33 (1): 1-15
Fleischmann, M., Beullens, P., Bloemhof-Ruwaard, J. M. and Van Wassenhove, L. N. (2001). The Impact of Product Recovery on Logistics Network Design. Production and Operations Management 10 (2): 156-173.
Beautyism in the Workplace
Beautyism is the tendency to use the physical appearance as the basis for making for giving rewards and promotions in the workplace. This is a judgmental criterion where the managers reward those people who look more attractive than any other person does. For this reason, only those who have the most desirable physical qualities end up getting ahead of those who are perceived otherwise. The physical attraction of individuals also stands to win them space in the public service since people are likely to approve those who seem to be of good looks. A mix of sexism and racism arises from this kind of treatment. Normally, managers make decisions about hiring candidates in the first thirty seconds after interviewing them. The resumes also play some role in the way people present themselves and how they define their professional aspirations.
Case in point
The manager made a…
Blume, B.D., Baldwin, T.T., & Rubin, R.S. (2009). Reactions To Different Types Of Forced Distribution Performance Evaluation Systems. Journal of Business & Psychology, 24(1), 77-91. doi:10.1007/s10869-009-9093-5
Weaver, J.S. (2008). Comparing Leadership Competencies Among Senior Army Leaders. Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing
Nkomo, S., & Fottler, M. (2005). Applications of beautyism in human resource management (5th
ed.). Mason, Ohio: Thomson/South-Western
Stress and Drug Abuse
Discuss the relationship between stress and substance abuse following critical incidents
Sufferers of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and survivors of other forms of trauma exhibit far higher rates of substance abuse than the general population. They may suffer from "psychiatric disorders that are clearly reactive to the trauma of the crime to which anyone would be vulnerable….the horror and helplessness of being victimized [may] have somehow triggered a persistent pattern of distress which may be viewed as an exaggerated adaptive and protective response" (Chapter 21: Substance abuse and victimization, n.d, Tennessee Victim Assistance Manual: 776). Substance abuse can be one way to self-medicate from such exaggerated responses, particularly if the symptoms of PTSD are not identified and treated early on during the sufferer's illness.
Examples of critical incidents that can increase the likelihood of substance abuse include violent crimes like domestic violence: approximately 50% of…
Chapter 21: Substance abuse and victimization. (n.d). Tennessee Victim Assistance Manual.
Retrieved August 9, 2011 at www.utc.edu/.../documents/Chapter21SubstanceAbuse.doc
Miller, Lawrence. (2006). Law enforcement traumatic stress: Clinical syndromes and intervention strategies. The American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress.
Retrieved August 9, 2011 at http://www.aaets.org/arts/art87.htm
health management systems designed to serve public needs during disasters and emergencies, two are discussed here: Emergency rescription Assistance rogram (EA) and state social media platforms. Each system addresses a different aspect of health management during disasters and emergencies. The EA is a highly formalized system -- as it must be since it deals with prescription drugs and equipment -- yet, the rigidity of the system may limit its effectiveness or, minimally, its responsiveness early in an emergency or disaster. The state's social media platforms have limited utility if electrical supplies are interrupted during a disaster. Even though the systems may depend on servers that are located out of harms way, the individuals who are impacted by a disaster may not be able to access the state's social media sites.
The two approaches to emergency management discussed in this paper address two very different aspects of emergency preparedness and…
Planning. In 2006, the United States Army took planning steps to move away from a de facto demand-driven process of force generation that left the forces, in the words of Army Chief of Staff General George Casey, "out of balance" ("Stand To!," 2010). The demand for forces in the protracted conflicts in Afghanistan and Iran was met without conscription -- a first time circumstance for military campaigns of such length. Forces were readied and supplied rapidly, but with great fiscal, organizational, and personal cost, stress, and inefficiencies. This new force generation plan that was designed to address these dynamics and problems is called Army Force Generation (ARFOGEN).
ARFOGEN is the model and the process used to achieve the progressive levels of readiness with recurring periods of availability as both active and reserve component units progress through three distinct force pools: RESET: Train/Ready; and Available."
Leading. Army leadership is defined by the privilege to command which "is exercised by virtue of office and the special assignment of members of the United Sates Armed Forces holding military grade who are eligible to exercise command" ("Army Command Policy," 2010, p. 1). Responsibility and authority are the key elements of command. Further, "formal authority for command is derived from the policies, procedures, and precedents presented in chapters 1 through 3" ("Army Command Policy," 2010, p. 1). The regulations of
Based on the findings then, it is important for the Army National Guard to develop its infrastructure so that it responds to the KM needs. At the second level, the ANG has to align its scopes and objectives with the knowledge management effort. At this stage, the risk resides in the inability to understand and apply knowledge management in the military setting. In order to overcome this, the company will translate its military objectives into applicable KM goals.
Throughout the second and most complex phase, the Army National Guard will set out to create the architecture and design for knowledge management implementation. At this level, it will place intense emphasis on the elaboration of its infrastructure for information sharing through the creation of a collaborative platform (). Then, the ANG conducts an internal audit to assess the assets of knowledge management and to identify their threats and weaknesses.
Levinson, M. Knowledge management definition and solutions. CIO. http://www.cio.com/article/40343/Knowledge_Management_Definition_and_Solutionsaccessed on October 12, 2012
McIntyre, S.G., Gauvin, M., Waruszynski, B. (2008). Knowledge management in the military context. Canadian Military Journal. http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo4/no1/command-ordre-02-eng.asp accessed on October 12, 2012
Quast, L. (2012). Why knowledge management is important to the success of your company. Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/lisaquast/2012/08/20/why-knowledge-management-is-important-to-the-success-of-your-company / accessed on October 12, 2012
(2008). Army knowledge management and information technology. Federation of American scientists. http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/ar25-1.pdf accessed on October 12, 2012
tudents attending a NCOE course should not have to take an APFT or weigh-In upon arrival -- these are unit level tasks that need to be completed before reporting
NCOE and physical fitness/weight control testing responsibilities
Unit level leaders have an inherent responsibility to maintain and manage oldiers physical fitness and weight control standards; therefore, we must hold these leaders accountable for the execution of these tasks.
The purpose of the NCO as established throughout its history from the very beginning was focus on leadership roles. As the history of the NCEO, the educational component of the NCO shows, academic instruction was a requirement of the program -- the NCEO was indeed established with that in mind, and it has been only recently that hands-n components have been added in order to bring the NCEO into line with the 21st century and as response to the 2001 terrorist scare.
Combatleadership.com Combat Leadership
Department of the Army. (2007). 2007 U.S. Army Posture Statement. Washington, DC.
Elder, D.K. (2009). Educating Noncommissioned Officers: A chronological study on the development of educational programs for U.S. Army Noncommissioned Officers. Fort Wampler, RL & Blanckenbllekeer, P. (2008) Noncommissioned Officer Education System (NCOES): Considerations for Testing-out and Awarding Equivalent Credit United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
Major Subordinate Element
Depict Command Relationships
JTF-50 COA Presentation Format
DJMO C340 EXERCISE MATERIAL
Air and naval strikes, in coordination with Sof and Marine for Operation theater entry.
Additional forces are brought to the shore whenever it is necessary.
With control area being denied to enemy forces
That could be of a big threat to mine clearing operations.
With central areas denied to enemy forces that could threaten other areas, mine clearing operations commence in the Strait of Mormuz
With the straight being open, some of the forces that are ashore and then withdrawn.
Phase II-Seize Initiative
Johnson now had the justification he had been waiting for and disregarded Captain Herrick's second communication. He structured the bombing of four North Vietnamese torpedo boat bases and an oil storage warehouse that had been considered three months beforehand (Gulf of Tonkin, n.d.).
President Johnson then went on television and told the American people that recurring actions of aggression against the military of the United States must be met not only with attentive resistance, but with an affirmative response. The Congress accepted Johnson's choices to bomb North Vietnam and passed what has become recognized as the Gulf of Tonkin resolution. It passed in the Senate by 88 votes to 2 and in the House of Representatives by 416 to 0. This declaration sanctioned the President to take all essential actions against Vietnam and the NLF. Johnson's conviction that the intimidation raid on North Vietnam in August, 1964, would influence Ho…
"Gulf of Tonkin." n.d., viewed 29 November 2010,
"Gulf of Tonkin Incident." 2010, viewed 29 November 2010,
In addition, the Marines have a much smaller force than the army.
On the other hand, the army cannot be as selective as the marines because it needs to maintain a much higher number of troops. The article explains that the army "needs 80,000 new soldiers this year and must find them in a populace that is in many ways less willing and less able to serve than earlier generations were (Mockenhaupt, 2007, pg.86)." The article explains that teenagers and young adults are overweight and less fit than any previous generation. In addition, this generation of young Americans eats more unhealthy foods, watches more television, and engages in less physical activity than previous generations. The article further asserts that this generation is "more individualistic and less inclined to join the military. And with the unemployment rate hovering near historic lows, they have other choices (Mockenhaupt, 2007, pg.86)."
Overall it is…
Anderson, P.M., & Butcher, K.F. (2006). Childhood Obesity: Trends and Potential Causes. The Future of Children, 16(1), 19+.
Body Mass Index. http://www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi/
Belkin D. (February 20, 2006) Struggling for recruits, Army relaxes its rules: Fitness, education, age criteria change. The Boston Globe Retrieved March 16, 2008 from; http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2006/02/20/struggling_for_recruits_army_relaxes_its_rules/?page=1
Daniels, S.R. (2006). The Consequences of Childhood Overweight and Obesity. The Future of Children, 16(1), 47+.
Role of a Soldier
"The soldier's heart, the soldier's spirit, the soldier's soul, are everything. Unless the soldier's soul sustains him he cannot be relied on and will fail" (U.S. Army 2001,-page 4).
hat is the job of an American soldier? The soldier's primary role is to work and fight to protect their country. The life of a soldier can be a very difficult one. A person who enters the army finds him or herself away from their friends and their families for long periods of time. They put themselves in danger, literally risking life and limb for the greater good. These men and women are heroes who willingly put themselves in harm's way so that the country they love can be protected. hen a person joins the United States Army, that individual makes the choice to follow the orders of their superiors and to put their faith and future…
Bartlett, Richard. (2004). United States Army. Heinemann: Chicago.
Green, Michael. (1998). The United States Army. Capstone.
Hearn, Chester G. (2006). Army: An Illustrated History.
US Army (2001). The Writing of American Military History: A Guide. University Press of the Pacific: Honolulu, Hawaii.
Sports-elated Military ecruiting Initiatives Today
armed forces have traditionally had a lot to offer for new entrants into the job market, but in recent months, these benefits have increasingly been insufficient to sell the idea of military service to young people during a time of war. In response to this shortfall in recruiting levels, military recruiters have resorted to a number of alternative approaches to marketing military service as a viable option to qualified candidates. To determine the current initiatives being used by military recruiters today, this paper will provide a review of the military's use of sports, specifically racing such as NASCA and NHA for recruiting purposes. An examination of the effectiveness, associated costs, and the history of these sports-related initiatives will be followed by a summary of the research and an assessment of current and future trends in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Background and Overview.
Air Force Sports program. (2005). Official Site of the U.S. Air Force Sports Program.
Retrieved July 16, 2005 from http://usmilitary.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?
zi=1/XJ& sdn=usmilitary& zu=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.usafsports.com%2F.
About Us. (2005). The National Association for Stock Car Racing. Retrieved July 16, 2005
In this segment S&W competes with Beretta from Italy, Heckler & Koch from Germany and Fabrique Nationale from Belgium. The most dominant competitor in this segment is Glock of Austria, which sold 50,000 Glock Model 19 pistols to Iraqi Security Forces without the consent and approval of U.S.-based collation command or the U.S. Congress. Glock, in refusing to cooperate with the U.S. military, has opened up a significant opportunity for S&W in government markets based on the conflict Glock has created and the preference of Congressional members to buy from domestic suppliers.
Available Substitute Products
There is an abundance of substitute products as the handgun marketplace is fragmented with nine different manufacturers, each with between 5% to 14% market shares. Glock and their innovation in polymer pistols and firearms revolutionized the industry in the 1980s, yet S&W was able to regain their market share by working with distributors, dealers and…
References for Assignment #3:
Form 10-K (2006) - Smith & Wesson Form 10-K Filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 14, 2006. Accessed from the Internet on November 13, 2006 at http://ir.smith-wesson.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=90977&p=irol-sec&control_selectgroup=Annual%20Filings
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms BATF (2005) - Accessed from Research provided to the public from this agencies' website on November 14, 2006:
BusinessWeek (2005) - Top 100 Global Brands Scorecard. BusinessWeek Online. Data Provided by Interbrand. Part of the Innovation Metrics Series. Accessed from the Internet on November 20, 2006 from http://bwnt.businessweek.com/brand/2005/
Multinational Command Structures
According to the DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms command and control is the "exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned and attached forces in the accomplishment of the mission. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission -- Also called C2" Staff officers and enlisted personnel assist commanding officers with the bi-directional flow of information with their subordinate military units. This information categorically represents the basis for command decisions, which are further characterized by effective management of the resources of units.
What is missing in this comprehensive definition of C2 is an explanation of the impact substantive change has this ordered, sustainable system. What, out of all these moving parts, is most disturbed…
Termed "the forgotten battle," the Battle for the Aleutians represented the only instance during World War II when the Japanese occupied American soil and the campaign exacted a significant toll of American lives and treasure. The Aleutians became strategically significant during World War II for the Japanese as well as the United States, but the American preparations in anticipation of this attack were woefully inadequate. Despite a U.S. naval base was being established at Dutch Harbor in 1942, the Japanese bombed the base and later occupied Attu, Kiska, and Agattu islands. Although a U.S. counterattack from bases on Adak and Amchitka retook these islands in 1943, several thousand of American lives were lost in the process and many more were injured. The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive and critical analysis of the primary and secondary juried and scholarly literature concerning the Battle of the Aleutians to…
'Aleutian Islands,' 2012, The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.
'Battle of the Aleutian Islands,' (n..d). History. Retrieved online: http://www.history.com/topics / battle-of-the-aleutian-islands.
Breslin, CB 1994, June 18, 'World War II in the Aleutians: The Fundamentals of a Joint
Campaign,' Newport, RI: Naval War College.
The 911 attacks in New York City triggered a paradigm shift in how acts of violence as well as catastrophes were viewed in the US. It became apparent that dealing with these vices is relevant and should not be taken lightly. One year following the assaults, the Homeland Security Act of 2002 initiated the central Department of Homeland Security. This led to a ripple effect in numerous regions which developed individual divisions focused on safe keeping the motherland as well as handling crisis. There was complete overhaul in the already existing divisions in order to meet the novel standards (Bush, 2002).
Handling crisis is imperative. Federal regions are mandated to address the shift in weather conditions which have led to adverse regular climatic conditions. The 50 regions as well as the entire nation have to contend with plenty of ordinary and faux catastrophes. The existence of divisions, bureaus and…
COLIN POWELL'S LEADESHIP STYLE
Colin Powell's Leadership Style
Colin Powell's Leadership Style
Born in 1937, Colin Luther Powell grew to become a great American public official. He retired from the American Army as a four-star general. Powell qualified as the 65th American Secretary of State who served in George W. Bush's period of between 2001 and 2005. He was the first African-American serving in the position. In his military career, he served within National Security Advisory between 1987 and 1989. He was Commander of the American Army Forces Command in 1989 and Chair of Joint Chiefs of Staff between 1989 and 1993. Powell held the position in Persian Gulf War and was the only African-American serving on Joint Chiefs of Staff. He was the first consecutive African-American office-holder holding key administration positions of American Secretary of State.
The chief role of Powell included garnering international support for multi-national coalition…
Harari, O. (2012). The Leadership Secrets of Colin Powell. New Delhi: Gramedia Pustaka Utama
O'Sullivan, C.D. (2009). Colin Powell: American Power and Intervention From Vietnam to Iraq. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers,
Powell, C. (2014). It Worked for Me: In Life and Leadership. New York: HarperCollins.
Powell, C.L., & Persico, J.E. (2010). My American Journey. New York: Random House Publishing Group.
Army has been modernizing its logistics function for the past half century, and a wide range of legacy systems remain in place. For example, logistics automation systems, collectively termed the Standard Army Management Information Systems (STAMIS) have been deployed by the combat service support community to provide improved logistics support to warfighters. Although these systems have proven valuable to warfighters in the field, supporting these legacy systems has become a challenge for Army logisticians due in large part to their lack of interconnectability. These legacy systems also have a number of limitations that require updating and efforts have been underway to replace these systems with more efficient approaches to provide warfighters with the materiel and information they need to prosecute military actions on the 21st century battlefield. The purpose of this study was to provide empirical observations and views from Army subject matter experts to determine what constraints may be…
Academy of Management. The Academy of Management Review. Briarcliff Manor: Oct 2008. Vol. 33, Iss. 4; pg. 825
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Logistics University. Retrieved September 18, 2012, from http://www.almc.army.mil/alog/issues/sepoct05/logautosupprt.html
S. history such as Hurricane Andrew and the Northridge earthquake. Post-9/11 infrastructure protection investments have focused on increasing the security of infrastructure, not in increasing its resilience." (p. 258)
Certainly, these breakdowns are an indication that many of the interagency strategies brought to bear in the discussion on public administration had not been executed effectively, especially those intended to coalesce under the roof of the Department of Homeland Security. A quick review of the disaster management failures of Katrina are appropriate here. Accordingly, for five days after the landfall and passage of Hurricane Katrina, hordes of people stranded in New Orleans continued to wait for some indication that the federal government would soon be provided relief. Stranded and contained in horrific conditions in the city's football arena, the Superdome, which had been converted to a makeshift evacuation shelter with woefully insufficient supplies and accommodations for the tens of thousands who…
Agnos, a. (1998). Single Family Loan Production and Servicing. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. (USDHUD).
Associated Press (AP). (2005). FEMA knew Katrina response was 'broken,' MSNBC.
Brown, a.D. (2004). Authoritative Sensemaking in a Public Inquiry Report, Organization Studies, 25(1), 95-112.
Brown N., Vega S., Dupree a., Hartong R. (2010). DHS' Progress in Federal Incident Management Planning, Department of Homeland Security Office of Inspector General
Factors Influencing the Formation of the Organizations
Organization formation is a tentative figure that has led to the establishment of many human interactive features in the world. There are different approaches through which organization formation takes place. The developmental strategies that led to the establishment if the present societies is accrued to the fact that the existence of the societal structures is a basic feature that promotes organizational formation. The modes of organization formation are different in different regions of the world. For instance, the development of organizations takes several and varied scales as applied in the UK, USA, and in Germany among other nations.
Factors Influencing the Formation of the Organizations
Myriad steps are related to access and utilization of facilities exists within the periphery of the organization's formation. Organizational formation system refers to a global facility, which will enable global access of the organization's facilities…
Bai, Y. (2007). Factors that influence the formation of research and development consortia:
an empirical study from the Chinese aluminum industry. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- La Trobe
Baumu-ller, M. (2007). Managing cultural diversity: an empirical examination of cultural networks and organizational structures as governance mechanisms in multinational corporations. Bern, Lang.
Academic Journal Entry
I feel as if I acquired several valuable lessons from the first several chapters of the text. The following sections will illustrate some of the points that I felt that were the most relevant to me. One of the most influential sections came at the beginning and helped me to understand what a foundation for a human resource strategy might look like. It is important in my opinion, above all else, to be proactive in employee relationships so that you can foster an environment in which the human resource department can serve as a cornerstone of the organization rather than some distant alien force that only swoops in when there is a major problem.
First of all, I liked the notion of human capital and how it applies to an overall, most holistic approach to a Human Resource strategy. There seem to be two approaches…